Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Chad 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
South Sudan 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9
Central African Republic 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Malawi 2.3 2.8 1.1 3.3
Guinea 1.1 1.2 1.3
Comoros 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4
Cameroon 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7
Madagascar 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7
Ukraine 3.2 2.3 1.6 1.1
Myanmar 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Papua New Guinea 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Tanzania 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2
Ethiopia 1.3 1.4 1.9 2.9
Belarus 3.7 3.2 2.1 1.7
Guinea-Bissau 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.5
Afghanistan 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2
Uganda 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.6
Burundi 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5
Lao PDR 2.5 2.7
Haiti 2.9 2.5 2.6 2.7
Congo, Rep. 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.9
Sudan 2.4 2.8 2.9 2.9
Sierra Leone 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0
Kazakhstan 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3
Benin 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.5
Lesotho 2.4 3.4 3.5 3.4
Mozambique 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.8
Vietnam 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.2
Liberia 2.9 3.6 3.7 3.6
Timor-Leste 1.9 1.8 3.9 4.4
Mali 3.1 3.6 4.1 3.9
Cambodia 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4
Zambia 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4
Mauritania 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 2.7 4.3 4.3 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.1 4.5 4.6 5.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7
Iraq 4.6 5.0 4.9 5.4
Algeria 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.1
Kenya 4.4 4.7 5.0 5.5
Djibouti 3.6 4.5 5.2 5.5
Ghana 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.7
Rwanda 4.9 4.9 5.4 7.6
Gabon 4.4 4.9 5.6 7.5
Kiribati 6.0 5.9
Nigeria 6.4 6.5 6.4 5.8
Jamaica 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.4
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.6 6.5 7.1
Tajikistan 5.9 6.2 6.5 7.2
Solomon Islands 8.3 8.0 6.9 6.9
Swaziland 6.3 6.3 7.1 7.1
Kyrgyz Republic 6.9 6.1 7.2 7.8
Nicaragua 8.3 6.9 7.3 7.3
Nepal 4.7 5.2 7.4 8.4
Namibia 7.5 7.7 7.4 7.2
Guyana 6.8 6.9 7.7 8.0
Bangladesh 7.3 7.5 7.7 8.1
Philippines 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1
Botswana 8.4 8.8 8.4 8.6
Pakistan 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Saudi Arabia 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.6
Indonesia 7.8 8.3 8.7 9.6
Gambia, The 7.7 9.5 9.2 8.8
Paraguay 7.0 8.3 9.3 9.7
Bolivia 6.9 8.6 9.3 9.7
Azerbaijan 9.6 9.7 9.9 9.6
West Bank and Gaza 10.3 9.7 9.9 9.7
Singapore 10.2 10.2 10.0 9.8
Angola 6.3 9.0 10.2 11.4
Dominican Republic 10.0 10.1 10.5 10.3
South Africa 9.4 10.1 10.5 10.4
India 9.6 10.1 10.5 11.4
Norway 10.9 11.0 10.7 9.9
El Salvador 11.7 10.7 10.8 10.3
Fiji 11.3 11.1 10.9 10.5
Suriname 10.6 11.2 11.1 10.9
Moldova 10.2 10.4 11.3 11.5
Thailand 10.9 11.2 11.5 11.8
Libya 11.3 11.6 11.5 11.7
United Arab Emirates 12.2 11.9 11.8 11.9
Trinidad and Tobago 13.4 13.2 13.2 13.4
Qatar 18.6 18.4 13.3 13.2
Argentina 13.2 13.2 13.4 13.6
Uruguay 13.4 13.6 13.6 12.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 14.3 14.2 14.0 14.0
Mexico 13.7 14.2 14.2 14.5
Colombia 13.9 13.7 14.7 14.9
Austria 11.7 11.3 15.1 15.9
Finland 15.0 15.5 15.1 13.6
Germany 15.8 15.7 15.5 13.9
Maldives 16.2 15.8 15.8 15.8
Bhutan 12.9 14.3 16.2 12.4
Hungary 17.6 16.7 16.4 16.0
Venezuela, RB 17.8 17.1 16.6 16.6
Sri Lanka 14.5 15.5 16.8 17.5
Tunisia 15.0 16.5 17.0 17.7
Chile 16.9 17.3 17.2 17.1
Estonia 20.3 19.4 17.2 17.0
Samoa 26.4 25.3 18.1 18.7
Turkey 17.3 17.9 18.3 18.7
Korea, Rep. 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.4
Kuwait 17.5 18.0 18.8 18.6
Georgia 17.8 17.8 19.4 22.7
Armenia 17.5 18.3 19.6 20.9
Jordan 18.5 19.3 19.7 19.8
Marshall Islands 17.1 17.0 19.7
Barbados 18.7 18.6 19.8 20.7
Israel 19.6 19.4 20.1 20.1
Malaysia 20.7 20.3 20.2 19.9
Vanuatu 19.5 20.3 20.3 22.3
Honduras 23.4 20.6 20.9 23.0
Kosovo 21.4 21.3 20.9 20.6
Aruba 21.0 22.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.3 21.2 21.0 20.9
Mauritius 20.6 20.8 21.1 21.6
Oman 23.7 22.7 21.3 19.7
Netherlands 25.2 23.0 21.3 19.6
Tonga 21.7 21.5 21.4 19.9
Sao Tome and Principe 21.1 21.5 23.7
St. Lucia 22.3 21.9 21.5 21.2
Sweden 23.0 22.5 21.7 21.8
Morocco 19.6 20.9 22.0 23.4
Albania 22.4 22.4 22.4 22.3
Brunei Darussalam 23.3 22.8 22.7 22.2
Czech Republic 22.6 22.5 23.1 23.6
Costa Rica 20.4 20.5 23.3 23.2
Panama 23.1 23.5 23.4 23.5
Dominica 23.9 23.8 23.5 23.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.3 23.6 23.7 23.5
Canada 24.1 24.0 24.1 24.4
Macedonia, FYR 25.4 25.7 24.2 24.8
United Kingdom 25.6 24.9 24.2
Belize 27.0 26.1 25.3 24.5
Slovak Republic 26.2 26.0 25.9 26.6
Ireland 34.9 28.7 27.7 25.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.1 25.9 29.1 27.1
Lebanon 29.3 29.2 29.6 29.3
Cabo Verde 27.8 30.7 30.1 30.6
Latvia 33.5 31.9 30.3 22.5
Australia 31.5 31.3 30.9 31.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 31.9 31.0 31.4 30.6
Poland 32.8 32.0 32.1 33.5
Romania 34.0 33.2 32.9 31.0
New Zealand 35.6 34.4 33.7 33.3
Japan 33.9 34.0 33.9 33.9
Grenada 33.2 32.9 34.0 35.0
United States 35.8 35.4 35.2 35.3
Bahamas, The 36.6 36.1 35.4 35.0
Croatia 35.5 34.9 35.7 35.5
Guatemala 34.4 35.2 36.0 37.7
Macao SAR, China 35.9 35.8 36.3 36.9
Antigua and Barbuda 39.5 38.9 36.7 36.1
Russian Federation 34.9 35.3 36.8 38.2
Slovenia 39.6 38.8 38.3 38.4
Denmark 45.8 40.9 38.7 34.3
Greece 41.4 40.4 38.8 36.8
Serbia 44.0 41.6 39.9 37.7
Montenegro 43.6 39.8 40.3 40.6
France 41.9 41.5 41.2 38.8
Malta 40.2 39.6 41.7 38.2
Ecuador 25.1 34.8 43.0 81.1
Belgium 47.9 45.0 43.4 42.4
Brazil 43.9 44.0 45.5 47.3
Uzbekistan 47.0 46.5 45.9 45.4
Seychelles 45.8 45.9 47.0 48.3
Switzerland 52.7 51.8 50.2 48.8
Iceland 60.9 57.7 52.2 47.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 65.7 64.6 52.9 54.6
Peru 32.9 46.6 57.3 69.7
Bulgaria 90.4 90.0 59.8 61.2
Portugal 65.4 65.6 64.1 61.2
Mongolia 54.0 54.3 65.3 68.8
Italy 67.6 66.5 66.0 64.4
Luxembourg 91.2 88.9 86.3 83.0
Spain 100.3 97.1 89.6 85.1
Cyprus 109.0 104.9 102.2 97.0
Niger
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Andorra
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Palau
Eritrea
Turkmenistan
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Monaco
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.7
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Senegal
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Burkina Faso
Curacao
San Marino
Cuba
Lithuania 28.2 27.7
Togo 4.2
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Bahrain
China 7.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
American Samoa

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