Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
Aruba 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1 18.9
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
United States 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8 19.8
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9 14.2
Australia 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5 17.2
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
Canada 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1 16.9
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Faeroe Islands 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7 14.6
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Denmark 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6 9.6
Estonia 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9 11.1
Czech Republic 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9 10.9
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Belgium 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Netherlands 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7 10.3
Russian Federation 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.5
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
United Kingdom 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.1
Ireland 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 10.7
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
Israel 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5 10.1
Poland 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
New Caledonia 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.7
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Austria 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Italy 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.7
Norway 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.2
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
France 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
Sweden 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8
Hungary 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3
Uzbekistan 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.9
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
Seychelles 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6 6.4
Cuba 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2 4.8
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
Grenada 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Bolivia 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Lesotho
Guam
Montenegro
Serbia
Somalia 0.0
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
South Sudan
Curacao
American Samoa
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu

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