Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Qatar 36.4 54.7 62.4 61.0 61.5
United Arab Emirates 29.8 28.8 31.0 32.7 30.1
Bahrain 24.2 21.9 29.3 29.1 28.4
Luxembourg 27.4 27.0 27.1 25.3 20.4
Aruba 29.8 25.3 24.4 23.0 22.2
United States 19.1 19.1 19.4 19.4 19.3
Brunei Darussalam 21.0 20.2 18.9 17.4 17.3
Saudi Arabia 15.9 16.4 17.5 16.8 12.5
Singapore 15.1 15.6 16.5 19.1 13.4
Australia 15.1 15.3 15.7 15.6 15.6
Canada 15.1 15.4 15.5 15.7 15.9
Faroe Islands 12.5 13.0 14.7 13.2 15.6
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5 12.4 10.5
Trinidad and Tobago 17.1 17.0 13.5 15.9 16.7
Russian Federation 14.0 13.1 11.5 11.0
Czech Republic 13.4 12.9 12.2 12.0
Estonia 15.0 12.6 12.5 11.7
Cayman Islands 10.5 11.4 11.6 12.2 11.6
Denmark 11.7 10.5 11.0 11.7 10.9
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8 10.6 10.6
Netherlands 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.9
Belgium 11.1 11.1 10.7 11.1 11.1
Ukraine 12.3 10.5 8.6 8.7
Finland 10.7 9.4 9.9 11.2 10.3
New Caledonia 10.2 9.9 9.6 9.1 8.9
United Kingdom 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.3
Poland 9.5 9.2 9.2 8.7 8.9
Greenland 9.9 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.1
Japan 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.4 9.4
Ireland 8.9 8.7 8.7 9.1 9.1
Israel 7.5 8.4 8.6 9.0 9.3
South Africa 9.3 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0
Libya 9.5 8.1 8.3 9.2 9.4
Bermuda 8.6 6.9 8.2 8.0 7.8
Slovak Republic 8.3 8.1 7.6 7.9
Bulgaria 6.7 6.4 8.0 6.4 6.9
New Zealand 6.9 7.1 7.5 7.3 7.4
Iceland 6.9 7.0 7.5 7.6 7.3
Norway 7.4 6.9 7.4 7.1 7.1
Malta 5.8 5.7 7.3 6.6 5.7
Korea, Rep. 6.0 6.5 7.3 7.7 8.3
Belarus 8.6 7.3 6.4 6.1
Italy 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.6
Greece 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.4 7.5
Austria 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.5
Turkmenistan 7.5 7.1 8.4 8.3
Palau 15.2 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.6
Cyprus 6.1 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.5
Slovenia 6.3 6.6 6.7 7.2
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6 5.6 4.4
Oman 6.2 6.1 6.5 7.2 7.3
Bahamas, The 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.0
France 6.7 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.9
Hungary 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.1
Sweden 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2
Switzerland 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.6
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.1 5.8 6.0 6.0
Spain 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.9 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.4 5.5 5.0 4.5
Romania 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.6
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.5
Suriname 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Lithuania 6.0 4.8 4.7 4.5
Latvia 5.2 4.7 4.5 3.9
Portugal 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.8 5.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7
Malaysia 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7 5.8
Barbados 4.6 3.7 4.2 2.8 3.1
Moldova 5.7 4.2 3.3 3.0
Mongolia 5.5 4.9 4.1 3.5 3.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.5
Lebanon 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.5
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.5
Croatia 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.8
Iraq 2.6 3.3 3.5 3.8 3.9
Argentina 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9
Gabon 1.5 2.1 3.2 3.2 3.6
Jordan 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.2
Macao SAR, China 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.1
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3
French Polynesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.7
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.9
Cuba 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.4
Chile 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.9
China 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.8
Botswana 1.5 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Thailand 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.8
Seychelles 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.5
Ecuador 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.2 2.0
Georgia 3.1 2.0 1.3 0.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2
Tunisia 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8
Belize 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8 1.3 1.0
Colombia 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6
Mauritius 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
St. Lucia 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5
Dominican Republic 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 2.0
Panama 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.1
Brazil 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Guyana 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9 2.0
Zimbabwe 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3
Uruguay 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4
Mauritania 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Grenada 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
Marshall Islands 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3
Costa Rica 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.4
Indonesia 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bolivia 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3
Morocco 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Peru 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Fiji 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.4
Maldives 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1
Tonga 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0
India 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1
Armenia 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.1
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Namibia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0
Albania 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7
El Salvador 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Paraguay 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Congo, Rep. 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3
Guatemala 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Honduras 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.8
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Cameroon 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Swaziland 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.5
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somalia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eritrea 0.1 0.1
Timor-Leste
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra 6.4
St. Martin (French part)
Kuwait 5.1 33.5
San Marino
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Serbia
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Montenegro
South Sudan
Lesotho
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7
Tuvalu
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Guam
Isle of Man

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