Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Bolivia 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Grenada 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Cuba 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Algeria 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.9
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2 4.8
Uzbekistan 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Sweden 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8
Hungary 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
France 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Seychelles 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6 6.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Italy 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.7
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Austria 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Poland 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
United Kingdom 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.1
Norway 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.2
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
Denmark 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6 9.6
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
New Caledonia 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.7
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
Israel 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5 10.1
Netherlands 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7 10.3
Russian Federation 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.5
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Ireland 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 10.7
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Czech Republic 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9 10.9
Estonia 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9 11.1
Belgium 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.3
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9 14.2
Faeroe Islands 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7 14.6
Canada 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1 16.9
Australia 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5 17.2
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
Aruba 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1 18.9
United States 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8 19.8
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Lesotho
Somalia 0.0
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
San Marino
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
Kosovo
South Sudan
Serbia
Guam
American Samoa

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