Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan 72.9 73.9 74.2 73.9 73.1
Albania 66.7 68.2 68.9 68.4 68.7
Algeria 63.0 59.0 56.7 57.8 58.0
American Samoa 92.6 92.5 92.4 92.6 90.9
Andorra 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Angola 87.5 88.2 87.3 87.6 88.3
Antigua and Barbuda 65.0 65.1 59.7 59.1 58.6
Argentina 84.8 81.8 85.1 85.1 84.0
Armenia 79.7 79.7 79.1 78.4 72.8
Aruba 10.7 7.9 6.5 6.0 6.0
Australia 78.6 80.6 80.9 80.6 80.1
Austria 51.2 53.3 52.1 52.9 54.7
Azerbaijan 84.2 84.2 83.6 83.3 80.2
Bahamas, The 12.9 13.2 12.1 12.3 12.0
Bahrain 21.0 14.1 16.4 17.6 17.3
Bangladesh 75.7 76.2 75.1 75.4 75.4
Barbados 53.0 56.9 60.1 63.1 61.8
Belarus 68.9 69.7 69.7 69.6 62.2
Belgium 22.8 24.0 25.1 25.9 33.6
Belize 85.1 86.1 87.6 86.4 85.1
Benin 47.7 47.8 47.4 47.4 48.5
Bermuda 7.4 7.7 4.9 5.1 6.6
Bhutan 55.3 56.5 55.2 55.4 56.2
Bolivia 51.1 51.3 51.8 51.9 51.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.1 75.9 74.3 74.4 72.4
Botswana 91.2 89.9 91.5 91.0 90.0
Brazil 65.1 63.5 66.0 66.6 65.4
Brunei Darussalam 14.3 10.9 13.7 19.7 11.9
Bulgaria 50.4 50.8 41.7 60.0 61.5
Burkina Faso 89.3 89.3 89.5 89.5 89.5
Burundi 74.5 73.3 73.6 72.2 73.2
Cabo Verde 79.0 81.3 82.3 83.2 83.3
Cambodia 83.9 85.3 84.1 83.0 85.1
Cameroon 65.9 66.2 66.9 67.0 66.6
Canada 38.8 39.7 36.7 27.0 36.9
Cayman Islands 28.6 27.2 10.9 10.7 12.3
Central African Republic 75.3 75.8 75.1 76.1 77.5
Chad 90.8 90.8 91.1 91.0 90.7
Chile 80.7 80.1 80.4 79.3 77.4
China 72.3 73.6 74.5 74.8 74.4
Colombia 80.8 79.5 80.9 81.3 80.1
Comoros 85.7 85.0 84.7 83.8 82.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.7 34.8 27.6 30.7 36.1
Congo, Rep. 48.7 45.9 51.0 50.6 47.4
Costa Rica 89.1 87.6 85.9 84.9 82.6
Cote d'Ivoire 21.7 21.4 22.7 22.8 21.9
Croatia 43.0 44.0 46.4 47.2 46.0
Cuba 70.3 71.3 71.3 71.9 74.9
Curacao
Cyprus 78.5 76.4 70.1 72.0 76.1
Czech Republic 49.4 49.7 49.9 50.7 51.7
Denmark 66.4 67.0 69.9 66.4 70.5
Djibouti 89.0 89.0 89.6 85.2 85.4
Dominica 83.4 84.5 82.2 86.9 87.0
Dominican Republic 80.6 81.4 80.3 80.4 82.0
Ecuador 82.7 82.7 82.3 83.6 85.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 43.1 44.5 45.0 44.8 44.3
El Salvador 82.6 83.7 83.2 82.3 81.4
Equatorial Guinea 41.7 41.8 43.1 42.3 45.8
Eritrea 92.7 92.5 92.4 92.6 92.5
Estonia 46.3 46.9 47.0 46.3 60.2
Ethiopia 92.1 91.7 91.6 91.7 91.4
Faroe Islands 93.0 93.2 91.6 90.1 88.8
Fiji 91.0 91.5 90.8 90.5 90.2
Finland 52.5 52.3 52.2 51.2 48.9
France 46.4 47.0 47.6 48.6 48.1
French Polynesia 30.5 29.5 28.7 29.8 29.6
Gabon 26.7 24.8 26.9 26.8 25.2
Gambia, The 89.0 88.7 88.2 88.6 88.1
Georgia 46.9 47.8 48.3 47.6 55.1
Germany 48.1 48.6 49.5 47.4 47.2
Ghana 71.6 72.1 71.4 72.5 74.0
Greece 56.5 55.4 53.9 52.7 56.1
Greenland 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Grenada 56.7 55.6 53.2 53.6 47.8
Guam 90.1 89.9 90.1 85.5 81.5
Guatemala 77.1 75.8 74.9 76.5 75.8
Guinea 50.4 52.0 52.0 53.6 55.0
Guinea-Bissau 90.6 90.7 90.7 90.8 90.5
Guyana 80.9 78.0 81.0 81.3 79.2
Haiti 84.6 84.2 83.8 83.3 82.8
Honduras 82.1 81.7 80.9 80.8 80.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungary 49.2 49.5 52.1 52.5 50.1
Iceland 75.3 74.9 72.7 73.3 82.3
India 72.3 70.9 71.7 71.2 71.4
Indonesia 49.8 37.6 64.7 64.9 54.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 78.0 77.2 76.2 78.5 74.9
Iraq 72.7 72.7 67.6 63.4 64.3
Ireland 78.6 77.1 77.3 78.5 77.3
Isle of Man
Israel 44.8 46.4 44.8 45.3 45.4
Italy 55.3 53.8 50.4 48.0 49.3
Jamaica 65.8 68.3 64.4 66.3 67.1
Japan 27.5 27.4 26.3 25.8 26.3
Jordan 38.6 41.4 46.2 46.1 45.4
Kazakhstan 67.1 67.0 66.9 66.6 58.0
Kenya 90.9 90.7 91.1 91.1 91.2
Kiribati 58.2 57.1 54.1 54.3 47.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 58.1 53.4 59.2 65.6 57.1
Korea, Rep. 55.4 54.4 49.9 50.8 46.8
Kuwait 3.8 4.2 4.6 4.6 6.2
Kyrgyz Republic 84.0 84.1 83.3 83.0 75.2
Lao PDR 71.8 72.5 71.6 70.5 72.4
Latvia 78.0 78.3 78.1 77.4 81.1
Lebanon 58.7 58.6 63.5 64.0 62.8
Lesotho 84.4 83.2 86.6 84.6 80.5
Liberia 53.7 54.3 52.2 53.2 56.0
Libya 48.3 45.9 52.5 55.2 58.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 55.8 56.5 57.0 57.4 66.9
Luxembourg 67.6 67.6 66.7 64.4 63.8
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 78.6 78.2 79.2 76.6 74.2
Madagascar 87.6 85.6 87.5 86.8 84.6
Malawi 85.5 86.5 84.0 84.3 85.6
Malaysia 62.8 57.4 60.9 67.6 58.8
Maldives 10.7 11.3 10.2 11.1 10.8
Mali 82.2 82.1 83.0 82.7 81.8
Malta 45.2 49.5 43.6 42.0 47.0
Marshall Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritania 93.3 93.3 93.1 93.4 93.5
Mauritius 65.9 68.4 65.2 68.4 64.3
Mexico 76.0 70.2 68.5 68.8 69.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 97.1 97.1 97.2 97.2 97.2
Moldova 82.0 82.0 79.9 78.8 78.2
Monaco
Mongolia 67.4 57.0 67.2 83.2 63.4
Montenegro
Morocco 82.6 82.4 79.8 78.9 77.3
Mozambique 77.6 80.0 77.0 78.4 80.4
Myanmar 23.1 18.9 21.9 27.1 19.1
Namibia 93.2 92.3 93.2 93.4 92.8
Nepal 77.0 77.0 77.0 77.1 76.9
Netherlands 50.4 41.6 48.5 51.3 40.2
New Caledonia 82.4 83.6 83.4 81.0 79.9
New Zealand 94.8 94.7 94.4 94.0 94.4
Nicaragua 91.4 90.9 91.5 91.8 91.9
Niger 86.7 86.2 86.5 86.6 86.7
Nigeria 82.1 81.3 79.9 79.6 79.8
Northern Mariana Islands 78.4 77.1 75.7 74.4 73.4
Norway 26.1 27.8 28.7 31.3 33.7
Oman 57.5 58.2 58.1 57.9 58.0
Pakistan 67.7 74.5 74.2 74.2 74.1
Palau 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Panama 88.4 88.6 89.3 88.9 89.0
Papua New Guinea 39.5 43.0 28.1 29.9 34.7
Paraguay 73.1 71.8 74.1 74.5 73.2
Peru 70.4 70.3 71.9 72.4 69.8
Philippines 73.5 74.3 72.7 72.0 71.7
Poland 63.9 63.8 65.5 67.0 64.9
Portugal 57.0 58.1 61.3 58.1 58.8
Puerto Rico 96.1 95.7 95.8 96.2 96.3
Qatar 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.7
Romania 53.5 54.7 54.7 55.2 60.4
Russian Federation 53.3 53.8 53.6 53.0 52.8
Rwanda 75.2 75.2 74.5 73.6 79.8
Samoa 81.1 82.1 81.6 81.7 81.7
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 58.7 58.5 59.7 59.9 54.7
Saudi Arabia 46.9 49.7 49.1 50.6 48.8
Senegal 86.3 87.1 86.3 86.7 86.8
Serbia 0.0
Seychelles 33.1 33.5 30.1 33.8 38.8
Sierra Leone 63.2 63.2 62.3 63.8 65.9
Singapore 9.5 11.8 8.6 6.4 8.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 54.1 53.3 57.9 59.0 56.2
Slovenia 84.7 84.7 82.3 80.9 80.3
Solomon Islands 99.5 99.5 99.5 99.5 99.5
Somalia 94.2 94.3 94.5 94.4 93.7
South Africa 58.1 58.1 58.0 58.4 58.8
South Sudan
Spain 57.5 58.8 60.3 59.1 59.3
Sri Lanka 71.2 71.4 71.2 71.6 69.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 79.8 79.7 77.3 62.6 62.4
St. Lucia 78.5 78.5 74.7 79.0 75.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 89.2 88.6 88.3 83.0 75.8
Sudan 91.7 91.5 91.6 91.4 91.0
Suriname 32.7 28.6 27.7 27.3 25.1
Swaziland 93.8 93.6 93.3 93.5 93.9
Sweden 55.6 56.1 57.1 58.8 57.4
Switzerland 57.1 57.4 58.0 57.5 55.9
Syrian Arab Republic 70.9 72.2 75.0 73.8 75.6
Tajikistan 80.9 80.6 80.3 79.8 77.5
Tanzania 81.9 81.7 82.0 81.9 81.6
Thailand 79.7 79.6 79.0 78.4 78.0
Timor-Leste 83.8 84.0 83.7 85.1 85.0
Togo 69.6 70.3 70.9 71.6 72.8
Tonga 97.7 97.4 97.2 97.0 96.6
Trinidad and Tobago 14.2 14.9 13.2 13.3 17.5
Tunisia 49.5 51.3 49.2 50.1 50.9
Turkey 81.8 82.5 81.1 80.7 77.9
Turkmenistan 75.6 75.5 77.1 81.4 78.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tuvalu 97.3 97.0 97.0 97.7 97.8
Uganda 85.3 83.8 83.7 84.2 85.5
Ukraine 61.9 62.4 64.4 62.0 61.0
United Arab Emirates 14.5 15.2 15.6 18.1 20.4
United Kingdom 36.6 36.0 38.7 38.7 40.2
United States 42.3 41.6 38.8 40.5 46.1
Uruguay 97.0 97.1 97.1 96.9 96.9
Uzbekistan 71.9 71.8 71.3 71.3 69.6
Vanuatu 94.0 94.2 93.9 94.6 94.8
Venezuela, RB 73.5 72.7 74.7 74.1 73.1
Vietnam 81.6 81.2 81.7 81.8 81.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 93.7 93.7 93.7 93.7 93.7
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 83.1 82.7 82.4 85.4
Zambia 70.6 72.8 70.5 71.7 73.6
Zimbabwe 87.0 87.4 86.4 87.0 87.4

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