Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Japan 4.1 3.5 2.7 2.4 2.3
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.1
Canada 6.9 8.6 6.1 5.0 6.6
Finland 7.9 7.7 6.2 5.3 5.3
Luxembourg 6.6 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.3
Norway 8.4 7.6 6.7 6.0 9.8
Spain 8.9 10.0 8.5 6.1 5.0
Netherlands 8.3 7.2 5.9 6.1 6.5
Singapore 5.9 6.4 6.3 6.3 7.4
France 7.9 8.1 6.8 6.3 6.6
Ireland 6.1 6.6 5.8 6.6 6.2
United Kingdom 5.5 6.7 6.0 6.6 7.2
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Sweden 10.6 11.1 7.4 7.0 5.9
Belgium 9.4 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.3
Denmark 10.0 10.3 8.7 7.7 7.9
Malta 8.5 7.4 7.8 8.0 8.1
Cyprus 8.8 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.0
United States 7.1 8.8 8.3 8.4 8.4
China 11.0 12.1 10.1 8.6 6.4
Kuwait 7.6 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.9
Australia 9.2 10.7 10.5 8.9 8.2
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Germany 11.5 10.9 10.0 9.1 9.0
Portugal 15.0 13.8 11.7 9.2 7.2
Argentina 10.1 17.8 10.5 9.2 10.6
Oman 8.6 9.4 9.2 9.3 10.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.5 8.8 8.5 9.5 9.0
Macao SAR, China 8.0 9.9 9.6 9.7 11.0
Barbados 9.1 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8
Aruba 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 11.0
Papua New Guinea 9.2 13.1 13.3 10.4 17.7
Vanuatu 16.0 10.5 10.5 10.5 11.0
Ethiopia 14.3 15.1 13.9 10.5 10.5
Italy 12.0 13.2 12.8 10.5 8.6
Malaysia 8.8 8.7 9.9 10.6 12.1
Panama 10.2 11.1 10.6 10.6 10.8
Fiji 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.0 9.6
Tonga 10.4 10.5 10.9 11.2 11.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4
Dominica 11.6 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3
Grenada 11.0 11.1 10.0 11.2 11.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.7 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.3
San Marino 15.0 15.2 14.5 11.4 9.5
Morocco 10.0 11.3 11.8 11.8 13.5
Estonia 24.7 19.0 14.9 11.8 15.1
Korea, Rep. 8.5 9.0 8.8 11.9 15.3
Antigua and Barbuda 13.1 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2
Cabo Verde 10.7 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5
Bahrain 10.7 11.7 12.3 12.2 11.8
Jordan 10.4 10.7 11.2 12.3 12.6
St. Lucia 11.1 12.7 12.8 12.7 11.4
Iceland 10.6 11.6 12.4 12.9 12.8
Czech Republic 13.1 12.8 12.5 13.2 12.8
Thailand 10.9 13.3 13.4 13.6 14.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.5 16.5 15.6 13.8 13.0
India 14.8 15.5 16.0 13.8 13.5
Botswana 13.9 14.4 14.5 13.9 13.7
Bangladesh 14.5 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0
Lithuania 62.3 27.1 21.6 14.4 12.2
Vietnam 20.1 14.4 14.4
Nepal 12.9 14.5 14.0
Sri Lanka 18.1 18.0 18.3 14.7 15.0
Seychelles 15.7 15.8 16.2 14.9 14.3
Maldives 15.0 15.0 15.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Latvia 55.9 34.6 25.8 15.2 14.3
Trinidad and Tobago 16.0 15.2 15.8 15.3 17.3
Croatia 22.9 20.2 22.5 15.5 15.8
Chile 20.3 18.2 17.4 15.7 20.2
Solomon Islands 14.5 16.2 16.7 15.7 15.0
Algeria 16.0 18.4 19.0 15.7 11.5
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
El Salvador 19.0 19.1 18.6 16.1 15.0
Rwanda 18.5 16.2 17.1
Philippines 15.1 14.7 14.8 16.3 16.8
Belize 14.8 15.7 16.3 16.3 16.5
Myanmar 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Liberia 14.5 15.6 16.8 21.7
Guyana 18.4 19.2 17.8 17.0 16.8
Nigeria 20.5 20.2 19.8 17.8 18.2
Lesotho 14.3 16.4 17.7 18.0 20.1
Guatemala 22.9 21.2 22.7 18.6 16.6
Slovak Republic 14.6 16.8 13.9 18.7 21.2
Israel 17.4 20.2 20.7 18.7 16.2
Greece 27.4 23.1 21.0 18.9 18.6
Mauritius 18.9 20.8 20.8 18.9 19.9
Swaziland 14.3 17.1 18.7 19.5 19.5
South Africa 15.6 17.9 19.5 20.0 21.8
Slovenia 38.9 23.4 22.6 20.0 16.1
Namibia 17.1 18.5 19.2 20.2 20.7
Lebanon 23.9 24.7 25.2 20.3
Dominican Republic 28.7 30.7 23.7 21.0 25.6
Nicaragua 20.1 19.9 20.7 21.0 21.6
Uganda 20.2 20.3 21.4 20.9
Macedonia, FYR 159.8 45.9 21.6 21.4 21.0
Hungary 27.4 32.6 27.3 21.8 19.3
Indonesia 17.8 18.9 19.2 21.8 32.2
Mauritania 18.2 20.3 22.0 22.0 25.5
Gabon 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Cameroon 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Congo, Rep. 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Chad 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Central African Republic 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Equatorial Guinea 17.5 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Mexico 19.3 59.4 36.4 22.1 26.4
Costa Rica 33.0 36.7 26.3 22.5 22.5
Yemen, Rep. 31.5 22.5 18.1
Venezuela, RB 54.7 39.7 39.4 23.7 46.4
Sierra Leone 27.3 28.8 32.1 23.9 23.8
Poland 42.0 33.5 26.1 25.2 24.5
Gambia, The 25.0 25.0 25.5 25.5 25.4
Tanzania 39.0 42.8 34.0 26.3 22.9
Haiti 24.8 38.3 27.2 30.0
Paraguay 35.5 33.9 31.9 27.8 30.5
Malawi 31.0 47.3 45.3 28.3 37.7
Madagascar 30.5 37.5 32.8 30.0 27.0
Kenya 36.2 28.8 33.8 30.2 29.5
Peru 55.3 36.2 31.5 30.9 32.6
Belarus 148.5 175.0 62.3 31.8 27.0
Russian Federation 320.3 146.8 32.0 41.8
Honduras 24.7 27.0 29.7 32.1 30.7
Zimbabwe 34.9 34.7 34.2 32.5 42.1
Jamaica 49.5 43.6 39.8 32.9 31.6
Suriname 15.4 40.2 35.8 33.1 27.5
Moldova 36.7 33.3 30.8
Colombia 40.5 42.7 42.0 34.2 42.2
Angola 206.3 217.9 37.8 45.0
Ecuador 44.0 55.7 54.5 43.0 49.5
Zambia 70.6 45.5 53.8 46.7 31.8
Ukraine 250.3 122.7 79.9 49.1 54.5
Kyrgyz Republic 65.0 49.4 73.4
Georgia 58.4 49.8 35.8
Bolivia 55.6 51.0 56.0 50.1 39.4
Sao Tome and Principe 30.0 52.0 38.0 51.5 55.6
Armenia 111.9 66.4 54.2 48.5
Uruguay 89.3 93.1 85.9 67.2 54.4
Romania 90.4 50.7 55.1 72.5 55.3
Tajikistan 75.5 50.9
Serbia 78.0 60.9
Brazil 78.2 86.4
Mongolia 279.2 134.4 87.9 82.1 48.1
Bulgaria 102.5 79.4 291.1 213.0 14.1
Cuba
Austria 6.4
Pakistan
Bermuda
Palau
American Samoa
Cote d'Ivoire
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73.5
Eritrea
Ghana
Mozambique 24.4
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Libya
Isle of Man
Mali
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Qatar 8.9
Djibouti
Niger
Lao PDR 24.0 25.7 27.0 29.3
South Sudan
Albania 23.7 19.7 24.0
Curacao
Afghanistan
Comoros
Burkina Faso
Samoa
Brunei Darussalam 6.5
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Sudan
Guinea 22.0 21.5 19.6
Marshall Islands
Senegal
Benin
Tunisia
New Zealand
Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan
Tuvalu
Togo
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turkey
Kiribati
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea-Bissau 36.3 32.9 51.8
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
United Arab Emirates
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Cambodia
Iraq
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Burundi 14.2 15.3
Guam
Saudi Arabia
Congo, Dem. Rep.

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