Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Japan 3.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2
Switzerland 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.1 3.9
Spain 10.0 8.5 6.1 5.0 3.9
Luxembourg 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.3
Finland 7.7 6.2 5.3 5.3 4.7
Sweden 11.1 7.4 7.0 5.9 5.5
Ireland 6.6 5.8 6.6 6.2 3.3
China 12.1 10.1 8.6 6.4 5.9
Austria 6.4 5.6
Netherlands 7.2 5.9 6.1 6.5 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 6.5 5.5
France 8.1 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.4
Canada 8.6 6.1 5.0 6.6 6.4
Bahamas, The 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.4
United Kingdom 6.7 6.0 6.6 7.2 5.3
Portugal 13.8 11.7 9.2 7.2 5.2
Belgium 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.3 6.7
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.3 7.4 5.8
Denmark 10.3 8.7 7.7 7.9 7.1
Cyprus 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0
Malta 7.4 7.8 8.0 8.1 7.7
Australia 10.7 10.5 8.9 8.2 8.0
United States 8.8 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.0
Italy 13.2 12.8 10.5 8.6 6.3
Kuwait 8.4 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.6
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.8 8.5 9.5 9.0 8.5
Germany 10.9 10.0 9.1 9.0 8.8
San Marino 15.2 14.5 11.4 9.5 7.9
Fiji 11.2 11.1 11.0 9.6 8.8
Barbados 10.0 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.4
Norway 7.6 6.7 6.0 9.8 7.6
Oman 9.4 9.2 9.3 10.1 10.3
Ethiopia 15.1 13.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
Argentina 17.8 10.5 9.2 10.6 11.0
Panama 11.1 10.6 10.6 10.8 10.1
Vanuatu 10.5 10.5 10.5 11.0 10.3
Macao SAR, China 9.9 9.6 9.7 11.0 9.5
Aruba 10.6 10.4 10.3 11.0 13.1
Tonga 10.5 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.4
Dominica 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.3 11.5
St. Lucia 12.7 12.8 12.7 11.4 12.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.2
Algeria 18.4 19.0 15.7 11.5 10.8
Grenada 11.1 10.0 11.2 11.7 11.6
Bahrain 11.7 12.3 12.2 11.8 11.7
Malaysia 8.7 9.9 10.6 12.1 8.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.1
Lithuania 27.1 21.6 14.4 12.2 13.1
Cabo Verde 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.5 12.0
Jordan 10.7 11.2 12.3 12.6 12.3
Iceland 11.6 12.4 12.9 12.8 13.3
Czech Republic 12.8 12.5 13.2 12.8 8.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.5 15.6 13.8 13.0 13.0
Morocco 11.3 11.8 11.8 13.5 13.5
India 15.5 16.0 13.8 13.5 12.5
Botswana 14.4 14.5 13.9 13.7 14.8
Nepal 12.9 14.5 14.0 11.3
Bangladesh 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.1
Bulgaria 79.4 291.1 213.0 14.1 13.5
Latvia 34.6 25.8 15.2 14.3 14.2
Seychelles 15.8 16.2 14.9 14.3 11.2
Vietnam 20.1 14.4 14.4 12.7
Thailand 13.3 13.4 13.6 14.4 9.0
El Salvador 19.1 18.6 16.1 15.0 15.5
Solomon Islands 16.2 16.7 15.7 15.0 14.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.2
Maldives 15.0 15.0 15.0 12.5
Sri Lanka 18.0 18.3 14.7 15.0 14.7
Estonia 19.0 14.9 11.8 15.1 11.1
Korea, Rep. 9.0 8.8 11.9 15.3 9.4
Croatia 20.2 22.5 15.5 15.8 14.9
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Slovenia 23.4 22.6 20.0 16.1 12.4
Israel 20.2 20.7 18.7 16.2 16.4
Myanmar 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.1
Belize 15.7 16.3 16.3 16.5 16.3
Guatemala 21.2 22.7 18.6 16.6 19.5
Guyana 19.2 17.8 17.0 16.8 17.1
Philippines 14.7 14.8 16.3 16.8 11.8
Rwanda 18.5 16.2 17.1 16.8
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 15.8 15.3 17.3 17.0
Papua New Guinea 13.1 13.3 10.4 17.7 18.9
Yemen, Rep. 31.5 22.5 18.1 24.1
Nigeria 20.2 19.8 17.8 18.2 20.3
Greece 23.1 21.0 18.9 18.6 15.0
Hungary 32.6 27.3 21.8 19.3 16.3
Swaziland 17.1 18.7 19.5 19.5 17.4
Guinea 21.5 19.6 19.9
Mauritius 20.8 20.8 18.9 19.9 21.6
Lesotho 16.4 17.7 18.0 20.1 19.1
Chile 18.2 17.4 15.7 20.2 12.6
Namibia 18.5 19.2 20.2 20.7 18.5
Uganda 20.2 20.3 21.4 20.9 21.5
Macedonia, FYR 45.9 21.6 21.4 21.0 20.4
Slovak Republic 16.8 13.9 18.7 21.2 21.1
Nicaragua 19.9 20.7 21.0 21.6 17.6
Liberia 15.6 16.8 21.7 16.7
South Africa 17.9 19.5 20.0 21.8 18.0
Central African Republic 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Chad 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Cameroon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Equatorial Guinea 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Congo, Rep. 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Gabon 16.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Costa Rica 36.7 26.3 22.5 22.5 25.7
Tanzania 42.8 34.0 26.3 22.9 21.9
Sierra Leone 28.8 32.1 23.9 23.8 26.8
Mozambique 24.4 19.6
Poland 33.5 26.1 25.2 24.5 16.9
Gambia, The 25.0 25.5 25.5 25.4 24.0
Mauritania 20.3 22.0 22.0 25.5 28.0
Dominican Republic 30.7 23.7 21.0 25.6 25.0
Mexico 59.4 36.4 22.1 26.4 23.7
Belarus 175.0 62.3 31.8 27.0 51.0
Madagascar 37.5 32.8 30.0 27.0 28.0
Suriname 40.2 35.8 33.1 27.5 27.3
Lao PDR 25.7 27.0 29.3 32.0
Kenya 28.8 33.8 30.2 29.5 22.4
Haiti 24.8 38.3 27.2 30.0 28.8
Paraguay 33.9 31.9 27.8 30.5 30.2
Honduras 27.0 29.7 32.1 30.7 30.2
Moldova 36.7 33.3 30.8 35.5
Jamaica 43.6 39.8 32.9 31.6 27.0
Zambia 45.5 53.8 46.7 31.8 40.5
Indonesia 18.9 19.2 21.8 32.2 27.7
Peru 36.2 31.5 30.9 32.6 35.1
Georgia 58.4 49.8 35.8 29.7
Malawi 47.3 45.3 28.3 37.7 53.6
Bolivia 51.0 56.0 50.1 39.4 35.4
Russian Federation 320.3 146.8 32.0 41.8 39.7
Zimbabwe 34.7 34.2 32.5 42.1 55.4
Colombia 42.7 42.0 34.2 42.2 25.8
Angola 206.3 217.9 37.8 45.0 80.3
Venezuela, RB 39.7 39.4 23.7 46.4 32.1
Mongolia 134.4 87.9 82.1 48.1 44.0
Armenia 111.9 66.4 54.2 48.5 38.8
Ecuador 55.7 54.5 43.0 49.5 17.4
Tajikistan 75.5 50.9 26.2
Uruguay 93.1 85.9 67.2 54.4 50.0
Ukraine 122.7 79.9 49.1 54.5 55.0
Romania 50.7 55.1 72.5 55.3 65.6
Sao Tome and Principe 52.0 38.0 51.5 55.6 40.3
Serbia 78.0 60.9 46.1
Kyrgyz Republic 65.0 49.4 73.4 60.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73.5 41.2
Brazil 78.2 86.4 80.4
Kosovo
Cote d'Ivoire
Monaco
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Libya 7.0
South Sudan
Palau
Comoros 13.7
Somalia
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Qatar
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Pakistan
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Burkina Faso
Timor-Leste
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Samoa
Isle of Man
Ghana
Niger
Benin
Greenland
Burundi 15.3 15.2
Bermuda
Saudi Arabia
St. Martin (French part)
Senegal
Sudan
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Tunisia
Azerbaijan 19.5
Turkmenistan
New Zealand 7.1
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Cambodia
Togo
Mali
French Polynesia
Kiribati
Turkey
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cuba
Uzbekistan
United Arab Emirates 9.8
Montenegro
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Albania 19.7 24.0 21.6
Guinea-Bissau 32.9 51.8
Eritrea
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
New Caledonia
Lebanon 24.7 25.2 20.3 19.5

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