Country name 1995 1998
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.08
Turkmenistan 0.09
Uzbekistan 0.32 0.11
Myanmar 0.13
Nigeria 0.13 0.13
Venezuela, RB 0.03 0.14
Indonesia 0.44 0.16
Qatar 0.16
Saudi Arabia 0.16 0.16
Kuwait 0.17
Libya 0.22
United Arab Emirates 0.23
Mongolia 0.23
Colombia 0.35 0.24
Bahrain 0.26
Yemen, Rep. 0.26
Zimbabwe 0.38 0.26
Tajikistan 0.26
Malaysia 0.42 0.28
China 0.27 0.28
Russian Federation 0.35 0.28
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.29 0.29
Kazakhstan 0.30 0.30
Thailand 0.34 0.30
Guyana 0.30
Algeria 0.40 0.31
Lao PDR 0.31
Botswana 0.38 0.31
Oman 0.31
Ghana 0.38 0.32
United States 0.34 0.32
Sudan 0.50 0.33
Philippines 0.34 0.34
Brunei Darussalam 0.34
Belarus 0.34
Vietnam 0.34 0.35
Lebanon 0.35
Ethiopia 0.32 0.36
Mexico 0.32 0.36
Swaziland 0.37
Eritrea 0.40 0.37
Jamaica 0.37
Angola 0.38
Namibia 0.38
Ecuador 0.33 0.38
Lesotho 0.39
Trinidad and Tobago 0.39
Benin 0.36 0.39
Dominican Republic 0.40 0.40
Canada 0.45 0.41
Panama 0.41
Papua New Guinea 0.41
Guatemala 0.39 0.41
Togo 0.47 0.42
Jordan 0.40 0.42
South Africa 0.51 0.43
Estonia 0.33 0.45
Syrian Arab Republic 0.45
Georgia 0.46
Australia 0.46
Azerbaijan 0.46
Pakistan 0.47 0.46
Cambodia 0.47
Kyrgyz Republic 0.47
Paraguay 0.44 0.47
Bangladesh 0.36 0.47
Madagascar 0.47 0.47
Nicaragua 0.62 0.47
Armenia 0.49
Ukraine 0.49
Chile 0.53 0.49
Cuba 0.50
Fiji 0.50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.73 0.50
Honduras 0.35 0.50
Lithuania 0.35 0.51
Malawi 0.65 0.51
Bolivia 0.38 0.53
Romania 0.29 0.53
Zambia 0.60 0.53
Poland 0.55 0.54
Grenada 0.54
El Salvador 0.54
Latvia 0.41 0.55
Peru 0.68 0.55
Mozambique 0.53 0.55
Suriname 0.56
India 0.48 0.56
Bhutan 0.59
Nepal 0.52 0.59
Mauritania 0.59
Haiti 0.59
Tunisia 0.64 0.60
Slovak Republic 0.66 0.61
Serbia 0.76 0.61
Montenegro 0.76 0.61
Sierra Leone 0.61
Gabon 0.63
Tanzania 0.56 0.63
Cameroon 0.68 0.64
New Zealand 0.61 0.64
Greece 0.88 0.65
Slovenia 0.59 0.66
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.66
Bulgaria 0.46 0.66
Croatia 0.75 0.67
Burkina Faso 0.81 0.68
Guinea 0.68
Macedonia, FYR 0.93 0.70
Kenya 0.56 0.70
Chad 0.80 0.70
Senegal 0.94 0.71
Burundi 0.52 0.72
Czech Republic 0.85 0.72
Hungary 0.74 0.72
Rwanda 0.72
Barbados 0.72
Congo, Rep. 0.72
Singapore 0.85 0.72
Korea, Dem. Rep. 0.73
Cote d'Ivoire 0.83 0.74
Niger 0.79 0.76
Malta 0.77
Mali 0.82 0.77
Luxembourg 0.84 0.78
Turkey 0.56 0.78
Cyprus 0.78
Morocco 0.94 0.79
Brazil 0.63 0.80
Central African Republic 0.82 0.81
Cabo Verde 0.81
Gambia, The 0.83
Spain 0.89 0.84
Sri Lanka 0.75 0.84
Liechtenstein 0.85
Uganda 0.98 0.86
West Bank and Gaza 0.86
Israel 0.73 0.86
Switzerland 1.02 0.86
Albania 0.86
Uruguay 0.89 0.90
Korea, Rep. 0.79 0.93
Argentina 0.60 0.94
Germany 1.12 0.96
Japan 1.25 1.02
Portugal 1.02
Ireland 0.96 1.02
Austria 1.15 1.04
Denmark 1.08 1.05
Sweden 1.17 1.09
United Kingdom 0.92 1.11
France 1.17 1.11
Iceland 1.12
Belgium 1.18 1.12
Netherlands 1.21 1.14
Finland 1.20 1.17
Italy 1.18 1.19
Norway 1.33 1.21
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.19 1.36
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Sao Tome and Principe
San Marino
Puerto Rico
Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Lucia
Comoros
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Bahamas, The
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Liberia
Tonga
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Middle East (developing only)
Costa Rica
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles
Guinea-Bissau
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica
Greenland
Djibouti
Belize
Curacao
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Marshall Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Mauritius
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan
Moldova
Maldives
Vanuatu
New Caledonia
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis
Monaco
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Afghanistan

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