Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8
Japan 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Morocco 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0
China 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Singapore 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0
Kuwait 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Luxembourg 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Netherlands 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8
Venezuela, RB 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5
Nigeria 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Germany 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9
Tunisia 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
United States 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8
Dominica 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Oman 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0
Bahamas, The 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0
Finland 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3
Barbados 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9
Canada 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3
France 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0
Grenada 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5
Botswana 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7
Chad 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5
Papua New Guinea 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0
Congo, Rep. 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Guatemala 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0
Bangladesh 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5
Tanzania 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
United Kingdom 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3 13.9
Ireland 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4
Central African Republic 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0
Belgium 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1
Gabon 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3
Solomon Islands 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0
Antigua and Barbuda 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7
Sri Lanka 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2
Norway 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4
Spain 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8
Mauritius 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1
Rwanda 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0
El Salvador 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.5
St. Lucia 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0
Kenya 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3
Gambia, The 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8
Burkina Faso 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cameroon 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Senegal 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Benin 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Niger 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Mali 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Togo 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0
Denmark 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9
Comoros 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Poland 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8
Vanuatu 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0
Thailand 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3
Honduras 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Sweden 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8
Sierra Leone 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7
Nepal 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0
Zimbabwe 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Lebanon 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9
Australia 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5
Ecuador 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1
Italy 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2
Malawi 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0
Zambia 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4
Liberia 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Lesotho 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8
Greece 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3
Swaziland 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5
Costa Rica 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2
Ghana 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
South Africa 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8
Uganda 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0
Jamaica 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2
Portugal 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6
Philippines 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3
Iceland 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0
Chile 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0
Uruguay 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8
Bolivia 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3
Israel 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6
Armenia
South Sudan
Afghanistan
Latvia
Haiti
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
Ukraine
Greenland
Bulgaria
Liechtenstein
Lao PDR
Lithuania
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3
Macedonia, FYR
Guam
Madagascar 22.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Brazil
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9
Sudan
Maldives
Belarus
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7
Russian Federation
Turkey
Samoa
Kiribati
American Samoa
Angola
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3
Vietnam
Jordan
Iraq
Cambodia
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9
Slovak Republic
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Seychelles 15.5
Puerto Rico
Georgia
Romania
Marshall Islands
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0
French Polynesia
San Marino
Fiji
Saudi Arabia
Mexico
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Moldova
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Slovenia
Mongolia
Somalia
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Brunei Darussalam
St. Martin (French part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mozambique
Estonia
Bermuda
Namibia
Suriname
Eritrea
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8
Austria
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4
Hungary 20.3
Azerbaijan
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
New Zealand
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0
Argentina
Dominican Republic
Turkmenistan
Czech Republic
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
United Arab Emirates
Cuba
Andorra
Pakistan
Uzbekistan
Palau
Algeria
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Croatia
Yemen, Rep.
Paraguay
Albania

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