Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 16.8 27.3 22.6 12.9 8.3
Algeria 14.5 12.6 9.1 8.3 7.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 147.1 29.3 36.9 36.6 39.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.2
Argentina 7.4 7.0 7.6 8.0 8.3
Armenia 32.2 26.1 24.9 27.3 18.1
Aruba 4.3 4.4 4.9 6.2 6.2
Australia 6.9 5.2 4.5 4.2 5.1
Austria 1.7 1.5 2.7 2.2
Azerbaijan 12.1 12.9
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.6 4.1
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.8
Bangladesh 7.3 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.6
Barbados 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.4 5.0
Belarus 32.4 15.6 14.3 23.8 37.6
Belgium 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.4 3.6
Belize 9.1 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.7
Benin 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Bermuda
Bhutan 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Bolivia 19.2 14.7 12.8 12.3 11.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.9 29.2 16.0
Botswana 9.7 9.5 8.4 9.1 9.4
Brazil 26.4 24.4 28.0 26.0 17.2
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 74.7 46.8 3.0 3.2 3.1
Burkina Faso 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Burundi
Cabo Verde 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.3
Cambodia 8.8 8.0 7.8 7.3 6.8
Cameroon 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 3.0 1.9 3.1 2.9 3.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chad 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Chile 13.5 12.0 14.9 8.6 9.2
China 7.5 5.7 3.8 2.3 2.3
Colombia 31.2 24.1 32.6 21.3 12.1
Comoros 11.4 3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Costa Rica 17.3 13.0 12.8 14.3 13.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Croatia 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.3 3.7
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Czech Republic 6.8 7.7 8.1 4.5 3.4
Denmark 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.4 3.2
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.8 4.5
Dominica 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 3.9
Dominican Republic 13.9 13.4 17.6 16.1 17.7
Ecuador 41.5 28.1 39.4 10.5 8.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.2 9.5
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Eritrea
Estonia 6.1 6.2 8.1 4.2 3.8
Ethiopia 9.4 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Faroe Islands
Fiji 6.2 5.6 4.5 3.4 3.1
Finland 2.4 2.0 1.2 1.6
France 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Gambia, The 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Georgia 14.7 16.3 9.1 5.3 4.0
Germany 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.4
Ghana 34.5 35.8 32.0 23.6 28.6
Greece 13.5 10.1 10.7 8.7 6.1
Greenland
Grenada 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.2
Guam
Guatemala 7.7 5.8 5.4 8.0 10.2
Guinea 6.4 5.7 7.5
Guinea-Bissau 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guyana 10.5 8.6 8.1 9.1 8.7
Haiti 16.9 15.9 19.4 11.4 18.0
Honduras 16.7 21.3 18.6 20.0 15.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.6 6.0 6.6 4.5 4.8
Hungary 18.6 16.9 14.4 11.9 9.5
Iceland 4.3 4.7 4.5 8.0 10.6
India
Indonesia 17.3 20.0 39.1 25.7 12.5
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
Isle of Man
Israel 14.5 13.1 11.0 11.3 8.6
Italy 6.5 4.8 3.2 1.6 1.8
Jamaica 25.2 13.9 15.6 13.5 11.6
Japan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Jordan 8.5 9.1 8.2 8.3 7.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 17.6 16.7 18.4 9.6 8.1
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 7.5 10.8 13.3 7.9 7.9
Kuwait 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9
Kyrgyz Republic 24.8 32.0 62.1 23.0 10.6
Lao PDR 16.0 17.8 13.4 12.0
Latvia 11.7 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.4
Lebanon 15.5 13.4 13.6 12.5 11.2
Lesotho 12.7 11.8 10.7 7.5 4.9
Liberia 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2
Libya 3.2 3.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 13.9 7.9 6.0 4.9 3.9
Luxembourg 3.5 3.5 3.3
Macao SAR, China 5.2 6.2 7.0 5.3 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 12.8 11.6 11.7 11.4 11.2
Madagascar 19.0 14.4 8.0 15.3 15.0
Malawi 26.3 10.2 19.1 33.2 33.3
Malaysia 7.1 7.8 8.5 4.1 3.4
Maldives 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9
Mali 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Malta 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.4
Mauritius 10.8 9.1 9.3 10.9 9.6
Mexico 26.4 16.4 15.5 11.6 8.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.6
Moldova 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.5 24.9
Monaco
Mongolia 44.8 36.4 33.3 23.4 16.8
Montenegro
Morocco 7.3 6.4 5.2
Mozambique 18.1 25.4 8.2 7.9 9.7
Myanmar 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.0 9.8
Namibia 12.6 12.7 12.9 10.8 7.4
Nepal 9.6 9.8 8.9 7.3 6.0
Netherlands 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 8.5 7.3 6.8 4.6 6.4
Nicaragua 12.3 12.4 10.8 11.8 10.8
Niger 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Nigeria 13.1 7.2 10.1 12.8 11.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.2 3.6 7.2 5.4 6.7
Oman 6.9 7.3 8.5 8.1 7.6
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.9 7.1
Papua New Guinea 7.1 4.1 8.4 8.1 8.5
Paraguay 17.2 13.0 16.2 19.7 15.7
Peru 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.8 9.8
Philippines 9.7 10.2 12.1 8.2 8.3
Poland 20.0 19.2 18.2 11.2 14.2
Portugal 6.3 4.6 3.4 2.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.5
Romania 37.3 55.8 37.3 45.9 33.1
Russian Federation 55.1 16.8 17.1 13.7 6.5
Rwanda 11.1 8.2 7.8 8.7 10.1
Samoa
San Marino 6.2 4.7 3.7 2.5 2.6
Sao Tome and Principe 31.0 36.8 38.3 27.0 21.0
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Serbia 19.1 16.2 3.3 78.7
Seychelles 9.9 9.2 7.5 5.1 4.8
Sierra Leone 14.0 9.9 7.1 9.5 9.2
Singapore 3.4 3.5 4.6 1.7 1.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 9.3 13.4 16.3 14.4 8.5
Slovenia 15.1 13.2 10.5 7.2 10.0
Solomon Islands 7.0 2.5 3.3 3.5 3.0
Somalia
South Africa 14.9 15.4 16.5 12.2 9.2
South Sudan
Spain 6.1 4.0 2.9 1.8 3.0
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.2 9.6 9.1 9.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3
St. Lucia 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.5
Sudan
Suriname 17.8 17.3 16.0 15.6 15.5
Swaziland 11.1 12.0 11.9 9.9 6.5
Sweden 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.2
Switzerland 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.2 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Tajikistan 23.9 9.8 5.2 1.3
Tanzania 13.6 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.4
Thailand 10.3 10.5 10.6 4.8 3.3
Timor-Leste
Togo 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Tonga 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.4
Trinidad and Tobago 6.9 8.0 8.5 8.2
Tunisia
Turkey 80.8 79.5 80.1 78.4 47.2
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 10.6 11.8 11.4 8.7 9.8
Ukraine 33.6 18.2 22.3 20.7 13.7
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 3.0 3.6 4.5
United States
Uruguay 42.4 29.6 22.8 21.5 18.3
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 4.5 3.7 3.3 1.6 1.3
Venezuela, RB 27.6 14.7 34.8 21.3 16.3
Vietnam 8.5 9.2 7.4 3.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 23.8 14.9 11.3 18.3 14.0
Zambia 42.1 34.5 13.1 20.3 20.2
Zimbabwe 21.6 18.6 29.1 38.5 50.2

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