Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 61.0 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0
Bahrain 27.8 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8
United Arab Emirates 32.8 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6
United States 19.5 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8
Aruba 23.0 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1
Brunei Darussalam 18.8 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9
Australia 17.0 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5
Luxembourg 25.3 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3
Canada 15.6 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1
Trinidad and Tobago 15.9 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3
Faeroe Islands 14.0 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7
Singapore 19.1 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6
Czech Republic 12.2 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9
Estonia 12.1 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9
Belgium 11.2 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7
Cayman Islands 12.2 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3
Finland 11.3 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1
Saudi Arabia 17.0 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8
Netherlands 10.8 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7
Denmark 11.7 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6
Israel 8.7 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5
Germany 10.6 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4
Russian Federation 11.6 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3
Ireland 9.1 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3
Greenland 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5
United Kingdom 9.6 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3
Japan 9.4 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2
Libya 9.5 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1
South Africa 9.4 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9
New Caledonia 9.2 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8
Poland 8.7 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5
Kazakhstan 12.4 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3
Norway 6.7 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2
Austria 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2
Greece 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1
Korea, Rep. 7.7 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9
New Zealand 7.3 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9
Italy 7.2 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8
Slovak Republic 7.4 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7
Iceland 7.6 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7
Slovenia 6.7 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7
Oman 7.3 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6
Bermuda 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6
Venezuela, RB 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1
Cyprus 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0
France 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8
Spain 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6
Ukraine 8.6 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6
Palau 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3
Macedonia, FYR 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3
Turkmenistan 8.2 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.2 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0
Sweden 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0
Bulgaria 6.4 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9
Hungary 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9
Switzerland 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9
Bahamas, The 6.1 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8
Belarus 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7
Portugal 4.8 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7
Malta 6.6 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7
Seychelles 2.5 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6
Lebanon 4.3 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.9 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2
Malaysia 4.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9
Suriname 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8
Lithuania 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6
Romania 5.1 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5
Croatia 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5
Barbados 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3
Azerbaijan 5.6 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0
Chile 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8
Argentina 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8
Jamaica 3.5 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8
Macao SAR, China 3.3 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7
Mexico 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
Algeria 3.0 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5
Latvia 4.5 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3
Mongolia 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3
Turkey 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3
Iraq 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2
Jordan 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.1 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9
Thailand 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8
China 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
French Polynesia 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3
Botswana 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3
Guyana 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2
Dominican Republic 1.6 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2
Cuba 3.0 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2
Panama 1.6 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0
St. Lucia 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9
Mauritius 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Ecuador 1.2 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8
Brazil 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8
Grenada 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Uruguay 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7
Moldova 3.3 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7
Colombia 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Belize 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5
Costa Rica 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Gabon 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Maldives 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Bolivia 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3
Kyrgyz Republic 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2
Swaziland 0.5 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2
Zimbabwe 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Georgia 1.3 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Dominica 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1
Armenia 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1
India 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Namibia 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Indonesia 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0
El Salvador 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0
Philippines 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Fiji 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9
Paraguay 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Honduras 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Samoa 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7
Bhutan 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Vietnam 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6
Djibouti 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Albania 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6
Angola 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
Vanuatu 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Mauritania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4
Tajikistan 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Equatorial Guinea 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3
Nigeria 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3
Kenya 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Congo, Rep. 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Zambia 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Haiti 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Monaco
Curacao
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Lesotho
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Somalia 0.0 0.0
Montenegro
Isle of Man

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