Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0 14.3
Japan 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9 4.1
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Singapore 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4 5.9
Switzerland 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4 5.5
Botswana 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9 13.9
Luxembourg 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6 6.6
Bahrain 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8 10.7
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Malaysia 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.8
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8
Morocco 9.0 9.0 10.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
China 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0 11.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2 8.9
Oman 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5 8.6
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6 18.2
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.7
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5 8.5
United States 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0 7.1
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.4
Macao SAR, China 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5 8.0
Grenada 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.0
Dominica 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6
Djibouti 10.5
France 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9 7.9
Aruba 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
St. Lucia 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8 11.1
Ireland 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9 6.1
Barbados 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9 9.1
Germany 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9 11.5
Finland 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9 7.9
Zimbabwe 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3 34.9
Netherlands 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4 8.3
Panama 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1 10.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3 10.9
Chad 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Burundi 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8 14.2
Gabon 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1
Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5 16.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.7
Sri Lanka 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 18.1
Belgium 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8 9.4
Central African Republic 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Rwanda 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Congo, Rep. 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Tonga 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9 10.4
Belize 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8
Canada 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9 6.9
Denmark 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5 10.0
Norway 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2 8.4
Nepal 14.4
Thailand 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2 10.9
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0 15.0
Swaziland 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3 14.3
United Kingdom 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9 5.5
Italy 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6 12.0
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
Papua New Guinea 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3 9.2
Equatorial Guinea 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Seychelles 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Niger 16.0 16.0 16.8
Togo 16.0 16.0 17.5
Mali 16.0 16.0 16.8
Bangladesh 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0 14.5
Benin 16.0 16.0 16.8
Burkina Faso 16.0 16.0 16.8
Senegal 16.0 16.0 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 16.0 16.0 16.8
Spain 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8 8.9
Iceland 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1 10.6
India 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3 14.8
Sweden 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4 10.6
Honduras 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1 24.7
Vanuatu 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0 16.0
Australia 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4 9.2
Mauritius 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6 18.9
Solomon Islands 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8 14.5
Cameroon 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.5
Kenya 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0 36.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 20.3 18.3 16.5
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 30.0
Lesotho 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8 14.3
Indonesia 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6 17.8
South Africa 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2 15.6
Malawi 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5 31.0
El Salvador 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4 19.0
Guinea 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5 22.0
Portugal 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5 15.0
Nicaragua 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2 20.1
Guatemala 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7 22.9
Philippines 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7 15.1
Nigeria 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7 20.5
Madagascar 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0 30.5
Israel 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4 17.4
Gambia, The 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1 25.0
Greece 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6 27.4
Hungary 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4 27.4
Jamaica 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7 49.5
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8 35.5
Costa Rica 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0 33.0
Guyana 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4 18.4
Zambia 35.1 54.6 113.3 70.6
Venezuela, RB 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9 54.7
Ecuador 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8 44.0
Uganda 38.7 34.4
Lebanon 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5 23.9
Bolivia 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9 55.6
Colombia 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8 40.5
Guinea-Bissau 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6 36.3
Chile 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3 20.3
Sierra Leone 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5 27.3
Uruguay 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4 89.3
Poland 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1 42.0
Peru 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2 55.3
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4 15.4
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 7.6
Macedonia, FYR 159.8
Kosovo
Andorra
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Azerbaijan
Kiribati
Liechtenstein
Mexico 17.7 19.3
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6 38.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cambodia
Moldova
Tanzania 31.0 39.0
Monaco
Argentina 10.1
Mongolia 300.0 279.2
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
Serbia
Kazakhstan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Somalia
Myanmar 8.0 16.5
Liberia 14.5
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0 17.1
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9 102.5
Isle of Man
Maldives
Iraq
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic
New Zealand
Latvia 86.4 55.9
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Vietnam 32.2
Haiti
Algeria 16.0
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3 24.0
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cuba
Guam
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6 22.9
Greenland
Slovak Republic 14.4 14.6
Pakistan
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Palau
Comoros
Ghana
Afghanistan
Georgia
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Brazil
Sudan
Lithuania 91.8 62.3
Brunei Darussalam
Fiji 11.9 11.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tunisia
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Belarus 71.6 148.5
Ukraine 184.3 250.3
Austria
Faeroe Islands
Turkey
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Estonia 30.5 33.7 24.7
Armenia
Romania 90.4
United Arab Emirates
Russian Federation
Angola
Eritrea
Uzbekistan
Samoa
American Samoa
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9 28.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Czech Republic 14.1 13.1
Yemen, Rep.
Saudi Arabia
Albania 20.6 29.6 23.7

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