Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Congo, Dem. Rep. -81.7 31.7 57.3 94.3 131.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. -57.2 30.0 153.7 19.3 20.1
Comoros -16.3 15.2 4.3 26.2 15.5
Bahrain -3.5 9.1 -2.0 9.4 4.0
Malta -3.3 12.5 9.7 10.1 11.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -0.4 29.6 15.7 7.4 25.9
Libya 0.2 27.0 -6.4 3.0 -4.6
Liberia 0.7 17.7 18.7 15.0 9.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.0 26.3 19.8 -6.9 25.3
Burundi 3.0 21.9 0.1 1.7 15.7
Tanzania 3.7 30.4 27.7 32.1 32.8
Belize 4.4 8.5 18.7 21.4 4.3
Pakistan 4.6 14.7 16.1 16.4 7.7
Hungary 5.1 10.9 8.8 9.6 2.2
Trinidad and Tobago 5.1 1.2 -2.7 3.5 0.6
Senegal 5.2 4.5 11.2 -0.3 0.5
Gambia, The 5.5 51.3 7.3 24.6 14.7
Kuwait 5.5 -1.5 0.4 2.5 6.9
Antigua and Barbuda 5.7 11.4 18.1 36.5 17.9
Cabo Verde 5.9 14.6 15.0 1.5 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.0 1.1 9.2 4.1 6.4
Singapore 6.2 3.8 10.0 19.8 13.5
Romania 6.3 2.8 8.4 3.9 10.3
Netherlands 6.6 6.8 5.3 2.0 7.2
Congo, Rep. 7.3 21.0 -11.6 6.0 -4.5
Panama 7.3 5.2 5.5 -3.5 -26.9
Barbados 7.4 9.1 7.8 18.0 11.1
Canada 7.5 7.2 8.6 8.5 12.2
Central African Republic 7.5 10.0 2.2 3.6 -6.3
Korea, Rep. 7.7 15.6 18.4 19.1 21.5
Japan 7.9 8.7 9.2 9.4 9.1
Sweden 8.5 3.3 13.6 6.0 7.6
Jordan 8.9 6.6 10.6 15.7 15.5
Bahamas, The 9.3 5.8 9.9 15.7 8.4
Ethiopia 9.7 17.1 11.4 5.6 11.1
Oman 9.9 21.1 -6.8 5.3 5.9
Zimbabwe 10.0 17.7 4.2 27.1 20.8
Rwanda 10.1 17.2 13.6 10.3 7.4
Morocco 10.2 13.2 16.9 9.9 15.2
Honduras 10.7 -1.6 9.2 22.4 13.8
Ireland 10.8 5.5 -1.3 11.2 6.4
Seychelles 10.9 13.0 12.5 9.8 22.1
Fiji 11.2 1.9 17.4 4.2 20.4
St. Lucia 11.5 19.9 25.4 16.3 22.5
United Kingdom 11.5 11.2 22.6 89.3 16.7
Guatemala 11.6 32.8 20.7 8.3 19.7
Nigeria 11.6 9.0 2.0 22.4 32.9
Tunisia 11.7 14.4 4.9 14.9 17.5
Australia 11.7 17.9 9.6 16.0 17.9
Mauritania 11.8 22.2 7.5 18.5 2.0
Samoa 11.9 20.4 20.5 27.7 7.8
Italy 12.0 10.5 8.8 7.5 9.3
United States 12.5 8.3 9.4 4.1 6.8
Kenya 12.8 6.3 32.7 11.1 8.0
Bhutan 13.1 26.4 7.5 10.8 31.0
Nepal 13.2 20.4 19.3 22.4 22.2
Haiti 13.7 12.4 9.2 12.7 -10.3
Jamaica 13.7 32.8 47.6 17.6 38.5
Switzerland 13.8 4.2 3.3 10.6 5.4
Grenada 13.9 19.4 28.1 11.7 22.4
Mauritius 14.1 31.1 28.7 29.4 28.5
Lesotho 15.0 21.7 14.0 10.4 26.6
Papua New Guinea 15.1 9.6 13.3 1.5 4.4
Cyprus 15.1 11.6 11.3 13.5 69.0
Benin 15.2 -0.1 -2.2 -11.3 1.1
Togo 15.6 5.2 15.6 -1.0 -11.9
Finland 15.6 18.1 7.9 12.0 23.0
Gabon 15.7 12.1 -10.1 -13.0 0.2
El Salvador 15.7 29.1 -37.7 5.8 12.2
Burkina Faso 15.9 0.6 22.4 11.7 16.6
Dominica 16.0 4.6 14.9 29.6 10.0
Sri Lanka 16.0 12.8 4.2 15.4 14.9
Malaysia 16.3 9.8 13.0 2.2 8.6
Botswana 16.6 51.1 8.7 67.2 21.2
Paraguay 16.8 20.8 27.4 35.0 27.1
Zambia 17.2 23.4 93.3 54.3 61.6
Denmark 17.2 18.4 9.4 6.5 5.5
Algeria 17.4 15.0 1.4 13.6 13.6
Myanmar 17.7 -1.8 31.3 -24.7 29.9
Poland 17.7 22.1 26.7 34.1 63.3
Costa Rica 17.7 14.3 20.9 16.3 39.8
Philippines 17.9 12.5 1.7 11.7 23.3
India 18.0 16.9 17.9 16.3 18.3
Venezuela, RB 18.3 9.7 12.9 18.6 20.4
Guyana 18.8 23.7 21.9 43.8 34.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.8 18.3 21.0 21.0 21.5
Norway 19.2 15.0 2.8 19.2 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 19.4 13.7 2.7 -3.6 1.5
Sudan 19.6 64.2 27.9 36.5 32.8
Thailand 19.7 11.5 13.6 19.4 18.0
South Africa 19.8 14.6 8.8 19.5 27.0
Ecuador 19.8 -13.8 -19.9 -5.2 -20.6
New Zealand 20.4 32.6 24.9 17.6 108.9
Swaziland 20.5 22.9 11.1 14.1 37.2
Suriname 20.5 32.4 25.4 28.2 23.6
Cameroon 20.6 17.4 -4.3 -18.3 2.0
Qatar 22.0 9.2 11.2 8.6 -8.4
Niger 22.2 7.0 12.0 -5.5 15.2
Indonesia 22.6 29.1 19.5 22.8 24.3
Colombia 23.4 23.4 14.7
Lebanon 23.6 56.1 171.9 354.3 47.8
Madagascar 24.0 13.3 25.6 18.4 22.4
Dominican Republic 24.0 21.1 60.4 16.3 44.2
Syrian Arab Republic 25.3 20.6 11.8 11.6 22.0
Vanuatu 26.7 13.6 25.7 -6.3 5.2
Sierra Leone 28.3 71.1 88.4 64.0 56.9
United Arab Emirates 29.0 6.4 4.4 5.5 5.9
Maldives 32.4 29.5 25.4 11.9 14.3
Chile 32.5 52.7 24.9 31.5 29.5
Malawi 32.6 -1.0 27.1 36.8 21.5
China 32.6 35.5 30.2 25.3 20.7
Iceland 34.2 53.5 31.9 36.9 30.5
Mali 34.5 8.7 6.1 -4.0 8.3
Solomon Islands 35.0 2.6 9.3 34.7 32.1
Bangladesh 36.3 13.7 16.3 18.8 13.7
Ghana 53.6 46.2 47.9 53.3 46.3
Turkey 58.7 55.2 66.1 53.3 65.1
Chad 59.9 6.1 1.1 3.7 -13.1
Mexico 69.1 42.0 71.0 141.5 -13.0
Uruguay 72.0 57.9 93.5 56.5 82.0
Nicaragua 73.3 140.2 234.5 544.2 12,513.1
Uganda 110.7 127.4 174.4 153.4 117.7
Peru 127.2 156.5 54.0 106.5 621.0
Brazil 270.1 322.5 289.2 213.7 2,733.0
Israel 510.2 168.5 20.8 27.2 22.3
Argentina 655.0 428.2 113.0 163.1 442.8
Bolivia 1,428.9 6,987.9 184.4 94.9 27.8
Macao SAR, China 16.3 19.7 28.9 40.1
Monaco
Austria
Mongolia
South Sudan
Montenegro
Guinea-Bissau 160.9 73.3
Afghanistan 10.4 12.3 50.7 34.5
Mozambique
Slovenia
Guinea
Brunei Darussalam
Namibia
Tajikistan
Guam
Kiribati
Greenland
Serbia
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greece
Somalia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cambodia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Germany
Belarus
Northern Mariana Islands
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Aruba 38.2 20.3
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
France
Moldova
Palau
Macedonia, FYR
Faeroe Islands
Luxembourg
Estonia
Slovak Republic
Eritrea
Lithuania
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Equatorial Guinea 17.4 -10.5 -40.6
Spain
Iraq
Bulgaria
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Belgium
American Samoa
Lao PDR 6.7
Kosovo
Kazakhstan
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Cuba
Tonga
San Marino
Armenia
Sao Tome and Principe
Turkmenistan
Croatia
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ukraine
Kyrgyz Republic
Vietnam
Angola
Portugal
Uzbekistan
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Djibouti 18.4 11.3 2.7 7.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Czech Republic
Yemen, Rep.
Russian Federation
Albania

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