Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Iraq -16.1 23.1 14.8 12.6 5.0
Ethiopia -8.5 2.4 0.9 7.9 0.7
Seychelles -1.1 0.6 2.6 6.3 6.3
Suriname -0.7 7.1 19.0 98.8 59.4
Bahrain -0.5 2.4 -0.4 -1.3 -0.7
Japan 0.1 1.8 0.7 -0.3 -0.7
Argentina 0.2 0.5 0.9 -1.2 -0.9
Sweden 0.5 0.5 -0.1 0.5 1.0
Finland 0.6 1.2 1.4 1.2 3.4
Gabon 0.7 4.0 1.4 -1.9 0.5
Switzerland 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.8 1.5
Vanuatu 0.9 2.8 3.3 2.0 2.5
St. Lucia 0.9 -0.0 3.2 3.5 3.7
Gambia, The 1.1 2.8 1.1 3.8 0.8
Saudi Arabia 1.2 0.1 -0.4 -1.3 -1.1
Panama 1.3 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.5
Norway 1.3 2.6 2.3 2.3 3.1
Bahamas, The 1.4 0.5 1.3 1.3 1.6
Singapore 1.4 2.0 -0.3 0.0 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.0 3.1
Germany 1.4 1.9 0.9 0.6 1.5
Canada 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.7 2.7
Dominica 1.7 2.4 1.0 1.2 0.9
Ireland 1.7 1.4 2.4 1.6 5.6
Austria 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.6 2.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.0 1.7 -0.4 -0.4 1.6
France 2.0 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.7
Netherlands 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.3
Grenada 2.0 1.2 1.4 0.6 2.2
Malta 2.1 3.1 2.4 2.1 2.4
Belgium 2.1 1.6 1.0 1.1 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1 8.9 3.4 3.4 2.1
Denmark 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.9
New Zealand 2.3 1.2 1.2 0.3 3.0
Iceland 2.3 1.7 1.7 3.2 5.1
Bangladesh 2.4 5.3 8.4 6.1 2.2
Barbados 2.4 7.7 -1.3 1.6 2.4
Macedonia, FYR 2.5 1.3 0.5 -1.3 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 2.5 4.0 4.6 0.7 2.5
United Kingdom 2.5 1.8 1.6 1.3 0.8
Australia 2.6 0.3 0.9 1.5 4.5
Senegal 2.8 1.8 1.2 0.8 0.7
United States 2.9 2.3 1.6 2.2 3.4
Cyprus 3.0 3.6 2.2 1.6 4.1
Morocco 3.0 1.0 2.8 0.7 1.9
Tonga 3.0 2.1 3.3 4.5 6.3
Fiji 3.1 3.4 5.7 2.0 1.1
Portugal 3.1 2.2 2.7 2.3 2.8
Aruba 3.2 3.0 1.9 2.3 4.0
Trinidad and Tobago 3.4 3.6 5.6 3.4 3.6
Malaysia 3.5 2.7 5.3 2.7 1.5
Kuwait 3.6 0.7 0.1 3.0 1.8
Spain 3.6 2.0 1.8 2.3 3.4
Central African Republic 3.7 1.6 -1.9 -1.4 3.2
Tunisia 3.7 3.7 3.1 2.7 3.0
Cameroon 3.9 4.8 3.2 1.9 1.2
Italy 4.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 2.5
Libya 4.0 3.6 3.7 2.6 -2.9
Croatia 4.3 4.1 6.4 4.0 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.4 0.4 2.1 1.0 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 4.5 3.0 7.9 0.4 4.8
Mauritania 4.7 4.6 8.0 4.1 3.3
Togo 4.7 8.3 1.0 -0.1 1.9
Macao SAR, China 4.8 3.5 0.2 -3.2 -1.6
Qatar 4.9 4.8 3.0 2.2 1.7
Benin 4.9 3.5 5.8 0.3 4.2
Korea, Rep. 4.9 4.4 7.5 0.8 2.3
Niger 5.3 2.9 4.5 -2.3 2.9
Samoa 5.4 6.9 2.2 0.3 1.0
Dominican Republic 5.4 8.3 4.8 6.5 7.7
Vietnam 5.7 3.2 7.3 4.1 -1.7
Thailand 5.8 5.6 8.0 0.3 1.6
Slovak Republic 5.8 6.1 6.7 10.6 12.0
Cabo Verde 6.0 8.6 4.4 4.4 -2.5
Burkina Faso 6.1 2.3 5.1 -1.1 -0.3
Maldives 6.2 7.6 -1.4 3.0 -1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.3 5.8 2.9 -4.0 -3.7
Belize 6.4 1.0 -0.9 -1.2 0.6
Swaziland 6.4 7.1 8.1 6.1 12.2
Jordan 6.5 3.0 3.1 0.6 0.7
Mauritius 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.9 4.2
Mali 6.8 -0.4 4.0 -1.2 -0.7
Guyana 7.1 3.6 4.6 7.5 6.1
Cambodia 7.2 8.0 14.8 4.0 -0.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 7.2 4.6 3.9 3.1 2.7
Uganda 7.2 8.2 0.1 5.8 3.4
South Africa 7.4 8.6 6.9 5.2 5.3
Chile 7.4 6.1 5.1 3.3 3.8
Rwanda 7.4 12.0 6.2 -2.4 3.9
Philippines 7.5 5.6 9.2 5.9 4.0
Indonesia 8.0 6.2 58.4 20.5 3.7
Greece 8.2 5.5 4.8 2.6 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 8.2 1.9 -0.8 -3.7 -3.8
China 8.3 2.8 -0.8 -1.4 0.3
Bhutan 8.8 6.5 10.6 6.8 4.0
Czech Republic 8.8 8.5 10.6 2.1 3.9
Kenya 8.9 11.4 6.7 5.7 10.0
India 9.0 7.2 13.2 4.7 4.0
Nepal 9.2 4.0 11.2 7.5 2.5
Lesotho 9.3 6.1
El Salvador 9.8 4.5 2.5 0.5 2.3
Slovenia 9.8 8.4 7.9 6.1 8.9
Paraguay 9.8 6.9 11.6 6.8 9.0
Congo, Rep. 10.0 4.1 -0.9
Botswana 10.1 8.7 6.7 7.7 8.6
Pakistan 10.4 11.4 6.2 4.1 4.4
Guatemala 11.1 9.2 6.6 5.2 6.0
Israel 11.3 9.0 5.4 5.2 1.1
Chad 11.3 5.6 4.3 -8.0 3.8
Peru 11.5 8.6 7.2 3.5 3.8
Nicaragua 11.6 9.2 13.0 11.2 9.9
Papua New Guinea 11.6 4.0 13.6 14.9 15.6
Solomon Islands 11.8 8.1 12.4 8.0 7.9
Bolivia 12.4 4.7 7.7 2.2 4.6
Albania 12.7 33.2 20.6 0.4 0.1
Lao PDR 13.0 27.5 91.0 128.4 25.1
Brazil 15.8 6.9 3.2 4.9 7.0
Sri Lanka 15.9 9.6 9.4 4.7 6.2
Myanmar 16.3 29.7 51.5 18.4 -0.1
Costa Rica 17.5 13.2 11.7 10.0 11.0
Latvia 17.6 8.4 4.7 2.4 2.6
Algeria 18.7 5.7 5.0 2.6 0.3
Armenia 18.7 14.0 8.7 0.6 -0.8
Madagascar 19.8 4.5 6.2 9.9 11.9
Azerbaijan 19.8 3.7 -0.8 -8.5 1.8
Poland 19.8 15.1 11.7 7.3 10.1
Haiti 20.6 20.6 10.6 8.7 13.7
Colombia 20.8 18.5 18.7 10.9 9.2
Tanzania 21.0 16.1 12.8 7.9 5.9
Zimbabwe 21.4 18.7 31.8 58.5 55.9
Estonia 23.1 10.6 8.2 3.3 4.0
Sierra Leone 23.1 14.9 35.5 34.1 -0.8
Hungary 23.4 18.3 14.2 10.0 9.8
Moldova 23.5 11.9 7.8 39.2 31.1
Honduras 23.8 20.2 13.7 11.7 11.0
Ecuador 24.4 30.6 36.1 52.2 96.1
Lithuania 24.6 8.9 5.1 0.8 1.0
Jamaica 26.4 9.7 8.6 6.0 8.2
Burundi 26.4 31.1 12.5 3.4 24.3
Uruguay 28.3 19.8 10.8 5.7 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.9 17.3 17.9 20.1 14.5
Nigeria 29.3 8.5 10.0 6.6 6.9
Yemen, Rep. 30.7 2.2 6.0 8.7 4.6
Kyrgyz Republic 31.9 23.4 10.5 37.0 18.7
Mexico 34.4 20.6 15.9 16.6 9.5
Malawi 37.6 9.1 29.7 44.8 29.6
Romania 38.8 154.8 59.1 45.8 45.7
Kazakhstan 39.2 17.4 7.1 8.3 13.2
Georgia 39.4 7.1 3.6 19.2 4.1
Zambia 43.1 24.4 24.5 26.8 26.0
Ghana 46.6 27.9 14.6 12.4 25.2
Mongolia 46.9 36.6 9.4 7.6 11.6
Russian Federation 47.7 14.8 27.7 85.7 20.8
Mozambique 48.5 7.4 1.5 2.9 12.7
Guinea-Bissau 50.7 49.1 8.0 -2.1 8.6
Belarus 52.7 63.9 72.9 293.7 168.6
Ukraine 80.3 15.9 10.6 22.7 28.2
Turkey 80.3 85.7 84.6 64.9 54.9
Serbia 95.6 23.3 30.2 42.5 71.1
Venezuela, RB 99.9 50.0 35.8 23.6 16.2
Bulgaria 121.6 1,058.4 18.7 2.6 10.3
Sudan 132.8 46.7 17.1 16.0 8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 492.4 198.5 29.1 284.9 513.9
Angola 4,145.1 219.2 107.3 248.2 325.0
American Samoa
Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Namibia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
French Polynesia
Faroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Sao Tome and Principe 35.8 50.5 12.7 12.2
Timor-Leste
Somalia
Montenegro
Eritrea
Guam
South Sudan
Kiribati
New Caledonia
Monaco
Djibouti
Greenland
Curacao
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Tuvalu
Oman
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Antigua and Barbuda 1.1 0.8
Comoros
United Arab Emirates
Liberia
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Uzbekistan
Liechtenstein
Palau
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tajikistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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