Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.3 7.0
Albania 17.8 17.9 18.2 15.8 14.7
Algeria 81.8 82.0 81.7 82.0 81.5
American Samoa 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Andorra
Angola 46.3 67.0 67.5 67.6 65.0
Antigua and Barbuda 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.8
Argentina 18.2 19.2 20.5 16.1 16.5
Armenia 48.9 50.6 51.6 52.5 50.9
Aruba 6.7 25.1 5.6 5.0 5.7
Australia 24.8 24.7 25.9 25.1 24.8
Austria 21.6 21.4 21.4 21.6 21.8
Azerbaijan 44.8 42.4 41.8 43.6 43.5
Bahamas, The 7.6 6.9 5.6 5.6 4.9
Bahrain 87.7 86.4 86.9 86.5 86.8
Bangladesh 8.0 8.0 8.4 8.5 8.9
Barbados 8.6 8.5 11.2 13.2 11.1
Belarus 6.9 6.2 6.4 6.1 7.0
Belgium 16.7 16.0 15.2 14.6 14.9
Belize 14.7 14.8 15.3 14.6 14.5
Benin 13.9 13.5 16.2 16.9 18.1
Bermuda 5.2 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.4
Bhutan 46.1 40.8 37.7 31.7 37.6
Bolivia 14.6 15.4 15.5 7.7 16.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.2 41.2 42.9 40.6 35.3
Botswana 8.8 9.2 11.9 11.4 11.5
Brazil 6.4 6.5 6.2 7.0 8.1
Brunei Darussalam 91.3 91.2 47.7 91.1 97.6
Bulgaria 8.9 8.9 9.5 8.7 9.3
Burkina Faso 18.4 18.1 18.1 9.4 9.1
Burundi 51.0 51.7 51.8 34.6 35.6
Cabo Verde 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Cambodia 7.6 7.4 5.6 7.2 7.5
Cameroon 17.7 17.0 19.6 18.9 15.6
Canada 46.2 48.3 40.7 44.7 47.5
Cayman Islands 4.8 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.3
Central African Republic 0.7 0.8 1.3 0.9 0.8
Chad 9.4 9.1 9.5 9.1 9.1
Chile 22.1 22.8 23.5 24.2 25.1
China 38.5 38.5 37.2 36.2 36.2
Colombia 15.5 16.7 18.4 18.9 19.5
Comoros 24.8 25.0 25.0 25.1 26.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 8.6 7.7 10.3 8.5
Congo, Rep. 41.2 43.6 47.8 53.6 48.9
Costa Rica 4.2 4.5 5.2 6.2 6.9
Cote d'Ivoire 19.0 19.4 20.3 24.6 18.6
Croatia 47.4 48.1 46.8 46.9 47.3
Cuba 7.3 8.7 8.2 9.5 10.3
Curacao
Cyprus 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.1 3.7
Czech Republic 38.7 40.1 38.5 35.9 43.8
Denmark 11.0 12.1 11.8 12.5 13.0
Djibouti 13.8 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.1
Dominica 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.5
Dominican Republic 14.0 14.7 14.7 16.4 16.5
Ecuador 22.7 22.8 22.1 21.2 22.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.6 39.8 40.5 41.0 42.3
El Salvador 13.0 13.5 14.4 13.7 14.0
Equatorial Guinea 93.0 94.8 95.5 95.6 95.6
Eritrea 17.9 16.6 12.3 12.1 12.3
Estonia 40.1 39.7 36.0 35.5 38.3
Ethiopia 15.1 14.9 14.5 14.4 15.4
Faroe Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fiji 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.1
Finland 7.7 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.4
France 38.8 39.1 39.6 39.7 40.0
French Polynesia 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 1.6
Gabon 89.3 88.8 84.6 88.3 89.9
Gambia, The 18.4 18.8 19.3 19.2 19.3
Georgia 41.8 36.5 35.0 34.5 33.3
Germany 28.2 28.4 28.5 28.6 27.9
Ghana 29.4 28.9 30.2 31.9 28.9
Greece 21.5 22.3 22.9 23.1 23.4
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Grenada 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.2 11.6
Guam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guatemala 15.1 15.8 4.2 16.5 5.1
Guinea 16.2 8.2 8.5 15.0 16.0
Guinea-Bissau 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.8 4.2
Guyana 4.3 4.2 1.7 5.9 6.7
Haiti 23.9 20.8 20.9 20.8 17.5
Honduras 8.8 10.5 10.8 9.7 9.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 24.0 29.0 30.0 29.9 28.9
Hungary 32.8 32.4 31.4 30.0 29.1
Iceland 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.7
India 14.2 14.6 14.3 14.2 14.6
Indonesia 23.0 5.0 15.8 25.2 27.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 58.3 59.0 57.9 59.2 61.0
Iraq 56.1 63.9 68.6 71.5 72.4
Ireland 8.9 8.0 7.6 8.0 8.6
Isle of Man
Israel 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.3 4.9
Italy 18.0 17.7 17.2 16.8 16.2
Jamaica 18.6 19.1 18.8 19.3 19.4
Japan 10.6 9.4 9.5 9.8 9.5
Jordan 16.4 16.6 17.0 16.9 16.4
Kazakhstan 38.1 50.4 55.8 57.9 60.5
Kenya 28.3 28.6 28.1 27.3 29.0
Kiribati 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 54.9 54.4 54.0 56.8 58.7
Korea, Rep. 16.6 17.0 17.5 18.5 19.1
Kuwait 93.3 93.2 92.6 91.8 92.1
Kyrgyz Republic 6.7 8.0 7.7 7.5 7.3
Lao PDR 8.9 9.2 3.4 4.0 9.7
Latvia 43.5 44.3 45.8 47.9 49.1
Lebanon 13.1 12.9 12.6 12.3 11.9
Lesotho 22.5 23.3 24.0 24.5 26.6
Liberia 49.0 50.6 51.1 52.3 56.3
Libya 87.5 86.3 85.1 84.5 85.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 33.3 33.4 35.1 36.1 36.3
Luxembourg 10.1 9.3 9.9 10.1 10.2
Macao SAR, China 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.3 2.0
Macedonia, FYR 22.4 23.9 25.3 28.8 30.5
Madagascar 11.9 11.5 11.4 10.3 11.4
Malawi 29.8 30.7 28.8 30.9 30.5
Malaysia 56.0 58.1 45.3 59.6 60.9
Maldives 8.1 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.3
Mali 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.1
Malta 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.7
Marshall Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritania 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.0
Mauritius 6.0 6.4 6.6 7.2 8.8
Mexico 30.7 31.1 27.1 29.8 28.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Moldova 41.9 43.5 48.2 50.1 51.3
Monaco
Mongolia 2.5 1.5 1.3 1.7 2.9
Montenegro
Morocco 5.8 4.3 5.2 4.6 4.2
Mozambique 21.0 21.7 16.0 17.8 15.9
Myanmar 4.5 6.2 6.7 5.9 9.2
Namibia 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.3
Nepal 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.6
Netherlands 23.8 21.3 21.3 20.6 20.6
New Caledonia 2.9 2.2 2.1 2.2 1.6
New Zealand 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.8 4.1
Nicaragua 7.3 7.0 5.9 6.8 6.4
Niger 23.9 24.0 23.9 24.1 23.9
Nigeria 57.5 54.8 52.8 51.7 54.4
Northern Mariana Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norway 61.8 63.7 63.8 65.4 67.8
Oman 89.0 89.5 88.9 89.2 90.9
Pakistan 19.1 19.2 19.5 19.9 21.0
Palau 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Panama 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8
Papua New Guinea 24.1 3.4 32.7 31.6 29.4
Paraguay 5.0 5.2 5.6 4.0 4.8
Peru 10.7 10.5 10.0 10.0 9.3
Philippines 12.0 12.2 13.0 12.2 12.3
Poland 67.9 66.9 63.4 62.8 66.9
Portugal 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.5 7.4
Puerto Rico 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 93.1 94.6 94.8 95.6 96.0
Romania 52.6 50.1 49.9 48.7 48.7
Russian Federation 69.0 72.4 64.8 72.1 72.5
Rwanda 27.5 30.8 31.7 31.1 24.5
Samoa 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 38.8 39.1 39.2 39.4 40.1
Saudi Arabia 84.1 83.9 84.0 83.3 83.8
Senegal 17.7 17.5 17.4 16.6 15.4
Serbia 0.0
Seychelles 4.9 6.0 4.9 5.1 6.6
Sierra Leone 29.6 30.8 32.1 37.7 41.5
Singapore 56.3 54.7 53.1 51.4 52.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 21.6 21.4 22.9 22.5 21.1
Slovenia 33.6 37.0 37.8 36.0 37.3
Solomon Islands 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Somalia 11.7 12.1 12.4 12.7 13.1
South Africa 45.7 46.6 45.8 45.6 45.8
South Sudan
Spain 14.6 14.7 14.1 12.8 12.2
Sri Lanka 8.7 6.2 6.2 5.8 6.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.8 9.9 8.1 6.8 6.6
St. Lucia 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.6 5.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.9
Sudan 11.2 10.8 10.7 9.9 10.3
Suriname 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.2 2.9
Swaziland 8.8 8.8 10.0 11.4 10.9
Sweden 10.9 10.9 10.5 10.1 10.6
Switzerland 18.6 18.5 18.7 18.1 17.8
Syrian Arab Republic 61.7 62.0 61.4 62.3 63.1
Tajikistan 13.6 13.9 14.1 14.1 13.7
Tanzania 11.4 11.7 10.0 12.8 12.8
Thailand 17.0 17.5 18.3 18.9 19.7
Timor-Leste 1.1 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1
Togo 33.9 34.6 39.9 40.5 38.8
Tonga 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5
Trinidad and Tobago 73.7 74.0 73.2 75.6 77.7
Tunisia 42.6 46.9 48.6 49.1 49.0
Turkey 16.7 17.5 17.6 16.9 16.6
Turkmenistan 74.2 65.9 63.3 69.3 76.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.5
Tuvalu 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 28.8 28.5 29.9 28.7 29.3
Ukraine 57.3 59.9 62.4 63.6 64.3
United Arab Emirates 94.6 94.2 94.0 93.5 93.7
United Kingdom 24.8 25.1 24.8 25.3 25.4
United States 40.6 41.7 42.3 41.8 42.3
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Uzbekistan 59.0 60.2 61.4 61.1 61.7
Vanuatu 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Venezuela, RB 50.8 51.7 49.2 50.7 49.8
Vietnam 13.9 14.6 14.4 14.6 19.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 28.9 29.1 28.0 29.4 31.7
Zambia 10.5 11.3 9.7 10.9 12.1
Zimbabwe 13.6 13.2 13.0 12.5 12.8

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