Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Afghanistan
Albania 17.4 12.0 12.8 15.4 25.3
Algeria 50.7 43.8 42.8 42.4 43.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 13.2 12.5 11.2 10.1 7.9
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 38.8 34.1 36.1 35.0 31.2
Armenia 29.6 36.1 45.1 16.2
Aruba
Australia 53.8 54.1 54.8 54.9 54.6
Austria 25.1 35.0 34.1 31.2 31.2
Azerbaijan 39.8 41.7 51.0 55.9
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 55.6 56.2 56.4 58.7 57.7
Bangladesh 33.1 32.7 35.7 36.8 37.4
Barbados
Belarus 49.8 49.0 55.1 55.6
Belgium 27.5 28.9 28.0 27.4 27.9
Belize
Benin 7.1 12.0 15.0 14.3 14.3
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 28.3 29.9 28.4 31.1 28.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.6 40.4 43.2 44.7
Botswana 50.0 55.3 52.4 51.5 51.6
Brazil 14.5 14.5 14.0 14.6 14.2
Brunei Darussalam 77.7 77.5 76.9 75.6 76.2
Bulgaria 51.4 63.4 67.0 68.6 68.1
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Canada 32.7 32.2 32.8 33.4 31.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 32.4 34.6 28.1 22.8 22.2
China 30.3 31.8 33.2 35.1 36.9
Colombia 26.0 26.3 26.3 26.6 25.1
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 3.4 2.8 2.2 2.7
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.0
Costa Rica 7.2 7.3 9.1 17.3 13.0
Cote d'Ivoire 24.9 22.8 23.9 25.9 32.1
Croatia 37.2 36.1 40.9 42.6
Cuba 35.5 37.7 41.7 42.8 47.0
Curacao
Cyprus 43.2 45.1 41.0 44.7 45.1
Czech Republic 33.9 42.7 46.1 48.0 50.5
Denmark 48.9 51.9 57.8 54.9 55.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 43.3 43.7 47.1 48.2 44.7
Ecuador 10.3 12.4 14.2 17.4 13.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 31.5 31.9 34.0 33.7 32.6
El Salvador 9.0 7.6 22.8 19.6 23.0
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 62.8 52.4
Estonia 73.1 75.1 81.2 77.9
Ethiopia 13.0 13.6 14.2 4.8 3.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 32.4 36.2 38.1 35.4 40.2
France 19.1 18.0 19.5 17.3 14.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 26.8 34.4 30.2 27.3 27.0
Gambia, The
Georgia 51.0 43.0 44.0 37.8
Germany 42.9 42.4 43.2 43.3 42.7
Ghana 3.2 3.0 3.7 3.2 3.2
Greece 51.8 52.3 51.3 53.4 53.6
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 8.2 7.5 8.5 21.3 19.6
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 28.3 25.5 24.4 15.7 11.9
Honduras 3.0 2.3 1.4 4.5 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 70.9 72.9 74.6 71.4 72.8
Hungary 36.2 34.9 37.4 42.1 42.6
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
India 42.8 43.4 44.8 46.3 49.0
Indonesia 24.5 32.5 33.9 33.5 34.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.4 23.2 22.5 21.1 24.9
Iraq 33.9 31.0 31.9 43.6 52.9
Ireland 36.3 35.3 36.4 38.5 38.4
Isle of Man
Israel 58.1 58.1 58.1 61.9 59.4
Italy 35.2 35.9 34.9 34.9 34.4
Jamaica 28.3 27.9 27.1 45.7 58.7
Japan 38.9 38.5 38.6 39.1 38.2
Jordan 40.2 38.3 42.1 42.3 42.9
Kazakhstan 47.9 45.7 43.3 46.3
Kenya 9.3 8.0 7.9 8.8 9.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 15.6 13.9 13.6 14.2 12.9
Korea, Rep. 29.8 27.4 29.1 30.9 31.1
Kosovo
Kuwait 37.2 71.9 60.2 50.9 53.3
Kyrgyz Republic 17.3 19.3 20.5 15.5
Lao PDR
Latvia 52.3 51.3 51.0 45.2
Lebanon 50.7 50.7 45.6 37.6 31.2
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 62.4 59.7 57.9 55.8 54.8
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 41.3 41.7 43.6 47.1
Luxembourg 14.5 15.3 15.7 15.2 15.0
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 64.9 67.4 67.8 68.2
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 33.4 36.8 41.8 39.0 40.4
Maldives
Mali
Malta 76.4 76.4 72.5 71.0 75.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 34.9 34.9 38.1 37.5 38.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 44.8 51.5 66.1 61.5
Monaco
Mongolia 47.8 51.3 56.1 62.4 60.9
Montenegro
Morocco 38.3 40.0 37.7 37.7 40.3
Mozambique 33.3 10.2 13.3 8.3 4.7
Myanmar 41.5 39.3 41.2 41.1 39.8
Namibia 5.4 2.5 14.8
Nepal 0.0 0.0 2.7 3.6 3.9
Netherlands 37.6 38.2 35.9 37.7 37.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 20.4 20.5 21.8 25.1 22.3
Nicaragua 32.4 30.6 33.7 36.5 35.1
Niger
Nigeria 26.5 28.5 28.2 28.1 31.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 22.5 26.9 26.8 35.3 37.0
Oman 54.1 56.2 41.5 45.1 51.4
Pakistan 26.8 27.2 29.4 30.4 28.7
Palau
Panama 25.3 22.0 27.2 34.3 30.1
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 1.1 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.2
Peru 20.5 20.7 18.9 20.6 20.2
Philippines 35.6 27.6 31.8 31.3 29.2
Poland 58.5 65.5 63.7 62.8 58.8
Portugal 43.2 41.6 41.6 45.1 43.3
Puerto Rico
Qatar 54.4 54.0 57.0 56.7 57.5
Romania 44.1 47.2 48.0 66.4 69.4
Russian Federation 55.9 57.6 60.6 59.5
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 50.3 51.2 51.6 52.4 54.2
Senegal 43.0 40.4 39.2 40.7 42.0
Serbia 64.7 68.1 70.7 73.3
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 71.7 78.8 77.2 79.6 82.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 33.0 30.3 33.7 35.5 40.5
Slovenia 49.6 46.5 42.6 47.8 45.3
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 55.2 56.3 57.0 59.0 61.4
South Sudan
Spain 37.9 37.5 36.8 39.1 36.8
Sri Lanka 4.7 4.3 8.2 15.8 8.4
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 10.6 9.1 11.7 10.8 26.3
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 18.1 18.4 21.9 20.7 21.3
Switzerland 2.7 5.9 6.6 6.9 6.4
Syrian Arab Republic 26.8 28.0 25.8 28.4 29.1
Tajikistan 14.0 15.2 22.6 25.7
Tanzania 17.7 17.5 17.9 17.4 20.2
Thailand 33.6 37.9 41.1 41.0 39.3
Timor-Leste
Togo 5.9 12.3 19.2 10.8 28.0
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 41.1 41.6 43.5 44.8 45.4
Tunisia 34.4 33.0 35.3 35.1 33.5
Turkey 30.6 30.2 31.0 32.4 31.4
Turkmenistan 29.6 31.3 21.9 32.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 51.4 48.5 48.3 52.9
United Arab Emirates 24.1 26.3 23.5 26.2 28.6
United Kingdom 43.1 44.2 43.3 44.1 41.6
United States 42.7 43.9 44.6 46.0 46.1
Uruguay 33.1 13.9 20.9 23.1 14.1
Uzbekistan 39.1 37.8 42.0 41.1
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 40.9 40.1 36.9 40.7 39.2
Vietnam 31.5 27.8 21.1 16.4 13.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 23.3 24.6 25.9 25.9 27.8
Zambia 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.2 7.1
Zimbabwe 48.7 42.8 48.5 48.7 48.1

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