Country name 1998 2000
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.08 0.05
Turkmenistan 0.09 0.02
Uzbekistan 0.11 0.14
Myanmar 0.13 0.33
Nigeria 0.13 0.27
Venezuela, RB 0.14 0.12
Indonesia 0.16 0.17
Saudi Arabia 0.16 0.24
Qatar 0.16
Kuwait 0.17 0.21
Libya 0.22 0.25
United Arab Emirates 0.23 0.25
Mongolia 0.23 0.38
Colombia 0.24 0.49
Yemen, Rep. 0.26 0.21
Bahrain 0.26 0.27
Tajikistan 0.26 0.45
Zimbabwe 0.26 0.85
Malaysia 0.28 0.28
Russian Federation 0.28 0.33
China 0.28 0.40
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.29 0.26
Kazakhstan 0.30 0.36
Guyana 0.30 0.37
Thailand 0.30 0.39
Algeria 0.31 0.27
Botswana 0.31 0.42
Lao PDR 0.31 0.41
Oman 0.31 0.31
Ghana 0.32 0.20
United States 0.32 0.47
Sudan 0.33 0.28
Belarus 0.34 0.55
Brunei Darussalam 0.34 0.31
Philippines 0.34 0.37
Vietnam 0.35 0.38
Lebanon 0.35 0.53
Ethiopia 0.36 0.46
Mexico 0.36 0.61
Eritrea 0.37 0.56
Swaziland 0.37 0.47
Jamaica 0.37 0.62
Namibia 0.38 0.47
Ecuador 0.38 0.31
Angola 0.38 0.30
Lesotho 0.39 0.50
Trinidad and Tobago 0.39 0.39
Benin 0.39 0.48
Dominican Republic 0.40 0.71
Canada 0.41 0.58
Papua New Guinea 0.41 0.53
Guatemala 0.41 0.53
Panama 0.41 0.53
Togo 0.42 0.48
Jordan 0.42 0.45
South Africa 0.43 0.50
Estonia 0.45 0.60
Syrian Arab Republic 0.45 0.44
Pakistan 0.46 0.53
Australia 0.46 0.57
Azerbaijan 0.46 0.39
Georgia 0.46
Madagascar 0.47 0.76
Cambodia 0.47 0.61
Paraguay 0.47 0.72
Nicaragua 0.47 0.62
Kyrgyz Republic 0.47 0.44
Bangladesh 0.47 0.46
Chile 0.49 0.64
Ukraine 0.49 0.37
Armenia 0.49 0.55
Cuba 0.50
Honduras 0.50 0.62
Fiji 0.50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.50 1.00
Malawi 0.51 0.69
Lithuania 0.51 0.66
Romania 0.53 0.46
Zambia 0.53
Bolivia 0.53 0.80
El Salvador 0.54 0.67
Grenada 0.54 0.54
Poland 0.54 0.76
Mozambique 0.55 0.56
Peru 0.55 0.80
Latvia 0.55 0.67
India 0.56 0.60
Suriname 0.56 0.56
Mauritania 0.59 0.67
Nepal 0.59 0.63
Haiti 0.59 0.64
Bhutan 0.59 0.58
Tunisia 0.60 0.49
Serbia 0.61 0.56
Slovak Republic 0.61 0.69
Montenegro 0.61 0.56
Sierra Leone 0.61
Tanzania 0.63 0.75
Gabon 0.63 0.53
New Zealand 0.64 0.48
Cameroon 0.64 0.56
Greece 0.65 0.72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.66 0.68
Bulgaria 0.66 0.70
Slovenia 0.66 0.63
Croatia 0.67 0.76
Guinea 0.68 0.85
Burkina Faso 0.68 0.68
Macedonia, FYR 0.70 0.76
Chad 0.70 0.68
Kenya 0.70 0.71
Senegal 0.71 0.73
Hungary 0.72 0.81
Burundi 0.72 1.01
Barbados 0.72 0.95
Singapore 0.72 0.84
Congo, Rep. 0.72 0.53
Czech Republic 0.72 0.77
Rwanda 0.72 0.89
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 0.73 0.55
Cote d'Ivoire 0.74 0.76
Niger 0.76 0.68
Malta 0.77 0.81
Mali 0.77 0.70
Cyprus 0.78 0.57
Luxembourg 0.78 0.75
Turkey 0.78 0.88
Morocco 0.79 0.82
Brazil 0.80 0.92
Central African Republic 0.81
Cabo Verde 0.81 0.59
Gambia, The 0.83 0.64
Sri Lanka 0.84 0.66
Spain 0.84 0.73
Liechtenstein 0.85 0.81
Switzerland 0.86 0.78
Israel 0.86 1.14
Uganda 0.86 0.86
Albania 0.86 0.57
West Bank and Gaza 0.86 1.08
Uruguay 0.90 1.19
Korea, Rep. 0.93 0.92
Argentina 0.94 1.07
Germany 0.96 0.91
Japan 1.02 1.06
Portugal 1.02 0.77
Ireland 1.02 0.72
Austria 1.04 0.82
Denmark 1.05 1.01
Sweden 1.09 0.94
United Kingdom 1.11 1.17
France 1.11 0.99
Belgium 1.12 0.96
Iceland 1.12 1.05
Netherlands 1.14 1.03
Finland 1.17 1.06
Italy 1.19 0.97
Norway 1.21 1.19
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.36 1.46
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Greenland
American Samoa
Bermuda
Palau
Guinea-Bissau
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Equatorial Guinea
Vanuatu
Djibouti
Seychelles
Guam
Tonga
Puerto Rico
Costa Rica
Liberia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Faroe Islands
New Caledonia
Dominica
Solomon Islands
Maldives
Somalia
Belize
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
Aruba
Moldova
Tuvalu
Curacao
South Sudan
Mauritius
Kiribati
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Iraq
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands
St. Lucia
Isle of Man
Afghanistan
Antigua and Barbuda 0.56
Samoa
Comoros
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Bahamas, The
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

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