Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Belarus 53.2 59.2 18.3 18.1 13.5
South Sudan 47.3 45.1 -0.0 3.3
Sudan 22.1 37.4 30.0 36.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.8 36.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.6 27.4 39.3 17.2 13.7
Ethiopia 33.2 22.8 8.1 7.4 10.1
Malawi 7.6 21.3 27.3 24.4 21.2
Venezuela, RB 26.1 21.1 40.6 62.2
Burundi 9.7 18.0 8.0 4.4
Tanzania 12.7 16.0 7.9 6.1 5.6
Guinea 21.4 15.2 11.9 9.7
Mongolia 9.5 15.0 8.6 13.0 5.8
Chad -3.7 14.0 0.1 1.7
Uganda 18.7 14.0 5.5 4.3 5.2
Sierra Leone 16.2 12.9 10.3 7.3
Nigeria 10.8 12.2 8.5 8.1 9.0
Maldives 12.8 12.1 2.3 2.1
Timor-Leste 13.5 11.8 11.2 0.4 0.6
Bhutan 8.8 10.9 7.0 8.2 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 14.3 10.6 8.1 7.0 5.3
Angola 13.5 10.3 8.8 7.3 10.3
Argentina 9.5 10.0 10.6
Yemen, Rep. 19.5 9.9 11.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.3 9.7 1.6
Pakistan 11.9 9.7 7.7 7.2 2.5
Nepal 9.3 9.5 9.0 8.4 7.9
Kenya 14.0 9.4 5.7 6.9 6.6
India 8.9 9.3 10.9 6.4 5.9
Trinidad and Tobago 5.1 9.3 5.2 5.7 4.7
Ghana 8.7 9.2 11.6 15.5 17.1
Vietnam 18.7 9.1 6.6 4.1 0.6
Swaziland 6.1 8.9 5.6 5.7
Algeria 4.5 8.9 3.3 2.9 4.8
Turkey 6.5 8.9 7.5 8.9 7.7
Uruguay 8.1 8.1 8.6 8.9 8.7
Sri Lanka 6.7 7.5 6.9 3.3 0.9
Botswana 8.5 7.5 5.9 4.4 3.1
Serbia 11.1 7.3 7.7 2.1 1.4
Afghanistan 10.2 7.2 7.7 4.6 -1.5
Nicaragua 8.1 7.2 7.1 6.0 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.1 7.1 9.4 10.1 10.4
Seychelles 2.6 7.1 4.3 1.4 4.0
Jamaica 7.5 6.9 9.3 8.3 3.7
Liberia 8.5 6.8 7.6 9.8
Benin 2.7 6.8 1.0 -1.1
Namibia 5.0 6.7 5.6 5.4 3.4
Zambia 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.8 10.1
Madagascar 9.5 6.4 5.8 6.1
Haiti 8.4 6.3 5.9 4.6 9.0
Rwanda 5.7 6.3 4.2 1.8 2.5
Bangladesh 10.7 6.2 7.5 7.0 6.2
Equatorial Guinea 6.9 6.1 6.4
Macao SAR, China 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.0 4.6
Lesotho 5.0 6.1 4.9 5.3 3.2
Iraq 5.8 6.1 1.9 2.2
Libya 15.5 6.1 2.6
Solomon Islands 7.3 5.9 5.4 5.2
Tajikistan 12.4 5.8 5.0 6.1
Central African Republic 1.3 5.8 1.5
Hungary 4.0 5.7 1.7 -0.2 -0.0
Panama 5.9 5.7 4.0 2.6 0.1
South Africa 5.0 5.7 5.4 6.4 4.6
Mali 2.9 5.4 -0.6 0.9
Brazil 6.6 5.4 6.2 6.3 9.0
Honduras 6.8 5.2 5.2 6.1 3.2
Iceland 4.0 5.2 3.9 2.0 1.6
Tunisia 3.5 5.1 5.8 4.9 4.9
Kazakhstan 8.3 5.1 5.8 6.7
Ecuador 4.5 5.1 2.7 3.6 4.0
Russian Federation 8.4 5.1 6.8 7.8 15.5
Suriname 17.7 5.0 2.0 3.3 6.9
Mauritania 5.6 4.9 4.1 3.5
Moldova 7.6 4.6 4.6 5.1 9.7
Bolivia 9.8 4.6 5.7 5.8 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.4 4.5 5.0 5.2
Barbados 9.4 4.5 1.8 1.9
Singapore 5.3 4.5 2.4 1.0 -0.5
Jordan 4.2 4.5 4.8 2.9 -0.9
Costa Rica 4.9 4.5 5.2 4.5 0.8
Indonesia 5.4 4.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 7.6 4.3 6.4 4.1
Gambia, The 4.8 4.3 5.7 5.9
St. Lucia 2.8 4.2 1.5 3.5
Montenegro 3.5 4.1 2.2 -0.7 1.5
Mexico 3.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 2.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.3 4.1 4.4 4.4 3.0
Estonia 5.0 3.9 2.8 -0.1 -0.5
Congo, Rep. 1.3 3.9 6.0 0.1
Mauritius 6.5 3.9 3.5 3.2 1.3
Burkina Faso 2.8 3.8 0.5 -0.2
Guatemala 6.2 3.8 4.3 3.4 2.4
Djibouti 5.1 3.7 2.4 2.9
Dominican Republic 8.5 3.7 4.8 3.0 0.8
Paraguay 8.3 3.7 2.7 5.0 3.1
Peru 3.4 3.7 2.8 3.2 3.6
Slovak Republic 3.9 3.6 1.4 -0.1 -0.3
Poland 4.3 3.6 1.0 0.1 -1.0
Croatia 2.3 3.4 2.2 -0.2 -0.5
Fiji 7.3 3.4 2.9 0.5 1.4
Antigua and Barbuda 3.5 3.4 1.1 1.1
Romania 5.8 3.3 4.0 1.1 -0.6
Macedonia, FYR 3.9 3.3 2.8 -0.3 -0.3
Czech Republic 1.9 3.3 1.4 0.3 0.3
Kuwait 4.9 3.2 2.7 2.9 -0.3
Colombia 3.4 3.2 2.0 2.9 5.0
Philippines 4.6 3.2 3.0 4.1 1.4
Lithuania 4.1 3.1 1.0 0.1 -0.9
Italy 2.7 3.0 1.2 0.2 0.0
Thailand 3.8 3.0 2.2 1.9 -0.9
Chile 3.3 3.0 1.8 4.4 4.3
Bulgaria 4.2 3.0 0.9 -1.4 -0.1
Cameroon 2.9 2.9 1.9 1.9
Cambodia 5.5 2.9 2.9 3.9 1.2
Oman 4.1 2.9 1.2 1.0 0.1
Saudi Arabia 5.8 2.9 3.5 2.7 2.2
Belgium 3.5 2.8 1.1 0.3 0.6
San Marino 2.0 2.8 1.6 1.1
United Kingdom 4.5 2.8 2.6 1.5 0.1
Finland 3.4 2.8 1.5 1.0 -0.2
West Bank and Gaza 2.9 2.8 1.7 1.7
Portugal 3.7 2.8 0.3 -0.3 0.5
Bahrain -0.4 2.8 3.3 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 2.7 6.6 7.5 6.5
Mozambique 10.4 2.7 4.3 2.6 3.6
Luxembourg 3.4 2.7 1.7 0.6 0.5
Gabon 1.3 2.7 0.5 4.7
Togo 3.6 2.6 1.8 0.2
China 5.4 2.6 2.6 2.0 1.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.2 2.6 0.8 0.2 -1.7
Slovenia 1.8 2.6 1.8 0.2 -0.5
Armenia 7.7 2.6 5.8 3.0 3.7
Cabo Verde 4.5 2.5 1.5 -0.2 0.1
Austria 3.3 2.5 2.0 1.6 0.9
Netherlands 2.3 2.5 2.5 1.0 0.6
Spain 3.2 2.4 1.4 -0.1 -0.5
Malta 2.7 2.4 1.4 0.3 1.1
Denmark 2.8 2.4 0.8 0.6 0.5
Grenada 3.0 2.4 -0.0 -0.9
Guyana 5.0 2.4 1.8
Cyprus 3.3 2.4 -0.4 -1.4 -2.1
Latvia 4.4 2.2 0.0 0.6 0.2
Korea, Rep. 4.0 2.2 1.3 1.3 0.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.0 2.1 1.2 -1.5
United States 3.2 2.1 1.5 1.6 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.7 2.0 -0.1 -0.9
Samoa 5.2 2.0 0.6 -0.4
Albania 3.5 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.9
Germany 2.1 2.0 1.5 0.9 0.2
Bahamas, The 3.2 2.0 0.3 1.5
France 2.1 2.0 0.9 0.5 0.0
Qatar 1.9 1.9 3.1 3.1 1.9
Comoros 1.8 1.8 2.3 0.6
Australia 3.3 1.8 2.4 2.5 1.5
El Salvador 5.1 1.7 0.8 1.1 -0.7
Israel 3.5 1.7 1.5 0.5 -0.6
Ireland 2.6 1.7 0.5 0.2 -0.3
Malaysia 3.2 1.7 2.1 3.1 2.1
Canada 2.9 1.5 0.9 1.9 1.1
Greece 3.3 1.5 -0.9 -1.3 -1.7
Myanmar 5.0 1.5 5.5 5.5
Senegal 3.4 1.4 0.7 -1.1 0.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.1 1.4 1.0 0.8
Vanuatu 0.9 1.4 1.4 0.8
Dominica 2.4 1.4 -0.0 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 4.9 1.3 2.6 0.4 1.4
Belize -3.6 1.3 0.5 1.2 -0.9
Morocco 0.9 1.3 1.9 0.4 1.6
Tonga 6.3 1.2 0.7 2.5
Azerbaijan 7.9 1.0 2.4 1.4 4.2
Sweden 3.0 0.9 -0.0 -0.2 -0.0
New Zealand 4.4 0.9 1.3 0.9 0.2
Norway 1.3 0.7 2.1 2.0 2.2
United Arab Emirates 0.9 0.7 1.1 2.3
Aruba 4.4 0.6 -2.4 0.4 0.5
Ukraine 8.0 0.6 -0.3 12.2 48.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.0 0.5 0.4 -0.2
Niger 2.9 0.5 2.3 -0.8
Japan -0.3 -0.0 0.4 2.7 0.8
Switzerland 0.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.0 -1.1
Georgia 8.5 -0.9 -0.5 3.1 8.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kiribati
Somalia
Curacao
Eritrea
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Guam
Greenland
Cuba
Isle of Man
Turkmenistan
Bermuda
Andorra
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Puerto Rico
Faroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
Palau
French Polynesia
Uzbekistan
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Lebanon 5.5 0.7 -3.7
Zimbabwe

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