Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Singapore 6.2 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4
Japan 5.3 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9
United States 10.9 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Macao SAR, China 10.5 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5
Canada 13.3 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9
Switzerland 5.8 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4
Kuwait 8.4 8.0 8.0
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0
Myanmar 8.0 8.0
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
China 11.3 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0
Luxembourg 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Oman 10.0 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5
United Kingdom 13.9 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9
France 10.0 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9
Korea, Rep. 11.3 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2
Malaysia 8.9 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0
Aruba 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6
Panama 12.9 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1
Australia 19.5 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.5 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9
Dominica 10.5 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9
Bahrain 8.4 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8
Denmark 13.4 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5
Grenada 10.5 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8
Finland 10.3 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9
Thailand 12.3 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2
Ireland 9.4 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
Netherlands 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4
St. Lucia 10.0 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8
Belgium 11.1 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8
Iceland 28.0 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1
Tonga 11.8 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9
Barbados 9.9 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9
Germany 9.9 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9
Burundi 12.0 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8
Botswana 7.7 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9
Spain 15.8 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8
Norway 14.4 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2
Belize 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4
Papua New Guinea 14.6 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3
Bangladesh 16.0 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0
Sweden 14.8 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5
Seychelles 15.5 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6
Swaziland 14.5 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3
Vanuatu 17.0 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0
El Salvador 18.5 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4
Italy 14.2 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6
Solomon Islands 18.0 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8
Rwanda 12.0 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Niger 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Mali 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Benin 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Burkina Faso 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Senegal 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0
Mauritius 16.1 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6
Togo 16.0 16.0 16.0 17.5
Cameroon 15.0 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5
Chad 11.5 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5
Gabon 12.5 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5
Congo, Rep. 12.5 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.5 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5
Central African Republic 13.0 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0
Lesotho 18.8 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8
South Africa 19.8 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2
India 16.5 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3
Nicaragua 558.0 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2
Philippines 19.3 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7
Guatemala 16.0 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7
Sri Lanka 13.2 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2
Zimbabwe 13.0 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3
Israel 31.6 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 19.0 20.3 18.3
Portugal 19.6 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5
Albania 20.6 29.6
Kenya 17.3 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0
Honduras 15.4 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1
Malawi 23.0 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5
Chile 36.0 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3
Indonesia 21.7 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6
Nigeria 20.4 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7
Madagascar 22.3 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3
Gambia, The 26.8 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1
Guinea 17.3 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9
Costa Rica 29.2 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0
Guyana 18.9 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4
Greece 23.3 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6
Estonia 30.5 33.7
Hungary 20.3 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Colombia 43.0 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8
Lebanon 39.9 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5
Venezuela, RB 22.5 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9
Jamaica 25.2 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7
Bolivia 37.3 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9
Poland 81.8 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1
Guinea-Bissau 38.3 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6
Zambia 18.4 35.1 54.6 113.3
Ecuador 30.1 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8
Sierra Leone 29.7 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9
Uruguay 119.8 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4
Peru 1,515.9 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6
Mexico 17.7
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Tuvalu
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
Mongolia 300.0
Montenegro
Kiribati
Morocco 9.0 9.0 9.0
Tunisia 4.8
Mozambique
Angola
Kazakhstan
Serbia
Maldives
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Nepal 15.0 14.4
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Brunei Darussalam
New Zealand
Tanzania 31.0 31.0
Iraq
Armenia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Ukraine 184.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Latvia 86.4
Kyrgyz Republic
Guam
Curacao
Pakistan
Cuba
Palau
Slovak Republic 14.4
Somalia
Greenland
Ghana
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Georgia
Comoros
Brazil
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR
St. Martin (French part)
Belarus 71.6
Sudan
French Polynesia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Fiji 11.9
Tajikistan
Puerto Rico
Azerbaijan
Faeroe Islands
Austria
Romania
Argentina
Russian Federation
Turkey
Eritrea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Uganda 40.0 38.7 34.4
Vietnam 32.2
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Liberia 13.8
Uzbekistan
Lithuania 91.8
Liechtenstein
Djibouti 10.5 10.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia
Yemen, Rep.
Czech Republic 14.1
Algeria

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