Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Chad 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
South Sudan 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9
Central African Republic 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Guinea 1.1 1.2 1.3
Ethiopia 1.3 1.4 1.9 2.9
Cameroon 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7
Myanmar 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.9
Comoros 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4
Madagascar 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7
Papua New Guinea 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Timor-Leste 1.9 1.8 3.9 4.4
Tanzania 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2
Yemen, Rep. 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Guinea-Bissau 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.5
Burundi 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5
Congo, Rep. 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.9
Ukraine 3.2 2.3 1.6 1.1
Uganda 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.6
Afghanistan 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2
Haiti 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.7
Sudan 2.4 2.8 2.9 2.9
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0
Malawi 2.3 2.8 1.1 3.3
Benin 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.5
Belarus 3.7 3.2 2.1 1.7
Vietnam 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.2
Kazakhstan 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3
Mozambique 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.8
Lesotho 2.4 3.4 3.5 3.4
Mali 3.1 3.6 4.1 3.9
Liberia 2.9 3.6 3.7 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.7
Cambodia 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4
Zambia 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4
Mauritania 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 2.7 4.3 4.3 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.1 4.5 4.6 5.5
Djibouti 3.6 4.5 5.2 5.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.6 6.5 7.1
Kenya 4.4 4.7 5.0 5.5
Algeria 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.1
Rwanda 4.9 4.9 5.4 7.6
Gabon 4.4 4.9 5.6 7.5
Iraq 4.6 5.0 4.9 5.4
Nepal 4.7 5.2 7.4 8.4
Ghana 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.9 6.1 7.2 7.8
Tajikistan 5.9 6.2 6.5 7.2
Swaziland 6.3 6.3 7.1 7.1
Nigeria 6.4 6.5 6.4 5.8
Jamaica 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.4
Nicaragua 8.3 6.9 7.3 7.3
Guyana 6.8 6.9 7.7 8.0
Bangladesh 7.3 7.5 7.7 8.1
Namibia 7.5 7.7 7.4 7.2
Philippines 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1
Solomon Islands 8.3 8.0 6.9 6.9
Indonesia 7.8 8.3 8.7 9.6
Paraguay 7.0 8.3 9.3 9.7
Pakistan 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Saudi Arabia 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.6
Bolivia 6.9 8.6 9.3 9.7
Botswana 8.4 8.8 8.4 8.6
Angola 6.3 9.0 10.2 11.4
Gambia, The 7.7 9.5 9.2 8.8
West Bank and Gaza 10.3 9.7 9.9 9.7
Azerbaijan 9.6 9.7 9.9 9.6
Dominican Republic 10.0 10.1 10.5 10.3
South Africa 9.4 10.1 10.5 10.4
India 9.6 10.1 10.5 11.4
Singapore 10.2 10.2 10.0 9.8
Moldova 10.2 10.4 11.3 11.5
El Salvador 11.7 10.7 10.8 10.3
Norway 10.9 11.0 10.7 9.9
Fiji 11.3 11.1 10.9 10.5
Thailand 10.9 11.2 11.5 11.8
Suriname 10.6 11.2 11.1 10.9
Austria 11.7 11.3 15.1 15.9
Libya 11.3 11.6 11.5 11.7
United Arab Emirates 12.2 11.9 11.8 11.9
Argentina 13.2 13.2 13.4 13.6
Trinidad and Tobago 13.4 13.2 13.2 13.4
Uruguay 13.4 13.6 13.6 12.8
Colombia 13.9 13.7 14.7 14.9
Mexico 13.7 14.2 14.2 14.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 14.3 14.2 14.0 14.0
Bhutan 12.9 14.3 16.2 12.4
Sri Lanka 14.5 15.5 16.8 17.5
Finland 15.0 15.5 15.1 13.6
Germany 15.8 15.7 15.5 13.9
Maldives 16.2 15.8 15.8 15.8
Tunisia 15.0 16.5 17.0 17.7
Hungary 17.6 16.7 16.4 16.0
Marshall Islands 17.1 17.0 19.7
Venezuela, RB 17.8 17.1 16.6 16.6
Chile 16.9 17.3 17.2 17.1
Georgia 17.8 17.8 19.4 22.7
Turkey 17.3 17.9 18.3 18.7
Kuwait 17.5 18.0 18.8 18.6
Armenia 17.5 18.3 19.6 20.9
Korea, Rep. 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.4
Qatar 18.6 18.4 13.3 13.2
Barbados 18.7 18.6 19.8 20.7
Jordan 18.5 19.3 19.7 19.8
Israel 19.6 19.4 20.1 20.1
Estonia 20.3 19.4 17.2 17.0
Vanuatu 19.5 20.3 20.3 22.3
Malaysia 20.7 20.3 20.2 19.9
Costa Rica 20.4 20.5 23.3 23.2
Honduras 23.4 20.6 20.9 23.0
Mauritius 20.6 20.8 21.1 21.6
Morocco 19.6 20.9 22.0 23.4
Sao Tome and Principe 21.1 21.5 23.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.3 21.2 21.0 20.9
Kosovo 21.4 21.3 20.9 20.6
Tonga 21.7 21.5 21.4 19.9
St. Lucia 22.3 21.9 21.5 21.2
Albania 22.4 22.4 22.4 22.3
Czech Republic 22.6 22.5 23.1 23.6
Sweden 23.0 22.5 21.7 21.8
Oman 23.7 22.7 21.3 19.7
Brunei Darussalam 23.3 22.8 22.7 22.2
Netherlands 25.2 23.0 21.3 19.6
Panama 23.1 23.5 23.4 23.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.3 23.6 23.7 23.5
Dominica 23.9 23.8 23.5 23.3
Canada 24.1 24.0 24.1 24.4
United Kingdom 25.6 24.9 24.2
Samoa 26.4 25.3 18.1 18.7
Macedonia, FYR 25.4 25.7 24.2 24.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.1 25.9 29.1 27.1
Slovak Republic 26.2 26.0 25.9 26.6
Belize 27.0 26.1 25.3 24.5
Lithuania 28.2 27.7
Ireland 34.9 28.7 27.7 25.0
Lebanon 29.3 29.2 29.6 29.3
Cabo Verde 27.8 30.7 30.1 30.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 31.9 31.0 31.4 30.6
Australia 31.5 31.3 30.9 31.8
Latvia 33.5 31.9 30.3 22.5
Poland 32.8 32.0 32.1 33.5
Grenada 33.2 32.9 34.0 35.0
Romania 34.0 33.2 32.9 31.0
Japan 33.9 34.0 33.9 33.9
New Zealand 35.6 34.4 33.7 33.3
Ecuador 25.1 34.8 43.0 81.1
Croatia 35.5 34.9 35.7 35.5
Guatemala 34.4 35.2 36.0 37.7
Russian Federation 34.9 35.3 36.8 38.2
United States 35.8 35.4 35.2 35.3
Macao SAR, China 35.9 35.8 36.3 36.9
Bahamas, The 36.6 36.1 35.4 35.0
Slovenia 39.6 38.8 38.3 38.4
Antigua and Barbuda 39.5 38.9 36.7 36.1
Malta 40.2 39.6 41.7 38.2
Montenegro 43.6 39.8 40.3 40.6
Greece 41.4 40.4 38.8 36.8
Denmark 45.8 40.9 38.7 34.3
France 41.9 41.5 41.2 38.8
Serbia 44.0 41.6 39.9 37.7
Brazil 43.9 44.0 45.5 47.3
Belgium 47.9 45.0 43.4 42.4
Seychelles 45.8 45.9 47.0 48.3
Uzbekistan 47.0 46.5 45.9 45.4
Peru 32.9 46.6 57.3 69.7
Switzerland 52.7 51.8 50.2 48.8
Mongolia 54.0 54.3 65.3 68.8
Iceland 60.9 57.7 52.2 47.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 65.7 64.6 52.9 54.6
Portugal 65.4 65.6 64.1 61.2
Italy 67.6 66.5 66.0 64.4
Luxembourg 91.2 88.9 86.3 83.0
Bulgaria 90.4 90.0 59.8 61.2
Spain 100.3 97.1 89.6 85.1
Cyprus 109.0 104.9 102.2 97.0
New Caledonia
Lao PDR 2.5 2.7
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan
French Polynesia
Palau
Somalia
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Eritrea
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bahrain
Isle of Man
Aruba 21.0 22.0
Senegal
Burkina Faso
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cuba
Puerto Rico
Kiribati 6.0 5.9
Liechtenstein
Togo 4.2
Monaco
China 7.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Niger
Greenland
American Samoa

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