Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Afghanistan
Albania 12.9 8.3 7.7 8.5 8.4
Algeria 8.3 7.5 6.3 5.3 5.3
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 36.6 39.6 47.9 48.7 26.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.4 5.2 4.5 4.4 4.9
Argentina 8.0 8.3 16.2 39.2 10.2
Armenia 27.3 18.1 14.9 9.6 6.9
Aruba 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.3
Australia 4.2 5.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Austria 2.2
Azerbaijan 12.1 12.9 8.5 8.7 9.5
Bahamas, The 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.3 3.9
Bahrain 4.8 5.8 2.7 1.3 1.5
Bangladesh 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.2 7.8
Barbados 4.4 5.0 4.0 2.7 2.6
Belarus 23.8 37.6 34.2 26.9 17.4
Belgium 2.4 3.6 3.4 2.6 1.6
Belize 8.1 7.7 6.4 6.3 6.9
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Bermuda
Bhutan 8.3 8.3 7.5 7.0 5.0
Bolivia 12.3 11.0 9.8 9.6 11.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 29.2 16.0 4.5 4.0
Botswana 9.1 9.4 10.1 10.5 9.9
Brazil 26.0 17.2 17.9 19.1 22.0
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.9
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burundi
Cabo Verde 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.9 3.9
Cambodia 7.3 6.8 4.4 2.5 2.0
Cameroon 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 2.9 3.5 2.3 0.8 1.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chile 8.6 9.2 6.2 3.8 2.7
China 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0
Colombia 21.3 12.1 12.4 8.9 7.8
Comoros 11.4 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.5
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Costa Rica 14.3 13.4 11.8 11.5 10.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Croatia 4.3 3.7 3.2 1.9 1.5
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 6.5 6.5 5.7 4.6 3.6
Czech Republic 4.5 3.4 2.9 2.0 1.3
Denmark 2.4 3.2 3.3 2.4 2.4
Djibouti 2.8 1.2 0.8
Dominica 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.7
Dominican Republic 16.1 17.7 15.6 16.5 20.5
Ecuador 10.5 8.8 6.8 5.6 5.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 9.2 9.5 9.5 9.3 8.2
El Salvador 10.7 9.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Eritrea
Estonia 4.2 3.8 4.0 2.7 2.4
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 6.0 3.8 3.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.3 1.9
Finland 1.2 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.2
France 2.7 2.6 3.0 3.0 2.7
French Polynesia
Gabon 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.7 16.4
Georgia 5.3 4.0 4.8 5.9 8.8
Germany 2.4 3.4 3.6 2.7
Ghana 23.6 28.6 30.9 16.2 14.3
Greece 8.7 6.1 3.3 2.8 2.5
Greenland
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 3.6 3.4
Guam
Guatemala 8.0 10.2 8.8 6.9 4.8
Guinea 5.7 7.5 8.0 7.4 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guyana 9.1 8.7 7.6 4.5 3.2
Haiti 11.4 18.0 20.2 13.5 24.8
Honduras 20.0 15.9 14.5 13.7 11.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.5 4.8 2.4 0.3 0.1
Hungary 11.9 9.5 8.4 7.4 11.0
Iceland 8.0 10.6 10.9 8.3 4.8
India
Indonesia 25.7 12.5 15.5 15.5 10.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 11.7
Iraq
Ireland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Isle of Man
Israel 11.3 8.6 6.2 6.0 6.6
Italy 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.4 0.9
Jamaica 13.5 11.6 9.6 8.6 8.5
Japan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Jordan 8.3 7.0 5.8 4.4 3.1
Kazakhstan
Kenya 9.6 8.1 6.6 5.5 4.1
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 7.9 7.9 5.8 4.9 4.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 5.8 5.9 4.5 3.2 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 35.6 18.4 12.5 5.9 5.0
Lao PDR 13.4 12.0 6.5 6.0 6.6
Latvia 5.0 4.4 5.2 3.2 3.0
Lebanon 12.5 11.2 10.9 11.0 8.7
Lesotho 7.5 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.2
Liberia 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.3
Libya 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 4.9 3.9 3.0 1.7 1.3
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 5.3 5.3 2.6 0.6 0.3
Macedonia, FYR 11.4 11.2 10.0 9.6 8.0
Madagascar 15.3 15.0 12.0 12.0 11.5
Malawi 33.2 33.3 35.0 28.1 25.1
Malaysia 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1
Maldives 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.5 7.5
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Malta 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.3 3.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 9.0 9.4 8.0 8.0 8.0
Mauritius 10.9 9.6 9.8 9.9 9.5
Mexico 11.6 8.3 6.2 3.8 3.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.7 4.6 3.2 1.5 1.0
Moldova 27.5 24.9 20.9 14.2 12.6
Monaco
Mongolia 23.4 16.8 14.3 13.2 14.0
Montenegro
Morocco 6.4 5.2 5.0 4.5 3.8
Mozambique 7.9 9.7 15.0 18.0 12.1
Myanmar 11.0 9.8 9.5 9.5 9.5
Namibia 10.8 7.4 6.8 7.8 8.8
Nepal 7.3 6.0 4.8 3.6 3.0
Netherlands 2.7 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 4.6 6.4 5.3 5.3 5.1
Nicaragua 11.8 10.8 11.6 7.8 5.6
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Nigeria 12.8 11.7 15.3 16.7 14.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.4 6.7 6.4 6.5 2.1
Oman 8.1 7.6 4.5 2.9 2.4
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 6.9 7.1 6.8 5.0 4.0
Papua New Guinea 8.1 8.5 5.5 3.2 4.4
Paraguay 19.7 15.7 16.2 22.9 15.8
Peru 11.8 9.8 7.5 3.5 3.1
Philippines 8.2 8.3 8.7 4.6 5.2
Poland 11.2 14.2 11.8 6.2 3.7
Portugal 2.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar 6.5
Romania 45.9 33.1 26.9 19.2 11.0
Russian Federation 13.7 6.5 4.9 5.0 4.5
Rwanda 8.7 10.1 10.2 9.0 9.4
Samoa 4.5 4.5
San Marino 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.7 1.6
Sao Tome and Principe 27.0 21.0 15.0 15.0 9.5
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Serbia 3.3 78.7 4.1 2.6 2.7
Seychelles 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.0
Sierra Leone 9.5 9.2 7.8 9.4 9.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.5 0.9 0.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 14.4 8.5 6.5 6.6 5.3
Slovenia 7.2 10.0 9.8 8.2 6.0
Solomon Islands 3.5 3.0 1.1 0.9 1.0
Somalia
South Africa 12.2 9.2 9.4 10.8 9.8
South Sudan
Spain 1.8 3.0 3.1 2.5
Sri Lanka 9.1 9.2 11.0 9.2 6.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.5
St. Lucia 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.3 5.5
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.6
Sudan
Suriname 15.6 15.5 11.9 9.0 8.3
Swaziland 9.9 6.5 6.2 8.0 7.6
Sweden 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.3 1.5
Switzerland 1.2 3.0 1.7 0.4 0.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 7.0
Tajikistan 5.2 1.3 5.2 9.5 9.8
Tanzania 7.8 7.4 4.8 3.3 3.0
Thailand 4.8 3.3 2.5 2.0 1.3
Timor-Leste 0.8
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Tonga 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5
Trinidad and Tobago 8.5 8.2 7.7 4.8 2.9
Tunisia
Turkey 78.4 47.2 74.7 50.5 37.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 8.7 9.8 8.5 5.6 9.8
Ukraine 20.7 13.7 11.0 7.9 7.0
United Arab Emirates 4.9 6.2 3.6
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay 21.5 18.3 21.6 62.6 29.7
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2
Venezuela, RB 21.3 16.3 15.5 29.0 17.2
Vietnam 7.4 3.7 5.3 6.4 6.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 0.9 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 18.3 14.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Zambia 20.3 20.2 23.4 23.3 22.0
Zimbabwe 38.5 50.2 13.9 18.4 35.9

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