Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8
Japan 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3
Singapore 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3
China 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5
United States 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9
Venezuela, RB 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5
Netherlands 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8
Kuwait 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Germany 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9
Morocco 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Barbados 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9
Finland 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3
Tunisia 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Bahamas, The 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Oman 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0
France 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0
Nigeria 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3
Dominica 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Belgium 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1
Canada 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3
United Kingdom 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3 13.9
Chad 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5
Botswana 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7
Congo, Rep. 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Grenada 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5
Gabon 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Sri Lanka 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3
Central African Republic 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Spain 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8
Ireland 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4
Papua New Guinea 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5
Sweden 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8
Denmark 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4
Zimbabwe 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Guatemala 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0
Thailand 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3
Lesotho 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8
Niger 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Senegal 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Benin 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cameroon 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0
Burkina Faso 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Togo 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0
Mali 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Kenya 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3
St. Lucia 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0
Bangladesh 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Rwanda 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0
Antigua and Barbuda 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7
Swaziland 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5
South Africa 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8
Mauritius 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1
Liberia 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Comoros 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Solomon Islands 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0
Poland 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8
Nepal 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0
Italy 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2
Norway 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4
Vanuatu 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0
Honduras 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
El Salvador 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.5
Sierra Leone 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7
Philippines 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3
Ecuador 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3
Australia 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5
Tanzania 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Iceland 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0
Malawi 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0
Portugal 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6
Ghana 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Greece 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7
Costa Rica 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2
Lebanon 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9
Chile 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0
Jamaica 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2
Zambia 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4
Gambia, The 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8
Uganda 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0
Israel 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6
Bolivia 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3
Uruguay 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0
Madagascar 22.3
Argentina
Kiribati
Slovak Republic
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9
Liechtenstein
Maldives
Latvia
Jordan
Seychelles 15.5
Isle of Man
Lithuania
Marshall Islands
Sudan
Iraq
Azerbaijan
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5
Mexico
Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Moldova
Croatia
Monaco
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Mongolia
Lao PDR
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Hungary 20.3
Brazil
Mozambique
Tajikistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Austria
Namibia
Turkey
Haiti
West Bank and Gaza
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3
Kyrgyz Republic
New Caledonia
San Marino
New Zealand
Saudi Arabia
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0
Serbia
Guam
Cuba
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Georgia
Somalia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
South Sudan
Pakistan
Cayman Islands
Palau
Bulgaria
French Polynesia
Brunei Darussalam
Fiji
Suriname
Paraguay
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Middle East (developing only)
Belarus
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Kazakhstan
Armenia
Algeria
Angola
Vietnam
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Estonia
United Arab Emirates
Eritrea
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Uzbekistan
Dominican Republic
Albania
Romania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Russian Federation
Yemen, Rep.
Czech Republic
Afghanistan

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