Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
China 5.0 5.0 7.2 7.2 7.2
Switzerland 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.5
Cabo Verde 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Morocco 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Japan 8.3 7.9 7.3 7.1 6.7
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Tunisia 7.3 8.1 8.5 8.5 8.5
Nigeria 8.4 8.9 9.5 10.0 10.2
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Dominica 8.5 9.0 9.5 9.8 10.5
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.0 9.0 9.0 10.0
Solomon Islands 9.0 10.6 11.5 12.0
Ecuador 9.0 9.0 9.3 12.3 16.2
Kuwait 6.8 9.3 9.4 8.4 8.6
Grenada 9.5 9.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Zambia 9.5 9.5 9.5 13.0 14.5
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Botswana 8.5 9.6 24.2 13.4 12.0
Luxembourg 9.3 9.6 10.0 9.4 9.3
Finland 9.8 9.8 9.3 9.6 10.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.6 12.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Poland 10.2 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.5
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Congo, Rep. 11.0 11.0 11.0 12.0 12.0
Antigua and Barbuda 10.0 11.0 13.0 13.8 13.7
Chad 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.5 11.5
Swaziland 9.5 11.3 17.4 16.5 20.3
Trinidad and Tobago 10.0 11.4 11.5 11.7 12.8
Barbados 11.5 13.4 11.8 11.5
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Tanzania 11.5 12.0 12.0 13.0 13.0
Guatemala 11.0 12.0 14.5 12.0 12.0
Bangladesh 11.3 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Central African Republic 10.5 12.0 12.0 12.5 12.5
United Arab Emirates 12.1 12.1 12.3 12.2 12.5
Mauritius 12.2 13.4 15.1 13.3
Kenya 10.6 12.4 14.5 15.8 14.4
Gabon 12.5 12.5 12.5 13.0 13.0
Uganda 10.8 12.5 14.5 16.2 21.9
St. Lucia 11.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.3
Cameroon 13.0 13.0 13.0 14.5 14.5
United Kingdom 16.2 13.3 11.8 9.8 9.7
Guyana 13.5 13.5 14.4 15.0 15.0
Rwanda 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Singapore 11.7 13.6 10.2 9.1 9.7
Nepal 14.0 14.0 15.5 17.0 17.0
South Africa 9.5 14.0 19.3 16.7 22.3
Norway 13.0 14.2 14.5 14.2 13.5
Netherlands 13.5 14.3 11.2 8.5 8.9
France 12.5 14.3 13.6 12.3 12.1
Papua New Guinea 11.2 14.4 12.3 11.6 10.6
Togo 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Benin 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Mali 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Burkina Faso 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Niger 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Senegal 14.5 14.5 16.0 14.5 14.5
Germany 12.0 14.7 13.5 10.1 9.8
Sierra Leone 11.0 15.0 15.0 17.3 18.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.3 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Australia 10.5 15.0 16.9 14.5 13.8
Lesotho 11.0 15.0 17.0 15.4 17.6
Spain 16.8 15.3 15.0 15.0 16.6
Philippines 14.0 15.3 18.1 19.2 28.2
Ireland 16.0 15.5 17.0 14.1 12.9
Jamaica 15.6 16.1 16.4 17.0 18.5
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Sweden 15.2 16.7 16.5 14.9 16.0
Vanuatu 17.0 17.2 17.5 16.8
Thailand 16.1 17.2 17.0 15.2 16.8
Korea, Rep. 18.0 17.4 11.8 10.0 10.0
Denmark 17.2 17.6 18.6 14.5 13.4
Belgium 18.0 15.5 13.8 14.0
Gambia, The 15.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Italy 19.0 18.4 17.4 22.3 22.0
Malawi 16.7 18.5 18.5 18.3 16.5
United States 15.3 18.9 14.9 10.8 12.0
Sri Lanka 19.0 19.0 17.8 13.3 13.1
Ghana 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 21.2
Belize 16.5 19.3
Canada 14.3 19.3 15.8 11.2 12.1
Portugal 18.8 20.1 23.0 27.9 29.4
Zimbabwe 17.5 20.2 23.0 23.1 23.0
Greece 21.3 21.3 20.5 20.5 20.5
Liberia 18.4 21.5 18.2 20.7 20.6
Iceland 45.0 40.0 45.9 42.8 22.8
Bolivia 28.0 42.5 45.0 56.8 120.7
Chile 47.1 52.0 63.9 42.8 38.3
Uruguay 62.6 56.7 55.0 87.9 78.2
Israel 176.9 170.6 140.2 186.2 823.0
Jordan
Curacao
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Samoa
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turkmenistan
Honduras 16.5 16.1 16.2
Costa Rica 25.0 23.3 18.0
Somalia
Comoros 15.0 15.0
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR
Bermuda
Guinea-Bissau
Armenia
Middle East (developing only)
Hungary
Guinea
Croatia
Indonesia
Russian Federation
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
Seychelles
Lithuania
Slovenia
Greenland
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia, FYR
Suriname
Madagascar
Bahrain
Ukraine
Timor-Leste
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Angola
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Algeria
Malaysia
Maldives
Vietnam
Georgia
Iraq
French Polynesia
Cuba
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Fiji
Romania
Faeroe Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Mexico
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Saudi Arabia
Moldova
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Colombia
Monaco
Mongolia
Slovak Republic
Montenegro
Cayman Islands
Ethiopia
Cambodia
Mozambique
Bulgaria
Estonia
Brazil
Namibia
St. Martin (French part)
Eritrea
Sudan
Equatorial Guinea
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0
New Caledonia
Belarus
New Zealand
Tajikistan
Nicaragua
Austria
El Salvador 15.0 14.0
Aruba
Dominican Republic
Argentina
Northern Mariana Islands
Turkey
Djibouti 8.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Oman 10.3
Andorra
Pakistan
American Samoa
Palau
Albania
Panama
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
Venezuela, RB 9.6
Paraguay
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Peru
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 16.8 14.5 15.6

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