Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Qatar 51.8 44.6 36.4 36.1 33.4
United Arab Emirates 33.7 31.8 29.0 36.2 37.0
Luxembourg 25.8 24.2 22.7 24.4 25.0
Bahrain 22.8 25.5 20.8 22.6 24.3
United States 19.8 18.6 18.6 19.0 18.9
Canada 17.3 16.5 16.1 16.6 16.3
Australia 15.4 15.4 14.6 15.2 15.3
Trinidad and Tobago 15.7 16.4 14.3 15.2 17.7
Kuwait 17.4 13.9 13.6 17.1 16.8
Saudi Arabia 16.6 14.1 13.5 12.3 12.9
Singapore 10.6 11.2 13.1 12.2 12.2
Brunei Darussalam 7.4 10.2 12.8 8.8 11.6
Palau 12.7 12.4 12.1 11.8 11.8
Poland 11.4 11.7 11.5 11.8 12.0
Faroe Islands 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.3
Belgium 12.6 11.9 10.3 10.7 10.6
Bulgaria 9.0 10.1 10.1 9.7 10.0
South Africa 9.1 9.7 9.8 10.4 10.4
Denmark 10.1 10.5 9.8 10.0 11.7
United Kingdom 10.0 9.7 9.7 9.4 9.9
Netherlands 11.6 9.4 9.6 10.1 10.2
Cayman Islands 9.4 9.5 9.6 10.1 10.1
Bahamas, The 13.0 10.3 9.0 8.1 6.4
Romania 8.8 8.7 8.9 8.4 8.5
Finland 10.7 8.9 8.6 8.7 10.1
Libya 8.7 8.9 8.5 7.7 8.2
Hungary 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.1
Bermuda 7.1 7.1 8.1 7.9 7.9
New Caledonia 9.8 8.7 7.8 8.0 9.4
Norway 8.4 8.3 7.7 8.3 8.9
France 8.2 7.8 7.5 7.2 7.1
Japan 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.8 7.6
Ireland 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.6
Gabon 8.8 8.5 7.0 7.4 7.6
Sweden 8.3 7.5 7.0 6.9 7.5
Greenland 10.4 10.0 7.0 10.8 9.6
Austria 7.4 7.1 6.9 7.2 7.2
Iceland 7.6 6.8 6.5 7.6 6.7
Italy 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.6
Switzerland 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.1 6.2
Israel 5.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.9
Greece 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.8 6.1
New Zealand 5.3 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7
Venezuela, RB 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.8
Oman 4.9 4.4 5.5 5.6 5.8
Spain 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.2
Cyprus 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.2
Mongolia 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 4.7
Korea, Rep. 3.6 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.4
Suriname 5.6 5.1 3.8 4.2 4.3
Mexico 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.7
Argentina 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.8 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4
Cuba 3.3 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.2
Portugal 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7
Malta 3.6 4.0 3.0 4.1 3.6
Jordan 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.2
Jamaica 3.4 2.8 2.9 2.3 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 2.5 2.8 3.2 2.8
Lebanon 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.6 3.0
Barbados 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.3
Albania 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Iraq 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.6 2.9
French Polynesia 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.7 3.3
Malaysia 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.3
Macao SAR, China 2.1 1.9 2.5 2.1 2.5
Algeria 2.3 1.9 2.5 3.2 3.2
Ecuador 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.1
Turkey 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.2
Chile 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Panama 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2
Tunisia 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.9
Guyana 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.9
Seychelles 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 2.2
Uruguay 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1
Zimbabwe 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2
Dominican Republic 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.1
Brazil 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Antigua and Barbuda 1.5 4.3 1.2 2.2 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belize 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Peru 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0
Fiji 1.7 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.8
Botswana 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Djibouti 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Thailand 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
St. Lucia 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0
Morocco 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Costa Rica 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Nigeria 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Bolivia 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Samoa 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Cameroon 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Indonesia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Grenada 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Mauritius 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Congo, Rep. 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
India 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Angola 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Sao Tome and Principe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Dominica 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7
Tonga 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Honduras 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Zambia 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Pakistan 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6
Vanuatu 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.9
Senegal 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Paraguay 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Guatemala 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Swaziland 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6
El Salvador 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Kiribati 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Liberia 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Maldives 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kenya 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2
Sierra Leone 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mozambique 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Somalia 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Comoros 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cabo Verde 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
Benin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bhutan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tuvalu
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste
Belarus
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kazakhstan
Slovak Republic
Puerto Rico
Slovenia
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Serbia
Turkmenistan
Germany
Ukraine
Namibia
Czech Republic
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
San Marino
Monaco
Lesotho
Moldova
Latvia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Croatia
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Russian Federation
Curacao
Andorra
Azerbaijan
Isle of Man
Macedonia, FYR
Uzbekistan
Aruba
Guam
Armenia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Lithuania
Georgia
Tajikistan
Estonia

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