Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Qatar 30.9 24.7 36.4 54.7 62.4
United Arab Emirates 31.9 28.8 29.9 28.9 31.1
Bahrain 24.4 24.0 22.6 20.3 28.3
Luxembourg 25.6 26.2 27.4 26.9 27.1
Aruba 10.6 29.6 29.8 25.3 24.4
Brunei Darussalam 25.4 25.0 22.0 21.4 20.0
United States 20.1 19.1 19.1 19.2 19.4
Saudi Arabia 13.0 13.4 16.0 16.5 17.7
Australia 16.5 16.8 16.3 16.8 17.1
Canada 16.1 16.2 15.9 16.4 16.6
Singapore 14.3 15.4 15.1 15.6 16.5
Faeroe Islands 12.0 13.0 12.5 14.1 15.6
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5
Russian Federation 14.4 13.2
Czech Republic 13.5 12.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.8 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4
Estonia 15.0 11.9
Cayman Islands 11.0 10.1 10.5 11.4 11.6
Denmark 9.5 9.7 11.9 10.5 11.0
Netherlands 11.0 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.8
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8
Belgium 10.8 10.9 11.8 11.4 10.8
Ukraine 12.3 10.5
Finland 10.6 10.4 10.7 9.5 10.0
New Caledonia 10.3 9.7 10.4 10.0 9.7
United Kingdom 10.2 10.0 10.2 10.0 9.7
Poland 11.2 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.2
South Africa 9.9 9.5 9.6 8.9 9.1
Greenland 8.6 10.0 9.9 8.8 9.1
Japan 8.3 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9
Ireland 8.5 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.7
Israel 7.0 7.2 6.9 8.1 8.6
Libya 9.0 8.6 9.8 8.4 8.5
Bermuda 13.3 10.1 8.6 6.9 8.2
Bulgaria 9.8 8.7 6.7 6.4 8.0
Austria 7.1 7.9 8.5 7.7 7.6
Slovak Republic 8.5 7.6
Iceland 7.5 7.8 6.9 7.0 7.6
New Zealand 7.7 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.5
Norway 8.8 7.4 7.5 6.9 7.5
Malta 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.7 7.3
Korea, Rep. 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.5 7.3
Belarus 8.6 7.3
Italy 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2
Greece 7.4 7.2 6.6 7.3 7.2
Turkmenistan 7.2 6.9
Palau 15.4 15.6 15.2 7.2 6.7
Cyprus 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.7
Slovenia 6.3 6.6
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6
Oman 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.6
France 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7 6.6
Bahamas, The 7.7 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3
Sweden 6.5 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.3 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.0
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9
Switzerland 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.9
Hungary 7.3 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.8
Spain 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.6
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4
Romania 9.2 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2
Suriname 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.1
Lithuania 6.0 4.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7
Latvia 5.2 4.7
Portugal 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.7
Malaysia 2.8 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7
Barbados 3.8 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3
Moldova 5.7 4.2
Mongolia 4.9 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0
Lebanon 3.0 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.0
Mexico 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6
Croatia 3.8 3.5
Iraq 4.3 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.5
Argentina 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.5
Jamaica 2.8 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4
Gabon 6.3 5.1 1.5 2.1 3.2
Jordan 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1
Macao SAR, China 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.1
French Polynesia 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Turkey 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Cuba 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.7
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5
China 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4
Botswana 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.3
Thailand 1.4 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3
Ecuador 2.0 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.2
Seychelles 3.4 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.2
Georgia 3.1 2.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0
Tunisia 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.9
Belize 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8
Colombia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Mauritius 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6
St. Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6
Dominican Republic 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Panama 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.5
Brazil 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Zimbabwe 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Uruguay 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4
Mauritania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Grenada 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
Marshall Islands 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Costa Rica 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Indonesia 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2
Bolivia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1
Morocco 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Tonga 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1
Peru 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Fiji 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9
Maldives 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9
India 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Armenia 1.2 0.9
Samoa 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.8
Philippines 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7
Albania 2.8 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7
El Salvador 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7
Djibouti 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Paraguay 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Guatemala 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Honduras 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Nicaragua 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Angola 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cameroon 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Swaziland 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cambodia 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somalia 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuwait 17.4 23.5 5.1
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
Tuvalu
Andorra
Curacao
Monaco
Lesotho
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Montenegro
Serbia
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Eritrea
Isle of Man

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