Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8
Japan 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3
Singapore 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3
China 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
United States 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9
Venezuela, RB 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5
Netherlands 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8
Kuwait 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Germany 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9
Morocco 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Barbados 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9
Finland 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3
Tunisia 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Bahamas, The 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Oman 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0
France 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0
Nigeria 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3
Dominica 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Belgium 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1
Canada 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3
United Kingdom 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3 13.9
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5
Chad 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5
Botswana 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7
Congo, Rep. 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Gabon 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Grenada 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5
Sri Lanka 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2
Central African Republic 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0
Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Spain 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8
Ireland 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4
Papua New Guinea 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5
Sweden 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8
Denmark 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4
Zimbabwe 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Guatemala 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0
Thailand 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3
Lesotho 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8
Niger 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Mali 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Senegal 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Benin 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Togo 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0
Cameroon 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0
Burkina Faso 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Bangladesh 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Kenya 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3
St. Lucia 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0
Rwanda 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0
Antigua and Barbuda 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7
Swaziland 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5
South Africa 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8
Mauritius 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1
Liberia 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9
Comoros 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Solomon Islands 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0
Poland 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8
Nepal 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0
Italy 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2
Norway 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4
Vanuatu 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0
Honduras 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
El Salvador 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.5
Sierra Leone 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7
Philippines 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3
Ecuador 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3
Australia 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5
Tanzania 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Iceland 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0
Malawi 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0
Portugal 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6
Ghana 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Greece 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7
Costa Rica 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2
Lebanon 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9
Chile 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0
Jamaica 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2
Zambia 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4
Gambia, The 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8
Uganda 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0
Israel 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6
Bolivia 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3
Uruguay 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8
Cayman Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0
Madagascar 22.3
Armenia
Jordan
Slovak Republic
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Maldives
Latvia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Seychelles 15.5
Kazakhstan
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
Sudan
Isle of Man
Belarus
Iraq
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5
Mexico
Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Czech Republic
Moldova
Cuba
Monaco
Croatia
Mongolia
Lithuania
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Brunei Darussalam
Mozambique
Tajikistan
Hungary 20.3
Azerbaijan
Namibia
Turkey
Hong Kong SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
New Caledonia
San Marino
New Zealand
Saudi Arabia
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0
Serbia
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3
Curacao
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Greenland
Somalia
Georgia
South Sudan
Pakistan
Lao PDR
Palau
Cambodia
Kosovo
Bulgaria
French Polynesia
Suriname
Paraguay
Brazil
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Angola
Timor-Leste
Kiribati
Austria
American Samoa
Argentina
Vietnam
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Tuvalu
Fiji
Faeroe Islands
United Arab Emirates
Estonia
Andorra
Puerto Rico
Uzbekistan
Eritrea
Algeria
Romania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Russian Federation
Yemen, Rep.
Dominican Republic
Albania

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