Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Qatar 24.7 36.4 54.7 62.4 61.0
United Arab Emirates 28.8 29.9 28.9 31.1 32.8
Bahrain 24.0 22.6 20.3 28.3 27.8
Luxembourg 26.2 27.4 26.9 27.1 25.3
Aruba 29.6 29.8 25.3 24.4 23.0
Brunei Darussalam 25.0 22.0 21.4 20.0 18.8
United States 19.1 19.1 19.2 19.4 19.5
Saudi Arabia 13.4 16.0 16.5 17.7 17.0
Australia 16.8 16.3 16.8 17.1 17.0
Canada 16.2 15.9 16.4 16.6 15.6
Singapore 15.4 15.1 15.6 16.5 19.1
Faeroe Islands 13.0 12.5 14.1 15.6 14.0
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5 12.4
Trinidad and Tobago 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5 15.9
Russian Federation 14.4 13.2 11.6
Czech Republic 13.5 12.8 12.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.1
Estonia 15.0 11.9 12.1
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.5 11.4 11.6 12.2
Denmark 9.7 11.9 10.5 11.0 11.7
Netherlands 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.8 10.8
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8 10.6
Belgium 10.9 11.8 11.4 10.8 11.2
Ukraine 12.3 10.5 8.6
Finland 10.4 10.7 9.5 10.0 11.3
New Caledonia 9.7 10.4 10.0 9.7 9.2
United Kingdom 10.0 10.2 10.0 9.7 9.6
Poland 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.2 8.7
South Africa 9.5 9.6 8.9 9.1 9.4
Greenland 10.0 9.9 8.8 9.1 9.1
Japan 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.4
Ireland 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.7 9.1
Israel 7.2 6.9 8.1 8.6 8.7
Libya 8.6 9.8 8.4 8.5 9.5
Bermuda 10.1 8.6 6.9 8.2 8.0
Bulgaria 8.7 6.7 6.4 8.0 6.4
Austria 7.9 8.5 7.7 7.6 7.7
Slovak Republic 8.5 7.6 7.4
Iceland 7.8 6.9 7.0 7.6 7.6
New Zealand 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.5 7.3
Norway 7.4 7.5 6.9 7.5 6.7
Malta 6.2 5.8 5.7 7.3 6.6
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.5 7.3 7.7
Belarus 8.6 7.3 6.4
Italy 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2
Greece 7.2 6.6 7.3 7.2 7.4
Turkmenistan 7.2 6.9 8.2
Palau 15.6 15.2 7.2 6.7 6.5
Cyprus 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.7 6.7
Slovenia 6.3 6.6 6.7
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6 5.6
Oman 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.6 7.3
France 6.8 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.2
Bahamas, The 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.1
Sweden 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.0 5.2
Venezuela, RB 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9 6.0
Switzerland 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.9 5.9
Hungary 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.6
Spain 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.9
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4 5.0
Romania 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.1
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2 5.3
Suriname 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0
Lithuania 6.0 4.8 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Latvia 5.2 4.7 4.5
Portugal 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.8
Malaysia 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7
Barbados 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3 2.9
Moldova 5.7 4.2 3.3
Mongolia 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.1 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.5
Lebanon 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.3
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7
Croatia 3.8 3.5 3.6
Iraq 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.5 3.8
Argentina 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5
Jamaica 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5
Gabon 5.1 1.5 2.1 3.2 3.2
Jordan 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.4
Macao SAR, China 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3
French Polynesia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.5
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7
Cuba 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.0
Chile 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7
China 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6
Botswana 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.3 2.3
Thailand 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.5
Ecuador 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.2
Seychelles 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5
Georgia 3.1 2.0 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1
Tunisia 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Belize 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8 1.3
Colombia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Mauritius 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
St. Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4
Dominican Republic 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6
Panama 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Brazil 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.8
Zimbabwe 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Uruguay 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3
Mauritania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4
Grenada 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5
Marshall Islands 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Costa Rica 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.6
Indonesia 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2
Morocco 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Tonga 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1
Peru 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Fiji 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1
Maldives 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9 0.4
India 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
Armenia 1.2 0.9 0.9
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.8 0.9
Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Albania 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6
El Salvador 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8
Djibouti 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Paraguay 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Congo, Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8
Guatemala 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4
Honduras 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Nicaragua 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Vanuatu 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cameroon 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Swaziland 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somalia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuwait 23.5 5.1
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
Tuvalu
Andorra
Curacao
Monaco
Lesotho
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Montenegro
Serbia
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Eritrea 0.1
Isle of Man

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