Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0 14.3
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Japan 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9 4.1
Singapore 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4 5.9
Switzerland 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4 5.5
Luxembourg 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6 6.6
United States 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0 7.1
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5 8.5
China 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0 11.0
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4 15.4
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Morocco 9.0 9.0 10.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8
Malaysia 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.8
Bahrain 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8 10.7
Macao SAR, China 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5 8.0
Oman 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5 8.6
Qatar 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2 8.9
Canada 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9 6.9
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6 18.2
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.7
France 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9 7.9
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.4
Ireland 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9 6.1
Aruba 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.7
Dominica 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3 10.9
Denmark 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5 10.0
United Kingdom 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9 5.5
Panama 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1 10.2
Finland 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9 7.9
Botswana 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9 13.9
St. Lucia 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8 11.1
Grenada 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.0
Netherlands 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4 8.3
Barbados 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9 9.1
Germany 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9 11.5
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1
Burundi 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8 14.2
Belgium 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8 9.4
Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5 16.0
Tonga 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9 10.4
Australia 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4 9.2
Papua New Guinea 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3 9.2
Norway 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2 8.4
Belize 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8
Spain 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8 8.9
Italy 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6 12.0
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0 15.0
Thailand 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2 10.9
Zimbabwe 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3 34.9
Seychelles 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Bangladesh 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0 14.5
Senegal 16.0 16.0 16.8
Burkina Faso 16.0 16.0 16.8
Mali 16.0 16.0 16.8
Benin 16.0 16.0 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 16.0 16.0 16.8
Togo 16.0 16.0 17.5
Niger 16.0 16.0 16.8
Swaziland 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3 14.3
Sweden 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4 10.6
Iceland 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1 10.6
Mauritius 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6 18.9
India 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3 14.8
Nicaragua 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2 20.1
Vanuatu 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0 16.0
Chad 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Gabon 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Central African Republic 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Congo, Rep. 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Cameroon 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.5
Kenya 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0 36.2
Rwanda 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Sri Lanka 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 18.1
Solomon Islands 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8 14.5
El Salvador 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4 19.0
Malawi 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5 31.0
Lesotho 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8 14.3
Nigeria 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7 20.5
South Africa 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2 15.6
Honduras 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1 24.7
Philippines 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7 15.1
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0 17.1
Madagascar 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0 30.5
Guinea 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5 22.0
Portugal 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5 15.0
Indonesia 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6 17.8
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3 24.0
Israel 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4 17.4
Gambia, The 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1 25.0
Chile 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3 20.3
Greece 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6 27.4
Jamaica 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7 49.5
Guyana 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4 18.4
Guatemala 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7 22.9
Uganda 38.7 34.4
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8 35.5
Hungary 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4 27.4
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9 28.7
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 30.0
Venezuela, RB 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9 54.7
Lebanon 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5 23.9
Costa Rica 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0 33.0
Bolivia 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9 55.6
Ecuador 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8 44.0
Guinea-Bissau 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6 36.3
Colombia 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8 40.5
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9 102.5
Sierra Leone 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5 27.3
Poland 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1 42.0
Uruguay 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4 89.3
Peru 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2 55.3
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6 38.9
Tanzania 31.0 39.0
Marshall Islands
Fiji 11.9 11.4
Iraq
Faeroe Islands
Sudan
Mexico 17.7 19.3
Turkmenistan
Kiribati
Zambia 35.1 54.6 113.3 70.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Kazakhstan
Monaco
Belarus 71.6 148.5
Mongolia 300.0 279.2
Argentina 10.1
Montenegro
Ukraine 184.3 250.3
Estonia 30.5 33.7 24.7
Vietnam 32.2
Mozambique
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Myanmar 8.0 16.5
Maldives
Cayman Islands
Nepal 14.4
St. Martin (French part)
Eritrea
Haiti
New Caledonia
Taiwan, China
New Zealand
Timor-Leste
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 20.3 18.3 16.5
Tunisia
Georgia
Tuvalu
Ghana
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Algeria 16.0
Macedonia, FYR 159.8
West Bank and Gaza
Djibouti 10.5
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Slovak Republic 14.4 14.6
Pakistan
Palau
Somalia
Czech Republic 14.1 13.1
South Sudan
Curacao
Cambodia
Greenland
Brunei Darussalam
Lithuania 91.8 62.3
Brazil
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Bermuda
Liberia 14.5
Azerbaijan
Puerto Rico
Tajikistan
Cuba
Austria
Romania 90.4
Armenia
Russian Federation
Angola
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6 22.9
Turkey
Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Latvia 86.4 55.9
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
American Samoa
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan
Serbia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Comoros
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kyrgyz Republic
Yemen, Rep.
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 7.6
Albania 20.6 29.6 23.7

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