Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Ireland 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1
Japan 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Switzerland 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.2
Austria 2.2 1.7 1.5 2.7 2.2
Finland 3.2 2.4 2.0 1.2
Sweden 6.2 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.7
Belgium 4.0 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.4
Denmark 3.9 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.4
Germany 3.9 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.4
Canada 5.3 3.0 1.9 3.1 2.9
United Kingdom 4.1 3.0 3.6 4.5
Singapore 3.5 3.4 3.5 4.6 1.7
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Netherlands 4.4 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7
Luxembourg 5.0 3.5 3.5 3.3
Djibouti 5.2 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.8
France 4.5 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.7
Grenada 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5
Norway 5.0 4.2 3.6 7.2 5.4
Iceland 3.7 4.3 4.7 4.5 8.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3
Aruba 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.9 6.2
Dominica 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4
Malta 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7
Vanuatu 3.0 4.5 3.7 3.3 1.6
St. Lucia 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.3 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 4.6 6.0 6.6 4.5
Cabo Verde 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.8
Bahamas, The 4.2 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.6
Bahrain 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.8
Barbados 5.1 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4
Macao SAR, China 5.9 5.2 6.2 7.0 5.3
Cameroon 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.0
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gabon 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Central African Republic 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Tonga 4.7 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4
Croatia 5.5 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.3
Kuwait 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8
Estonia 8.7 6.1 6.2 8.1 4.2
Spain 7.7 6.1 4.0 2.9 1.8
San Marino 7.4 6.2 4.7 3.7 2.5
Fiji 6.8 6.2 5.6 4.5 3.4
Portugal 8.4 6.3 4.6 3.4 2.4
Italy 6.4 6.5 4.8 3.2 1.6
Qatar 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5
Czech Republic 7.0 6.8 7.7 8.1 4.5
Maldives 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9
Oman 6.5 6.9 7.3 8.5 8.1
Australia 7.4 6.9 5.2 4.5 4.2
Cyprus 5.8 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5
Solomon Islands 8.2 7.0 2.5 3.3 3.5
Malaysia 5.9 7.1 7.8 8.5 4.1
Papua New Guinea 7.3 7.1 4.1 8.4 8.1
Panama 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.9
Bangladesh 6.0 7.3 8.1 8.4 8.7
Argentina 11.9 7.4 7.0 7.6 8.0
China 11.0 7.5 5.7 3.8 2.3
Korea, Rep. 8.8 7.5 10.8 13.3 7.9
Guatemala 7.9 7.7 5.8 5.4 8.0
Bhutan 8.0 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
New Zealand 8.5 8.5 7.3 6.8 4.6
Jordan 7.7 8.5 9.1 8.2 8.3
Cambodia 8.7 8.8 8.0 7.8 7.3
Mauritania 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Belize 9.4 9.1 9.2 8.8 8.1
Slovak Republic 9.0 9.3 13.4 16.3 14.4
Ethiopia 11.5 9.4 7.0 6.0 6.0
Nepal 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.3
Botswana 9.8 9.7 9.5 8.4 9.1
Philippines 8.4 9.7 10.2 12.1 8.2
Seychelles 9.2 9.9 9.2 7.5 5.1
Peru 9.6 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.8
Thailand 11.6 10.3 10.5 10.6 4.8
Guyana 12.9 10.5 8.6 8.1 9.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.9 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.2
Uganda 7.6 10.6 11.8 11.4 8.7
Mauritius 12.2 10.8 9.1 9.3 10.9
Swaziland 9.4 11.1 12.0 11.9 9.9
Rwanda 11.1 8.2 7.8 8.7
Latvia 14.8 11.7 5.9 5.3 5.0
Nicaragua 11.1 12.3 12.4 10.8 11.8
Sri Lanka 12.1 12.4 11.2 9.6 9.1
Myanmar 9.8 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.0
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Namibia 10.8 12.6 12.7 12.9 10.8
Lesotho 13.3 12.7 11.8 10.7 7.5
Macedonia, FYR 24.1 12.8 11.6 11.7 11.4
Nigeria 13.5 13.1 7.2 10.1 12.8
Chile 13.7 13.5 12.0 14.9 8.6
Greece 15.8 13.5 10.1 10.7 8.7
Tanzania 24.6 13.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Dominican Republic 14.9 13.9 13.4 17.6 16.1
Lithuania 20.1 13.9 7.9 6.0 4.9
Sierra Leone 7.0 14.0 9.9 7.1 9.5
El Salvador 14.4 14.0 11.8 10.3 10.7
Israel 14.1 14.5 13.1 11.0 11.3
Algeria 16.6 14.5 12.6 9.1 8.3
Georgia 14.7 16.3 9.1 5.3
South Africa 13.5 14.9 15.4 16.5 12.2
Slovenia 15.4 15.1 13.2 10.5 7.2
Lebanon 16.3 15.5 13.4 13.6 12.5
Lao PDR 14.0 16.0 17.8 13.4
Honduras 12.0 16.7 21.3 18.6 20.0
Albania 15.3 16.8 27.3 22.6 12.9
Haiti 11.4 16.9 15.9 19.4 11.4
Paraguay 21.2 17.2 13.0 16.2 19.7
Indonesia 16.7 17.3 20.0 39.1 25.7
Costa Rica 23.9 17.3 13.0 12.8 14.3
Kenya 13.6 17.6 16.7 18.4 9.6
Suriname 21.0 17.8 17.3 16.0 15.6
Mozambique 38.8 18.1 25.4 8.2 7.9
Hungary 24.4 18.6 16.9 14.4 11.9
Madagascar 18.5 19.0 14.4 8.0 15.3
Bolivia 18.9 19.2 14.7 12.8 12.3
Poland 26.8 20.0 19.2 18.2 11.2
Zimbabwe 25.9 21.6 18.6 29.1 38.5
Yemen, Rep. 23.8 14.9 11.3 18.3
Jamaica 23.2 25.2 13.9 15.6 13.5
Moldova 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.5
Malawi 37.3 26.3 10.2 19.1 33.2
Mexico 39.8 26.4 16.4 15.5 11.6
Brazil 52.2 26.4 24.4 28.0 26.0
Venezuela, RB 24.7 27.6 14.7 34.8 21.3
Sao Tome and Principe 35.0 31.0 36.8 38.3 27.0
Colombia 32.3 31.2 24.1 32.6 21.3
Armenia 63.2 32.2 26.1 24.9 27.3
Belarus 100.8 32.4 15.6 14.3 23.8
Ukraine 70.3 33.6 18.2 22.3 20.7
Ghana 28.7 34.5 35.8 32.0 23.6
Kyrgyz Republic 36.7 39.6 35.8 35.6
Romania 44.7 37.3 55.8 37.3 45.9
Ecuador 43.3 41.5 28.1 39.4 10.5
Zambia 30.2 42.1 34.5 13.1 20.3
Uruguay 57.7 42.4 29.6 22.8 21.5
Mongolia 74.6 44.8 36.4 33.3 23.4
Russian Federation 102.0 55.1 16.8 17.1 13.7
Bulgaria 35.9 74.7 46.8 3.0 3.2
Turkey 76.0 80.8 79.5 80.1 78.4
Angola 125.9 147.1 29.3 36.9 36.6
Curacao
Palau
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
American Samoa
Tajikistan 23.9 9.8 5.2
Pakistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Eritrea
Northern Mariana Islands
Azerbaijan 12.1
Saudi Arabia
Iraq
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 8.0 8.5
Serbia 19.1 16.2 3.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Comoros 11.4
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Liberia 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.3
New Caledonia
Afghanistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
India
Guam
Marshall Islands
Guinea 17.5 6.4 5.7
Taiwan, China
Cayman Islands
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Somalia
Timor-Leste
Morocco 7.3 6.4
Andorra
South Sudan
Tunisia
Burundi
Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates 4.9
Tuvalu
United States
Isle of Man
Brunei Darussalam
Kazakhstan
Montenegro
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Libya 3.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.9 29.2
Vietnam 8.5 9.2 7.4
Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Kiribati
Cuba

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