Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Japan 5.3 6.9 7.5 6.2 4.9
Singapore 6.2 7.4 7.6 6.0 5.4
United Kingdom 13.9 14.8 11.5 9.4 5.9
Canada 13.3 14.1 9.9 7.5 5.9
United States 10.9 10.0 8.5 6.3 6.0
Switzerland 5.8 7.4 7.8 7.8 6.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 10.0 8.5 6.5 6.5
Macao SAR, China 10.5 10.4 9.4 7.3 6.5
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Qatar 9.5 9.5 9.5 8.1 7.2
Bahamas, The 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.5
Luxembourg 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.8 7.6
Kuwait 8.4 8.0 8.0
Oman 10.0 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.5
Malta 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Korea, Rep. 11.3 10.0 10.0 10.0 8.6
France 10.0 10.6 10.2 10.0 8.9
Barbados 9.9 11.4 12.4 13.5 8.9
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Cyprus 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Norway 14.4 14.2 14.2 14.3 9.2
Suriname 8.9 8.9 9.4
Australia 19.5 17.9 14.1 10.7 9.4
Finland 10.3 11.6 11.8 12.1 9.9
Ireland 9.4 11.3 10.6 12.7 9.9
Tonga 11.8 13.5 13.5 13.5 9.9
Cabo Verde 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Malaysia 8.9 8.8 9.3 10.2 10.0
Panama 12.9 12.0 11.8 10.6 10.1
Jordan 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.3
Netherlands 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.8 10.4
Denmark 13.4 14.1 11.4 11.8 10.5
Aruba 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6
Bahrain 8.4 8.4 9.4 11.7 10.8
China 11.3 9.4 8.6 8.6 11.0
Thailand 12.3 14.4 15.4 12.2 11.2
Papua New Guinea 14.6 15.5 14.2 14.5 11.3
Sweden 14.8 16.7 16.1 15.2 11.4
Belgium 11.1 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.8
St. Lucia 10.0 10.7 11.9 12.8 11.8
Grenada 10.5 10.5 12.3 12.0 11.8
Fiji 11.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.5 12.9 11.2 11.3 11.9
Dominica 10.5 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.9
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
Spain 15.8 16.0 14.4 14.2 12.8
Germany 9.9 11.6 12.5 13.6 12.9
Burundi 12.0 12.3 12.8 13.7 13.8
Ethiopia 6.0 6.0 6.0 8.0 14.0
Czech Republic 14.1
Iceland 28.0 16.2 17.5 13.1 14.1
Swaziland 14.5 14.5 16.0 15.9 14.3
Belize 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.3 14.4
Slovak Republic 14.4
Italy 14.2 14.9 14.7 16.5 14.6
Philippines 19.3 24.1 23.1 19.5 14.7
Botswana 7.7 7.9 11.8 14.0 14.9
Bangladesh 16.0 16.0 15.9 15.0 15.0
Rwanda 12.0 13.2 19.0 16.7 15.0
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 12.9 13.2 15.3 15.5
Seychelles 15.5 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7
Solomon Islands 18.0 18.0 19.5 16.6 15.8
Lesotho 18.8 20.4 20.0 18.3 15.8
Vanuatu 17.0 17.3 18.0 16.3 16.0
San Marino 14.5 15.2 17.9 16.0
South Africa 19.8 21.0 20.3 18.9 16.2
India 16.5 16.5 17.9 18.9 16.3
Israel 31.6 26.4 26.4 19.9 16.4
Portugal 19.6 21.8 25.0 20.4 16.5
Mauritius 16.1 18.0 17.8 17.1 16.6
Bhutan 15.0 15.0 15.0 17.0 17.0
Equatorial Guinea 15.5 15.6 18.1 17.8 17.5
Central African Republic 13.0 13.1 18.1 17.8 17.5
Gabon 12.5 12.5 18.1 17.8 17.5
Congo, Rep. 12.5 13.5 18.1 17.8 17.5
Chad 11.5 12.0 18.1 17.8 17.5
Cameroon 15.0 18.5 18.2 17.8 17.5
Mauritania 10.0 10.0 10.0 15.8 17.6
Mexico 17.7
Namibia 23.4 20.2 18.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 19.0 20.3 18.3
Guyana 18.9 32.8 33.6 28.7 19.4
El Salvador 18.5 21.2 19.7 16.4 19.4
Sri Lanka 13.2 13.0 19.4 19.7 20.2
Nicaragua 558.0 22.0 17.9 19.3 20.2
Indonesia 21.7 20.8 25.5 24.0 20.6
Honduras 15.4 17.1 21.9 21.7 22.1
Chile 36.0 48.9 28.6 24.0 24.3
Guinea 17.3 21.2 24.5 27.0 24.5
Guatemala 16.0 23.3 34.1 19.5 24.7
Lao PDR 26.0 26.0 25.3
Hungary 20.3 28.8 35.2 33.1 25.4
Madagascar 22.3 25.8 24.5 25.0 26.0
Gambia, The 26.8 26.5 26.5 26.8 26.1
Lebanon 39.9 39.9 38.0 40.2 28.5
Greece 23.3 27.6 29.5 28.7 28.6
Malawi 23.0 21.0 20.0 22.0 29.5
Albania 20.6 29.6
Dominican Republic 35.3 28.3 29.9
Kenya 17.3 18.8 19.0 21.1 30.0
Costa Rica 29.2 32.6 38.9 28.5 30.0
Paraguay 31.0 34.9 28.0 30.8
Tanzania 31.0 31.0
Nigeria 20.4 25.3 20.0 24.8 31.7
Vietnam 32.2
Estonia 30.5 33.7
Colombia 43.0 45.2 47.1 37.3 35.8
Zimbabwe 13.0 11.7 15.5 19.8 36.3
Sao Tome and Principe 20.0 20.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Jamaica 25.2 30.5 31.5 44.8 43.7
Poland 81.8 644.5 69.8 49.9 45.1
Ecuador 30.1 37.5 46.7 60.2 47.8
Slovenia 824.6 195.1 48.6
Sierra Leone 29.7 52.5 56.3 62.8 50.5
Bolivia 37.3 41.8 41.1 45.5 53.9
Venezuela, RB 22.5 35.5 37.2 41.3 59.9
Guinea-Bissau 38.3 45.8 47.0 50.3 63.6
Belarus 71.6
Bulgaria 52.5 74.1 76.9
Latvia 86.4
Uruguay 119.8 163.8 143.6 110.6 91.4
Lithuania 91.8
Peru 1,515.9 4,774.5 751.5 173.8 94.2
Zambia 18.4 35.1 54.6 113.3
Ukraine 184.3
Mongolia 300.0
Croatia 1,157.8 1,443.6
Turkmenistan
Montenegro
Brazil
Morocco 9.0 9.0 9.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
Iraq
Myanmar 8.0 8.0
Algeria
Liberia 13.8
Somalia
Nepal 15.0 14.4
Azerbaijan
Eritrea
Angola
New Caledonia
Moldova
New Zealand
Maldives
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Niger 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
South Sudan
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Armenia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Djibouti 10.5 10.5
Tunisia 4.8
Pakistan
Tuvalu
Palau
United Arab Emirates
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cuba
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Cambodia
French Polynesia
Burkina Faso 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Macedonia, FYR
Greenland
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Benin 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Georgia
St. Martin (French part)
Cote d'Ivoire 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Sudan
Puerto Rico
Guam
Kazakhstan
Austria
Romania
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Argentina
Marshall Islands
Togo 16.0 16.0 16.0 17.5
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
Haiti
Turkey
Ghana
Turks and Caicos Islands
Saudi Arabia
Uganda 40.0 38.7 34.4
Senegal 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Serbia
American Samoa
Mali 15.1 16.0 16.0 16.8
Liechtenstein
Kyrgyz Republic
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Comoros
Yemen, Rep.
Russian Federation
Congo, Dem. Rep.

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