Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Afghanistan
Albania 17.8 19.1 17.6 16.9 18.0
Algeria 48.1 51.7 54.6 50.0 46.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 21.4 24.1 26.3 12.1 11.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 31.2 30.4 31.1 29.3 29.3
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 50.4 51.9 52.1 51.8 52.7
Austria 25.0 23.2 23.8 25.1 24.9
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 60.1 57.1 58.5 89.1 89.3
Bangladesh 26.2 28.9 30.5 33.2 39.1
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium 34.6 33.5 32.3 30.8 26.8
Belize
Benin 3.3 5.6 16.7 10.5 6.4
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 27.2 28.1 21.3 25.1 24.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 45.7 47.9 45.4 40.0 40.7
Brazil 13.4 13.1 13.8 15.5 15.2
Brunei Darussalam 83.4 81.2 80.1 81.6 79.7
Bulgaria 46.2 47.2 46.3 46.1 47.7
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 4.6 4.8 3.4 2.8 1.7
Canada 25.6 28.1 29.8 31.0 30.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 29.1 27.5 27.3 28.6 27.2
China 24.8 24.5 24.3 24.2 26.4
Colombia 27.7 28.2 29.1 29.1 29.4
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.7 5.3 4.5 4.6 4.9
Congo, Rep. 11.1 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 6.4 12.5 8.7 7.6 6.7
Cote d'Ivoire 13.7 16.9 32.9 44.9 32.8
Croatia
Cuba 31.1 33.4 30.3 29.1 32.9
Curacao 62.4 60.8 57.6 59.9 45.3
Cyprus 43.9 44.4 43.1 41.6 42.8
Czech Republic 34.6 35.6 35.2 34.9 34.0
Denmark 39.7 49.9 49.5 49.2 52.2
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 48.5 41.5 50.8 51.2 53.8
Ecuador 31.9 32.3 26.2 20.1 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 23.4 24.5 26.6 26.7 28.8
El Salvador 9.3 9.5 8.7 8.6 11.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 20.8 24.4 23.4 24.4 24.5
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 28.1 26.8 27.4 29.8 37.4
France 27.2 28.4 25.5 22.3 20.2
French Polynesia
Gabon 7.4 6.8 13.2 8.6 14.3
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 43.9 44.8 44.6 44.1 42.6
Ghana 4.8 5.2 4.0 5.0 5.3
Greece 46.6 45.8 47.2 46.6 49.0
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 36.9 34.8 26.9 31.4 31.8
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 19.2 17.9 21.3 20.5 20.0
Honduras 14.3 15.7 14.2 13.4 7.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 61.7 58.7 65.1 66.3 70.8
Hungary 42.6 43.1 43.3 43.0 40.6
Iceland 2.3 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.6
India 32.2 33.7 35.4 34.6 38.2
Indonesia 17.6 19.0 19.3 24.5 24.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.0 20.0 19.7 20.6 20.9
Iraq 25.0 19.9 30.1 33.1 35.4
Ireland 29.6 30.4 30.0 31.6 32.5
Isle of Man
Israel 52.6 54.1 55.0 57.0 58.9
Italy 34.5 34.9 34.6 33.5 33.5
Jamaica 19.8 25.3 26.8 26.1 28.9
Japan 40.1 39.3 39.7 40.6 39.7
Jordan 34.8 29.2 30.9 38.3 38.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 11.9 11.3 7.5 7.0 5.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 13.5 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2
Korea, Rep. 30.4 32.3 32.3 33.2 31.6
Kuwait 41.4 42.5 43.5 46.9 46.1
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 46.1 57.1 47.2 43.5 44.9
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 52.0 53.1 57.2 57.9 58.3
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 14.2 11.1 10.4 12.0 12.1
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 32.3 34.7 35.0 35.8 38.8
Maldives
Mali
Malta 68.1 70.5 62.9 70.7 82.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 32.8 30.2 34.4 32.3 32.8
Mexico 28.7 30.6 30.8 32.5 33.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 48.3
Montenegro
Morocco 34.4 35.7 37.3 38.9 37.2
Mozambique 26.1 27.4 28.5 31.3 30.7
Myanmar 20.6 22.7 23.9 26.6 31.9
Namibia
Nepal 2.3 2.0 1.4 1.3 3.6
Netherlands 34.7 35.4 32.8 33.7 33.1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 15.1 21.8 23.8 23.0 25.1
Nicaragua 27.5 29.9 27.6 23.5 24.9
Niger
Nigeria 22.2 23.2 24.2 24.9 27.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 12.8 14.3 16.8 15.8 17.1
Oman 47.8 50.0 55.0 46.8 43.5
Pakistan 19.8 19.5 21.4 20.5 21.5
Palau
Panama 32.5 41.6 48.7 36.7 29.2
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 6.9 4.6 4.8 4.3 3.5
Peru 20.7 21.7 21.3 23.6 21.1
Philippines 33.0 33.4 34.8 33.4 36.4
Poland 57.3 57.3 59.7 60.3 60.1
Portugal 31.5 29.8 33.4 31.0 28.6
Puerto Rico
Qatar 48.5 49.5 49.8 50.1 51.7
Romania 31.8 31.7 33.5 34.6 37.7
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 38.2 39.3 37.4 46.4 50.2
Senegal 34.5 32.6 35.6 34.8 38.2
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 68.7 69.1 70.2 69.5 65.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 35.4 35.1 36.6 35.0 35.6
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 49.3 53.1 56.0 56.8 57.0
South Sudan
Spain 41.1 42.4 42.3 40.1 38.4
Sri Lanka 12.8 16.4 24.5 8.9 5.2
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 7.0 7.3 7.7 9.0 12.3
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 11.9 13.5 14.5 18.4 23.3
Switzerland 3.1 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.8
Syrian Arab Republic 25.6 26.9 27.8 29.3 26.8
Tajikistan
Tanzania 17.0 20.0 20.4 19.4 19.2
Thailand 32.6 30.6 31.3 30.7 34.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 5.6 4.7 13.3 35.3 13.3
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 72.4 66.1 64.0 63.6 65.3
Tunisia 33.9 34.4 35.5 34.1 32.4
Turkey 25.1 24.4 25.4 27.0 30.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 25.7 28.8 33.2 28.1 27.5
United Kingdom 45.1 44.3 44.3 43.2 43.6
United States 39.8 40.1 41.2 40.9 41.5
Uruguay 19.8 23.8 9.5 8.4 9.0
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 41.1 40.5 41.9 41.2 38.2
Vietnam 25.6 25.1 27.3 29.7 30.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 20.9 23.8 23.3 24.6 23.9
Zambia 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.3 7.4
Zimbabwe 11.3 11.3 10.9 22.5 28.8

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