Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Japan 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8
Singapore 8.1 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
Ethiopia 8.5 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3
Kuwait 8.7 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Netherlands 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4
Botswana 11.5 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5
Ireland 12.4 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4
Germany 9.5 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5
Venezuela, RB 9.3 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5
Belgium 12.5 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1
Morocco 7.8 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0
China 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahamas, The 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9
United States 9.9 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9
Oman 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0
France 11.1 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0
Barbados 10.6 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Finland 10.4 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3
Tunisia 9.6 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5
United Kingdom 12.3 10.8 9.6 10.3 13.9
St. Lucia 14.0 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0
Dominica 10.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Grenada 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5
Chad 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5
Canada 10.6 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3
Antigua and Barbuda 13.2 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.6 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0
Thailand 16.1 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3
Gabon 12.7 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Congo, Rep. 12.0 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5
Rwanda 13.9 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5
Central African Republic 12.5 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0
Sri Lanka 13.4 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2
Spain 13.5 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9
Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3
Denmark 14.7 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4
Papua New Guinea 11.5 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6
Comoros 15.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
Zimbabwe 17.2 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Swaziland 20.6 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5
Sweden 16.9 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8
Liberia 19.3 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Cameroon 14.5 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8
Italy 18.1 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2
Cote d'Ivoire 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Benin 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Mali 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Burkina Faso 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Niger 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Senegal 14.5 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1
Lesotho 19.7 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8
Togo 14.5 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0
Australia 17.3 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.0 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5
Mauritius 13.8 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1
Nepal 17.0 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0
Kenya 14.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9
Guatemala 12.0 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0
South Africa 21.5 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8
Honduras 16.3 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4
Philippines 28.6 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3
Bangladesh 12.0 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Norway 13.4 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Nigeria 9.4 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3
El Salvador 14.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.5
Vanuatu 15.8 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0
Portugal 27.3 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6
Solomon Islands 12.8 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0
Zambia 18.6 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4
Chile 40.0 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0
Poland 15.3 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7
Malawi 18.4 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0
Greece 20.5 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3
Ecuador 18.0 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1
Jamaica 24.9 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2
Ghana 21.2 20.0 25.5 25.6
Sierra Leone 17.0 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7
Costa Rica 20.9 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2
Gambia, The 14.5 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8
Tanzania 12.3 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3
Iceland 32.6 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0
Uganda 24.0 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0
Bolivia 172.2 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3
Israel 503.4 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0
Lebanon 17.3 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9
Uruguay 88.8 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Maldives
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Somalia
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Mexico
Cambodia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Austria
Moldova
Argentina
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Mongolia
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro
Slovenia
Kosovo
South Sudan
Mozambique
Croatia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Suriname
Namibia
Lithuania
Kiribati
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Ukraine
New Zealand
Madagascar 22.3
West Bank and Gaza
Vietnam
Jordan
Algeria
Isle of Man
Seychelles 15.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia
Iraq
Slovak Republic
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Eritrea
Pakistan
Dominican Republic
Palau
Czech Republic
Hungary 20.3
Cuba
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay
Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Brazil
Bulgaria
Haiti
Tajikistan
Guam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greenland
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Turkey
Romania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Armenia
French Polynesia
United Arab Emirates
Samoa
Angola
San Marino
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0
American Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Fiji
Yemen, Rep.
Serbia
Albania

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