Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Qatar 63.2 58.6 56.6 49.7 45.6
Kuwait 31.2 30.5 29.4 30.6 30.0
United Arab Emirates 28.0 25.4 24.0 23.4 21.1
Aruba 25.0 24.8 25.6 24.7 24.9
Luxembourg 24.8 24.0 23.0 22.4 20.9
Trinidad and Tobago 22.8 35.6 36.8 35.4 36.5
Bahrain 21.8 19.8 21.3 21.5 18.2
United States 19.6 19.1 19.2 18.5 17.2
Canada 17.4 16.9 17.1 16.4 15.1
Australia 17.2 17.3 17.5 17.7 17.6
Saudi Arabia 16.1 17.1 15.2 15.9 18.1
Faeroe Islands 14.7 13.7 13.9 12.7 11.6
Brunei Darussalam 12.6 11.4 23.7 25.8 21.7
Estonia 12.4 12.0 14.1 13.1 11.0
New Caledonia 12.2 11.8 12.3 13.5 11.6
Oman 11.9 15.5 17.4 14.8 14.4
Czech Republic 11.8 11.9 12.0 11.2 10.3
Kazakhstan 11.7 12.6 14.2 14.7 13.3
Russian Federation 11.3 11.7 11.7 12.0 11.0
Greenland 10.7 11.0 11.3 11.7 10.2
Netherlands 10.5 10.2 10.5 10.5 10.2
Ireland 10.5 10.1 10.2 9.5 8.9
Finland 10.4 12.6 12.1 10.7 10.0
Belgium 10.3 10.1 9.7 9.7 9.6
Cayman Islands 9.9 9.7 11.3 11.2 10.3
Japan 9.7 9.6 9.8 9.4 8.6
Germany 9.7 9.8 9.5 9.5 8.8
Korea, Rep. 9.6 9.7 10.2 10.4 10.3
Turkmenistan 9.6 9.7 11.5 11.6 10.1
Palau 9.6 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Libya 9.3 9.6 9.2 9.5 10.4
Norway 9.2 9.5 9.6 10.6 10.8
Austria 9.0 8.7 8.4 8.3 7.6
United Kingdom 9.0 8.9 8.6 8.4 7.6
Greece 8.9 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.5
Denmark 8.7 10.1 9.2 8.5 8.1
Seychelles 8.3 8.7 7.5 8.0 8.5
South Africa 8.3 8.8 9.1 9.5 9.5
Israel 8.2 8.9 8.8 9.3 8.6
New Zealand 8.2 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.5
Italy 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.6 6.8
Spain 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.2 6.2
Slovenia 7.9 8.1 8.0 8.5 7.5
Poland 7.9 8.4 8.3 8.3 7.8
Equatorial Guinea 7.8 7.6 7.5 6.8 6.8
Iceland 7.4 7.5 7.4 6.7 6.4
Slovak Republic 7.3 7.3 6.8 7.0 6.3
Cyprus 7.3 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.4
Singapore 7.1 7.0 4.0 4.9 4.8
Andorra 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.6
Ukraine 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 5.6
Bermuda 6.9 8.1 8.0 6.0 7.1
Malaysia 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.6 7.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.7 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6
Malta 6.7 6.4 6.7 6.3 5.8
Portugal 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.2 5.2
Bulgaria 6.2 6.4 6.9 6.8 5.7
France 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.5
Venezuela, RB 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.6 6.5
Belarus 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.3
Hungary 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 4.9
Sweden 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.7
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.4
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2 4.5 4.5 4.1
Croatia 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.9
Antigua and Barbuda 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.6 5.9
Barbados 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.8
Bahamas, The 4.9 4.5 4.5 3.0 4.6
Suriname 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.6 5.2 5.8 6.1 5.9
Romania 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.0
China 4.4 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.8
Uzbekistan 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.9
Lithuania 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.6 3.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.2 4.5 4.5 5.2 5.3
Argentina 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.5
Iraq 4.1 3.5 2.2 3.2 3.5
Azerbaijan 4.1 4.6 3.6 4.1 3.6
Lebanon 4.1 3.6 3.3 4.1 4.9
Jamaica 4.0 4.5 5.1 4.5 3.2
Mexico 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.9
Macao SAR, China 3.9 3.4 3.1 2.6 2.8
Thailand 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.2
Jordan 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.7
Chile 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.3 3.9
Turkey 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.5 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.1
Mongolia 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.8 4.1
Montenegro 3.3 3.9 3.7 4.5 3.0
French Polynesia 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3
Latvia 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4
Algeria 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.8 3.4 3.3 2.9
Mauritius 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Botswana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3
Maldives 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6
Cuba 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.6
Tunisia 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
St. Lucia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Ecuador 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3
Grenada 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4
Panama 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Guyana 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0
Brazil 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9
Uruguay 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.4
Fiji 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.0
Marshall Islands 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Dominica 1.6 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.8
Costa Rica 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.7
Gabon 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belize 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Indonesia 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9
Morocco 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.5
Albania 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.5
Colombia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Moldova 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Peru 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.8
Bolivia 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4
India 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7
Vietnam 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6
Georgia 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4
Angola 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Namibia 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.6
Tonga 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Honduras 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.0
El Salvador 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Guatemala 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9
Samoa 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Swaziland 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Philippines 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Pakistan 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Zimbabwe 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6
West Bank and Gaza 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Nicaragua 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Nigeria 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Lesotho 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1
Papua New Guinea 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.8
Kiribati 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.4
Paraguay 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Sri Lanka 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Cabo Verde 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6
Bhutan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Djibouti 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Senegal 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Sao Tome and Principe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Tajikistan 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Congo, Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Ghana 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Benin 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Sudan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Vanuatu 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5
Bangladesh 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Lao PDR 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Kenya 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Haiti 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
Cambodia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cameroon 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Timor-Leste 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Eritrea 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Tanzania 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guinea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Somalia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guam
Middle East (developing only)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein 2.0 2.0 1.5
Serbia 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.3
Curacao
Isle of Man
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino

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