Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 17.4 17.6 16.9 16.2 17.4
Algeria 45.2 50.0 48.0 50.6 50.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 12.2 13.7 12.7 13.3 13.2
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 29.1 35.4 33.5 39.1 38.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 51.7 51.4 52.5 52.7 53.8
Austria 23.9 24.1 24.6 23.8 25.1
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 51.4 51.8 53.9 55.4 55.6
Bangladesh 33.9 35.1 34.1 35.5 33.1
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium 25.9 24.3 25.4 26.6 27.5
Belize
Benin 6.4 7.3 8.3 5.7 7.1
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 25.4 28.5 29.5 27.7 28.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 41.1 44.8 44.1 49.8 50.0
Brazil 14.4 17.1 16.2 15.5 14.5
Brunei Darussalam 79.9 79.9 79.2 78.2 77.7
Bulgaria 47.5 50.7 51.4 51.5 51.4
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 1.6 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.5
Canada 29.8 29.3 30.8 32.1 32.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 27.3 24.9 24.5 27.6 32.4
China 25.5 26.0 26.7 27.9 30.3
Colombia 29.2 29.1 27.4 27.4 26.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.3 1.5
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 6.5 8.7 10.4 10.8 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 33.3 33.7 33.8 31.1 24.9
Croatia
Cuba 33.0 35.1 35.3 35.6 35.5
Curacao
Cyprus 42.1 40.5 41.2 40.3 43.2
Czech Republic 33.7 33.0 30.5 31.0 33.9
Denmark 52.0 52.1 52.0 51.9 48.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 53.7 54.2 52.3 50.5 43.3
Ecuador 14.7 13.1 12.7 10.2 10.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.2 30.9 32.3 32.7 31.5
El Salvador 11.4 8.6 17.8 14.2 9.0
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 23.9 17.4 14.7 13.7 13.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 36.9 34.2 35.0 34.9 32.4
France 19.5 16.5 15.4 16.2 19.1
French Polynesia
Gabon 14.2 15.5 17.7 15.2 26.8
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 41.2 41.3 41.0 41.5 42.9
Ghana 6.0 5.2 2.8 3.5 3.2
Greece 48.1 49.0 50.2 51.0 51.8
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 31.8 6.4 10.6 10.3 8.2
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 20.3 23.3 27.5 26.1 28.3
Honduras 8.4 4.2 4.8 4.3 3.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 70.4 68.9 71.1 69.2 70.9
Hungary 39.6 40.6 39.2 36.9 36.2
Iceland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0
India 37.7 39.4 42.2 41.7 42.8
Indonesia 23.4 25.2 25.8 25.3 24.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.5 22.0 21.1 22.4 21.4
Iraq 33.6 36.1 33.8 33.9 33.9
Ireland 32.4 33.3 35.5 36.5 36.3
Isle of Man
Israel 57.5 55.2 55.3 56.7 58.1
Italy 32.7 33.5 34.4 34.4 35.2
Jamaica 28.9 28.2 31.8 33.5 28.3
Japan 38.3 38.1 37.9 38.6 38.9
Jordan 38.1 38.3 42.4 40.2 40.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 5.4 10.8 10.6 9.4 9.3
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 13.3 13.3 14.1 14.2 15.6
Korea, Rep. 31.2 28.7 26.5 29.6 29.8
Kosovo
Kuwait 45.5 45.5 43.8 40.4 37.2
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 44.9 48.2 45.7 52.8 50.7
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 53.4 57.2 56.6 62.1 62.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 11.7 13.0 12.8 13.9 14.5
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 36.6 34.2 32.6 33.6 33.4
Maldives
Mali
Malta 82.6 71.9 72.2 74.9 76.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 31.6 35.0 34.3 35.0 34.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 48.1 46.5 47.5 47.9 47.8
Montenegro
Morocco 36.6 39.5 42.4 42.0 38.3
Mozambique 30.9 31.0 31.7 32.0 33.3
Myanmar 31.2 32.4 42.9 41.7 41.5
Namibia
Nepal 3.6 1.4 1.4 2.7 0.0
Netherlands 29.5 29.3 31.7 36.3 37.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 24.1 19.7 22.4 20.8 20.4
Nicaragua 24.4 28.8 27.8 30.7 32.4
Niger
Nigeria 27.4 28.0 28.6 27.1 26.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 17.1 22.6 19.2 21.3 22.5
Oman 43.3 57.0 57.9 54.7 54.1
Pakistan 20.0 20.0 23.8 24.6 26.8
Palau
Panama 29.5 26.1 31.1 24.4 25.3
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 3.5 4.1 3.8 4.9 1.1
Peru 20.9 20.8 19.3 19.7 20.5
Philippines 36.3 30.2 36.7 34.9 35.6
Poland 59.2 57.6 57.4 56.7 58.5
Portugal 27.5 35.9 33.0 30.4 43.2
Puerto Rico
Qatar 45.0 45.0 46.8 54.0 54.4
Romania 37.9 40.2 38.1 39.4 44.1
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 48.2 48.4 49.3 48.9 50.3
Senegal 38.4 39.4 41.3 44.4 43.0
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 66.3 67.5 67.8 73.1 71.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 34.6 35.7 34.9 33.5 33.0
Slovenia 47.0 47.7 49.5 49.6
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 54.4 55.2 56.7 54.3 55.2
South Sudan
Spain 37.4 38.8 38.2 32.9 37.9
Sri Lanka 5.1 4.5 15.8 8.3 4.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 11.7 11.4 14.9 12.0 10.6
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 22.9 22.1 22.2 19.4 18.1
Switzerland 2.9 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.7
Syrian Arab Republic 24.6 23.3 21.9 24.3 26.8
Tajikistan
Tanzania 18.3 18.4 18.4 17.9 17.7
Thailand 34.6 33.7 35.2 34.9 33.6
Timor-Leste
Togo 10.3 6.3 5.8 8.0 5.9
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 45.4 44.7 45.8 41.5 41.1
Tunisia 32.6 33.7 36.3 37.2 34.4
Turkey 30.4 33.8 28.7 24.1 30.6
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 27.5 26.0 24.9 26.3 24.1
United Kingdom 42.9 43.3 43.6 42.7 43.1
United States 40.8 40.8 41.3 41.3 42.7
Uruguay 9.0 6.8 11.6 29.2 33.1
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 38.6 40.2 35.8 37.3 40.9
Vietnam 30.3 30.3 30.4 38.2 31.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 23.7 22.6 23.1 23.8 23.3
Zambia 7.1 7.4 6.9 6.5 6.0
Zimbabwe 28.7 35.0 48.3 47.6 48.7

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