Country name 2006 2008
Turkmenistan 0.02 0.22
Venezuela, RB 0.03 0.02
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.09 0.10
Libya 0.12 0.14
Saudi Arabia 0.16 0.16
Qatar 0.19 0.22
Bahrain 0.21 0.21
Kuwait 0.22 0.24
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.30 0.49
Yemen, Rep. 0.30 0.30
Oman 0.31 0.31
Algeria 0.32 0.34
Brunei Darussalam 0.34 0.38
United Arab Emirates 0.37 0.45
Trinidad and Tobago 0.43 0.36
Azerbaijan 0.46 0.74
Ecuador 0.47 0.51
Angola 0.50 0.53
Nigeria 0.51 0.59
Malaysia 0.53 0.53
Bolivia 0.54 0.68
Indonesia 0.57 0.50
Syrian Arab Republic 0.60 0.85
Argentina 0.62 0.78
United States 0.63 0.56
Gabon 0.64 1.14
Kyrgyz Republic 0.64 0.80
Myanmar 0.66 0.43
Vietnam 0.67 0.80
Nicaragua 0.67 0.87
Afghanistan 0.68 1.05
China 0.69 0.99
Thailand 0.70 0.87
Kazakhstan 0.70 0.83
Panama 0.70 0.67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 0.71 0.76
Sudan 0.72 0.65
Somalia 0.74 1.12
Mexico 0.74 0.74
Lebanon 0.74 0.76
Philippines 0.76 0.91
Russian Federation 0.77 0.89
Guatemala 0.78 0.86
Botswana 0.78 0.88
Guinea 0.79 1.02
Liberia 0.79 0.77
Bangladesh 0.79 1.17
Belarus 0.79 1.33
Swaziland 0.80 0.86
Tajikistan 0.80 1.03
Benin 0.81 1.03
Ukraine 0.81 0.88
El Salvador 0.82 0.78
Jamaica 0.82 0.74
Tunisia 0.83 0.96
Canada 0.84 0.76
Uzbekistan 0.85 1.35
South Africa 0.85 0.87
Georgia 0.86 1.09
Jordan 0.86 0.61
Lao PDR 0.86 0.92
Ghana 0.86 0.90
Namibia 0.87 0.78
Mongolia 0.88 1.38
Sri Lanka 0.88 1.43
Grenada 0.89 1.28
Lesotho 0.89 0.79
Honduras 0.89 0.80
Singapore 0.92 1.07
Australia 0.93 0.74
Ethiopia 0.93 0.92
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.94 1.23
Nepal 0.94 1.13
Suriname 0.94 0.91
Congo, Rep. 0.96 0.81
Armenia 0.96 1.08
Paraguay 0.97 1.17
Antigua and Barbuda 0.97 1.11
Mauritania 0.97 1.49
Costa Rica 0.98 1.24
Timor-Leste 0.98 1.22
New Zealand 0.98 1.09
Colombia 0.98 1.04
Sierra Leone 0.98 0.91
Cambodia 1.01 0.94
Pakistan 1.01 0.84
India 1.01 1.09
Dominican Republic 1.03 1.04
Togo 1.03 0.89
Tanzania 1.04 1.11
Bulgaria 1.05 1.28
Fiji 1.07 1.15
Gambia, The 1.08 0.79
Lithuania 1.08 1.13
Japan 1.09 1.42
Chile 1.09 0.95
Cuba 1.10 1.67
Barbados 1.11 1.00
Rwanda 1.11 1.37
Kenya 1.12 1.20
Cameroon 1.14 1.14
Niger 1.14 0.99
Mozambique 1.15 1.71
Madagascar 1.15 1.55
Spain 1.15 1.23
Burkina Faso 1.15 1.38
Greece 1.16 1.23
Uganda 1.17 1.30
Malawi 1.17 1.78
Latvia 1.20 1.12
Burundi 1.20 1.39
Cote d'Ivoire 1.20 1.33
Mali 1.22 1.30
Morocco 1.22 1.29
Peru 1.22 1.42
Estonia 1.23 1.18
Uruguay 1.23 1.18
Slovenia 1.23 1.18
Macedonia, FYR 1.23 1.15
Cyprus 1.25 1.28
Brazil 1.26 1.26
Romania 1.26 1.11
Belize 1.27 0.70
Switzerland 1.27 1.30
Liechtenstein 1.27 1.30
West Bank and Gaza 1.29 1.34
Luxembourg 1.29 1.40
Hungary 1.30 1.27
Poland 1.30 1.43
Czech Republic 1.30 1.37
Senegal 1.31 1.35
Chad 1.31 1.30
Zambia 1.31 1.70
Austria 1.32 1.37
Ireland 1.34 1.56
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.34 1.13
Croatia 1.34 1.27
Slovak Republic 1.35 1.57
Central African Republic 1.37 1.44
Malta 1.38 1.66
Albania 1.44 1.36
Serbia 1.45 1.29
Sweden 1.46 1.38
Israel 1.47 1.37
France 1.48 1.52
French Polynesia 1.49 1.58
Montenegro 1.51 1.27
Germany 1.55 1.56
Finland 1.55 1.57
Italy 1.56 1.57
Portugal 1.56 1.61
Denmark 1.58 1.54
United Kingdom 1.63 1.44
Belgium 1.63 1.50
Korea, Rep. 1.65 1.51
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.69 1.95
Netherlands 1.70 1.68
South Sudan 1.76 1.59
Norway 1.80 1.63
Iceland 1.86 1.15
Turkey 1.88 1.87
Eritrea 1.90 2.53
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
Middle East (developing only)
Seychelles
Maldives
Bhutan 0.91
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Cabo Verde 1.84
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
Solomon Islands
Iraq
Guinea-Bissau
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Andorra 1.24
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Guyana 0.84
Dominica
Haiti 1.16
Djibouti
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tonga
St. Lucia
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tuvalu
Comoros
Curacao
Equatorial Guinea
Puerto Rico
Monaco 1.64
Papua New Guinea 0.94
Samoa
Vanuatu
Mauritius
American Samoa
Bahamas, The
Kiribati
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.20
Zimbabwe 1.30

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