Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Tonga 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Bolivia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Grenada 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
Cuba 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.2 2.4 2.9 2.8
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Algeria 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.5 2.9
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 4.9
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.3 5.2
Seychelles 2.5 2.5 5.3 5.5 6.3
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Hungary 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
Sweden 6.2 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
France 5.9 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.2
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Italy 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
Austria 7.5 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.7
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Norway 7.1 7.2 7.8 8.3 9.2
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
Poland 8.9 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.2
New Caledonia 8.9 8.9 9.1 8.8 9.7
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
United Kingdom 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.1 9.0
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
Israel 9.3 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.2
Russian Federation 11.0 10.9 10.3 10.1 10.4
Ireland 9.1 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.7
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
Netherlands 10.9 11.3 10.8 10.7 10.4
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Denmark 10.9 13.7 11.6 11.2 10.4
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Belgium 11.1 11.6 11.3 11.6 11.3
Czech Republic 12.0 12.2 12.4 11.9 10.9
Estonia 11.7 13.3 13.1 11.9 11.1
Faeroe Islands 15.6 13.8 13.4 14.0 13.9
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
Canada 15.9 16.2 16.5 16.7 16.9
Australia 15.6 16.5 16.5 16.9 17.2
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
Brunei Darussalam 17.3 17.1 17.3 17.6 13.0
United States 19.3 19.5 19.7 19.6 19.7
Aruba 22.2 21.6 21.5 19.6 19.7
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Guam
Monaco
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Taiwan, China
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia 0.0
American Samoa
Lesotho

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