Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Japan 3.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2
Switzerland 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.1 3.9
Canada 8.6 6.1 5.0 6.6 6.4
Finland 7.7 6.2 5.3 5.3 4.7
Luxembourg 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.3
Norway 7.6 6.7 6.0 9.8 7.6
Spain 10.0 8.5 6.1 5.0 3.9
Netherlands 7.2 5.9 6.1 6.5 3.5
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.3 7.4 5.8
France 8.1 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.4
Ireland 6.6 5.8 6.6 6.2 3.3
United Kingdom 6.7 6.0 6.6 7.2 5.3
Bahamas, The 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.4
Sweden 11.1 7.4 7.0 5.9 5.5
Belgium 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.3 6.7
Denmark 10.3 8.7 7.7 7.9 7.1
Malta 7.4 7.8 8.0 8.1 7.7
Cyprus 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0
United States 8.8 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.0
China 12.1 10.1 8.6 6.4 5.9
Kuwait 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.6
Australia 10.7 10.5 8.9 8.2 8.0
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Germany 10.9 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.8
Portugal 13.8 11.7 9.2 7.2 5.2
Argentina 17.8 10.5 9.2 10.6 11.0
Oman 9.4 9.2 9.3 10.1 10.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.8 8.5 9.5 9.0 8.5
Macao SAR, China 9.9 9.6 9.7 11.0 9.5
Barbados 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.4
Aruba 10.6 10.4 10.3 11.0 13.1
Papua New Guinea 13.1 13.3 10.4 17.7 18.9
Vanuatu 10.5 10.5 10.5 11.0 10.3
Ethiopia 15.1 13.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
Italy 13.2 12.8 10.5 8.6 6.3
Malaysia 8.7 9.9 10.6 12.1 8.6
Panama 11.1 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.1
Fiji 11.2 11.1 11.0 9.6 8.8
Tonga 10.5 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.2
Dominica 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.4
Grenada 11.1 10.0 11.2 11.7 11.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.5
San Marino 15.2 14.5 11.4 9.5 7.9
Morocco 11.3 11.8 11.8 13.5 13.5
Estonia 19.0 14.9 11.8 15.1 11.1
Korea, Rep. 9.0 8.8 11.9 15.3 9.4
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.1
Cabo Verde 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.0
Bahrain 11.7 12.3 12.2 11.8 11.7
Jordan 10.7 11.2 12.3 12.6 12.3
St. Lucia 12.7 12.8 12.7 11.4 12.8
Iceland 11.6 12.4 12.9 12.8 13.3
Czech Republic 12.8 12.5 13.2 12.8 8.7
Thailand 13.3 13.4 13.6 14.4 9.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.5 15.6 13.8 13.0 13.0
India 15.5 16.0 13.8 13.5 12.5
Botswana 14.4 14.5 13.9 13.7 14.8
Bangladesh 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.1
Lithuania 27.1 21.6 14.4 12.2 13.1
Vietnam 20.1 14.4 14.4 12.7
Nepal 12.9 14.5 14.0 11.3
Sri Lanka 18.0 18.3 14.7 15.0 14.7
Seychelles 15.8 16.2 14.9 14.3 11.2
Maldives 15.0 15.0 15.0 12.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.2
Latvia 34.6 25.8 15.2 14.3 14.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 15.8 15.3 17.3 17.0
Croatia 20.2 22.5 15.5 15.8 14.9
Chile 18.2 17.4 15.7 20.2 12.6
Solomon Islands 16.2 16.7 15.7 15.0 14.4
Algeria 18.4 19.0 15.7 11.5 10.8
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
El Salvador 19.1 18.6 16.1 15.0 15.5
Rwanda 18.5 16.2 17.1 16.8
Philippines 14.7 14.8 16.3 16.8 11.8
Belize 15.7 16.3 16.3 16.5 16.3
Myanmar 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.1
Liberia 15.6 16.8 21.7 16.7
Guyana 19.2 17.8 17.0 16.8 17.1
Nigeria 20.2 19.8 17.8 18.2 20.3
Lesotho 16.4 17.7 18.0 20.1 19.1
Guatemala 21.2 22.7 18.6 16.6 19.5
Slovak Republic 16.8 13.9 18.7 21.2 21.1
Israel 20.2 20.7 18.7 16.2 16.4
Greece 23.1 21.0 18.9 18.6 15.0
Mauritius 20.8 20.8 18.9 19.9 21.6
Swaziland 17.1 18.7 19.5 19.5 17.4
South Africa 17.9 19.5 20.0 21.8 18.0
Slovenia 23.4 22.6 20.0 16.1 12.4
Namibia 18.5 19.2 20.2 20.7 18.5
Lebanon 24.7 25.2 20.3 19.5
Dominican Republic 30.7 23.7 21.0 25.6 25.0
Nicaragua 19.9 20.7 21.0 21.6 17.6
Uganda 20.2 20.3 21.4 20.9 21.5
Macedonia, FYR 45.9 21.6 21.4 21.0 20.4
Hungary 32.6 27.3 21.8 19.3 16.3
Indonesia 18.9 19.2 21.8 32.2 27.7
Mauritania 20.3 22.0 22.0 25.5 28.0
Gabon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Cameroon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Congo, Rep. 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Chad 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Central African Republic 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Equatorial Guinea 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Mexico 59.4 36.4 22.1 26.4 23.7
Costa Rica 36.7 26.3 22.5 22.5 25.7
Yemen, Rep. 31.5 22.5 18.1 24.1
Venezuela, RB 39.7 39.4 23.7 46.4 32.1
Sierra Leone 28.8 32.1 23.9 23.8 26.8
Poland 33.5 26.1 25.2 24.5 16.9
Gambia, The 25.0 25.5 25.5 25.4 24.0
Tanzania 42.8 34.0 26.3 22.9 21.9
Haiti 24.8 38.3 27.2 30.0 28.8
Paraguay 33.9 31.9 27.8 30.5 30.2
Malawi 47.3 45.3 28.3 37.7 53.6
Madagascar 37.5 32.8 30.0 27.0 28.0
Kenya 28.8 33.8 30.2 29.5 22.4
Peru 36.2 31.5 30.9 32.6 35.1
Belarus 175.0 62.3 31.8 27.0 51.0
Russian Federation 320.3 146.8 32.0 41.8 39.7
Honduras 27.0 29.7 32.1 30.7 30.2
Zimbabwe 34.7 34.2 32.5 42.1 55.4
Jamaica 43.6 39.8 32.9 31.6 27.0
Suriname 40.2 35.8 33.1 27.5 27.3
Moldova 36.7 33.3 30.8 35.5
Colombia 42.7 42.0 34.2 42.2 25.8
Angola 206.3 217.9 37.8 45.0 80.3
Ecuador 55.7 54.5 43.0 49.5 17.4
Zambia 45.5 53.8 46.7 31.8 40.5
Ukraine 122.7 79.9 49.1 54.5 55.0
Kyrgyz Republic 65.0 49.4 73.4 60.9
Georgia 58.4 49.8 35.8 29.7
Bolivia 51.0 56.0 50.1 39.4 35.4
Sao Tome and Principe 52.0 38.0 51.5 55.6 40.3
Armenia 111.9 66.4 54.2 48.5 38.8
Uruguay 93.1 85.9 67.2 54.4 50.0
Romania 50.7 55.1 72.5 55.3 65.6
Tajikistan 75.5 50.9 26.2
Serbia 78.0 60.9 46.1
Brazil 78.2 86.4 80.4
Mongolia 134.4 87.9 82.1 48.1 44.0
Bulgaria 79.4 291.1 213.0 14.1 13.5
Cuba
Austria 6.4 5.6
Pakistan
Bermuda
Palau
American Samoa
Cote d'Ivoire
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73.5 41.2
Eritrea
Ghana
Mozambique 24.4 19.6
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Libya 7.0
Isle of Man
Mali
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Qatar
Djibouti
Niger
Lao PDR 25.7 27.0 29.3 32.0
South Sudan
Albania 19.7 24.0 21.6
Curacao
Afghanistan
Comoros 13.7
Burkina Faso
Samoa
Brunei Darussalam 6.5 5.5
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Sudan
Guinea 21.5 19.6 19.9
Marshall Islands
Senegal
Benin
Tunisia
New Zealand 7.1
Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan 19.5
Tuvalu
Togo
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turkey
Kiribati
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea-Bissau 32.9 51.8
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
United Arab Emirates 9.8
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Cambodia
Iraq
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Burundi 15.3 15.2
Guam
Saudi Arabia
Congo, Dem. Rep.

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