Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.4 12.0
Algeria 50.0 48.0 50.6 50.7 43.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 13.7 12.7 13.3 13.2 12.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 35.4 33.5 39.1 38.8 34.1
Armenia 29.6
Aruba
Australia 51.4 52.5 52.7 53.8 54.0
Austria 24.1 24.6 23.8 25.1 35.1
Azerbaijan 39.8
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 78.9 79.5 79.8 77.7 77.2
Bangladesh 35.1 34.1 35.5 33.1 32.7
Barbados
Belarus 49.7
Belgium 24.3 25.4 26.6 27.5 28.9
Belize
Benin 7.3 8.3 5.7 7.1 12.0
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 28.5 29.4 27.7 28.5 29.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.6
Botswana 44.1 43.5 49.1 49.1 54.2
Brazil 17.1 16.2 15.5 14.5 14.5
Brunei Darussalam 79.9 79.2 78.2 77.7 77.5
Bulgaria 50.7 51.4 51.5 51.4 63.4
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.1
Canada 29.3 30.8 32.1 32.7 32.2
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 24.9 24.5 27.6 32.4 34.1
China 26.0 26.7 27.9 30.3 31.8
Colombia 29.1 27.4 27.4 26.0 26.3
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.3 1.5 3.4
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 8.7 10.4 10.8 7.2 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 33.0 32.9 29.5 23.8 22.1
Croatia 37.2
Cuba 35.1 35.3 35.6 35.5 37.7
Curacao
Cyprus 40.5 41.2 40.3 43.2 45.1
Czech Republic 33.0 30.5 31.0 33.9 44.5
Denmark 52.1 52.0 51.9 48.9 51.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 54.1 52.3 50.4 43.4 43.8
Ecuador 13.1 12.7 10.2 10.3 11.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.8 32.1 32.5 31.4 31.7
El Salvador 8.6 17.8 14.2 9.0 7.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 73.8
Ethiopia 17.4 14.7 13.7 13.0 13.6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 34.2 35.0 34.9 32.4 36.3
France 16.5 15.4 16.2 19.1 18.0
French Polynesia
Gabon 16.1 19.4 17.2 26.8 34.4
Gambia, The
Georgia 51.0
Germany 41.3 41.0 41.5 42.9 42.4
Ghana 5.2 2.8 3.5 3.2 3.0
Greece 49.0 50.2 51.0 51.8 52.3
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 6.4 10.6 10.3 8.2 7.5
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 23.3 27.5 26.1 28.3 25.5
Honduras 4.2 4.8 4.3 3.0 2.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 68.9 71.1 69.1 70.8 72.9
Hungary 40.6 39.2 36.9 36.2 34.9
Iceland 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 40.2 43.0 42.5 43.5 44.3
Indonesia 25.2 25.8 25.3 24.5 32.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.0 21.1 22.4 21.4 23.2
Iraq 36.1 33.8 33.9 33.9 31.0
Ireland 33.1 35.4 36.4 36.2 35.1
Isle of Man
Israel 55.2 55.3 56.7 58.1 58.1
Italy 33.5 34.4 34.4 35.2 35.9
Jamaica 28.2 31.8 33.5 28.3 27.9
Japan 38.1 37.9 38.6 38.9 38.7
Jordan 38.3 42.4 40.2 40.2 38.3
Kazakhstan 47.9
Kenya 10.8 10.6 9.4 9.3 8.0
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 13.3 14.1 14.2 15.6 13.9
Korea, Rep. 28.7 26.5 29.6 29.8 27.4
Kuwait 45.5 43.8 40.4 37.2 71.9
Kyrgyz Republic 17.3
Lao PDR
Latvia 52.3
Lebanon 48.2 45.7 52.8 50.7 50.7
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 57.2 56.6 62.1 62.4 59.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 41.3
Luxembourg 13.0 12.8 13.9 14.5 15.3
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 64.9
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 34.7 33.2 34.3 34.0 37.4
Maldives
Mali
Malta 71.9 72.2 74.9 76.4 76.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 30.7 27.5 33.7 34.0 38.3
Mexico 35.0 34.3 35.0 34.9 34.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 44.8
Monaco
Mongolia 46.5 47.5 47.9 47.8 51.3
Montenegro
Morocco 39.5 42.4 42.0 38.3 40.0
Mozambique 31.0 31.7 32.0 33.3 10.2
Myanmar 32.4 42.9 41.7 41.5 39.3
Namibia
Nepal 1.4 1.4 2.7 0.0 0.0
Netherlands 29.3 31.7 36.3 37.6 38.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 19.7 22.4 20.8 20.4 20.5
Nicaragua 28.8 27.8 30.7 32.4 30.6
Niger
Nigeria 28.0 28.6 27.1 26.5 28.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 22.6 19.2 21.3 22.5 26.9
Oman 57.0 57.9 54.7 54.1 56.7
Pakistan 20.0 23.8 24.6 26.8 27.2
Palau
Panama 26.0 31.0 24.3 25.3 21.8
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 4.1 4.4 4.9 1.1 1.6
Peru 20.8 19.3 19.7 20.5 20.7
Philippines 30.2 36.7 34.9 35.6 27.9
Poland 57.6 57.4 56.7 58.5 65.4
Portugal 35.9 33.0 30.4 43.2 41.5
Puerto Rico
Qatar 45.0 46.8 54.0 54.4 54.0
Romania 40.2 38.1 39.4 44.1 47.2
Russian Federation 55.9
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 48.4 49.3 48.9 50.3 47.1
Senegal 39.4 41.3 44.4 43.0 40.4
Serbia 64.7
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 64.9 65.0 70.4 69.1 76.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 35.7 34.9 33.5 33.0 30.3
Slovenia 47.0 47.7 49.5 49.6 46.5
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 55.2 56.7 54.3 55.2 56.3
South Sudan
Spain 38.8 38.2 32.9 37.9 37.5
Sri Lanka 4.7 16.3 8.6 4.8 4.4
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 11.4 14.9 12.0 10.6 9.1
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 22.1 22.2 19.4 18.1 18.5
Switzerland 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.7 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 23.3 21.9 24.3 26.8 28.0
Tajikistan 14.0
Tanzania 18.4 18.4 17.9 17.7 17.5
Thailand 33.7 35.2 34.9 33.6 37.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 6.3 5.8 8.0 5.9 12.3
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 44.7 45.7 41.4 41.1 41.6
Tunisia 33.7 36.3 37.2 34.4 33.0
Turkey 33.8 28.7 24.1 30.6 30.2
Turkmenistan 29.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 51.4
United Arab Emirates 26.0 24.9 26.3 24.1 26.3
United Kingdom 43.3 43.6 42.7 43.1 44.2
United States 40.8 41.3 41.3 42.7 43.9
Uruguay 6.8 11.6 29.2 33.1 13.9
Uzbekistan 39.1
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 40.2 35.8 37.3 40.9 40.1
Vietnam 30.3 30.4 38.2 31.5 27.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 22.6 23.1 23.8 23.3 24.6
Zambia 7.4 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.2
Zimbabwe 35.0 48.3 47.6 48.7 42.8

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