Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Somalia 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bhutan 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ghana 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Afghanistan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Liberia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Vanuatu 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Zambia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Maldives 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
Vietnam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Sao Tome and Principe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
El Salvador 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Guatemala 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Honduras 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Paraguay 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Pakistan 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Solomon Islands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Swaziland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Philippines 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Tonga 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Angola 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4
Bolivia 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
Dominica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Fiji 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9
Nigeria 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.5
India 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7
Samoa 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7
Indonesia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Grenada 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1
Djibouti 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Morocco 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Mauritius 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0
Costa Rica 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Thailand 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4
St. Lucia 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Uruguay 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.6
Botswana 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
Peru 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0
Belize 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6
Panama 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Dominican Republic 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5
Brazil 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5
Tunisia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Zimbabwe 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6
Ecuador 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mauritania 0.4 0.2 1.8 1.7 1.4
Guyana 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.9 1.6
Chile 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.5
China 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2
Jamaica 2.2 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.8
Albania 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.8
Malaysia 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.8
Turkey 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.6
Seychelles 2.2 2.4 3.0 2.9 3.4
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0
Macao SAR, China 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.5
Portugal 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.3 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.1 2.9
Iraq 2.9 3.0 3.2 4.1 4.3
French Polynesia 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.1
Cuba 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4
Jordan 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.0
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.1
Barbados 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Argentina 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.6
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 4.3
Antigua and Barbuda 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.6
Greenland 9.6 6.1 4.3 10.0 8.6
Suriname 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.8 4.6
Gabon 7.6 5.9 4.6 4.8 6.3
Korea, Rep. 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.6
Spain 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.2 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.3
Mongolia 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.5 4.9
Malta 3.6 4.3 5.4 5.8 6.2
Cyprus 4.4 5.0 5.7 5.6 5.8
Oman 5.8 6.3 5.8 6.3 5.8
Bahamas, The 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.2 7.7
Venezuela, RB 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7
Switzerland 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.9
Israel 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.8 7.0
Greece 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.8 7.4
France 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.7
Italy 6.6 6.5 6.8 6.9 7.2
Sweden 7.5 7.4 7.1 6.8 6.5
Aruba 2.9 7.2 10.0 10.6
New Zealand 6.7 7.1 7.4 7.7 7.7
Japan 7.6 7.5 7.4 8.1 8.3
Iceland 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.5
Austria 7.2 7.1 7.6 7.0 7.1
Hungary 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.4 7.3
Libya 8.4 8.8 8.2 9.0 9.0
Ireland 7.6 8.1 8.5 8.5 8.5
New Caledonia 9.4 8.9 9.1 9.5 10.2
Norway 8.9 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.9
Romania 8.5 8.8 9.2 9.2 9.2
Bermuda 7.9 7.4 10.0 11.1 13.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 8.4 9.0 10.0 11.3 11.8
South Africa 10.4 10.3 10.0 10.2 9.9
United Kingdom 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 11.0
Bulgaria 10.0 10.2 10.2 9.7 9.8
Netherlands 10.2 10.0 10.4 10.0 11.0
Belgium 10.6 10.4 10.4 10.1 10.8
Faeroe Islands 11.3 10.6 10.6 11.0 12.0
Palau 11.8 11.5 11.3 12.7 15.4
Denmark 11.7 11.5 11.4 10.7 9.5
Finland 10.1 10.8 11.7 10.5 10.6
Singapore 12.2 12.8 11.7 12.7 14.3
Poland 12.0 12.1 12.4 11.8 11.2
Saudi Arabia 13.0 14.7 13.1 13.4 13.0
Brunei Darussalam 11.6 10.0 14.1 23.5 25.4
Trinidad and Tobago 17.7 14.7 14.7 13.2 13.3
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.7 15.8 16.5
Canada 16.3 15.5 16.2 17.0 16.9
Kuwait 16.9 19.4 16.4 16.4 17.4
United States 18.9 18.7 19.4 20.0 20.1
Luxembourg 25.0 24.5 23.4 23.9 25.6
Bahrain 24.3 25.4 25.5 26.1 24.4
Qatar 33.4 33.4 27.2 26.8 30.9
United Arab Emirates 37.1 33.1 31.5 30.1 31.9
Serbia
Moldova
Croatia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Slovak Republic
Kazakhstan
Slovenia
Middle East (developing only)
Armenia
Montenegro
Curacao
Latvia
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
Russian Federation
Liechtenstein
Czech Republic
Lithuania
Eritrea
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Azerbaijan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lesotho
Estonia
Turkmenistan
Georgia
Tuvalu
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Germany
Guam
Namibia
Uzbekistan
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Belarus
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Andorra
Macedonia, FYR
Northern Mariana Islands

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