Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Japan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Ireland 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
Switzerland 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.2 3.0
Austria 1.7 1.5 2.7 2.2
Canada 3.0 1.9 3.1 2.9 3.5
Finland 2.4 2.0 1.2 1.6
Solomon Islands 7.0 2.5 3.3 3.5 3.0
Sweden 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.2
Denmark 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.4 3.2
Germany 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.4
Belgium 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.4 3.6
Netherlands 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.9
Luxembourg 3.5 3.5 3.3
Singapore 3.4 3.5 4.6 1.7 1.7
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
France 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.7 2.6
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.8 4.5
Norway 4.2 3.6 7.2 5.4 6.7
United Kingdom 3.0 3.6 4.5
Vanuatu 4.5 3.7 3.3 1.6 1.3
Grenada 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.2
Spain 6.1 4.0 2.9 1.8 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Papua New Guinea 7.1 4.1 8.4 8.1 8.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.5
Dominica 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3
Croatia 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.3 3.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.2
Aruba 4.3 4.4 4.9 6.2 6.2
Portugal 6.3 4.6 3.4 2.4
Malta 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.9
Barbados 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4 5.0
San Marino 6.2 4.7 3.7 2.5 2.6
St. Lucia 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
Iceland 4.3 4.7 4.5 8.0 10.6
Italy 6.5 4.8 3.2 1.6 1.8
Central African Republic 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gabon 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cabo Verde 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.3
Cameroon 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Australia 6.9 5.2 4.5 4.2 5.1
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.6 4.1
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.8
Fiji 6.2 5.6 4.5 3.4 3.1
Tonga 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.4
China 7.5 5.7 3.8 2.3 2.3
Guatemala 7.7 5.8 5.4 8.0 10.2
Latvia 11.7 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.4
Kuwait 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.6 6.0 6.6 4.5 4.8
Estonia 6.1 6.2 8.1 4.2 3.8
Macao SAR, China 5.2 6.2 7.0 5.3 5.3
Liberia 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2
Cyprus 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Qatar 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5
Maldives 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 8.0 8.5 8.2
Argentina 7.4 7.0 7.6 8.0 8.3
Ethiopia 9.4 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Panama 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.9 7.1
Nigeria 13.1 7.2 10.1 12.8 11.7
New Zealand 8.5 7.3 6.8 4.6 6.4
Oman 6.9 7.3 8.5 8.1 7.6
Czech Republic 6.8 7.7 8.1 4.5 3.4
Malaysia 7.1 7.8 8.5 4.1 3.4
Tanzania 13.6 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.4
Lithuania 13.9 7.9 6.0 4.9 3.9
Cambodia 8.8 8.0 7.8 7.3 6.8
Bangladesh 7.3 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.6
Rwanda 11.1 8.2 7.8 8.7 10.1
Bhutan 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Vietnam 8.5 9.2 7.4 3.7
Guyana 10.5 8.6 8.1 9.1 8.7
Mauritania 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.4
Mauritius 10.8 9.1 9.3 10.9 9.6
Jordan 8.5 9.1 8.2 8.3 7.0
Belize 9.1 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.7
Seychelles 9.9 9.2 7.5 5.1 4.8
Botswana 9.7 9.5 8.4 9.1 9.4
Nepal 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.3 6.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.2 9.5
Sierra Leone 14.0 9.9 7.1 9.5 9.2
Greece 13.5 10.1 10.7 8.7 6.1
Philippines 9.7 10.2 12.1 8.2 8.3
Malawi 26.3 10.2 19.1 33.2 33.3
Peru 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.8 9.8
Thailand 10.3 10.5 10.6 4.8 3.3
Korea, Rep. 7.5 10.8 13.3 7.9 7.9
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.2 9.6 9.1 9.2
Macedonia, FYR 12.8 11.6 11.7 11.4 11.2
Lesotho 12.7 11.8 10.7 7.5 4.9
Uganda 10.6 11.8 11.4 8.7 9.8
Swaziland 11.1 12.0 11.9 9.9 6.5
Chile 13.5 12.0 14.9 8.6 9.2
Nicaragua 12.3 12.4 10.8 11.8 10.8
Myanmar 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.0 9.8
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Algeria 14.5 12.6 9.1 8.3 7.5
Namibia 12.6 12.7 12.9 10.8 7.4
Paraguay 17.2 13.0 16.2 19.7 15.7
Costa Rica 17.3 13.0 12.8 14.3 13.4
Israel 14.5 13.1 11.0 11.3 8.6
Slovenia 15.1 13.2 10.5 7.2 10.0
Lebanon 15.5 13.4 13.6 12.5 11.2
Dominican Republic 13.9 13.4 17.6 16.1 17.7
Slovak Republic 9.3 13.4 16.3 14.4 8.5
Jamaica 25.2 13.9 15.6 13.5 11.6
Madagascar 19.0 14.4 8.0 15.3 15.0
Venezuela, RB 27.6 14.7 34.8 21.3 16.3
Bolivia 19.2 14.7 12.8 12.3 11.0
Yemen, Rep. 23.8 14.9 11.3 18.3 14.0
South Africa 14.9 15.4 16.5 12.2 9.2
Belarus 32.4 15.6 14.3 23.8 37.6
Haiti 16.9 15.9 19.4 11.4 18.0
Georgia 14.7 16.3 9.1 5.3 4.0
Mexico 26.4 16.4 15.5 11.6 8.3
Kenya 17.6 16.7 18.4 9.6 8.1
Russian Federation 55.1 16.8 17.1 13.7 6.5
Hungary 18.6 16.9 14.4 11.9 9.5
Suriname 17.8 17.3 16.0 15.6 15.5
Ukraine 33.6 18.2 22.3 20.7 13.7
Zimbabwe 21.6 18.6 29.1 38.5 50.2
Serbia 19.1 16.2 3.3 78.7
Poland 20.0 19.2 18.2 11.2 14.2
Indonesia 17.3 20.0 39.1 25.7 12.5
Honduras 16.7 21.3 18.6 20.0 15.9
Moldova 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.5 24.9
Tajikistan 23.9 9.8 5.2 1.3
Colombia 31.2 24.1 32.6 21.3 12.1
Brazil 26.4 24.4 28.0 26.0 17.2
Mozambique 18.1 25.4 8.2 7.9 9.7
Armenia 32.2 26.1 24.9 27.3 18.1
Albania 16.8 27.3 22.6 12.9 8.3
Ecuador 41.5 28.1 39.4 10.5 8.8
Angola 147.1 29.3 36.9 36.6 39.6
Uruguay 42.4 29.6 22.8 21.5 18.3
Kyrgyz Republic 24.8 32.0 62.1 23.0 10.6
Zambia 42.1 34.5 13.1 20.3 20.2
Ghana 34.5 35.8 32.0 23.6 28.6
Mongolia 44.8 36.4 33.3 23.4 16.8
Sao Tome and Principe 31.0 36.8 38.3 27.0 21.0
Bulgaria 74.7 46.8 3.0 3.2 3.1
Romania 37.3 55.8 37.3 45.9 33.1
Turkey 80.8 79.5 80.1 78.4 47.2
Palau
Samoa
French Polynesia
Faroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Guinea 6.4 5.7 7.5
India
Sudan
Guam
Pakistan
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Saudi Arabia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Eritrea
Andorra
Iran, Islamic Rep.
American Samoa
Iraq
West Bank and Gaza
Kazakhstan
Burundi
Kiribati
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.9 29.2 16.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Morocco 7.3 6.4 5.2
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Azerbaijan 12.1 12.9
Cuba
Tunisia
Somalia
Turkmenistan
Monaco
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
South Sudan
United Arab Emirates
Congo, Dem. Rep.
United States
Comoros 11.4 3.0
Uzbekistan
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR 16.0 17.8 13.4 12.0
Libya 3.2 3.0
El Salvador

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