Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Myanmar 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 3.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.3
Singapore 5.0 3.9 2.9 2.7 3.2
Malaysia 8.8 7.1 3.0 3.3 4.6
Austria 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.7 3.0
Switzerland 4.4 3.5 3.1 4.5 8.1
Germany 4.4 3.7 3.2 3.3 5.5
Macao SAR, China 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.6 7.0
Netherlands 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5
Barbados 5.5 4.3 3.6 4.3 4.8
Hungary 5.0 4.5 4.0 5.3 9.4
Algeria 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 8.0
Cabo Verde 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Malta 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
France 6.3 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5
Swaziland 14.4 7.6 4.9 6.7 9.1
Luxembourg 6.5 5.5 4.9 4.5 5.0
Bahrain 6.7 5.6 5.0 5.5 7.3
Belgium 6.7 5.3 5.0 4.5 5.1
Senegal 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Mali 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Niger 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Cote d'Ivoire 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Burkina Faso 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Togo 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Benin 7.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 6.4
Burundi 4.5 6.0 5.3 4.0
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.3 4.3
Vanuatu 7.3 6.8 5.5 6.9 6.6
Bahamas, The 6.4 5.6 5.5 6.0 6.5
Dominica 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.7
Libya 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Canada 7.8 7.1 5.7 6.6 9.1
Kuwait 7.2 6.8 5.7 5.3 7.4
St. Lucia 9.6 8.0 5.8 5.6 5.5
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.1 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.5
Liberia 9.3 7.3 5.9 5.4 6.8
Qatar 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Mauritania 7.2 6.6 6.0 6.0 5.0
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.3
Ireland 7.0 6.5 6.2 3.6 4.5
Rwanda 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Tonga 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Grenada 7.5 5.8 6.3 6.1 5.7
Comoros 7.5 7.5 6.5 6.5
Bhutan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Aruba 6.4 6.6 6.7 6.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.5 6.6 7.5 7.4
Panama 6.5 6.6 7.5 8.5
Finland 8.8 7.3 7.0 7.8 5.8
Lesotho 10.4 10.0 7.0 9.6 12.8
Italy 11.0 8.9 7.0 6.7 6.9
Denmark 8.2 6.6 7.1 7.8 8.3
Cameroon 7.5 7.4 7.1 7.2 7.5
Central African Republic 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.5
China 7.2 7.2 7.2 8.6 11.3
Tunisia 5.4 6.8 7.2 7.4
Oman 9.0 8.3 7.5 7.6 8.7
Botswana 9.0 8.7 7.5 5.0 5.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.0 8.0 7.6 7.0 7.5
Congo, Rep. 8.3 8.1 7.8 7.8 8.0
Equatorial Guinea 7.5 8.3 7.9 6.3 6.5
Gabon 7.7 8.0 7.9 8.2 8.8
Philippines 18.9 11.3 8.2 11.3 14.1
Morocco 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
United Kingdom 11.8 9.9 8.6 8.5 11.5
South Africa 17.0 11.0 8.7 13.5 18.1
Sweden 12.0 9.0 8.8 9.5 9.2
Venezuela, RB 10.5 8.9 8.9 8.9 28.9
Spain 10.5 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.5
Mauritius 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.0 11.1
Thailand 13.0 9.8 9.5 9.5 9.5
Zimbabwe 10.0 10.3 9.6 9.7 8.9
Belize 11.6 11.8 9.6 8.4 7.9
Papua New Guinea 9.5 11.5 9.6 9.3 8.2
Honduras 9.9 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.6
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Seychelles 9.6 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.7
Kenya 11.3 11.3 10.3 10.3 12.0
Solomon Islands 8.7 10.5 10.7 10.2 10.5
Guatemala 9.0 10.2 11.0 12.2 13.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.7
Guyana 12.0 12.0 11.1 12.0 15.8
Sri Lanka 17.3 12.2 11.5 13.2 16.4
Bangladesh 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Norway 10.1 11.0 12.0 11.5 9.6
Nepal 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Sierra Leone 11.3 14.2 12.7 16.3 20.0
Nigeria 9.1 9.2 13.1 13.0 14.7
Zambia 15.3 17.7 13.2 11.4 11.4
Costa Rica 16.5 16.7 14.1 15.2 15.6
Malawi 12.5 12.8 14.3 13.5 12.8
Portugal 25.1 17.1 14.5 13.2 13.0
Guinea 15.0 16.8 19.5
El Salvador 12.5 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.3
Greece 15.5 15.5 15.3 17.3 17.1
Australia 14.5 16.7 15.4 13.8 18.9
Iceland 24.7 12.2 15.5 25.5 23.6
Jamaica 19.6 18.8 15.6 15.8 16.0
Tanzania 4.5 8.5 15.8 17.5 17.0
Gambia, The 9.8 16.1 15.8 15.0 12.9
Indonesia 18.0 15.4 16.8 17.7 18.6
Ghana 15.8 17.0 17.6 16.5
Israel 178.8 18.6 19.4 14.5 14.1
Uganda 20.0 23.3 20.0 21.5 32.2
Lebanon 13.2 16.4 21.2 22.0 17.5
Chile 32.1 19.0 25.3 15.2 27.8
Ecuador 21.0 21.4 25.3 34.0 40.2
Bolivia 68.8 33.4 30.4 27.7 23.7
Colombia 31.4 30.8 33.5 33.7
Turkey 49.3 40.6 35.0 49.1 53.8
Uruguay 123.5 93.1 91.8 102.3 127.8
Mexico 57.7 78.4 95.0 55.2 33.4
Argentina 630.0 94.7 175.9 371.8 17,235.8
Mongolia 300.0 300.0 300.0 300.0
Brazil 295.4 109.5 401.0 859.4 5,845.0
Curacao
Maldives 9.1
Lao PDR 30.0
Kazakhstan
Liechtenstein
Jordan
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
Czech Republic
Isle of Man
Croatia
Iraq
Suriname
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kiribati
Moldova
Dominican Republic
Monaco
Slovak Republic
Madagascar 17.8
Cuba
Macedonia, FYR
Lithuania
Ukraine
Cayman Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Bulgaria
West Bank and Gaza
Latvia
Middle East (developing only)
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Andorra
Angola
Mozambique
India
Vietnam
Namibia
Albania
Hong Kong SAR, China
Saudi Arabia
Haiti
Serbia
New Caledonia
Djibouti 5.8
New Zealand 14.7 16.3 13.4 10.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Nicaragua 107,379.1 1,585.9
Slovenia
Guinea-Bissau 23.0 28.0
Somalia
Guam
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Georgia
St. Martin (French part)
Pakistan
Sudan
Palau
Cambodia
Tajikistan
Brunei Darussalam
French Polynesia
Fiji
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Paraguay
Timor-Leste
Peru 161.8 1,135.6
Belarus
Faeroe Islands
Armenia
Poland 246.9
Turkmenistan
Ethiopia 4.0
Tuvalu
Puerto Rico
Estonia
United Arab Emirates
Romania
United States
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Eritrea
American Samoa
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Yemen, Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe 16.0
Afghanistan

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