Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Singapore 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4 5.9
Japan 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9 4.1
United States 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0 7.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5 8.5
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Macao SAR, China 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5 8.0
Canada 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9 6.9
Switzerland 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4 5.5
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 7.6
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0 14.3
Myanmar 8.0 16.5
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Qatar 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2 8.9
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
China 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0 11.0
Luxembourg 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6 6.6
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4 15.4
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8
Oman 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5 8.6
United Kingdom 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9 5.5
France 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9 7.9
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.7
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.4
Malaysia 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.8
Aruba 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
Panama 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1 10.2
Australia 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4 9.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3 10.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.7
Dominica 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6
Bahrain 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8 10.7
Denmark 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5 10.0
Grenada 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.0
Finland 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9 7.9
Thailand 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2 10.9
Ireland 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9 6.1
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1
Netherlands 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4 8.3
St. Lucia 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8 11.1
Belgium 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8 9.4
Iceland 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1 10.6
Tonga 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9 10.4
Barbados 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9 9.1
Germany 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9 11.5
Burundi 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8 14.2
Botswana 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9 13.9
Spain 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8 8.9
Norway 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2 8.4
Belize 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8
Papua New Guinea 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3 9.2
Bangladesh 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0 14.5
Sweden 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4 10.6
Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5 16.0
Seychelles 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6 18.2
Swaziland 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3 14.3
Vanuatu 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0 16.0
El Salvador 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4 19.0
Italy 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6 12.0
Solomon Islands 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8 14.5
Rwanda 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Niger 16.0 16.0 16.8
Mali 16.0 16.0 16.8
Benin 16.0 16.0 16.8
Burkina Faso 16.0 16.0 16.8
Cote d'Ivoire 16.0 16.0 16.8
Senegal 16.0 16.0 16.8
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
Mauritius 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6 18.9
Togo 16.0 16.0 17.5
Cameroon 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.5
Chad 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Gabon 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Congo, Rep. 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Central African Republic 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0 15.0
Lesotho 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8 14.3
South Africa 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2 15.6
India 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3 14.8
Nicaragua 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2 20.1
Philippines 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7 15.1
Guatemala 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7 22.9
Sri Lanka 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 18.1
Zimbabwe 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3 34.9
Israel 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4 17.4
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0 17.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 20.3 18.3 16.5
Portugal 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5 15.0
Albania 20.6 29.6 23.7
Kenya 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0 36.2
Honduras 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1 24.7
Malawi 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5 31.0
Chile 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3 20.3
Indonesia 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6 17.8
Nigeria 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7 20.5
Madagascar 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0 30.5
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3 24.0
Gambia, The 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1 25.0
Guinea 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5 22.0
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8 35.5
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9 28.7
Costa Rica 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0 33.0
Guyana 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4 18.4
Greece 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6 27.4
Estonia 30.5 33.7 24.7
Hungary 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4 27.4
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 30.0
Colombia 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8 40.5
Lebanon 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5 23.9
Venezuela, RB 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9 54.7
Jamaica 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7 49.5
Bolivia 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9 55.6
Poland 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1 42.0
Guinea-Bissau 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6 36.3
Zambia 35.1 54.6 113.3 70.6
Ecuador 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8 44.0
Sierra Leone 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5 27.3
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9 102.5
Uruguay 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4 89.3
Peru 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2 55.3
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6 38.9
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6 22.9
Mexico 17.7 19.3
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Tuvalu
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
Mongolia 300.0 279.2
Montenegro
Kiribati
Morocco 9.0 9.0 10.0
Tunisia
Mozambique
Angola
Kazakhstan
Serbia
Maldives
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Nepal 14.4
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Brunei Darussalam
New Zealand
Tanzania 31.0 39.0
Iraq
Armenia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Ukraine 184.3 250.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Latvia 86.4 55.9
Kyrgyz Republic
Guam
Curacao
Pakistan
Cuba
Palau
Slovak Republic 14.4 14.6
Somalia
Greenland
Ghana
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Georgia
Comoros
Brazil
Cambodia
Macedonia, FYR 159.8
St. Martin (French part)
Belarus 71.6 148.5
Sudan
French Polynesia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Fiji 11.9 11.4
Tajikistan
Puerto Rico
Azerbaijan
Faeroe Islands
Austria
Romania 90.4
Argentina 10.1
Russian Federation
Turkey
Eritrea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Uganda 38.7 34.4
Vietnam 32.2
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Liberia 14.5
Uzbekistan
Lithuania 91.8 62.3
Liechtenstein
Djibouti 10.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia
Yemen, Rep.
Czech Republic 14.1 13.1
Algeria 16.0

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