Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8
Japan 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3
Singapore 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3
China 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
United States 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9
Venezuela, RB 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5
Netherlands 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8
Kuwait 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Germany 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9
Morocco 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Barbados 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9
Finland 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3
Tunisia 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Bahamas, The 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Oman 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0
France 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0
Nigeria 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Dominica 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Belgium 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1
Canada 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3
United Kingdom 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3 13.9
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5
Chad 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5
Botswana 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7
Gabon 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Grenada 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5
Congo, Rep. 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Sri Lanka 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2
Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0
Central African Republic 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Spain 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8
Ireland 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4
Papua New Guinea 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5
Sweden 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8
Denmark 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4
Zimbabwe 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Guatemala 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0
Thailand 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3
Lesotho 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8
Niger 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Burkina Faso 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Cameroon 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0
Mali 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Benin 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Senegal 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Togo 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0
Kenya 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3
Rwanda 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0
St. Lucia 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0
Bangladesh 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Antigua and Barbuda 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7
Swaziland 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5
South Africa 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8
Mauritius 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1
Liberia 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8
Comoros 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3
Solomon Islands 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0
Poland 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8
Nepal 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0
Italy 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2
Norway 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4
Vanuatu 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0
Honduras 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
El Salvador 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.5
Sierra Leone 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7
Philippines 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3
Ecuador 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1
Australia 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5
Tanzania 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Iceland 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0
Malawi 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0
Portugal 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6
Ghana 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Greece 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7
Costa Rica 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2
Lebanon 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9
Chile 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0
Jamaica 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2
Zambia 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4
Gambia, The 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8
Uganda 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0
Israel 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6
Bolivia 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3
Uruguay 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8
Czech Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Hong Kong SAR, China
Madagascar 22.3
Seychelles 15.5
Lithuania
Sudan
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9
Turkmenistan
Maldives
Vietnam
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3
Slovak Republic
Cayman Islands
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Austria
Croatia
Argentina
Guam
Ukraine
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5
Moldova
Bermuda
Monaco
Kazakhstan
Mongolia
French Polynesia
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Cambodia
Faeroe Islands
Mozambique
Taiwan, China
Cuba
Timor-Leste
Namibia
Angola
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Andorra
New Caledonia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
New Zealand
West Bank and Gaza
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0
Serbia
Greenland
Kiribati
Brunei Darussalam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Latvia
Somalia
Brazil
South Sudan
Pakistan
Dominican Republic
Palau
Jordan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Fiji
Hungary 20.3
Suriname
Paraguay
Azerbaijan
Lao PDR
Isle of Man
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan
Haiti
Armenia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Estonia
Puerto Rico
Eritrea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turkey
Romania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Iraq
Curacao
United Arab Emirates
Samoa
American Samoa
San Marino
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0
Algeria
Saudi Arabia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Georgia
Yemen, Rep.
Bulgaria
Albania

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