Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Japan 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1
Singapore 9.7 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 9.3 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7
Kuwait 8.6 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Netherlands 8.9 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8
Botswana 12.0 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1
Ireland 12.9 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3
Germany 9.8 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5
Venezuela, RB 9.6 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5
Belgium 14.0 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9
Morocco 7.0 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0
China 7.2 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahamas, The 11.0 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0
Malaysia 10.4 9.3
United States 12.0 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3
Oman 10.3 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4
France 12.1 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4
Barbados 11.5 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Finland 10.5 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7
Tunisia 8.5 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9
Cabo Verde 6.5 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2
United Kingdom 9.7 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3
St. Lucia 13.3 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4
Dominica 10.5 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5
Grenada 10.5 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5
Chad 11.5 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8
Canada 12.1 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8
Antigua and Barbuda 13.7 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.0 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6
Thailand 16.8 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6
Gabon 13.0 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8
Congo, Rep. 12.0 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8
Rwanda 13.5 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0
Central African Republic 12.5 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3
Sri Lanka 13.1 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4
Spain 16.6 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5
Trinidad and Tobago 12.8 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6
Denmark 13.4 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6
Papua New Guinea 10.6 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7
Comoros 15.0 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Zimbabwe 23.0 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0
Swaziland 20.3 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1
Sweden 16.0 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3
Liberia 20.6 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4
Cameroon 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6
Italy 22.0 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Benin 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Mali 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Burkina Faso 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Niger 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Senegal 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6
Lesotho 17.6 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7
Togo 14.5 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5
Australia 13.8 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8
Mauritius 13.3 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0
Nepal 17.0 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0
Kenya 14.4 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0
Guinea 15.0 15.0
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1
Guatemala 12.0 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2
South Africa 22.3 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3
Honduras 16.2 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4
Philippines 28.2 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9
Bangladesh 12.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0
Norway 13.5 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Nigeria 10.2 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0
El Salvador 14.0 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0
Vanuatu 16.8 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0
Portugal 29.4 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5
Solomon Islands 12.0 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0
Zambia 14.5 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4
Chile 38.3 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2
Poland 11.5 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1
Malawi 16.5 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3
Greece 20.5 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9
Ecuador 16.2 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0
Jamaica 18.5 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2
Ghana 21.2 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Sierra Leone 18.0 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0
Costa Rica 18.0 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7
Gambia, The 18.0 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5
Tanzania 13.0 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0
Iceland 22.8 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3
Uganda 21.9 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0
Bolivia 120.7 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8
Israel 823.0 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7
Lebanon 15.6 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5
Uruguay 78.2 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3
Nicaragua 121,906.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Maldives
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Somalia
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Mexico
Cambodia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Austria
Moldova
Argentina
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Mongolia
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro
Slovenia
Kosovo
South Sudan
Mozambique
Croatia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Suriname
Namibia
Lithuania
Kiribati
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Ukraine
New Zealand
Madagascar
West Bank and Gaza
Vietnam
Jordan
Algeria
Isle of Man
Seychelles
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia
Iraq
Slovak Republic
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Eritrea
Pakistan
Dominican Republic
Palau
Czech Republic
Hungary
Cuba
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay
Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Brazil
Bulgaria
Haiti
Tajikistan
Guam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greenland
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Turkey
Romania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Armenia
French Polynesia
United Arab Emirates 12.5
Samoa
Angola
San Marino
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Fiji
Yemen, Rep.
Serbia
Albania

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