Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
United States 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8 19.8
Aruba 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1 18.9
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9 14.2
Australia 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5 17.2
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
Canada 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1 16.9
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
Faeroe Islands 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7 14.6
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Czech Republic 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9 10.9
Estonia 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9 11.1
Belgium 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.3
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Netherlands 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7 10.3
Denmark 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6 9.6
Israel 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5 10.1
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
Russian Federation 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.5
Ireland 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 10.7
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
United Kingdom 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.1
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
New Caledonia 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.7
Poland 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
Norway 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.2
Austria 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Italy 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.7
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
France 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Sweden 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
Hungary 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Seychelles 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6 6.4
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2 4.8
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Uzbekistan 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Algeria 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.9
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Cuba 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Grenada 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Bolivia 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Monaco
Curacao
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Lesotho
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Somalia 0.0
Montenegro
Isle of Man

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