Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Japan 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Switzerland 5.0 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.3
Luxembourg 5.5 5.5 5.3
Ireland 5.8 6.6 6.2 3.3 4.8
Netherlands 5.9 6.1 6.5 3.5 4.8
United Kingdom 6.0 6.6 7.2 5.3 6.0
Canada 6.1 5.0 6.6 6.4 7.3
Finland 6.2 5.3 5.3 4.7 5.6
Singapore 6.3 6.3 7.4 5.8 5.8
Norway 6.7 6.0 9.8 7.6 8.9
Bahamas, The 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.0
France 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.7
Belgium 7.2 7.1 7.3 6.7 8.0
Sweden 7.4 7.0 5.9 5.5 5.8
Malta 7.8 8.0 8.1 7.7 7.3
United States 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.0 9.2
Spain 8.5 6.1 5.0 3.9 5.2
Cyprus 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.5 9.5 9.0 8.5 9.5
Denmark 8.7 7.7 7.9 7.1 8.1
Kuwait 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.6 8.9
Korea, Rep. 8.8 11.9 15.3 9.4 8.5
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Oman 9.2 9.3 10.1 10.3 10.1
Macao SAR, China 9.6 9.7 11.0 9.5 9.9
Malaysia 9.9 10.6 12.1 8.6 7.7
Grenada 10.0 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.6
Barbados 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.4 10.2
Germany 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.8 9.6
China 10.1 8.6 6.4 5.9 5.9
Aruba 10.4 10.3 11.0 13.1 12.1
Australia 10.5 8.9 8.2 8.0 9.3
Vanuatu 10.5 10.5 11.0 10.3 9.9
Argentina 10.5 9.2 10.6 11.0 11.1
Panama 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.1 10.5
Tonga 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.2 11.1
Fiji 11.1 11.0 9.6 8.8 8.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.5 11.5
Jordan 11.2 12.3 12.6 12.3 11.8
Djibouti 11.4 10.7 11.3 11.5 11.9
Dominica 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.7
Portugal 11.7 9.2 7.2 5.2
Morocco 11.8 11.8 13.5 13.5 13.3
Cabo Verde 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.0 11.9
Antigua and Barbuda 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.1 12.2
Bahrain 12.3 12.2 11.8 11.7 11.6
Iceland 12.4 12.9 12.8 13.3 16.8
Czech Republic 12.5 13.2 12.8 8.7 7.2
Italy 12.8 10.5 8.6 6.3 7.0
St. Lucia 12.8 12.7 11.4 12.8 13.1
Nepal 12.9 14.5 14.0 11.3 9.5
Papua New Guinea 13.3 10.4 17.7 18.9 17.5
Thailand 13.4 13.6 14.4 9.0 7.8
Slovak Republic 13.9 18.7 21.2 21.1 14.9
Ethiopia 13.9 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.9
Bangladesh 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.1 15.5
San Marino 14.5 11.4 9.5 7.9 9.2
Botswana 14.5 13.9 13.7 14.8 15.5
Philippines 14.8 16.3 16.8 11.8 10.9
Estonia 14.9 11.8 15.1 11.1 7.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.2 15.3
Maldives 15.0 15.0 15.0 12.5 13.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.6 13.8 13.0 13.0 13.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.3 17.3 17.0 16.5
India 16.0 13.8 13.5 12.5 12.3
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Seychelles 16.2 14.9 14.3 11.2 10.7
Belize 16.3 16.3 16.5 16.3 16.0
Myanmar 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.1 15.3
Solomon Islands 16.7 15.7 15.0 14.4 14.6
Chile 17.4 15.7 20.2 12.6 14.8
Lesotho 17.7 18.0 20.1 19.1 17.1
Guyana 17.8 17.0 16.8 17.1 17.3
Sri Lanka 18.3 14.7 15.0 14.7 16.2
Rwanda 18.5 16.2 17.1 16.8 17.0
Swaziland 18.7 19.5 19.5 17.4 14.0
Algeria 19.0 15.7 11.5 10.8 10.0
Namibia 19.2 20.2 20.7 18.5 15.3
Indonesia 19.2 21.8 32.2 27.7 18.5
South Africa 19.5 20.0 21.8 18.0 14.5
Nigeria 19.8 17.8 18.2 20.3 21.3
Vietnam 20.1 14.4 14.4 12.7 10.6
Uganda 20.3 21.4 20.9 21.5 22.9
Israel 20.7 18.7 16.2 16.4 12.8
Nicaragua 20.7 21.0 21.6 17.6 18.1
Mauritius 20.8 18.9 19.9 21.6 20.8
Greece 21.0 18.9 18.6 15.0 12.3
Lithuania 21.6 14.4 12.2 13.1 12.1
Macedonia, FYR 21.6 21.4 21.0 20.4 18.9
Equatorial Guinea 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Congo, Rep. 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Mauritania 22.0 22.0 25.5 28.0 25.6
Cameroon 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Central African Republic 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Gabon 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Chad 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Croatia 22.5 15.5 15.8 14.9 12.1
Slovenia 22.6 20.0 16.1 12.4 15.8
Guatemala 22.7 18.6 16.6 19.5 20.9
Dominican Republic 23.7 21.0 25.6 25.0 26.8
Albania 24.0 21.6 22.1
Lebanon 25.2 20.3 19.5 18.2
Gambia, The 25.5 25.5 25.4 24.0 24.0
Latvia 25.8 15.2 14.3 14.2 11.9
Poland 26.1 25.2 24.5 16.9 20.0
Costa Rica 26.3 22.5 22.5 25.7 24.9
Lao PDR 27.0 29.3 32.0 32.0
Hungary 27.3 21.8 19.3 16.3 12.6
Honduras 29.7 32.1 30.7 30.2 26.8
Peru 31.5 30.9 32.6 35.1 30.0
Paraguay 31.9 27.8 30.5 30.2 26.8
Sierra Leone 32.1 23.9 23.8 26.8 26.3
Madagascar 32.8 30.0 27.0 28.0 26.5
Kenya 33.8 30.2 29.5 22.4 22.3
Tanzania 34.0 26.3 22.9 21.9 21.6
Zimbabwe 34.2 32.5 42.1 55.4 68.2
Suriname 35.8 33.1 27.5 27.3 29.0
Mexico 36.4 22.1 26.4 23.7 16.9
Moldova 36.7 33.3 30.8 35.5 33.8
Sao Tome and Principe 38.0 51.5 55.6 40.3 39.7
Haiti 38.3 27.2 30.0 28.8 31.4
Venezuela, RB 39.4 23.7 46.4 32.1 25.2
Jamaica 39.8 32.9 31.6 27.0 23.3
Colombia 42.0 34.2 42.2 25.8 18.8
Malawi 45.3 28.3 37.7 53.6 53.1
Guinea-Bissau 51.8
Zambia 53.8 46.7 31.8 40.5 38.8
Ecuador 54.5 43.0 49.5 17.4 17.1
Romania 55.1 72.5 55.3 65.6 53.9
Bolivia 56.0 50.1 39.4 35.4 34.6
Georgia 58.4 49.8 35.8 29.7 24.7
Belarus 62.3 31.8 27.0 51.0 67.7
Kyrgyz Republic 65.0 49.4 73.4 60.9 51.9
Armenia 66.4 54.2 48.5 38.8 31.6
Ukraine 79.9 49.1 54.5 55.0 41.5
Uruguay 85.9 67.2 54.4 50.0 46.1
Mongolia 87.9 82.1 48.1 44.0 37.0
Russian Federation 146.8 32.0 41.8 39.7 24.4
Angola 217.9 37.8 45.0 80.3 103.2
Bulgaria 291.1 213.0 14.1 13.5 11.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73.5 41.2 30.5
Ghana
Kazakhstan
French Polynesia
Turkey
Pakistan
South Sudan
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste
Eritrea
Austria 6.4 5.6
Kiribati
Somalia
Brunei Darussalam 6.5 5.5 5.5
Burundi 15.2 15.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
El Salvador
Mali
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia
Niger
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
Greenland
Mozambique 24.4 19.6 19.0
New Zealand 7.1 7.8
Cayman Islands
Guam
Cambodia
Libya 7.0 7.0
Burkina Faso
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Sudan
Bermuda
Brazil 78.2 86.4 80.4 56.8
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Marshall Islands
Tajikistan 75.5 50.9 26.2 25.6
West Bank and Gaza
Benin
Azerbaijan 19.5 19.7
Togo
Isle of Man
Liberia 16.8 21.7 16.7 20.5
Tunisia
Guinea 19.6 19.9 19.4
Turkmenistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Comoros 13.7 12.0
Iraq
Iran, Islamic Rep.
American Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Andorra
Senegal
Serbia 78.0 60.9 46.1 6.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cote d'Ivoire
Yemen, Rep.
Curacao
Samoa

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