Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Japan 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9 4.1
Singapore 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4 5.9
United Kingdom 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9 5.5
Canada 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9 6.9
United States 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0 7.1
Switzerland 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4 5.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5 8.5
Macao SAR, China 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5 8.0
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2 8.9
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5 6.9
Luxembourg 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6 6.6
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 7.6
Oman 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5 8.6
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Korea, Rep. 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.5
France 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9 7.9
Barbados 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9 9.1
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Norway 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2 8.4
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4 15.4
Australia 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4 9.2
Finland 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9 7.9
Ireland 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9 6.1
Tonga 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9 10.4
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.7
Malaysia 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.8
Panama 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1 10.2
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2 10.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3 10.9
Netherlands 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4 8.3
Denmark 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5 10.0
Aruba 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
Bahrain 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8 10.7
China 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0 11.0
Thailand 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2 10.9
Papua New Guinea 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3 9.2
Sweden 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4 10.6
Belgium 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8 9.4
St. Lucia 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8 11.1
Grenada 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8 11.0
Fiji 11.9 11.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9 11.7
Dominica 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9 11.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 13.1
Spain 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8 8.9
Germany 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9 11.5
Burundi 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8 14.2
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0 14.3
Czech Republic 14.1 13.1
Iceland 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1 10.6
Swaziland 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3 14.3
Belize 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8
Slovak Republic 14.4 14.6
Italy 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6 12.0
Philippines 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7 15.1
Botswana 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9 13.9
Bangladesh 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0 14.5
Rwanda 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5 16.0
Seychelles 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Solomon Islands 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8 14.5
Lesotho 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8 14.3
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0 15.0
Vanuatu 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0 16.0
South Africa 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2 15.6
India 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3 14.8
Israel 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4 17.4
Portugal 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5 15.0
Mauritius 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6 18.9
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
Chad 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Congo, Rep. 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Equatorial Guinea 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Central African Republic 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Gabon 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.5
Cameroon 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.5
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6 18.2
Mexico 17.7 19.3
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0 17.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 20.3 18.3 16.5
Guyana 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4 18.4
El Salvador 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4 19.0
Sri Lanka 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 18.1
Nicaragua 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2 20.1
Indonesia 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6 17.8
Honduras 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1 24.7
Chile 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3 20.3
Guinea 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5 22.0
Guatemala 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7 22.9
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3 24.0
Hungary 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4 27.4
Madagascar 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0 30.5
Gambia, The 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1 25.0
Lebanon 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5 23.9
Greece 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6 27.4
Malawi 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5 31.0
Albania 20.6 29.6 23.7
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9 28.7
Kenya 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0 36.2
Costa Rica 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0 33.0
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8 35.5
Tanzania 31.0 39.0
Nigeria 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7 20.5
Vietnam 32.2
Estonia 30.5 33.7 24.7
Colombia 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8 40.5
Zimbabwe 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3 34.9
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 30.0
Jamaica 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7 49.5
Poland 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1 42.0
Ecuador 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8 44.0
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6 38.9
Sierra Leone 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5 27.3
Bolivia 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9 55.6
Venezuela, RB 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9 54.7
Guinea-Bissau 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6 36.3
Belarus 71.6 148.5
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9 102.5
Latvia 86.4 55.9
Uruguay 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4 89.3
Lithuania 91.8 62.3
Peru 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2 55.3
Zambia 35.1 54.6 113.3 70.6
Ukraine 184.3 250.3
Mongolia 300.0 279.2
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6 22.9
Turkmenistan
Morocco 9.0 9.0 10.0
Sudan
Mozambique
Montenegro
Myanmar 8.0 16.5
Kazakhstan
Haiti
Djibouti 10.5
Nepal 14.4
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Armenia
New Caledonia
Andorra
New Zealand
Moldova
Comoros
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Faeroe Islands
Cuba
Mali 16.0 16.0 16.8
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Azerbaijan
Maldives
Taiwan, China
Guam
Timor-Leste
Pakistan
Tunisia
Palau
Tuvalu
Monaco
Algeria 16.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Georgia
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Somalia
Macedonia, FYR 159.8
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cote d'Ivoire 16.0 16.0 16.8
Bermuda
Ghana
Benin 16.0 16.0 16.8
Puerto Rico
Kiribati
Cambodia
Austria
Romania 90.4
Argentina 10.1
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Burkina Faso 16.0 16.0 16.8
Angola
Samoa
Togo 16.0 16.0 17.5
Eritrea
American Samoa
Liberia 14.5
Turkey
Saudi Arabia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Senegal 16.0 16.0 16.8
Uganda 38.7 34.4
Serbia
United Arab Emirates
Afghanistan
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic
Uzbekistan
Brunei Darussalam
Iraq
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Yemen, Rep.
Brazil
Niger 16.0 16.0 16.8

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