Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Ecuador 19.8 -13.8 -19.9 -5.2 -20.6
Myanmar 17.7 -1.8 31.3 -24.7 29.9
Honduras 10.7 -1.6 9.2 22.4 13.8
Kuwait 5.5 -1.5 0.4 2.5 6.9
Malawi 32.6 -1.0 27.1 36.8 21.5
Benin 15.2 -0.1 -2.2 -11.3 1.1
Burkina Faso 15.9 0.6 22.4 11.7 16.6
Saudi Arabia 6.0 1.1 9.2 4.1 6.4
Trinidad and Tobago 5.1 1.2 -2.7 3.5 0.6
Fiji 11.2 1.9 17.4 4.2 20.4
Solomon Islands 35.0 2.6 9.3 34.7 32.1
Romania 6.3 2.8 8.4 3.9 10.3
Sweden 8.5 3.3 13.6 6.0 7.6
Singapore 6.2 3.8 10.0 19.8 13.5
Switzerland 13.8 4.2 3.3 10.6 5.4
Senegal 5.2 4.5 11.2 -0.3 0.5
Dominica 16.0 4.6 14.9 29.6 10.0
Panama 7.3 5.2 5.5 -3.5 -26.9
Togo 15.6 5.2 15.6 -1.0 -11.9
Ireland 10.8 5.5 -1.3 11.2 6.4
Bahamas, The 9.3 5.8 9.9 15.7 8.4
Chad 59.9 6.1 1.1 3.7 -13.1
Kenya 12.8 6.3 32.7 11.1 8.0
United Arab Emirates 29.0 6.4 4.4 5.5 5.9
Jordan 8.9 6.6 10.6 15.7 15.5
Netherlands 6.6 6.8 5.3 2.0 7.2
Niger 22.2 7.0 12.0 -5.5 15.2
Canada 7.5 7.2 8.6 8.5 12.2
United States 12.5 8.3 9.4 4.1 6.8
Belize 4.4 8.5 18.7 21.4 4.3
Mali 34.5 8.7 6.1 -4.0 8.3
Japan 7.9 8.7 9.2 9.4 9.1
Nigeria 11.6 9.0 2.0 22.4 32.9
Bahrain -3.5 9.1 -2.0 9.4 4.0
Barbados 7.4 9.1 7.8 18.0 11.1
Qatar 22.0 9.2 11.2 8.6 -8.4
Papua New Guinea 15.1 9.6 13.3 1.5 4.4
Venezuela, RB 18.3 9.7 12.9 18.6 20.4
Malaysia 16.3 9.8 13.0 2.2 8.6
Central African Republic 7.5 10.0 2.2 3.6 -6.3
Afghanistan 10.4 12.3 50.7 34.5
Italy 12.0 10.5 8.8 7.5 9.3
Hungary 5.1 10.9 8.8 9.6 2.2
United Kingdom 11.5 11.2 22.6 89.3 16.7
Antigua and Barbuda 5.7 11.4 18.1 36.5 17.9
Thailand 19.7 11.5 13.6 19.4 18.0
Cyprus 15.1 11.6 11.3 13.5 69.0
Gabon 15.7 12.1 -10.1 -13.0 0.2
Haiti 13.7 12.4 9.2 12.7 -10.3
Philippines 17.9 12.5 1.7 11.7 23.3
Malta -3.3 12.5 9.7 10.1 11.3
Sri Lanka 16.0 12.8 4.2 15.4 14.9
Seychelles 10.9 13.0 12.5 9.8 22.1
Morocco 10.2 13.2 16.9 9.9 15.2
Madagascar 24.0 13.3 25.6 18.4 22.4
Vanuatu 26.7 13.6 25.7 -6.3 5.2
Bangladesh 36.3 13.7 16.3 18.8 13.7
Cote d'Ivoire 19.4 13.7 2.7 -3.6 1.5
Costa Rica 17.7 14.3 20.9 16.3 39.8
Tunisia 11.7 14.4 4.9 14.9 17.5
Cabo Verde 5.9 14.6 15.0 1.5 6.3
South Africa 19.8 14.6 8.8 19.5 27.0
Pakistan 4.6 14.7 16.1 16.4 7.7
Algeria 17.4 15.0 1.4 13.6 13.6
Norway 19.2 15.0 2.8 19.2 4.9
Comoros -16.3 15.2 4.3 26.2 15.5
Korea, Rep. 7.7 15.6 18.4 19.1 21.5
Macao SAR, China 16.3 19.7 28.9 40.1
India 18.0 16.9 17.9 16.3 18.3
Ethiopia 9.7 17.1 11.4 5.6 11.1
Rwanda 10.1 17.2 13.6 10.3 7.4
Cameroon 20.6 17.4 -4.3 -18.3 2.0
Liberia 0.7 17.7 18.7 15.0 9.7
Zimbabwe 10.0 17.7 4.2 27.1 20.8
Australia 11.7 17.9 9.6 16.0 17.9
Finland 15.6 18.1 7.9 12.0 23.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.8 18.3 21.0 21.0 21.5
Denmark 17.2 18.4 9.4 6.5 5.5
Djibouti 18.4 11.3 2.7 7.3
Grenada 13.9 19.4 28.1 11.7 22.4
St. Lucia 11.5 19.9 25.4 16.3 22.5
Nepal 13.2 20.4 19.3 22.4 22.2
Samoa 11.9 20.4 20.5 27.7 7.8
Syrian Arab Republic 25.3 20.6 11.8 11.6 22.0
Paraguay 16.8 20.8 27.4 35.0 27.1
Congo, Rep. 7.3 21.0 -11.6 6.0 -4.5
Oman 9.9 21.1 -6.8 5.3 5.9
Dominican Republic 24.0 21.1 60.4 16.3 44.2
Lesotho 15.0 21.7 14.0 10.4 26.6
Burundi 3.0 21.9 0.1 1.7 15.7
Poland 17.7 22.1 26.7 34.1 63.3
Mauritania 11.8 22.2 7.5 18.5 2.0
Swaziland 20.5 22.9 11.1 14.1 37.2
Zambia 17.2 23.4 93.3 54.3 61.6
Colombia 23.4 23.4 14.7
Guyana 18.8 23.7 21.9 43.8 34.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.0 26.3 19.8 -6.9 25.3
Bhutan 13.1 26.4 7.5 10.8 31.0
Libya 0.2 27.0 -6.4 3.0 -4.6
Indonesia 22.6 29.1 19.5 22.8 24.3
El Salvador 15.7 29.1 -37.7 5.8 12.2
Maldives 32.4 29.5 25.4 11.9 14.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -0.4 29.6 15.7 7.4 25.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. -57.2 30.0 153.7 19.3 20.1
Tanzania 3.7 30.4 27.7 32.1 32.8
Mauritius 14.1 31.1 28.7 29.4 28.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. -81.7 31.7 57.3 94.3 131.5
Suriname 20.5 32.4 25.4 28.2 23.6
New Zealand 20.4 32.6 24.9 17.6 108.9
Jamaica 13.7 32.8 47.6 17.6 38.5
Guatemala 11.6 32.8 20.7 8.3 19.7
China 32.6 35.5 30.2 25.3 20.7
Mexico 69.1 42.0 71.0 141.5 -13.0
Ghana 53.6 46.2 47.9 53.3 46.3
Botswana 16.6 51.1 8.7 67.2 21.2
Gambia, The 5.5 51.3 7.3 24.6 14.7
Chile 32.5 52.7 24.9 31.5 29.5
Iceland 34.2 53.5 31.9 36.9 30.5
Turkey 58.7 55.2 66.1 53.3 65.1
Lebanon 23.6 56.1 171.9 354.3 47.8
Uruguay 72.0 57.9 93.5 56.5 82.0
Sudan 19.6 64.2 27.9 36.5 32.8
Sierra Leone 28.3 71.1 88.4 64.0 56.9
Uganda 110.7 127.4 174.4 153.4 117.7
Nicaragua 73.3 140.2 234.5 544.2 12,513.1
Peru 127.2 156.5 54.0 106.5 621.0
Israel 510.2 168.5 20.8 27.2 22.3
Brazil 270.1 322.5 289.2 213.7 2,733.0
Argentina 655.0 428.2 113.0 163.1 442.8
Bolivia 1,428.9 6,987.9 184.4 94.9 27.8
Tonga
Montenegro
Belarus
Cuba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Azerbaijan
Croatia
Ukraine
Namibia
Somalia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Georgia
France
New Caledonia
Turkmenistan
Central Europe and the Baltics
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Slovenia
Kyrgyz Republic
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Guinea
Greece
Kazakhstan
Equatorial Guinea 17.4 -10.5 -40.6
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Monaco
Palau
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Cambodia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Germany
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Bermuda
Kosovo
Belgium
Eritrea
Spain
Portugal
Kiribati
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Bulgaria
Iraq
Brunei Darussalam
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation
Austria
Isle of Man
Tajikistan
Albania
Greenland
Vietnam
Aruba 38.2 20.3
Luxembourg
Armenia
Liechtenstein
Macedonia, FYR
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
French Polynesia
Moldova
Angola
Lithuania
American Samoa
Guinea-Bissau 160.9 73.3
Uzbekistan
San Marino
Fragile and conflict affected situations
Sao Tome and Principe
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Lao PDR 6.7
Latvia

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