Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Netherlands 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 4.7
Austria 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.0 2.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Cabo Verde 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Japan 4.1 5.1 3.4 2.1 1.7
Chad 4.3 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
France 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Malta 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Singapore 4.7 4.6 2.9 2.3 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.9 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9
Dominica 5.0 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.5
Mauritania 5.0 5.0 7.5 8.6 9.0
Libya 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Malaysia 5.7 7.1 7.9 7.0 4.9
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Djibouti 5.8 6.3 3.1 2.7 3.9
Myanmar 5.9 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Trinidad and Tobago 6.0 5.8 7.0 7.1 6.9
Qatar 6.0 6.0 4.8 4.1 4.8
Luxembourg 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.3 5.0
Botswana 6.1 11.4 12.5 13.5 10.6
St. Lucia 6.1 4.1 4.3 4.0 3.8
Belgium 6.1 6.3 6.3 7.1 4.9
Barbados 6.3 6.5 6.7 4.4 4.3
Ireland 6.3 5.2 5.4 2.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
Bhutan 6.5 6.5 8.0 8.0 8.0
Bahamas, The 6.6 6.9 6.1 5.2 4.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.7 5.5 3.1 2.3 3.5
Aruba 6.7 6.6 5.9 5.0 4.0
Italy 6.8 6.6 7.1 7.8 6.2
Rwanda 6.9 8.8 7.7 5.0
Mali 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Niger 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Togo 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Grenada 7.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.6
Vanuatu 7.0 7.0 4.7 5.0 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Senegal 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.8 3.5 3.5
Germany 7.1 7.6 8.0 6.3 4.5
Macao SAR, China 7.1 5.9 3.5 2.8 4.2
Tonga 7.3 7.3 5.5 4.3 4.6
Central African Republic 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
Bahrain 7.5 3.6 3.0 4.0
Finland 7.5 7.5 7.5 4.8 3.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.5 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.0
Cameroon 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
Congo, Rep. 7.8 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
Denmark 7.9 7.2 7.5 6.5 3.5
Algeria 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 12.0
San Marino 8.0 7.6 10.0 9.0 7.5
Belize 8.1 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.6
Jordan 8.2 8.1 7.2 6.9 7.1
Switzerland 8.3 7.6 5.5 3.5 3.6
Oman 8.3 7.1 6.3 4.2 4.3
Panama 8.4 7.7 5.7 5.9 6.1
Morocco 8.5 8.5
China 8.6 7.6 7.6 11.0 11.0
Papua New Guinea 8.7 9.1 7.9 5.0 5.1
Swaziland 8.7 10.6 10.5 7.9 7.5
Gabon 8.8 7.5 7.5 7.8 8.1
Honduras 8.8 11.5 12.3 11.6 11.6
Zimbabwe 8.8 14.2 28.6 29.4 26.8
Antigua and Barbuda 9.0 6.0 5.8 5.0 4.2
Nicaragua 9.5 11.6 12.0 11.6 11.7
Seychelles 9.6 9.5 9.6 9.4 8.8
Norway 9.7 9.6 10.7 5.5 5.2
Canada 9.9 5.8 3.9 3.2 4.0
Sweden 9.9 8.0 7.8 5.1 4.9
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
Solomon Islands 10.5 12.0 11.9 9.5 9.0
Spain 10.7 10.5 10.4 9.6 6.7
Gambia, The 11.3 12.7 13.8 13.0 12.6
New Zealand 11.7 8.9 6.6 6.2 6.4
Nepal 11.9 8.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8
Bangladesh 12.0 12.1 10.5 8.2 6.4
Malawi 12.1 12.5 16.5 21.8 25.0
Thailand 12.3 13.7 8.9 8.6 8.5
Iceland 12.3 12.7 5.9 6.6 3.0
United Kingdom 12.5 10.3 7.5 4.0 3.7
Mauritius 12.6 12.3 10.1 8.4 11.0
Lesotho 13.0 13.0 10.6 8.1 8.4
Kenya 13.7
Portugal 14.0 14.8 14.6 11.1 8.4
Israel 14.4 13.9 11.3 10.4 12.2
Sao Tome and Principe 16.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Australia 16.3 11.4 7.4 6.0 5.9
Lebanon 16.9 16.8 17.1 15.6 14.8
Indonesia 17.5 23.3 19.6 14.5 12.5
El Salvador 18.0 16.1 11.5 15.3 13.6
Guatemala 18.2 24.4 10.4 12.6 9.7
South Africa 18.9 17.3 13.8 11.5 11.1
Sri Lanka 19.4 13.8 13.7 13.8 13.1
Greece 19.5 20.7 19.9 19.3 18.9
Philippines 19.5 18.8 14.3 9.6 10.5
Nigeria 19.8 14.9 18.0 23.2 13.1
Madagascar 20.5 20.5 20.5 19.5 19.5
Guinea 21.0 22.0 23.0 19.8 18.0
Costa Rica 21.2 27.3 15.8 16.9 17.7
Paraguay 22.9 22.5 20.1 22.1 23.1
Bolivia 23.8 23.8 23.2 22.2 18.4
Jamaica 23.9 24.7 33.6 27.6 36.4
Hungary 24.7 30.4 24.4 15.7 20.3
Zambia 25.7 48.5 46.1
Venezuela, RB 27.8 31.1 35.4 53.7 39.0
Guyana 29.2 29.5 22.5 12.3 11.4
Lao PDR 30.0 23.5 15.0 13.3 12.0
Mexico 30.4 18.0 15.9 16.7 15.0
Uganda 31.3 31.2 35.8 16.3 10.0
Guinea-Bissau 32.7 36.0 39.3 3.5 3.5
Colombia 36.4 37.2 26.7 25.8 29.4
Chile 40.4 22.3 18.3 18.2 15.1
Sierra Leone 40.5 47.8 54.7 27.0 11.6
Ecuador 43.5 41.5 46.8 32.0 33.6
Turkey 47.5 62.7 68.7 64.6 87.8
Poland 102.9 58.4 41.2 37.1 33.4
Uruguay 147.5 113.5 82.2 59.4 55.8
Mongolia 300.0 400.0 362.5 280.2 115.7
Argentina 1,517.9 61.7 16.8 11.3 8.1
Peru 2,439.6 170.5 59.7 15.5 9.9
Brazil 9,394.3 913.5 1,560.2 3,293.5 5,175.2
Ukraine 148.6 208.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belarus 65.1 89.6
Slovenia 682.5 153.0 33.0 28.1
Moldova
Monaco
Kiribati
Fiji 7.6 7.1
Vietnam 22.0
Montenegro
South Sudan
Ethiopia 2.9 11.5 11.5
Sudan
Mozambique 33.4
Tanzania
Estonia 11.5
Turkmenistan
Namibia 12.8 11.4 9.6 9.2
Isle of Man
Eritrea
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Marshall Islands
Somalia
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
French Polynesia
Dominican Republic 20.0 16.7 14.0 13.7
Kuwait 7.6 7.1 5.7
Czech Republic 7.0 7.1
Taiwan, China
Georgia
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Tunisia
Curacao
Tuvalu
Cuba
Andorra
Pakistan
American Samoa
Palau
West Bank and Gaza
Croatia 658.5 379.3 6.5
Faeroe Islands
Maldives
Burundi
Ghana 21.3 16.3 23.6 23.1
Latvia 34.8 31.7
India
Bulgaria 39.5 45.0 42.6 51.1
St. Martin (French part)
Brunei Darussalam
Macedonia, FYR 117.6
Greenland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Suriname 4.6 4.5 4.8 7.5
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Azerbaijan
Romania 57.0
Tajikistan
Russian Federation
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Comoros
Armenia
Samoa
Angola
Lithuania 88.3 48.4
Kazakhstan
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Saudi Arabia
Haiti
Liberia 6.3
United Arab Emirates
Serbia
United States
Cayman Islands
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Iraq
Cambodia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
Slovak Republic 8.0 9.3
Albania 18.5 27.3 19.8

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