Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Japan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Ireland 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
Switzerland 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.2 3.0
Sweden 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.2
Austria 1.7 1.5 2.7 2.2
Germany 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.4
Spain 6.1 4.0 2.9 1.8 3.0
Bulgaria 74.7 46.8 3.0 3.2 3.1
Belgium 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.4 3.6
Denmark 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.4 3.2
Canada 3.0 1.9 3.1 2.9 3.5
Netherlands 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.9
Italy 6.5 4.8 3.2 1.6 1.8
France 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.7 2.6
Vanuatu 4.5 3.7 3.3 1.6 1.3
Luxembourg 3.5 3.5 3.3
Solomon Islands 7.0 2.5 3.3 3.5 3.0
Portugal 6.3 4.6 3.4 2.4
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
San Marino 6.2 4.7 3.7 2.5 2.6
China 7.5 5.7 3.8 2.3 2.3
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.8 4.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Grenada 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.2
Barbados 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3
Dominica 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 3.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.2
Australia 6.9 5.2 4.5 4.2 5.1
United Kingdom 3.0 3.6 4.5
Iceland 4.3 4.7 4.5 8.0 10.6
Fiji 6.2 5.6 4.5 3.4 3.1
Singapore 3.4 3.5 4.6 1.7 1.7
Croatia 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.3 3.7
Malta 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.9
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.8
St. Lucia 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
Aruba 4.3 4.4 4.9 6.2 6.2
Central African Republic 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gabon 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cameroon 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cabo Verde 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.3
Latvia 11.7 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.4
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.6 4.1
Guatemala 7.7 5.8 5.4 8.0 10.2
Tonga 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.4
Lithuania 13.9 7.9 6.0 4.9 3.9
Ethiopia 9.4 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Liberia 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2
Kuwait 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9
Guinea 6.4 5.7 7.5
Cyprus 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Qatar 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.6 6.0 6.6 4.5 4.8
Panama 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.9 7.1
New Zealand 8.5 7.3 6.8 4.6 6.4
Maldives 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9
Macao SAR, China 5.2 6.2 7.0 5.3 5.3
Sierra Leone 14.0 9.9 7.1 9.5 9.2
Norway 4.2 3.6 7.2 5.4 6.7
Morocco 7.3 6.4 5.2
Seychelles 9.9 9.2 7.5 5.1 4.8
Argentina 7.4 7.0 7.6 8.0 8.3
Tanzania 13.6 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.4
Rwanda 11.1 8.2 7.8 8.7 10.1
Cambodia 8.8 8.0 7.8 7.3 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 8.0 8.5 8.2
Madagascar 19.0 14.4 8.0 15.3 15.0
Estonia 6.1 6.2 8.1 4.2 3.8
Czech Republic 6.8 7.7 8.1 4.5 3.4
Guyana 10.5 8.6 8.1 9.1 8.7
Jordan 8.5 9.1 8.2 8.3 7.0
Mozambique 18.1 25.4 8.2 7.9 9.7
Bhutan 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Papua New Guinea 7.1 4.1 8.4 8.1 8.5
Bangladesh 7.3 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.6
Botswana 9.7 9.5 8.4 9.1 9.4
Oman 6.9 7.3 8.5 8.1 7.6
Malaysia 7.1 7.8 8.5 4.1 3.4
Belize 9.1 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.7
Nepal 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.3 6.0
Mauritania 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.4
Georgia 14.7 16.3 9.1 5.3 4.0
Algeria 14.5 12.6 9.1 8.3 7.5
Vietnam 8.5 9.2 7.4 3.7
Mauritius 10.8 9.1 9.3 10.9 9.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.2 9.5
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.2 9.6 9.1 9.2
Tajikistan 23.9 9.8 5.2 1.3
Nigeria 13.1 7.2 10.1 12.8 11.7
Slovenia 15.1 13.2 10.5 7.2 10.0
Thailand 10.3 10.5 10.6 4.8 3.3
Greece 13.5 10.1 10.7 8.7 6.1
Lesotho 12.7 11.8 10.7 7.5 4.9
Nicaragua 12.3 12.4 10.8 11.8 10.8
Peru 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.8 9.8
Israel 14.5 13.1 11.0 11.3 8.6
Yemen, Rep. 23.8 14.9 11.3 18.3 14.0
Uganda 10.6 11.8 11.4 8.7 9.8
Macedonia, FYR 12.8 11.6 11.7 11.4 11.2
Swaziland 11.1 12.0 11.9 9.9 6.5
Philippines 9.7 10.2 12.1 8.2 8.3
Myanmar 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.0 9.8
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Costa Rica 17.3 13.0 12.8 14.3 13.4
Bolivia 19.2 14.7 12.8 12.3 11.0
Namibia 12.6 12.7 12.9 10.8 7.4
Zambia 42.1 34.5 13.1 20.3 20.2
Korea, Rep. 7.5 10.8 13.3 7.9 7.9
Lebanon 15.5 13.4 13.6 12.5 11.2
Belarus 32.4 15.6 14.3 23.8 37.6
Hungary 18.6 16.9 14.4 11.9 9.5
Chile 13.5 12.0 14.9 8.6 9.2
Mexico 26.4 16.4 15.5 11.6 8.3
Jamaica 25.2 13.9 15.6 13.5 11.6
Suriname 17.8 17.3 16.0 15.6 15.5
Serbia 19.1 16.2 3.3 78.7
Paraguay 17.2 13.0 16.2 19.7 15.7
Slovak Republic 9.3 13.4 16.3 14.4 8.5
South Africa 14.9 15.4 16.5 12.2 9.2
Russian Federation 55.1 16.8 17.1 13.7 6.5
Dominican Republic 13.9 13.4 17.6 16.1 17.7
Lao PDR 16.0 17.8 13.4 12.0
Poland 20.0 19.2 18.2 11.2 14.2
Kenya 17.6 16.7 18.4 9.6 8.1
Honduras 16.7 21.3 18.6 20.0 15.9
Malawi 26.3 10.2 19.1 33.2 33.3
Haiti 16.9 15.9 19.4 11.4 18.0
Moldova 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.5 24.9
Ukraine 33.6 18.2 22.3 20.7 13.7
Albania 16.8 27.3 22.6 12.9 8.3
Uruguay 42.4 29.6 22.8 21.5 18.3
Armenia 32.2 26.1 24.9 27.3 18.1
Brazil 26.4 24.4 28.0 26.0 17.2
Zimbabwe 21.6 18.6 29.1 38.5 50.2
Ghana 34.5 35.8 32.0 23.6 28.6
Colombia 31.2 24.1 32.6 21.3 12.1
Mongolia 44.8 36.4 33.3 23.4 16.8
Venezuela, RB 27.6 14.7 34.8 21.3 16.3
Angola 147.1 29.3 36.9 36.6 39.6
Romania 37.3 55.8 37.3 45.9 33.1
Sao Tome and Principe 31.0 36.8 38.3 27.0 21.0
Indonesia 17.3 20.0 39.1 25.7 12.5
Ecuador 41.5 28.1 39.4 10.5 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.9 29.2 16.0
Kyrgyz Republic 24.8 32.0 62.1 23.0 10.6
Turkey 80.8 79.5 80.1 78.4 47.2
Comoros 11.4 3.0
Greenland
Samoa
Burundi
Iraq
Guam
Saudi Arabia
Pakistan
Sudan
Puerto Rico
Kiribati
Palau
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Eritrea
Monaco
El Salvador
India
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Montenegro
Brunei Darussalam
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Turkmenistan
Tunisia
Libya 3.2 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cuba
Azerbaijan 12.1 12.9
St. Martin (French part)
United Arab Emirates
Kazakhstan
United States
Curacao
Uzbekistan
Andorra
French Polynesia
Finland 2.4 2.0 1.2 1.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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