Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0 14.3
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Japan 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9 4.1
Singapore 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4 5.9
Switzerland 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4 5.5
Luxembourg 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6 6.6
United States 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0 7.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5 8.5
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
China 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0 11.0
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4 15.4
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8
Morocco 9.0 9.0 10.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Malaysia 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.8
Bahrain 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8 10.7
Macao SAR, China 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5 8.0
Oman 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5 8.6
Qatar 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2 8.9
Canada 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9 6.9
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.7
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6 18.2
France 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9 7.9
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.4
Ireland 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9 6.1
Aruba 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.7
Dominica 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3 10.9
Denmark 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5 10.0
United Kingdom 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9 5.5
Panama 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1 10.2
Finland 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9 7.9
Botswana 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9 13.9
St. Lucia 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8 11.1
Grenada 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.0
Netherlands 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4 8.3
Barbados 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9 9.1
Germany 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9 11.5
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1
Burundi 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8 14.2
Belgium 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8 9.4
Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5 16.0
Tonga 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9 10.4
Australia 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4 9.2
Papua New Guinea 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3 9.2
Norway 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2 8.4
Belize 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8
Spain 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8 8.9
Italy 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6 12.0
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0 15.0
Thailand 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2 10.9
Zimbabwe 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3 34.9
Seychelles 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Bangladesh 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0 14.5
Mali 16.0 16.0 16.8
Niger 16.0 16.0 16.8
Senegal 16.0 16.0 16.8
Togo 16.0 16.0 17.5
Burkina Faso 16.0 16.0 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 16.0 16.0 16.8
Benin 16.0 16.0 16.8
Swaziland 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3 14.3
Sweden 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4 10.6
Iceland 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1 10.6
Mauritius 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6 18.9
India 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3 14.8
Nicaragua 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2 20.1
Vanuatu 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0 16.0
Congo, Rep. 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Central African Republic 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Gabon 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Chad 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Cameroon 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.5
Kenya 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0 36.2
Rwanda 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Sri Lanka 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 18.1
Solomon Islands 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8 14.5
El Salvador 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4 19.0
Lesotho 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8 14.3
Malawi 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5 31.0
Nigeria 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7 20.5
South Africa 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2 15.6
Honduras 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1 24.7
Philippines 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7 15.1
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0 17.1
Madagascar 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0 30.5
Guinea 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5 22.0
Portugal 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5 15.0
Indonesia 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6 17.8
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3 24.0
Israel 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4 17.4
Gambia, The 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1 25.0
Chile 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3 20.3
Greece 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6 27.4
Jamaica 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7 49.5
Guyana 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4 18.4
Guatemala 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7 22.9
Uganda 38.7 34.4
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8 35.5
Hungary 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4 27.4
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9 28.7
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 30.0
Venezuela, RB 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9 54.7
Lebanon 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5 23.9
Costa Rica 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0 33.0
Bolivia 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9 55.6
Ecuador 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8 44.0
Guinea-Bissau 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6 36.3
Colombia 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8 40.5
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9 102.5
Sierra Leone 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5 27.3
Poland 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1 42.0
Uruguay 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4 89.3
Peru 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2 55.3
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6 38.9
Kosovo
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Saudi Arabia
Kazakhstan
Brunei Darussalam
Isle of Man
Maldives
South Sudan
Kyrgyz Republic
Mexico 17.7 19.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cambodia
Moldova
Tanzania 31.0 39.0
Monaco
Ukraine 184.3 250.3
Mongolia 300.0 279.2
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Serbia
Iraq
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Somalia
Myanmar 8.0 16.5
Macedonia, FYR 159.8
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Latvia 86.4 55.9
Nepal 14.4
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Haiti
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
New Zealand
Angola
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 7.6
American Samoa
Guam
Liberia 14.5
Greenland
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cuba
Ghana
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6 22.9
Georgia
Slovak Republic 14.4 14.6
Pakistan
Lithuania 91.8 62.3
Palau
Congo, Dem. Rep.
French Polynesia
Comoros
Fiji 11.9 11.4
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sudan
Bermuda
Brazil
Estonia 30.5 33.7 24.7
Liechtenstein
Austria
Tajikistan
Tunisia
Belarus 71.6 148.5
Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan
Eritrea
Armenia
Puerto Rico
Turkey
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 20.3 18.3 16.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Romania 90.4
Argentina 10.1
Russian Federation
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam 32.2
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan
Zambia 35.1 54.6 113.3 70.6
Algeria 16.0
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Djibouti 10.5
Yemen, Rep.
Czech Republic 14.1 13.1
Albania 20.6 29.6 23.7

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