Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan 59.3 63.6 63.8 66.5 65.9
Albania 56.2 58.3 59.2 60.2 60.9
Algeria 11.1 11.4 11.3 11.0 11.5
American Samoa 41.8 41.3 40.6 40.1 33.7
Andorra
Angola 50.8 60.8 47.3 51.4 63.5
Antigua and Barbuda 70.6 70.2 69.7 67.1 66.5
Argentina 78.5 76.9 77.0 76.8 76.6
Armenia 77.2 77.4 50.1 47.2 43.3
Aruba 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Australia 65.8 63.8 64.8 64.6 65.7
Austria 51.1 50.9 48.9 48.8 49.6
Azerbaijan 39.0 38.3 37.2 37.2 37.2
Bahamas, The 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Bahrain 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1
Bangladesh 82.2 81.3 80.5 80.3 79.6
Barbados 36.7 37.5 38.3 42.0 41.9
Belarus 80.6 80.4 78.9 78.4 76.5
Belgium 45.4 47.6 50.6 51.3 53.3
Belize 65.2 66.5 67.0 66.8 67.1
Benin 37.2 36.8 37.2 36.3 36.2
Bermuda 5.4 6.0 5.9 6.8 7.0
Bhutan 55.0 55.9 51.9 51.3 51.3
Bolivia 53.1 50.4 53.8 53.4 51.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 37.6 37.5 38.6 36.8 35.0
Botswana 89.3 90.8 88.2 88.8 90.1
Brazil 66.4 64.2 66.6 66.5 65.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3
Bulgaria 39.0 38.2 37.2 36.0 35.1
Burkina Faso 69.2 69.4 69.1 69.6 71.0
Burundi 31.8 30.3 30.0 29.5 30.0
Cabo Verde 39.2 40.7 44.7 45.8 45.9
Cambodia 85.5 85.7 87.2 86.9 87.7
Cameroon 41.5 43.9 54.7 48.4 48.3
Canada 24.8 24.1 23.3 20.2 24.5
Cayman Islands 18.0 16.3 13.4 12.1 14.0
Central African Republic 78.1 78.1 78.1 78.2 78.3
Chad 83.1 83.7 83.5 84.6 86.5
Chile 52.0 52.4 51.7 50.2 48.4
China 54.2 53.7 52.5 52.1 51.5
Colombia 73.1 71.7 73.2 73.4 71.9
Comoros 54.0 52.2 51.4 50.7 49.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.6 27.2 26.4 26.7 27.3
Congo, Rep. 35.4 32.2 37.1 36.1 32.9
Costa Rica 86.2 85.7 85.2 85.0 85.0
Cote d'Ivoire 19.6 19.0 20.3 19.5 17.3
Croatia 50.7 50.1 45.9 43.4 42.2
Cuba 70.6 69.9 69.1 69.2 68.1
Curacao
Cyprus 51.9 52.0 51.5 51.0 51.1
Czech Republic 42.4 43.0 43.6 45.7 48.8
Denmark 71.7 70.4 69.5 68.9 68.7
Djibouti 72.1 71.7 71.3 70.6 70.5
Dominica 48.6 53.2 53.5 55.2 54.2
Dominican Republic 67.6 71.0 70.4 71.6 70.6
Ecuador 66.7 72.2 67.2 66.3 66.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 39.5 38.7 38.0 38.2 38.8
El Salvador 56.4 57.0 59.0 59.4 59.8
Equatorial Guinea 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.1
Eritrea 72.8 72.0 71.5 71.9 71.9
Estonia 59.2 59.3 54.6 51.9 49.5
Ethiopia 81.6 80.6 80.0 80.7 81.5
Faroe Islands 40.9 41.0 40.7 40.2 39.9
Fiji 82.7 83.6 83.6 82.9 82.6
Finland 30.2 29.0 27.6 26.5 25.5
France 53.1 52.5 53.4 53.5 53.8
French Polynesia 35.3 32.5 31.4 31.1 28.5
Gabon 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.1
Gambia, The 70.7 70.6 70.0 69.2 69.5
Georgia 65.2 65.6 51.3 51.1 51.3
Germany 35.8 36.1 36.3 36.2 36.2
Ghana 44.5 45.1 42.4 44.4 47.1
Greece 52.9 51.7 51.1 49.9 48.2
Greenland 16.2 16.1 15.9 15.7 15.5
Grenada 32.9 31.3 30.3 30.1 29.6
Guam 9.8 9.5 9.5 4.2 3.0
Guatemala 61.0 60.8 60.4 60.2 59.6
Guinea 51.2 50.2 49.5 49.6 50.1
Guinea-Bissau 82.5 82.1 81.3 82.2 83.4
Guyana 62.8 55.7 60.9 60.0 51.9
Haiti 57.1 55.6 54.4 53.3 50.3
Honduras 76.6 75.7 74.7 74.7 74.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungary 52.9 52.7 52.0 52.2 52.9
Iceland 75.2 73.9 72.8 72.1 71.8
India 71.6 69.9 69.0 68.1 71.4
Indonesia 36.4 25.4 49.6 47.6 38.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.3 40.6 40.0 42.1 31.1
Iraq 13.7 14.2 13.1 13.1 15.4
Ireland 77.8 77.3 77.8 77.8 77.8
Isle of Man
Israel 38.9 39.3 40.2 39.6 38.6
Italy 46.3 45.7 45.3 44.6 44.5
Jamaica 51.5 51.6 49.9 49.3 48.0
Japan 61.3 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.5
Jordan 33.1 35.4 35.5 35.3 35.0
Kazakhstan 40.3 40.9 38.5 37.7 36.8
Kenya 65.7 64.9 65.7 65.9 65.7
Kiribati 13.8 13.3 12.7 12.2 7.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 26.9 26.6 27.5 27.4 25.7
Korea, Rep. 49.0 47.7 46.2 47.4 47.8
Kuwait 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.1
Kyrgyz Republic 76.6 76.6 74.8 74.1 73.1
Lao PDR 79.3 76.6 78.1 81.4 78.5
Latvia 72.7 72.8 66.9 63.0 59.4
Lebanon 21.7 22.2 22.1 22.4 24.0
Lesotho 64.3 66.6 67.1 65.2 63.6
Liberia 23.4 23.0 21.0 21.0 18.8
Libya 6.8 7.0 6.8 7.2 6.5
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 75.8 75.7 69.2 64.3 64.0
Luxembourg 80.7 80.6 80.7 80.0 80.2
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 68.6 68.4 67.2 65.5 64.8
Madagascar 84.4 81.9 82.9 81.9 79.7
Malawi 52.6 57.7 47.2 48.4 54.8
Malaysia 32.3 30.2 30.9 31.4 29.0
Maldives 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Mali 79.5 78.9 79.0 78.6 77.5
Malta 28.3 28.2 27.9 27.6 27.8
Marshall Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritania 85.5 85.4 85.4 85.6 85.7
Mauritius 22.8 22.6 22.4 22.5 20.6
Mexico 53.8 52.7 53.2 54.5 53.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66.9 67.2 67.2 67.1 67.0
Moldova 77.4 77.6 67.3 60.1 53.6
Monaco
Mongolia 79.1 73.6 78.1 83.3 76.7
Montenegro
Morocco 58.4 60.6 58.0 58.8 58.2
Mozambique 55.8 63.9 54.2 57.6 65.5
Myanmar 53.2 42.3 52.6 69.1 46.4
Namibia 93.8 93.9 93.4 93.6 94.1
Nepal 85.7 85.8 85.7 85.3 85.1
Netherlands 39.6 39.3 39.1 37.6 38.5
New Caledonia 86.3 86.2 85.7 83.2 81.8
New Zealand 90.3 89.8 89.6 88.9 88.5
Nicaragua 76.1 74.0 74.8 77.7 78.8
Niger 62.1 60.3 60.4 60.5 60.8
Nigeria 37.8 39.1 37.2 37.4 33.7
Northern Mariana Islands 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Norway 18.9 17.7 16.9 15.7 15.4
Oman 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.0
Pakistan 73.8 72.0 71.4 71.7 71.1
Palau 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Panama 83.2 82.7 82.6 82.4 82.1
Papua New Guinea 27.5 30.1 22.1 22.5 25.6
Paraguay 79.9 76.5 79.0 79.2 77.2
Peru 59.7 59.5 60.8 60.7 58.4
Philippines 72.8 71.2 71.1 70.8 68.9
Poland 18.0 17.3 17.5 19.1 21.2
Portugal 47.1 46.1 46.0 43.9 43.8
Puerto Rico 49.2 45.8 46.6 47.1 46.8
Qatar 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Romania 40.4 40.7 40.2 40.9 41.9
Russian Federation 23.4 23.2 21.9 21.8 21.2
Rwanda 39.7 39.4 38.1 37.3 44.3
Samoa 70.4 72.3 72.2 71.9 71.4
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 15.2 15.0 14.8 14.7 14.5
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.8 5.7 5.4 6.0
Senegal 63.9 65.0 64.0 64.7 65.7
Serbia 0.0
Seychelles 25.4 25.1 24.5 24.4 27.5
Sierra Leone 50.4 50.8 50.9 51.3 51.7
Singapore 7.7 8.5 5.8 4.4 5.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 60.8 60.9 60.2 60.4 61.3
Slovenia 52.6 52.4 51.4 50.7 46.6
Solomon Islands 98.9 98.9 98.8 98.8 98.6
Somalia 86.3 86.4 86.5 86.1 84.8
South Africa 35.0 35.4 34.9 35.7 35.8
South Sudan
Spain 53.3 52.3 55.2 53.3 53.9
Sri Lanka 76.5 73.4 75.3 72.6 74.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 37.4 37.0 35.8 34.3 33.0
St. Lucia 53.4 53.2 52.7 52.3 51.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 42.1 39.0 40.5 38.5 36.6
Sudan 81.5 81.5 80.4 81.2 83.0
Suriname 67.4 60.3 65.8 65.5 54.2
Swaziland 62.5 61.5 61.1 62.4 64.9
Sweden 31.1 29.7 29.2 29.5 29.6
Switzerland 66.6 65.3 64.5 63.4 62.2
Syrian Arab Republic 50.9 31.4 34.3 35.4 30.4
Tajikistan 77.0 76.7 71.7 69.9 66.9
Tanzania 72.9 73.8 72.7 72.9 73.6
Thailand 78.1 76.7 76.6 74.9 72.2
Timor-Leste 79.9 80.2 79.7 80.7 81.9
Togo 44.2 44.8 45.7 45.9 49.6
Tonga 74.3 76.5 78.0 76.3 74.6
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.0 3.1
Tunisia 42.4 44.1 44.0 43.2 43.8
Turkey 60.4 59.3 58.5 57.2 55.8
Turkmenistan 10.7 10.4 9.8 9.6 9.4
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tuvalu 31.3 28.7 28.8 35.4 35.2
Uganda 60.1 55.9 55.8 57.6 61.9
Ukraine 50.7 51.1 49.5 48.9 44.2
United Arab Emirates 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.0
United Kingdom 23.6 23.7 23.7 24.3 24.8
United States 29.7 28.8 28.4 27.7 27.1
Uruguay 95.5 95.6 95.7 95.5 95.1
Uzbekistan 44.5 43.9 41.1 40.7 40.0
Vanuatu 88.2 88.4 88.2 88.4 88.9
Venezuela, RB 46.7 46.6 46.6 46.0 43.9
Vietnam 78.6 78.1 77.9 77.5 77.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.1
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 62.0 60.9 54.5 53.6 57.4
Zambia 63.6 65.7 63.0 63.9 66.0
Zimbabwe 78.3 78.8 76.7 77.1 79.4

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