Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Japan 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3 6.9
Switzerland 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8 7.4
Ethiopia 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Singapore 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 7.4
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5 10.4
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Luxembourg 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3 8.2
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4 8.4
Kuwait 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
China 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3 9.4
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5
Netherlands 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8 11.8
United States 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9 10.0
Germany 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9 11.6
Venezuela, RB 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5 35.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Barbados 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9 11.4
Finland 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3 11.6
Bahamas, The 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Morocco 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Oman 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0 9.7
Belgium 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1 13.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Canada 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3 14.1
France 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0 10.6
United Kingdom 10.9 9.7 10.1 13.8 14.8
Sri Lanka 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2 13.0
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3 10.0
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8 13.5
Botswana 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7 7.9
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5 10.6
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9 8.8
Dominica 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Chad 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5 12.0
Tunisia 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Gabon 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 12.5
Congo, Rep. 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 13.5
Lesotho 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8 20.4
Ireland 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4 11.3
Grenada 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Central African Republic 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0 13.1
Trinidad and Tobago 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3 12.9
Thailand 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3 14.4
St. Lucia 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0 10.7
Swaziland 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5 14.5
Papua New Guinea 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6 15.5
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.3
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0 10.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0 12.0
South Africa 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8 21.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5 12.9
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9 12.0
Sweden 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8 16.7
Antigua and Barbuda 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7 12.7
Rwanda 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 13.2
Cameroon 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0 18.5
Zimbabwe 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 11.7
Comoros 15.0 13.0 13.0
Philippines 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3 24.1
Cote d'Ivoire 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Niger 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Senegal 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Benin 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Burkina Faso 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Togo 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0 16.0
Mali 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Italy 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2 14.9
Denmark 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4 14.1
Liberia 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Nigeria 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4 25.3
Guatemala 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0 23.3
Kenya 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3 18.8
Equatorial Guinea 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5 15.6
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1 18.0
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8 14.0
Nepal 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0 14.4
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3 21.2
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9 32.8
Poland 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8 644.5
Vanuatu 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0 17.3
Honduras 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4 17.1
Australia 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5 17.9
Bangladesh 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3 19.0
Spain 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8 16.0
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Norway 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4 14.2
Solomon Islands 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0 18.0
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3 45.8
Ecuador 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1 37.5
Portugal 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6 21.8
Malawi 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0 21.0
Zambia 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4 35.1
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7 20.8
Greece 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3 27.6
Costa Rica 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2 32.6
Jamaica 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2 30.5
Ghana 20.0 25.5 25.6
Iceland 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0 16.2
Tanzania 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Gambia, The 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8 26.5
Sierra Leone 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7 52.5
Chile 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0 48.9
Uganda 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0 38.7
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9 4,774.5
Lebanon 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9 39.9
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0 45.2
Bolivia 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3 41.8
Israel 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6 26.4
Uruguay 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8 163.8
Brunei Darussalam
Latvia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Maldives
Afghanistan
Lao PDR
Croatia
Kyrgyz Republic
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Serbia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Somalia
Kiribati
Sudan
Mexico
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Turkmenistan
Moldova
Algeria
Monaco
El Salvador
Mongolia
Slovenia
Montenegro
South Sudan
Kazakhstan
Macedonia, FYR
Mozambique
Cambodia
Jordan 10.3
Tajikistan
Namibia
Timor-Leste
Ukraine
Austria
Madagascar 22.3 25.8
Tuvalu
Vietnam
Argentina
Isle of Man
Andorra
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
New Zealand
Lithuania
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0 22.0
Seychelles 15.5 15.6
Iraq
Dominican Republic
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Czech Republic
Hungary 20.3 28.8
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Pakistan
Palau
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Suriname
Guam
Bulgaria
Paraguay 31.0
Brazil
Greenland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Georgia
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Fiji
Azerbaijan
Puerto Rico
Turkey
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Romania
Armenia
Russian Federation
United Arab Emirates
Estonia
Angola
Samoa
Uzbekistan
San Marino 14.5
American Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 20.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia
Yemen, Rep.
Eritrea
Albania

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