Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 71.8 73.1 73.9 74.7 71.2
Albania 74.5 73.6 72.4 75.0 68.8
Algeria 9.1 8.9 9.1 9.2 9.4
American Samoa 29.5 29.1 28.8 28.5 28.2
Andorra
Angola 46.8 22.9 23.2 23.0 24.7
Antigua and Barbuda 65.1 64.9 64.4 63.6 63.0
Argentina 71.7 70.3 70.0 73.5 72.2
Armenia 37.8 36.3 34.8 34.1 35.2
Aruba 4.7 3.7 4.6 4.6 4.4
Australia 62.7 62.6 62.3 63.4 61.3
Austria 49.0 49.3 49.3 49.5 49.4
Azerbaijan 38.9 41.2 42.1 41.1 41.4
Bahamas, The 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.1 2.4
Bahrain 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Bangladesh 75.6 75.2 74.1 73.5 73.6
Barbados 39.5 32.9 31.1 29.7 32.7
Belarus 67.9 67.4 66.6 65.2 62.8
Belgium 57.8 56.9 57.7 59.4 58.9
Belize 60.8 59.0 57.2 58.9 57.9
Benin 38.1 38.3 48.9 41.0 46.3
Bermuda 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Bhutan 40.0 43.5 42.6 37.6 29.6
Bolivia 53.7 53.0 54.9 32.9 53.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 57.4 45.8 43.0 43.6 37.3
Botswana 85.5 84.9 77.9 82.5 82.1
Brazil 69.7 69.2 66.7 68.3 71.6
Brunei Darussalam 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
Bulgaria 17.8 16.7 16.6 17.6 17.1
Burkina Faso 71.3 71.7 71.6 79.3 79.7
Burundi 21.6 20.4 20.2 27.7 26.0
Cabo Verde 43.5 44.8 46.7 46.1 44.3
Cambodia 85.2 85.3 78.1 84.2 83.1
Cameroon 49.6 49.9 51.1 56.2 54.2
Canada 22.9 23.0 19.9 22.0 22.8
Cayman Islands 8.5 8.3 8.2 7.9 7.8
Central African Republic 78.5 78.5 73.3 77.4 75.6
Chad 84.0 84.6 83.8 84.5 84.5
Chile 43.7 43.9 43.8 41.4 40.7
China 46.8 46.0 46.8 47.1 46.6
Colombia 70.7 69.3 69.5 68.9 66.5
Comoros 43.2 42.5 42.4 42.3 39.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.6 25.1 21.2 23.7 22.7
Congo, Rep. 28.3 28.4 25.5 26.6 19.3
Costa Rica 80.4 79.3 78.4 76.4 74.9
Cote d'Ivoire 17.3 17.2 19.1 18.5 15.3
Croatia 30.8 30.2 30.0 30.4 28.4
Cuba 69.9 68.3 68.7 67.0 66.2
Curacao
Cyprus 49.6 49.6 48.5 46.9 46.1
Czech Republic 38.9 37.8 37.8 39.2 33.2
Denmark 66.8 65.9 67.1 66.2 66.2
Djibouti 68.9 68.1 67.8 67.8 67.2
Dominica 51.5 51.3 51.0 50.7 50.6
Dominican Republic 65.2 64.2 64.1 59.4 58.7
Ecuador 67.0 66.3 66.5 67.3 65.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 37.7 38.6 37.0 37.8 36.9
El Salvador 57.3 54.8 51.5 53.3 50.8
Equatorial Guinea 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Eritrea 68.1 70.5 74.5 74.9 74.6
Estonia 36.7 34.2 34.6 33.5 29.9
Ethiopia 73.1 73.3 73.9 73.9 72.0
Faroe Islands 38.5 38.3 38.1 37.9 37.7
Fiji 83.3 83.2 83.2 81.8 81.7
Finland 22.2 22.0 21.1 20.7 20.4
France 43.9 44.9 44.3 44.6 44.7
French Polynesia 27.6 26.3 27.5 28.0 30.1
Gabon 1.7 1.8 5.8 2.2 1.7
Gambia, The 64.3 63.3 62.0 62.0 62.6
Georgia 43.2 47.8 49.5 50.2 51.9
Germany 37.5 38.3 39.1 40.2 41.7
Ghana 40.1 40.5 39.2 37.4 41.9
Greece 47.5 46.6 45.1 46.4 45.4
Greenland 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.2 13.4
Grenada 26.8 26.3 26.7 25.7 24.4
Guam 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8
Guatemala 59.7 59.9 49.3 57.4 41.7
Guinea 50.2 55.1 56.6 50.3 53.5
Guinea-Bissau 81.1 80.5 81.0 82.0 80.1
Guyana 68.9 68.2 27.4 84.7 78.7
Haiti 49.0 51.6 51.3 51.3 54.5
Honduras 71.4 70.7 73.4 70.5 71.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungary 35.5 35.4 35.4 36.3 35.9
Iceland 68.0 68.3 68.6 68.0 66.5
India 68.8 68.1 68.1 66.4 66.9
Indonesia 42.0 10.0 31.3 44.6 46.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.7 27.0 27.6 26.3 24.8
Iraq 19.4 16.9 14.9 13.0 12.3
Ireland 76.6 77.2 77.6 79.5 79.5
Isle of Man
Israel 40.5 39.5 39.5 39.1 38.6
Italy 39.5 38.7 39.1 39.2 39.1
Jamaica 48.1 46.7 46.7 46.3 46.0
Japan 64.0 65.4 65.5 65.8 67.0
Jordan 34.8 32.6 28.3 25.9 26.7
Kazakhstan 30.4 30.3 27.0 27.9 24.3
Kenya 58.3 57.7 58.1 59.0 56.3
Kiribati 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 24.8 24.9 26.3 24.8 22.7
Korea, Rep. 48.9 47.1 45.5 43.4 40.6
Kuwait 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1
Kyrgyz Republic 64.5 68.3 71.8 72.2 71.4
Lao PDR 78.6 78.6 70.0 86.3 80.6
Latvia 38.2 36.8 34.4 31.0 28.7
Lebanon 24.2 23.9 25.0 24.2 24.0
Lesotho 59.6 58.4 52.6 55.1 45.3
Liberia 15.1 15.6 17.5 17.8 14.1
Libya 6.3 6.6 7.3 7.2 6.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 43.8 43.5 41.8 38.9 37.9
Luxembourg 82.2 83.4 82.3 82.0 81.8
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 58.0 56.2 55.0 51.0 47.7
Madagascar 76.1 76.5 69.9 71.8 73.6
Malawi 45.3 42.5 45.6 41.3 41.8
Malaysia 21.3 19.8 16.9 18.5 19.0
Maldives 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Mali 78.7 78.8 79.8 80.1 81.0
Malta 23.6 23.4 22.4 22.6 22.0
Marshall Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritania 83.3 83.9 84.0 84.6 84.6
Mauritius 17.7 16.6 16.9 18.0 18.0
Mexico 50.0 50.5 51.0 50.7 51.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 68.5 68.0 67.7 67.5 67.3
Moldova 45.7 43.5 38.4 35.4 34.4
Monaco
Mongolia 88.1 89.2 93.0 93.7 92.2
Montenegro
Morocco 54.3 56.0 54.7 55.6 56.3
Mozambique 55.0 53.7 57.5 46.1 47.3
Myanmar 61.1 59.0 58.8 48.3 66.1
Namibia 91.7 91.6 91.4 92.6 93.2
Nepal 84.0 83.7 83.5 83.3 83.0
Netherlands 37.8 39.4 39.4 41.2 41.6
New Caledonia 77.1 77.2 76.9 76.5 76.5
New Zealand 88.1 88.2 88.4 88.8 88.5
Nicaragua 74.0 74.6 78.6 75.0 76.0
Niger 59.4 59.1 59.1 58.8 58.8
Nigeria 28.9 30.9 31.9 32.4 30.1
Northern Mariana Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norway 13.2 13.0 13.4 13.6 12.5
Oman 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.7 4.8
Pakistan 68.1 67.9 67.4 66.9 65.7
Palau 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Panama 80.0 78.2 78.9 77.2 77.0
Papua New Guinea 24.8 32.7 11.0 18.0 13.5
Paraguay 80.4 79.8 83.8 77.5 81.8
Peru 61.5 61.4 60.3 64.5 61.9
Philippines 65.1 64.2 61.2 63.7 63.1
Poland 20.2 21.0 23.2 23.3 20.2
Portugal 40.8 40.5 37.7 37.5 35.4
Puerto Rico 31.6 31.4 30.5 29.3 29.1
Qatar 1.9 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Romania 34.0 35.4 34.6 34.8 33.5
Russian Federation 15.9 15.4 12.7 12.9 12.5
Rwanda 30.5 29.2 29.8 31.1 34.2
Samoa 69.9 69.7 69.8 69.7 69.8
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 13.3 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.9
Saudi Arabia 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.5
Senegal 63.9 63.8 63.7 65.3 65.7
Serbia 0.0
Seychelles 20.3 19.5 18.7 17.8 16.8
Sierra Leone 44.6 44.1 43.3 38.9 34.3
Singapore 2.1 2.0 1.2 1.7 1.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 49.4 48.2 48.0 43.6 40.4
Slovenia 43.1 40.7 38.3 39.2 38.7
Solomon Islands 97.7 97.7 97.5 97.4 97.3
Somalia 82.9 82.6 82.2 82.0 81.6
South Africa 33.0 32.7 32.5 32.2 31.7
South Sudan
Spain 55.1 55.6 56.0 57.1 57.0
Sri Lanka 65.0 66.4 64.7 66.4 64.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 27.9 28.0 28.3 28.6 29.5
St. Lucia 49.3 49.1 48.7 48.3 47.6
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.5 32.1 31.6 31.1 30.7
Sudan 82.1 82.5 82.5 83.5 82.9
Suriname 60.0 56.3 59.7 71.3 66.0
Swaziland 59.2 57.8 59.7 60.4 57.2
Sweden 30.1 30.1 29.4 29.5 28.6
Switzerland 62.1 61.5 61.7 62.7 62.6
Syrian Arab Republic 22.8 22.7 23.7 22.4 21.5
Tajikistan 66.7 66.0 64.9 64.8 65.0
Tanzania 70.6 69.9 69.3 68.1 66.7
Thailand 70.0 69.2 67.3 66.8 65.3
Timor-Leste 84.6 83.8 84.4 81.7 83.2
Togo 40.7 40.1 37.3 36.0 36.8
Tonga 72.2 72.0 72.0 72.4 72.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.2
Tunisia 35.2 31.8 30.9 30.6 30.9
Turkey 47.3 45.2 42.3 41.2 39.8
Turkmenistan 21.2 27.2 29.7 25.2 19.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tuvalu 34.7 34.8 34.6 34.9 34.8
Uganda 58.2 58.3 56.0 57.4 56.3
Ukraine 32.9 30.1 27.0 25.5 24.4
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.5
United Kingdom 27.1 28.1 29.6 30.9 31.5
United States 31.2 31.4 32.1 32.9 33.3
Uruguay 95.6 95.4 95.0 95.0 94.8
Uzbekistan 32.3 31.2 30.1 30.3 29.6
Vanuatu 89.2 89.0 88.8 88.6 88.4
Venezuela, RB 37.2 36.6 34.7 38.7 38.3
Vietnam 73.7 72.9 73.1 72.7 68.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.1
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 45.5 45.4 46.3 45.2 43.5
Zambia 61.6 61.6 62.2 57.2 58.1
Zimbabwe 73.0 72.8 73.3 74.7 73.3

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