Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Ireland 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1
Japan 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Switzerland 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.2
Austria 2.2 1.7 1.5 2.7 2.2
Vanuatu 3.0 4.5 3.7 3.3 1.6
Finland 3.2 2.4 2.0 1.2
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Singapore 3.5 3.4 3.5 4.6 1.7
Grenada 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3
Iceland 3.7 4.3 4.7 4.5 8.0
Denmark 3.9 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.4
Germany 3.9 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.4
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4
Belgium 4.0 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.4
United Kingdom 4.1 3.0 3.6 4.5
Bahamas, The 4.2 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.6
Dominica 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5
Aruba 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.9 6.2
Netherlands 4.4 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7
St. Lucia 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8
Malta 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
France 4.5 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3
Tonga 4.7 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4
Norway 5.0 4.2 3.6 7.2 5.4
Luxembourg 5.0 3.5 3.5 3.3
Cabo Verde 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.8
Barbados 5.1 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4
Canada 5.3 3.0 1.9 3.1 2.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.3 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gabon 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Central African Republic 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cameroon 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.0
Croatia 5.5 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 4.6 6.0 6.6 4.5
Bahrain 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.8
Cyprus 5.8 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5
Malaysia 5.9 7.1 7.8 8.5 4.1
Macao SAR, China 5.9 5.2 6.2 7.0 5.3
Bangladesh 6.0 7.3 8.1 8.4 8.7
Sweden 6.2 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.7
Qatar 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5
Liberia 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.3
Italy 6.4 6.5 4.8 3.2 1.6
Oman 6.5 6.9 7.3 8.5 8.1
Kuwait 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8
Fiji 6.8 6.2 5.6 4.5 3.4
Czech Republic 7.0 6.8 7.7 8.1 4.5
Sierra Leone 7.0 14.0 9.9 7.1 9.5
Panama 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.9
Papua New Guinea 7.3 7.1 4.1 8.4 8.1
San Marino 7.4 6.2 4.7 3.7 2.5
Australia 7.4 6.9 5.2 4.5 4.2
Uganda 7.6 10.6 11.8 11.4 8.7
Spain 7.7 6.1 4.0 2.9 1.8
Jordan 7.7 8.5 9.1 8.2 8.3
Guatemala 7.9 7.7 5.8 5.4 8.0
Bhutan 8.0 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Solomon Islands 8.2 7.0 2.5 3.3 3.5
Portugal 8.4 6.3 4.6 3.4 2.4
Philippines 8.4 9.7 10.2 12.1 8.2
New Zealand 8.5 8.5 7.3 6.8 4.6
Cambodia 8.7 8.8 8.0 7.8 7.3
Estonia 8.7 6.1 6.2 8.1 4.2
Korea, Rep. 8.8 7.5 10.8 13.3 7.9
Mauritania 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Slovak Republic 9.0 9.3 13.4 16.3 14.4
Seychelles 9.2 9.9 9.2 7.5 5.1
Belize 9.4 9.1 9.2 8.8 8.1
Swaziland 9.4 11.1 12.0 11.9 9.9
Peru 9.6 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.8
Myanmar 9.8 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.0
Botswana 9.8 9.7 9.5 8.4 9.1
Namibia 10.8 12.6 12.7 12.9 10.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.9 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.2
China 11.0 7.5 5.7 3.8 2.3
Nicaragua 11.1 12.3 12.4 10.8 11.8
Haiti 11.4 16.9 15.9 19.4 11.4
Ethiopia 11.5 9.4 7.0 6.0 6.0
Thailand 11.6 10.3 10.5 10.6 4.8
Argentina 11.9 7.4 7.0 7.6 8.0
Honduras 12.0 16.7 21.3 18.6 20.0
Sri Lanka 12.1 12.4 11.2 9.6 9.1
Mauritius 12.2 10.8 9.1 9.3 10.9
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Guyana 12.9 10.5 8.6 8.1 9.1
Lesotho 13.3 12.7 11.8 10.7 7.5
Nigeria 13.5 13.1 7.2 10.1 12.8
South Africa 13.5 14.9 15.4 16.5 12.2
Kenya 13.6 17.6 16.7 18.4 9.6
Chile 13.7 13.5 12.0 14.9 8.6
Lao PDR 14.0 16.0 17.8 13.4
Israel 14.1 14.5 13.1 11.0 11.3
El Salvador 14.4 14.0 11.8 10.3 10.7
Latvia 14.8 11.7 5.9 5.3 5.0
Dominican Republic 14.9 13.9 13.4 17.6 16.1
Albania 15.3 16.8 27.3 22.6 12.9
Slovenia 15.4 15.1 13.2 10.5 7.2
Greece 15.8 13.5 10.1 10.7 8.7
Lebanon 16.3 15.5 13.4 13.6 12.5
Algeria 16.6 14.5 12.6 9.1 8.3
Indonesia 16.7 17.3 20.0 39.1 25.7
Guinea 17.5 6.4 5.7
Madagascar 18.5 19.0 14.4 8.0 15.3
Bolivia 18.9 19.2 14.7 12.8 12.3
Lithuania 20.1 13.9 7.9 6.0 4.9
Suriname 21.0 17.8 17.3 16.0 15.6
Paraguay 21.2 17.2 13.0 16.2 19.7
Jamaica 23.2 25.2 13.9 15.6 13.5
Costa Rica 23.9 17.3 13.0 12.8 14.3
Macedonia, FYR 24.1 12.8 11.6 11.7 11.4
Hungary 24.4 18.6 16.9 14.4 11.9
Tanzania 24.6 13.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Venezuela, RB 24.7 27.6 14.7 34.8 21.3
Zimbabwe 25.9 21.6 18.6 29.1 38.5
Poland 26.8 20.0 19.2 18.2 11.2
Ghana 28.7 34.5 35.8 32.0 23.6
Zambia 30.2 42.1 34.5 13.1 20.3
Colombia 32.3 31.2 24.1 32.6 21.3
Sao Tome and Principe 35.0 31.0 36.8 38.3 27.0
Bulgaria 35.9 74.7 46.8 3.0 3.2
Malawi 37.3 26.3 10.2 19.1 33.2
Mozambique 38.8 18.1 25.4 8.2 7.9
Mexico 39.8 26.4 16.4 15.5 11.6
Ecuador 43.3 41.5 28.1 39.4 10.5
Romania 44.7 37.3 55.8 37.3 45.9
Brazil 52.2 26.4 24.4 28.0 26.0
Uruguay 57.7 42.4 29.6 22.8 21.5
Armenia 63.2 32.2 26.1 24.9 27.3
Ukraine 70.3 33.6 18.2 22.3 20.7
Mongolia 74.6 44.8 36.4 33.3 23.4
Turkey 76.0 80.8 79.5 80.1 78.4
Belarus 100.8 32.4 15.6 14.3 23.8
Russian Federation 102.0 55.1 16.8 17.1 13.7
Angola 125.9 147.1 29.3 36.9 36.6
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan
Afghanistan
Morocco 7.3 6.4
Tajikistan 23.9 9.8 5.2
Georgia 14.7 16.3 9.1 5.3
Iraq
Montenegro
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.9 29.2
French Polynesia
Greenland
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Sudan
Palau
Bermuda
Rwanda 11.1 8.2 7.8 8.7
Azerbaijan 12.1
Samoa
India
Eritrea
Vietnam 8.5 9.2 7.4
Pakistan
Libya 3.2
Saudi Arabia
Burundi
Monaco
Brunei Darussalam
Nepal 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.3
New Caledonia
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 8.0 8.5
Kosovo
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 36.7 39.6 35.8 35.6
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Serbia 19.1 16.2 3.3
Djibouti
Turkmenistan
Tunisia
Curacao
Cuba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Moldova 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.5
United Arab Emirates 4.9
Congo, Dem. Rep.
United States
Comoros 11.4
Uzbekistan
Somalia
Maldives 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep. 23.8 14.9 11.3 18.3
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein

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