Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 13.4 16.1 12.6 9.3 10.6
Algeria 46.9 49.5 48.3 48.1 47.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 9.8 14.8 15.5 17.7 20.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 30.3 28.7 29.2 31.9 32.3
Armenia 64.2 57.0 54.6 49.8 46.8
Aruba
Australia 56.0 56.1 58.7 59.1 58.8
Austria 34.0 35.1 33.3 32.7 31.9
Azerbaijan 54.7 54.4 60.5 61.8 59.7
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 89.4 88.6 88.3 89.0 88.7
Bangladesh 40.3 38.3 41.2 44.7 43.0
Barbados
Belarus 62.9 65.2 63.9 64.9 65.8
Belgium 28.3 27.7 28.5 26.6 27.5
Belize
Benin 3.3 4.3 4.1 3.7 4.2
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 27.0 27.1 28.8 24.3 26.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.8 69.4 74.5 75.0 65.1
Botswana 45.2 45.6 35.9 43.0 41.2
Brazil 13.7 14.5 14.3 16.2 17.1
Brunei Darussalam 76.0 76.0 75.2 75.2 77.1
Bulgaria 67.2 58.2 59.2 62.3 62.9
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 13.1 15.9 16.5 17.8 19.4
Cameroon 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.7 1.4
Canada 32.1 33.7 36.3 35.8 36.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 32.4 31.9 37.2 40.2 34.0
China 44.4 44.0 45.6 47.8 49.1
Colombia 22.0 24.7 27.7 24.1 25.4
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.2 0.0
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.3 0.0
Costa Rica 12.5 7.1 8.1 2.9 1.3
Cote d'Ivoire 38.5 44.6 51.1 37.4 37.4
Croatia 40.3 38.8 42.0 38.7 36.6
Cuba 47.4 41.3 41.4 38.4 40.0
Curacao 29.7 65.5 65.3 63.6 63.8
Cyprus 42.4 44.1 45.4 46.6 46.8
Czech Republic 57.2 57.7 57.8 57.3 57.5
Denmark 63.0 58.3 56.2 53.9 52.1
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 42.7 42.7 44.0 41.3 41.9
Ecuador 21.7 22.9 25.4 23.7 22.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.5 32.9 35.4 35.8 34.5
El Salvador 23.1 28.5 27.6 21.1 22.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 38.8 38.8 40.7 46.0 45.9
Estonia 74.8 76.7 76.9 79.5 78.2
Ethiopia 2.7 1.8 1.4 0.7 0.6
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 51.3 48.8 42.7 44.1 47.5
France 16.7 16.1 19.1 17.7 19.0
French Polynesia
Gabon 29.8 27.6 30.2 30.3 30.8
Gambia, The
Georgia 25.1 27.2 31.8 32.6 36.3
Germany 44.0 43.8 44.2 44.1 44.8
Ghana 2.3 0.8 22.5 20.1 11.4
Greece 51.1 50.5 50.1 51.6 54.3
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 17.8 17.7 27.0 24.1 28.3
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 22.6 27.6 19.2 14.8 13.8
Honduras 20.7 24.0 30.6 19.3 23.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 67.6 64.9 57.0 48.2 56.2
Hungary 43.6 46.7 47.9 46.9 44.7
Iceland 0.4 0.5 1.0 2.0 0.5
India 52.6 51.6 53.0 53.8 55.3
Indonesia 36.1 37.6 40.6 36.7 34.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 25.8 26.1 26.5 29.9 29.2
Iraq 54.6 61.5 47.6 30.8 35.2
Ireland 40.4 40.7 40.1 39.8 38.4
Isle of Man
Israel 61.4 63.2 65.5 65.4 65.7
Italy 36.5 36.8 36.8 35.3 36.4
Jamaica 57.6 58.5 57.6 56.5 56.3
Japan 40.1 40.1 40.0 40.7 41.0
Jordan 44.0 43.2 44.9 43.8 41.0
Kazakhstan 48.9 47.4 47.7 50.7 63.7
Kenya 9.1 10.1 17.0 20.6 28.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 17.0 17.1 14.6 16.2 16.6
Korea, Rep. 34.9 37.7 39.1 37.6 42.6
Kuwait 66.8 68.4 67.5 72.4 69.8
Kyrgyz Republic 44.8 44.6 31.6 37.9 45.2
Lao PDR
Latvia 48.4 45.2 45.8 44.0 39.6
Lebanon 37.3 38.9 53.6 51.8 51.4
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 56.0 55.6 57.4 52.8 54.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 51.0 49.0 52.4 50.8 49.5
Luxembourg 8.8 5.8 2.2 2.4 2.9
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 66.8 69.0 72.2 70.5 72.0
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 42.5 43.6 46.4 46.1 46.2
Maldives
Mali
Malta 70.3 64.8 68.4 70.1 74.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 42.9 43.2 46.9 46.4 47.7
Mexico 41.1 41.9 43.3 43.8 44.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 58.6 55.3 58.8 61.1 62.2
Monaco
Mongolia 67.7 64.9 73.5 71.6 73.4
Montenegro
Morocco 38.7 39.6 38.6 37.8 38.1
Mozambique 2.8 2.5 1.7 1.7 3.8
Myanmar 37.9 40.6 37.4 36.9 29.8
Namibia 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.0 0.5
Nepal 1.6 4.3 4.1 1.7 0.6
Netherlands 40.7 42.6 43.2 42.9 41.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 21.1 27.3 26.0 28.9 27.3
Nicaragua 38.0 38.1 44.0 40.1 41.8
Niger 33.8
Nigeria 31.9 29.2 30.2 31.8 31.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 30.8 36.0 37.1 38.5 31.3
Oman 59.3 62.9 65.0 61.6 65.0
Pakistan 32.9 34.0 32.2 34.1 35.9
Palau
Panama 25.9 29.7 37.4 25.2 26.2
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0
Peru 21.2 21.5 19.8 18.4 18.1
Philippines 32.1 32.4 34.1 31.6 37.5
Poland 55.2 55.3 57.8 57.7 59.5
Portugal 39.0 39.8 40.7 45.5 41.6
Puerto Rico
Qatar 65.9 66.7 67.6 71.0 65.1
Romania 59.2 57.4 57.0 57.7 57.4
Russian Federation 64.5 64.4 64.5 63.6 63.1
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 48.0 50.1 50.0 49.7 50.1
Senegal 40.8 40.4 38.2 36.6 42.6
Serbia 68.6 68.2 67.7 71.2 74.7
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 84.0 83.5 83.7 83.9 78.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 42.1 42.1 41.9 42.4 39.1
Slovenia 38.1 39.0 42.2 38.3 40.3
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 65.8 66.0 66.6 67.2 68.4
South Sudan
Spain 35.2 37.8 36.5 40.4 39.8
Sri Lanka 15.2 18.9 16.1 17.1 31.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 24.9 22.1 20.1 22.2 26.8
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 25.9 21.2 22.5 20.8 18.7
Switzerland 6.9 7.6 8.5 7.9 7.8
Syrian Arab Republic 37.0 39.2 39.2 43.1 44.0
Tajikistan 26.1 28.0 25.4 27.7 26.1
Tanzania 15.9 18.3 4.6 8.3 12.6
Thailand 38.5 40.5 42.8 41.0 42.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 5.3 9.1 16.9 7.3 10.5
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 62.5 62.0 62.9 61.9 58.5
Tunisia 33.9 35.0 35.8 36.8 35.8
Turkey 34.2 35.8 38.2 40.6 37.2
Turkmenistan 32.5 33.0 30.8 32.1 38.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 48.0 47.0 48.0 47.8 47.5
United Arab Emirates 27.7 30.4 32.1 34.6 36.3
United Kingdom 41.8 41.2 41.9 42.0 43.3
United States 47.9 48.9 49.3 48.6 48.1
Uruguay 18.1 13.3 11.2 25.3 13.9
Uzbekistan 39.7 39.5 36.6 35.7 36.4
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 37.8 41.7 42.0 38.2 41.5
Vietnam 18.2 22.3 26.1 23.9 26.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 28.9 29.6 29.5 32.1 32.7
Zambia 6.2 7.0 7.4 6.1 4.8
Zimbabwe 46.2 44.5 45.5 38.6 40.3

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