Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Japan 3.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2
Switzerland 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.1 3.9
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.3 7.4 5.8
Luxembourg 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.3
Ireland 6.6 5.8 6.6 6.2 3.3
United Kingdom 6.7 6.0 6.6 7.2 5.3
Bahamas, The 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.4
Netherlands 7.2 5.9 6.1 6.5 3.5
Malta 7.4 7.8 8.0 8.1 7.7
Norway 7.6 6.7 6.0 9.8 7.6
Finland 7.7 6.2 5.3 5.3 4.7
France 8.1 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.4
Kuwait 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.6
Belgium 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.3 6.7
Cyprus 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0
Canada 8.6 6.1 5.0 6.6 6.4
Malaysia 8.7 9.9 10.6 12.1 8.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.8 8.5 9.5 9.0 8.5
United States 8.8 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Korea, Rep. 9.0 8.8 11.9 15.3 9.4
Oman 9.4 9.2 9.3 10.1 10.3
Macao SAR, China 9.9 9.6 9.7 11.0 9.5
Barbados 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.4
Spain 10.0 8.5 6.1 5.0 3.9
Denmark 10.3 8.7 7.7 7.9 7.1
Tonga 10.5 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.4
Vanuatu 10.5 10.5 10.5 11.0 10.3
Aruba 10.6 10.4 10.3 11.0 13.1
Jordan 10.7 11.2 12.3 12.6 12.3
Australia 10.7 10.5 8.9 8.2 8.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.2
Germany 10.9 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.5
Grenada 11.1 10.0 11.2 11.7 11.6
Panama 11.1 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.1
Sweden 11.1 7.4 7.0 5.9 5.5
Fiji 11.2 11.1 11.0 9.6 8.8
Morocco 11.3 11.8 11.8 13.5 13.5
Dominica 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.4
Iceland 11.6 12.4 12.9 12.8 13.3
Bahrain 11.7 12.3 12.2 11.8 11.7
Cabo Verde 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.0
China 12.1 10.1 8.6 6.4 5.9
St. Lucia 12.7 12.8 12.7 11.4 12.8
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.1
Czech Republic 12.8 12.5 13.2 12.8 8.7
Papua New Guinea 13.1 13.3 10.4 17.7 18.9
Italy 13.2 12.8 10.5 8.6 6.3
Thailand 13.3 13.4 13.6 14.4 9.0
Portugal 13.8 11.7 9.2 7.2 5.2
Bangladesh 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.1
Botswana 14.4 14.5 13.9 13.7 14.8
Philippines 14.7 14.8 16.3 16.8 11.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.2
Ethiopia 15.1 13.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 15.8 15.3 17.3 17.0
San Marino 15.2 14.5 11.4 9.5 7.9
Burundi 15.3 15.2
India 15.5 16.0 13.8 13.5 12.5
Liberia 15.6 16.8 21.7 16.7
Belize 15.7 16.3 16.3 16.5 16.3
Seychelles 15.8 16.2 14.9 14.3 11.2
Central African Republic 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Chad 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Congo, Rep. 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Gabon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Cameroon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Equatorial Guinea 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Solomon Islands 16.2 16.7 15.7 15.0 14.4
Lesotho 16.4 17.7 18.0 20.1 19.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.5 15.6 13.8 13.0 13.0
Myanmar 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.1
Slovak Republic 16.8 13.9 18.7 21.2 21.1
Swaziland 17.1 18.7 19.5 19.5 17.4
Argentina 17.8 10.5 9.2 10.6 11.0
South Africa 17.9 19.5 20.0 21.8 18.0
Sri Lanka 18.0 18.3 14.7 15.0 14.7
Chile 18.2 17.4 15.7 20.2 12.6
Algeria 18.4 19.0 15.7 11.5 10.8
Namibia 18.5 19.2 20.2 20.7 18.5
Indonesia 18.9 19.2 21.8 32.2 27.7
Estonia 19.0 14.9 11.8 15.1 11.1
El Salvador 19.1 18.6 16.1 15.0 15.5
Guyana 19.2 17.8 17.0 16.8 17.1
Albania 19.7 24.0 21.6
Nicaragua 19.9 20.7 21.0 21.6 17.6
Uganda 20.2 20.3 21.4 20.9 21.5
Israel 20.2 20.7 18.7 16.2 16.4
Nigeria 20.2 19.8 17.8 18.2 20.3
Croatia 20.2 22.5 15.5 15.8 14.9
Mauritania 20.3 22.0 22.0 25.5 28.0
Mauritius 20.8 20.8 18.9 19.9 21.6
Guatemala 21.2 22.7 18.6 16.6 19.5
Guinea 21.5 19.6 19.9
Greece 23.1 21.0 18.9 18.6 15.0
Slovenia 23.4 22.6 20.0 16.1 12.4
Lebanon 24.7 25.2 20.3 19.5
Haiti 24.8 38.3 27.2 30.0 28.8
Gambia, The 25.0 25.5 25.5 25.4 24.0
Lao PDR 25.7 27.0 29.3 32.0
Honduras 27.0 29.7 32.1 30.7 30.2
Lithuania 27.1 21.6 14.4 12.2 13.1
Kenya 28.8 33.8 30.2 29.5 22.4
Sierra Leone 28.8 32.1 23.9 23.8 26.8
Dominican Republic 30.7 23.7 21.0 25.6 25.0
Hungary 32.6 27.3 21.8 19.3 16.3
Guinea-Bissau 32.9 51.8
Poland 33.5 26.1 25.2 24.5 16.9
Paraguay 33.9 31.9 27.8 30.5 30.2
Latvia 34.6 25.8 15.2 14.3 14.2
Zimbabwe 34.7 34.2 32.5 42.1 55.4
Peru 36.2 31.5 30.9 32.6 35.1
Costa Rica 36.7 26.3 22.5 22.5 25.7
Madagascar 37.5 32.8 30.0 27.0 28.0
Venezuela, RB 39.7 39.4 23.7 46.4 32.1
Suriname 40.2 35.8 33.1 27.5 27.3
Colombia 42.7 42.0 34.2 42.2 25.8
Tanzania 42.8 34.0 26.3 22.9 21.9
Jamaica 43.6 39.8 32.9 31.6 27.0
Zambia 45.5 53.8 46.7 31.8 40.5
Macedonia, FYR 45.9 21.6 21.4 21.0 20.4
Malawi 47.3 45.3 28.3 37.7 53.6
Romania 50.7 55.1 72.5 55.3 65.6
Bolivia 51.0 56.0 50.1 39.4 35.4
Sao Tome and Principe 52.0 38.0 51.5 55.6 40.3
Ecuador 55.7 54.5 43.0 49.5 17.4
Mexico 59.4 36.4 22.1 26.4 23.7
Bulgaria 79.4 291.1 213.0 14.1 13.5
Uruguay 93.1 85.9 67.2 54.4 50.0
Armenia 111.9 66.4 54.2 48.5 38.8
Ukraine 122.7 79.9 49.1 54.5 55.0
Mongolia 134.4 87.9 82.1 48.1 44.0
Belarus 175.0 62.3 31.8 27.0 51.0
Angola 206.3 217.9 37.8 45.0 80.3
Russian Federation 320.3 146.8 32.0 41.8 39.7
Eritrea
Niger
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Benin
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Comoros 13.7
South Sudan
Libya 7.0
Austria 6.4 5.6
Pakistan
New Caledonia
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Kyrgyz Republic 65.0 49.4 73.4 60.9
Djibouti 11.4 10.7 11.3 11.5
Mozambique 24.4 19.6
Taiwan, China
Cambodia
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tunisia
Burkina Faso
Mali
Puerto Rico
Kazakhstan
Qatar
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73.5 41.2
Cote d'Ivoire
Cuba
New Zealand 7.1
Maldives 15.0 15.0 15.0 12.5
Sudan
Bermuda
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Rwanda 18.5 16.2 17.1 16.8
Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Azerbaijan 19.5
American Samoa
Curacao
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan 75.5 50.9 26.2
Tuvalu
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Moldova 36.7 33.3 30.8 35.5
Togo
Nepal 12.9 14.5 14.0 11.3
Andorra
Montenegro
Turkey
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Vietnam 20.1 14.4 14.4 12.7
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates 9.8
Saudi Arabia
Georgia 58.4 49.8 35.8 29.7
Senegal
Uzbekistan
Serbia 78.0 60.9 46.1
Ghana
Brunei Darussalam 6.5 5.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Yemen, Rep. 31.5 22.5 18.1 24.1
Brazil 78.2 86.4 80.4
Greenland

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