Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Japan 6.0 5.2 5.0 5.3 6.9
Switzerland 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.8 7.4
Singapore 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 7.4
Ethiopia 7.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Luxembourg 7.8 7.2 6.7 7.3 8.2
Kuwait 8.6 7.9 6.7 8.4
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Netherlands 8.6 8.1 7.8 10.8 11.8
Bahrain 9.0 7.5 7.8 8.4 8.4
Botswana 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.7 7.9
Myanmar 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Macao SAR, China 6.6 8.1 10.5 10.4
Ireland 12.2 11.1 8.3 9.4 11.3
Germany 8.7 8.4 8.3 9.9 11.6
Malta 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5
Venezuela, RB 8.5 8.5 8.5 22.5 35.5
Belgium 10.4 9.3 8.9 11.1 13.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
China 7.9 7.9 9.0 11.3 9.4
Morocco 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Bahamas, The 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Malaysia 10.4 9.3 8.9 8.8
United States 8.3 8.2 9.3 10.9 10.0
Oman 9.7 9.1 9.4 10.0 9.7
France 9.9 9.6 9.4 10.0 10.6
Barbados 9.1 8.8 9.4 9.9 11.4
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Finland 9.1 8.9 9.7 10.3 11.6
Tunisia 9.2 11.1 9.9 4.8
Tonga 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.8 13.5
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
United Kingdom 10.9 9.7 10.1 13.8 14.8
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.1 11.3 10.0
Aruba 11.0 10.3 10.2 10.5 10.6
St. Lucia 14.0 11.6 10.4 10.0 10.7
Grenada 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5 10.5
Djibouti 8.5 8.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Dominica 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Chad 11.0 10.5 10.8 11.5 12.0
Canada 10.5 9.5 10.8 13.3 14.1
Antigua and Barbuda 14.2 12.7 11.2 12.7 12.7
Thailand 13.4 11.5 11.6 12.3 14.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 12.0 11.6 12.0 12.0
Gabon 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 12.5
Congo, Rep. 11.5 11.1 11.8 12.5 13.5
Burundi 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.3
Rwanda 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 13.2
Mauritania 12.0 12.0 12.0 10.0 10.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.5 12.9
Central African Republic 12.0 11.4 12.3 13.0 13.1
Sri Lanka 11.6 9.8 12.4 13.2 13.0
Spain 12.2 16.4 12.4 15.8 16.0
Panama 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.9 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 12.0 11.5 12.6 13.3 12.9
Denmark 13.0 13.6 12.6 13.4 14.1
Papua New Guinea 12.3 11.9 12.7 14.6 15.5
Comoros 15.0 13.0 13.0
Zimbabwe 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 11.7
Swaziland 14.3 11.9 13.1 14.5 14.5
Sweden 12.6 12.7 13.3 14.8 16.7
Liberia 14.5 13.6 13.4 13.8
Cameroon 13.5 13.0 13.5 15.0 18.5
Belize 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.8 14.0
Italy 15.9 13.6 13.6 14.2 14.9
Niger 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Cote d'Ivoire 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Senegal 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Burkina Faso 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Mali 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Benin 13.5 13.5 13.6 15.1 16.0
Lesotho 13.4 11.1 13.7 18.8 20.4
Togo 13.5 13.5 14.5 16.0 16.0
Australia 18.5 15.9 14.7 19.5 17.9
Equatorial Guinea 14.5 14.1 14.8 15.5 15.6
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 15.0 16.1 18.0
Guinea 15.0 15.0 17.3 21.2
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Nepal 15.7 15.0 15.0 15.0 14.4
Kenya 14.0 14.0 15.0 17.3 18.8
Guyana 15.0 15.0 15.1 18.9 32.8
Guatemala 13.2 14.0 15.2 16.0 23.3
South Africa 14.3 12.5 15.3 19.8 21.0
Honduras 16.1 15.5 15.4 15.4 17.1
Philippines 17.5 13.3 15.9 19.3 24.1
Bangladesh 14.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Norway 16.0 16.8 16.4 14.4 14.2
India 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Nigeria 10.0 14.0 16.6 20.4 25.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 16.3 17.0 18.3 19.0
Vanuatu 16.0 15.4 17.0 17.0 17.3
Portugal 19.6 18.9 17.5 19.6 21.8
Solomon Islands 15.1 17.3 18.0 18.0 18.0
Zambia 27.4 21.2 18.4 18.4 35.1
Chile 26.4 32.7 21.2 36.0 48.9
Poland 15.3 15.3 21.3 81.8 644.5
Indonesia 21.5 21.7 22.1 21.7 20.8
Malawi 19.0 19.5 22.3 23.0 21.0
Greece 20.5 21.8 22.9 23.3 27.6
Ecuador 18.0 18.4 23.0 30.1 37.5
Jamaica 27.3 25.4 25.2 25.2 30.5
Ghana 20.0 25.5 25.6
Sierra Leone 17.2 28.5 28.0 29.7 52.5
Costa Rica 21.8 23.8 28.7 29.2 32.6
Gambia, The 28.0 27.9 29.5 26.8 26.5
Tanzania 18.5 27.5 29.6 31.0
Guinea-Bissau 18.0 18.0 30.0 38.3 45.8
Iceland 18.8 26.6 30.3 28.0 16.2
Uganda 33.3 34.7 35.0 40.0 38.7
Bolivia 65.8 49.4 39.8 37.3 41.8
Israel 60.3 61.4 41.7 31.6 26.4
Colombia 40.8 41.1 42.7 43.0 45.2
Lebanon 22.2 36.5 44.5 39.9 39.9
Uruguay 89.0 90.0 95.3 119.8 163.8
Peru 40.5 35.7 174.3 1,515.9 4,774.5
Nicaragua 121,906.0 558.0 22.0
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Maldives
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Somalia
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Lao PDR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Mexico
Cambodia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Austria
Moldova
Argentina
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Mongolia
Estonia
Montenegro
Slovenia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
South Sudan
Mozambique
Croatia
Kiribati
Suriname
Namibia
Lithuania
Kazakhstan
Belarus
Jordan 10.3
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Ukraine
New Zealand
Madagascar 22.3 25.8
West Bank and Gaza
Vietnam
Isle of Man
Algeria
Iraq
Seychelles 15.5 15.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Eritrea
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Slovak Republic
Hungary 20.3 28.8
El Salvador
Pakistan
Dominican Republic
Palau
Czech Republic
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0
Cuba
Haiti
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay 31.0
Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Brazil
Bulgaria
Guam
Tajikistan
Greenland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Georgia
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Azerbaijan
French Polynesia
Turkey
Romania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Armenia
Fiji
United Arab Emirates
Samoa
Angola
San Marino 14.5
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 20.0
American Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Serbia
Albania

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