Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Myanmar 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Algeria 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 8.0
Japan 3.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.3
Macao SAR, China 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.6 7.0
Austria 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.7 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Cabo Verde 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Ethiopia 4.0
Netherlands 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5
Switzerland 4.4 3.5 3.1 4.5 8.1
Germany 4.4 3.7 3.2 3.3 5.5
Burundi 4.5 6.0 5.3 4.0
Tanzania 4.5 8.5 15.8 17.5 17.0
Malta 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Singapore 5.0 3.9 2.9 2.7 3.2
Hungary 5.0 4.5 4.0 5.3 9.4
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.3
Tunisia 5.4 6.8 7.2 7.4
Barbados 5.5 4.3 3.6 4.3 4.8
Libya 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.3 4.3
Dominica 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.7
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Qatar 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.1 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.5
France 6.3 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5
Rwanda 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Tonga 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Bahamas, The 6.4 5.6 5.5 6.0 6.5
Luxembourg 6.5 5.5 4.9 4.5 5.0
Bhutan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.5 6.6 7.5 7.4
Belgium 6.7 5.3 5.0 4.5 5.1
Bahrain 6.7 5.6 5.0 5.5 7.3
Ireland 7.0 6.5 6.2 3.6 4.5
Mauritania 7.2 6.6 6.0 6.0 5.0
China 7.2 7.2 7.2 8.6 11.3
Kuwait 7.2 6.8 5.7 5.3 7.4
Senegal 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Togo 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Cote d'Ivoire 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Burkina Faso 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Mali 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Niger 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Benin 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Vanuatu 7.3 6.8 5.5 6.9 6.6
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 8.3 7.9 6.3 6.5
Grenada 7.5 5.8 6.3 6.1 5.7
Cameroon 7.5 7.4 7.1 7.2 7.5
Central African Republic 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.5
Comoros 7.5 7.5 6.5 6.5
Gabon 7.7 8.0 7.9 8.2 8.8
Canada 7.8 7.1 5.7 6.6 9.1
Morocco 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Denmark 8.2 6.6 7.1 7.8 8.3
Congo, Rep. 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.8 8.0
Solomon Islands 8.7 10.5 10.7 10.2 10.5
Finland 8.8 7.3 7.0 7.8 5.8
Malaysia 8.8 7.1 3.0 3.3 4.6
Botswana 9.0 8.7 7.5 5.0 5.6
Guatemala 9.0 10.2 11.0 12.2 13.0
Oman 9.0 8.3 7.5 7.6 8.7
Maldives 9.1
Nigeria 9.1 9.2 13.1 13.0 14.7
Liberia 9.3 7.3 5.9 5.4 6.8
Mauritius 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.0 11.1
Papua New Guinea 9.5 11.5 9.6 9.3 8.2
St. Lucia 9.6 8.0 5.8 5.6 5.5
Seychelles 9.6 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.7
Gambia, The 9.8 16.1 15.8 15.0 12.9
Honduras 9.9 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.6
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Zimbabwe 10.0 10.3 9.6 9.7 8.9
Norway 10.1 11.0 12.0 11.5 9.6
Lesotho 10.4 10.0 7.0 9.6 12.8
Venezuela, RB 10.5 8.9 8.9 8.9 28.9
Spain 10.5 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.5
Italy 11.0 8.9 7.0 6.7 6.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.7
Kenya 11.3 11.3 10.3 10.3 12.0
Sierra Leone 11.3 14.2 12.7 16.3 20.0
Belize 11.6 11.8 9.6 8.4 7.9
United Kingdom 11.8 9.9 8.6 8.5 11.5
Antigua and Barbuda 12.0 8.0 7.6 7.0 7.5
Bangladesh 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Guyana 12.0 12.0 11.1 12.0 15.8
Sweden 12.0 9.0 8.8 9.5 9.2
El Salvador 12.5 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.3
Malawi 12.5 12.8 14.3 13.5 12.8
Nepal 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Thailand 13.0 9.8 9.5 9.5 9.5
Lebanon 13.2 16.4 21.2 22.0 17.5
Swaziland 14.4 7.6 4.9 6.7 9.1
Australia 14.5 16.7 15.4 13.8 18.9
New Zealand 14.7 16.3 13.4 10.9
Zambia 15.3 17.7 13.2 11.4 11.4
Greece 15.5 15.5 15.3 17.3 17.1
Ghana 15.8 17.0 17.6 16.5
Costa Rica 16.5 16.7 14.1 15.2 15.6
South Africa 17.0 11.0 8.7 13.5 18.1
Sri Lanka 17.3 12.2 11.5 13.2 16.4
Indonesia 18.0 15.4 16.8 17.7 18.6
Philippines 18.9 11.3 8.2 11.3 14.1
Jamaica 19.6 18.8 15.6 15.8 16.0
Uganda 20.0 23.3 20.0 21.5 32.2
Ecuador 21.0 21.4 25.3 34.0 40.2
Iceland 24.7 12.2 15.5 25.5 23.6
Portugal 25.1 17.1 14.5 13.2 13.0
Chile 32.1 19.0 25.3 15.2 27.8
Turkey 49.3 40.6 35.0 49.1 53.8
Mexico 57.7 78.4 95.0 55.2 33.4
Bolivia 68.8 33.4 30.4 27.7 23.7
Uruguay 123.5 93.1 91.8 102.3 127.8
Israel 178.8 18.6 19.4 14.5 14.1
Brazil 295.4 109.5 401.0 859.4 5,845.0
Argentina 630.0 94.7 175.9 371.8 17,235.8
Saudi Arabia
Madagascar 17.8
Guam
Angola
Slovenia
Greenland
Middle East (developing only)
Latvia
Vietnam
Georgia
Lithuania
Bermuda
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Jordan
Fiji
Guinea 15.0 16.8 19.5
Macedonia, FYR
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Moldova
Serbia
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mongolia 300.0 300.0 300.0 300.0
Somalia
Sudan
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Kazakhstan
Mozambique
Tajikistan
Estonia
Aruba 6.4 6.6 6.7 6.7
Namibia
Eritrea
Turkmenistan
Lao PDR 30.0
American Samoa
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Kyrgyz Republic
Hong Kong SAR, China
Nicaragua 107,379.1 1,585.9
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Dominican Republic
Colombia 31.4 30.8 33.5 33.7
Djibouti 5.8
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Cambodia
Curacao
Kiribati
Pakistan
Bulgaria
St. Martin (French part)
Brunei Darussalam
Palau
Panama 6.5 6.6 7.5 8.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba
Suriname
Paraguay
Liechtenstein
Peru 161.8 1,135.6
Belarus
India
Azerbaijan
Poland 246.9
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Armenia
Ukraine
Andorra
Haiti
Guinea-Bissau 23.0 28.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Iraq
Croatia
United Arab Emirates
Romania
United States
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Albania
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Yemen, Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe 16.0
Afghanistan

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