Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania 16.2 17.4 17.6 16.9 16.2
Algeria 48.3 45.2 50.0 48.0 50.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 12.7 12.2 13.7 12.7 13.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 29.0 29.1 35.4 33.5 39.1
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 50.8 51.7 51.4 52.5 52.7
Austria 24.0 23.9 24.1 24.6 23.8
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 56.6 51.4 51.8 53.9 55.4
Bangladesh 28.1 33.9 35.1 34.1 35.5
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium 29.8 25.9 24.3 25.4 26.6
Belize
Benin 10.8 6.4 7.3 8.3 5.7
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 25.7 25.4 28.5 29.5 27.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 40.8 41.1 44.8 44.1 49.8
Brazil 14.4 14.4 17.1 16.2 15.5
Brunei Darussalam 81.2 79.9 79.9 79.2 78.2
Bulgaria 45.8 47.5 50.7 51.4 51.5
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 2.7 1.6 1.7 2.1 1.6
Canada 30.4 29.8 29.3 30.8 32.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 28.7 27.3 24.9 24.5 27.6
China 24.0 25.5 26.0 26.7 27.9
Colombia 28.8 29.2 29.1 27.4 27.4
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.3
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 7.5 6.5 8.7 10.4 10.8
Cote d'Ivoire 45.2 33.3 33.7 33.8 31.1
Croatia
Cuba 29.2 33.0 35.1 35.3 35.6
Curacao
Cyprus 41.3 42.1 40.5 41.2 40.3
Czech Republic 34.6 33.7 33.0 30.5 31.0
Denmark 48.9 52.0 52.1 52.0 51.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 51.1 53.7 54.2 52.3 50.5
Ecuador 19.9 14.7 13.1 12.7 10.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.1 28.2 30.9 32.3 32.7
El Salvador 8.5 11.4 8.6 17.8 14.2
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 23.9 23.9 17.4 14.7 13.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 29.3 36.9 34.2 35.0 34.9
France 21.5 19.5 16.5 15.4 16.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 7.9 14.2 15.5 17.7 15.2
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 42.6 41.2 41.3 41.0 41.5
Ghana 5.2 6.0 5.2 2.8 3.5
Greece 45.8 48.1 49.0 50.2 51.0
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 31.1 31.8 6.4 10.6 10.3
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 20.8 20.3 23.3 27.5 26.1
Honduras 13.5 8.4 4.2 4.8 4.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 65.9 70.4 68.9 71.1 69.2
Hungary 41.9 39.6 40.6 39.2 36.9
Iceland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0
India 34.1 37.7 39.4 42.2 41.7
Indonesia 23.5 23.4 25.2 25.8 25.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.3 20.5 22.0 21.1 22.4
Iraq 31.3 33.6 36.1 33.8 33.9
Ireland 31.3 32.4 33.3 35.5 36.5
Isle of Man
Israel 55.2 57.5 55.2 55.3 56.7
Italy 32.6 32.7 33.5 34.4 34.4
Jamaica 26.0 28.9 28.2 31.8 33.5
Japan 39.2 38.3 38.1 37.9 38.6
Jordan 38.0 38.1 38.3 42.4 40.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 6.9 5.4 10.8 10.6 9.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 13.3 13.3 13.3 14.1 14.2
Korea, Rep. 32.8 31.2 28.7 26.5 29.6
Kosovo
Kuwait 46.5 45.5 45.5 43.8 40.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 43.5 44.9 48.2 45.7 52.8
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 54.7 53.4 57.2 56.6 62.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 11.6 11.7 13.0 12.8 13.9
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 34.5 36.6 34.2 32.6 33.6
Maldives
Mali
Malta 69.7 82.6 71.9 72.2 74.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 31.0 31.6 35.0 34.3 35.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 48.1 46.5 47.5 47.9
Montenegro
Morocco 38.1 36.6 39.5 42.4 42.0
Mozambique 31.7 30.9 31.0 31.7 32.0
Myanmar 26.3 31.2 32.4 42.9 41.7
Namibia
Nepal 1.3 3.6 1.4 1.4 2.7
Netherlands 29.8 29.5 29.3 31.7 36.3
New Caledonia
New Zealand 22.2 24.1 19.7 22.4 20.8
Nicaragua 23.2 24.4 28.8 27.8 30.7
Niger
Nigeria 24.5 27.4 28.0 28.6 27.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 15.8 17.1 22.6 19.2 21.3
Oman 46.4 43.3 57.0 57.9 54.7
Pakistan 19.0 20.0 20.0 23.8 24.6
Palau
Panama 36.9 29.5 26.1 31.1 24.4
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 4.3 3.5 4.1 3.8 4.9
Peru 23.4 20.9 20.8 19.3 19.7
Philippines 33.4 36.3 30.2 36.7 34.9
Poland 59.3 59.2 57.6 57.4 56.7
Portugal 30.0 27.5 35.9 33.0 30.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar 43.5 45.0 45.0 46.8 54.0
Romania 34.7 37.9 40.2 38.1 39.4
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 43.9 48.2 48.4 49.3 48.9
Senegal 34.8 38.4 39.4 41.3 44.4
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 67.9 66.3 67.5 67.8 73.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 34.0 34.6 35.7 34.9 33.5
Slovenia 47.0 47.7 49.5
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 54.0 54.4 55.2 56.7 54.3
South Sudan
Spain 39.1 37.4 38.8 38.2 32.9
Sri Lanka 8.7 5.1 4.5 15.8 8.3
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 8.3 11.7 11.4 14.9 12.0
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 18.0 22.9 22.1 22.2 19.4
Switzerland 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.2 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 27.4 24.6 23.3 21.9 24.3
Tajikistan
Tanzania 19.4 18.3 18.4 18.4 17.9
Thailand 30.6 34.6 33.7 35.2 34.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 35.3 10.3 6.3 5.8 8.0
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 44.9 45.4 44.7 45.8 41.5
Tunisia 34.3 32.6 33.7 36.3 37.2
Turkey 26.7 30.4 33.8 28.7 24.1
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 28.1 27.5 26.0 24.9 26.3
United Kingdom 42.4 42.9 43.3 43.6 42.7
United States 40.2 40.8 40.8 41.3 41.3
Uruguay 8.4 9.0 6.8 11.6 29.2
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 41.6 38.6 40.2 35.8 37.3
Vietnam 29.5 30.3 30.3 30.4 38.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.6 23.7 22.6 23.1 23.8
Zambia 7.4 7.1 7.4 6.9 6.5
Zimbabwe 22.3 28.7 35.0 48.3 47.6

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