Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Qatar 24.7 36.4 54.7 62.4 61.0
United Arab Emirates 28.8 29.9 28.9 31.1 32.8
Bahrain 25.5 24.2 21.9 29.3 29.1
Luxembourg 26.2 27.4 27.0 27.1 25.3
Aruba 29.6 29.8 25.3 24.4 23.0
United States 19.3 19.1 19.1 19.4 19.4
Brunei Darussalam 24.2 21.0 20.2 18.9 17.4
Saudi Arabia 13.4 16.0 16.5 17.7 17.0
Singapore 15.4 15.1 15.6 16.5 19.1
Australia 15.5 15.1 15.3 15.7 15.6
Canada 15.7 15.1 15.4 15.5 15.7
Faeroe Islands 13.0 12.5 13.0 14.7 13.2
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5 12.4
Trinidad and Tobago 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5 15.9
Russian Federation 14.0 13.1 11.5
Czech Republic 13.4 12.9 12.2
Estonia 15.0 12.6 12.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.1
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.5 11.4 11.6 12.2
Denmark 9.8 11.7 10.5 11.0 11.7
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8 10.6
Netherlands 10.6 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.7
Belgium 10.6 11.1 11.1 10.7 11.1
Ukraine 12.3 10.5 8.6
Finland 10.4 10.7 9.4 9.9 11.2
New Caledonia 9.5 10.2 9.9 9.6 9.1
United Kingdom 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.4
Poland 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.2 8.7
Greenland 10.0 9.9 8.8 9.1 9.1
Japan 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.4
Ireland 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 9.1
Israel 7.8 7.5 8.4 8.6 9.0
South Africa 9.1 9.3 8.4 8.6 8.8
Libya 8.6 9.8 8.4 8.5 9.5
Bermuda 10.1 8.6 6.9 8.2 8.0
Slovak Republic 8.3 8.1 7.6
Bulgaria 8.7 6.7 6.4 8.0 6.4
New Zealand 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.5 7.3
Iceland 7.8 6.9 7.0 7.5 7.6
Norway 7.4 7.4 6.9 7.4 7.1
Malta 6.2 5.8 5.7 7.3 6.6
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.5 7.3 7.7
Belarus 8.6 7.3 6.4
Italy 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2
Greece 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.4
Austria 7.5 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.2
Turkmenistan 7.5 7.1 8.4
Palau 15.6 15.2 7.2 6.7 6.5
Cyprus 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.7 6.7
Slovenia 6.3 6.6 6.7
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6 5.6
Oman 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.6 7.3
Bahamas, The 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.1
France 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.1 5.7
Hungary 6.7 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.0 5.2
Sweden 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.3
Venezuela, RB 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9 6.0
Switzerland 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Spain 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.9
Uzbekistan 5.4 5.5 5.0
Romania 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.1
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2 5.3
Suriname 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0
Lithuania 6.0 4.8 4.7
Latvia 5.2 4.7 4.5
Portugal 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Malaysia 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7
Barbados 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3 2.9
Moldova 5.7 4.2 3.3
Mongolia 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.1 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.5
Lebanon 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.3
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7
Croatia 3.8 3.5 3.6
Iraq 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.5 3.8
Argentina 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5
Jamaica 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5
Gabon 5.1 1.5 2.1 3.2 3.2
Jordan 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.4
Macao SAR, China 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3
French Polynesia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.5
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7
Cuba 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.0
Chile 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
China 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6
Botswana 1.6 1.5 2.2 2.3 2.3
Thailand 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.5
Ecuador 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.2
Seychelles 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5
Georgia 3.1 2.0 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1
Tunisia 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Belize 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8 1.3
Colombia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Mauritius 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
St. Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4
Dominican Republic 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Panama 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Brazil 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9
Zimbabwe 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Uruguay 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3
Mauritania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4
Grenada 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4
Marshall Islands 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Costa Rica 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.6
Indonesia 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2
Morocco 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Peru 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Fiji 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1
Maldives 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9 0.4
India 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tonga 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.0
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
Armenia 1.2 0.9 0.9
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.8 0.9
Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Albania 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6
El Salvador 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Paraguay 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Congo, Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8
Guatemala 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4
Honduras 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Nicaragua 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Vanuatu 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cameroon 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Swaziland 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somalia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Samoa
Eritrea 0.1
Timor-Leste
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Taiwan, China
San Marino
Andorra
Puerto Rico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Tuvalu
Kuwait 23.5 5.1
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Lesotho

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