Country name 2000 2002 2004
Turkmenistan 0.02 0.02 0.02
Zimbabwe 0.85 0.05 0.61
Venezuela, RB 0.12 0.05 0.04
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.05 0.07 0.09
Libya 0.25 0.10 0.09
Angola 0.30 0.19 0.39
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.26 0.19 0.28
Nigeria 0.27 0.20 0.39
Kuwait 0.21 0.20 0.24
Yemen, Rep. 0.21 0.21 0.19
Algeria 0.27 0.22 0.32
Saudi Arabia 0.24 0.24 0.24
Bahrain 0.27 0.27 0.27
Indonesia 0.17 0.27 0.27
Ghana 0.20 0.28 0.49
United Arab Emirates 0.25 0.29 0.28
Tunisia 0.49 0.29 0.68
Sudan 0.28 0.30 0.47
Brunei Darussalam 0.31 0.30 0.32
Guyana 0.37 0.31 0.74
Oman 0.31 0.31 0.31
Vietnam 0.38 0.34 0.48
Afghanistan 0.34 0.53
Malaysia 0.28 0.35 0.37
Somalia 0.35 1.36
Russian Federation 0.33 0.35 0.55
Kazakhstan 0.36 0.35 0.52
Philippines 0.37 0.35 0.52
Eritrea 0.56 0.36 0.80
Myanmar 0.33 0.36 0.12
Lao PDR 0.41 0.36 0.54
Thailand 0.39 0.36 0.54
Tajikistan 0.45 0.36 0.67
Azerbaijan 0.39 0.37 0.41
Uzbekistan 0.14 0.38 0.35
Mongolia 0.38 0.38 0.61
Kyrgyz Republic 0.44 0.39 0.48
United States 0.47 0.40 0.54
Trinidad and Tobago 0.39 0.40 0.35
Botswana 0.42 0.41 0.66
Armenia 0.55 0.42 0.68
China 0.40 0.42 0.48
South Africa 0.50 0.43 0.81
Colombia 0.49 0.44 0.72
Namibia 0.47 0.45 0.68
El Salvador 0.67 0.46 0.65
Gambia, The 0.64 0.46 0.75
Mozambique 0.56 0.46 0.88
Uruguay 1.19 0.46 1.13
Ukraine 0.37 0.47 0.55
Guatemala 0.53 0.48 0.68
Georgia 0.48 0.73
Dominican Republic 0.71 0.49 0.85
Australia 0.57 0.50 0.85
Belarus 0.55 0.50 0.62
Sierra Leone 0.51 0.76
Panama 0.53 0.51 0.54
Canada 0.58 0.51 0.68
Jamaica 0.62 0.52 0.63
Jordan 0.45 0.52 0.61
Bangladesh 0.46 0.52 0.59
Ethiopia 0.46 0.52 0.60
Pakistan 0.53 0.52 0.62
Syrian Arab Republic 0.44 0.53 0.46
Haiti 0.64 0.54 0.88
Grenada 0.54 0.54 0.73
Benin 0.48 0.54 0.77
Nicaragua 0.62 0.54 0.69
Sri Lanka 0.66 0.54 0.72
New Zealand 0.48 0.55 0.77
Brazil 0.92 0.55 0.84
Korea, Dem. Rep. 0.55 0.55 0.78
Ecuador 0.31 0.55 0.54
Togo 0.48 0.56 0.85
Suriname 0.56 0.56 0.50
Paraguay 0.72 0.56 0.62
Burundi 1.01 0.58 1.04
Chile 0.64 0.58 0.85
Estonia 0.60 0.58 0.94
Mexico 0.61 0.62 0.59
Argentina 1.07 0.63 0.63
Honduras 0.62 0.63 0.81
Cambodia 0.61 0.63 0.79
Mauritania 0.67 0.63 0.80
Romania 0.46 0.64 0.96
Costa Rica 0.64 0.78
Lebanon 0.53 0.65 0.71
India 0.60 0.66 0.87
Nepal 0.63 0.66 0.72
Guinea 0.85 0.66 0.75
Malawi 0.69 0.66 0.95
Barbados 0.95 0.66 0.82
Tanzania 0.75 0.67 0.93
Cameroon 0.56 0.68 0.95
Bulgaria 0.70 0.68 0.92
Congo, Rep. 0.53 0.69 0.87
Bolivia 0.80 0.69 0.54
Gabon 0.53 0.69 0.90
Lithuania 0.66 0.69 1.03
Mali 0.70 0.69 1.16
Latvia 0.67 0.70 0.94
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.00 0.70 0.92
Kenya 0.71 0.70 0.92
Zambia 0.72 1.10
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.68 0.74 0.97
Serbia 0.56 0.74 1.00
Montenegro 0.56 0.74 1.20
Slovak Republic 0.69 0.74 1.17
Peru 0.80 0.74 1.12
Senegal 0.73 0.75 1.10
Slovenia 0.63 0.76 1.12
Luxembourg 0.75 0.76 1.19
Niger 0.68 0.77 1.02
Greece 0.72 0.78 1.14
Chad 0.68 0.79 1.17
Albania 0.57 0.80 1.23
Czech Republic 0.77 0.81 1.08
Cyprus 0.57 0.83 1.08
Poland 0.76 0.83 1.20
Burkina Faso 0.68 0.83 1.18
Spain 0.73 0.83 1.21
Uganda 0.86 0.83 1.02
Rwanda 0.89 0.84 0.98
Austria 0.82 0.84 1.32
Cote d'Ivoire 0.76 0.85 1.14
Macedonia, FYR 0.76 0.85 1.17
Singapore 0.84 0.85 0.89
Malta 0.81 0.87 1.18
Morocco 0.82 0.87 1.10
Switzerland 0.78 0.89 1.29
Croatia 0.76 0.89 1.24
Liechtenstein 0.81 0.89 1.29
Israel 1.14 0.90 1.05
Cuba 0.90 0.95
Ireland 0.72 0.90 1.29
Japan 1.06 0.91 1.26
Hungary 0.81 0.94 1.30
Portugal 0.77 0.97 1.38
West Bank and Gaza 1.08 0.99 1.17
Central African Republic 1.00 1.29
Turkey 0.88 1.02 1.44
Germany 0.91 1.03 1.46
Belgium 0.96 1.04 1.50
France 0.99 1.05 1.42
Italy 0.97 1.05 1.53
Sweden 0.94 1.06 1.51
Madagascar 0.76 1.08 1.05
Denmark 1.01 1.09 1.51
Korea, Rep. 0.92 1.09 1.35
Finland 1.06 1.12 1.54
Netherlands 1.03 1.12 1.62
Iceland 1.05 1.16 1.64
United Kingdom 1.17 1.18 1.56
Norway 1.19 1.23 1.61
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.46 1.47 1.54
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Kiribati
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
Liberia 0.75
Samoa
Timor-Leste 0.65
San Marino
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Vanuatu
Guinea-Bissau
Djibouti
Fiji 0.91
Maldives
Bermuda
Tonga
Seychelles
Belize 1.20
Comoros
Palau
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.21
Monaco
French Polynesia
Solomon Islands
Papua New Guinea 0.53 0.94
Moldova
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
South Sudan
Bhutan 0.58 0.78
New Caledonia
Lesotho 0.50 0.73
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Curacao
St. Lucia
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Bahamas, The
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Aruba
Mauritius
Antigua and Barbuda 0.56 0.68
Cabo Verde 0.59 1.40
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Swaziland 0.47 0.76
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sao Tome and Principe

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