Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1
Japan 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Morocco 7.0 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0
China 7.2 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Singapore 9.7 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0
Kuwait 8.6 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7
Luxembourg 9.3 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Netherlands 8.9 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8
Venezuela, RB 9.6 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5
Nigeria 10.2 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Germany 9.8 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3
Tunisia 8.5 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9
United States 12.0 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1
Cabo Verde 6.5 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Dominica 10.5 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5
Oman 10.3 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4
Bahamas, The 11.0 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0
Finland 10.5 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7
Barbados 11.5 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4
Canada 12.1 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8
France 12.1 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4
Grenada 10.5 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5
Botswana 12.0 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8
Chad 11.5 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8
Papua New Guinea 10.6 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.0 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6
Congo, Rep. 12.0 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8
Guatemala 12.0 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Bangladesh 12.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0
Tanzania 13.0 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6
United Kingdom 9.7 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3
Ireland 12.9 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3
Central African Republic 12.5 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3
Belgium 14.0 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9
Gabon 13.0 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8
Trinidad and Tobago 12.8 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6
Solomon Islands 12.0 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0
Antigua and Barbuda 13.7 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2
Sri Lanka 13.1 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4
Norway 13.5 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4
Spain 16.6 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4
Mauritius 13.3 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0
Rwanda 13.5 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0
El Salvador 14.0 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
St. Lucia 13.3 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4
Kenya 14.4 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0
Gambia, The 18.0 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5
Burkina Faso 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Cameroon 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Senegal 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Benin 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Niger 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Mali 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Togo 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5
Denmark 13.4 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1
Comoros 15.0 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Poland 11.5 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3
Vanuatu 16.8 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0
Thailand 16.8 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6
Honduras 16.2 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Sweden 16.0 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3
Sierra Leone 18.0 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0
Nepal 17.0 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0
Zimbabwe 23.0 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0
Lebanon 15.6 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5
Australia 13.8 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7
Ecuador 16.2 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0
Italy 22.0 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6
Malawi 16.5 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3
Zambia 14.5 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4
Liberia 20.6 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4
Lesotho 17.6 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7
Greece 20.5 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9
Swaziland 20.3 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1
Costa Rica 18.0 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7
Ghana 21.2 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
South Africa 22.3 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3
Uganda 21.9 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0
Jamaica 18.5 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2
Portugal 29.4 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5
Philippines 28.2 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9
Iceland 22.8 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3
Chile 38.3 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2
Uruguay 78.2 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3
Bolivia 120.7 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8
Israel 823.0 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7
Armenia
South Sudan
Afghanistan
Latvia
Haiti
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
Ukraine
Greenland
Bulgaria
Liechtenstein
Lao PDR
Lithuania
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0
Macedonia, FYR
Guam
Madagascar
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Brazil
Malaysia 10.4 9.3
Sudan
Maldives
Belarus
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1
Russian Federation
Turkey
Samoa
Kiribati
American Samoa
Angola
Sao Tome and Principe
Guinea 15.0 15.0
Vietnam
Jordan
Iraq
Cambodia
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3
Slovak Republic
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Seychelles
Puerto Rico
Georgia
Romania
Marshall Islands
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7
French Polynesia
San Marino
Fiji
Saudi Arabia
Mexico
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Moldova
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Slovenia
Mongolia
Somalia
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Brunei Darussalam
St. Martin (French part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mozambique
Estonia
Bermuda
Namibia
Suriname
Eritrea
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6
Austria
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8
Hungary
Azerbaijan
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
New Zealand
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2
Nicaragua 121,906.0
Argentina
Dominican Republic
Turkmenistan
Czech Republic
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
United Arab Emirates 12.5
Cuba
Andorra
Pakistan
Uzbekistan
Palau
Algeria
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Croatia
Yemen, Rep.
Paraguay
Albania

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