Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Switzerland 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.3 3.2
Ireland 4.8 4.8 3.8 2.8 2.6
Netherlands 4.8 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.8
United Kingdom 6.0 5.1 4.0 3.7 4.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 9.5 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Spain 5.2 5.2 4.3
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Sweden 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.8 4.0
Singapore 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.3
Finland 5.6 5.8 4.8 4.1 3.7
Canada 7.3 5.8 4.2 4.7 4.0
China 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malta 7.3 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.3
United States 9.2 6.9 4.7 4.1 4.3
France 6.7 7.0 6.6 6.6 6.6
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.1
Malaysia 7.7 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.0
Czech Republic 7.2 7.2 6.7 5.9 6.0
Thailand 7.8 7.3 6.9 5.9 5.5
Italy 7.0 7.3 6.5 5.8 5.5
Cyprus 8.0 7.5 7.2 6.9 7.6
New Zealand 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.1
Nepal 9.5 7.7 6.8 7.4 8.5
Korea, Rep. 8.5 7.7 6.8 6.2 5.9
Estonia 7.4 7.8 6.7 5.5 5.7
Kuwait 8.9 7.9 6.5 5.4 5.6
Macao SAR, China 9.9 8.0 6.1 6.0 6.0
United Arab Emirates 9.7 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 7.1
Fiji 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.6 7.2
West Bank and Gaza 8.4 8.0 7.6 6.9
Belgium 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9 6.7
Greece 12.3 8.6 7.4 6.8
Australia 9.3 8.7 8.2 8.4 8.9
Norway 8.9 8.7 8.7 4.7 4.0
San Marino 9.2 8.8 8.0 7.5 7.1
Vanuatu 9.9 8.8 7.4 5.9 7.6
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.5 7.5
Oman 10.1 9.2 8.5 8.2 7.6
Vietnam 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5 9.7
Algeria 10.0 9.5 8.6 8.1 8.0
Croatia 12.1 9.5 12.8 11.6 11.7
Barbados 10.2 9.6 8.5 8.5 8.3
Lithuania 12.1 9.6 6.8 5.8 5.7
Israel 12.8 10.0 9.9 10.6 7.5
Germany 9.6 10.0 9.7
Grenada 11.6 10.2 11.3 12.0 10.2
Seychelles 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.0
Bahrain 11.6 10.7 8.4 8.3 7.9
Ethiopia 10.9 10.9 8.7 7.0 7.0
Jordan 11.8 10.9 10.2 9.3 8.3
Panama 10.5 11.0 10.6 9.9 8.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.1 11.1 10.9 12.2 10.3
Bulgaria 11.3 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.9
Dominica 11.7 11.1 11.0 11.5 8.9
Latvia 11.9 11.2 8.0 5.4 7.4
Slovak Republic 14.9 11.2 10.3 8.5 9.1
Djibouti 11.9 11.2 11.3 11.6 11.4
Tonga 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.2 11.6 11.4 12.8 12.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.8 9.7
Chile 14.8 11.9 7.8 6.2 5.1
Comoros 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8 11.0
India 12.3 12.1 11.9 11.5 10.9
Aruba 12.1 12.1 13.1 11.5 11.6
Hungary 12.6 12.1 10.2 9.6 12.8
Philippines 10.9 12.4 9.1 9.5 10.1
Mexico 16.9 12.8 8.2 7.0 7.4
Cabo Verde 11.9 12.8 13.2 12.7 12.7
St. Lucia 13.1 13.0 12.6 15.0 11.1
Maldives 13.0 13.0 13.5 14.0 13.0
Swaziland 14.0 13.3 15.3 14.6 11.3
Morocco 13.3 13.3 13.1 12.6 11.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 13.3 13.8 13.5 13.4
South Africa 14.5 13.8 15.8 15.0 11.3
Namibia 15.3 14.5 13.8 14.7 11.4
Solomon Islands 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7 14.3
Myanmar 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Slovenia 15.8 15.1 13.2 10.8 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.3 15.3 15.3 15.0 15.4
Belize 16.0 15.5 14.8 14.3 13.9
Trinidad and Tobago 16.5 15.7 12.5 11.2 9.3
Bhutan 16.0 15.8 15.3 15.0 15.0
Botswana 15.5 15.8 16.2 16.4 15.8
Bangladesh 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.0 14.8
Papua New Guinea 17.5 16.2 13.9 13.4 13.3
Ecuador 17.1 16.2 15.8 13.6 10.0
Lesotho 17.1 16.6 17.1 16.0 12.4
Burundi 15.8 16.8 19.5 18.2 18.3
Guyana 17.3 17.0 16.3 15.0 14.5
Lebanon 18.2 17.2 16.6 13.4 10.8
Rwanda 17.0 17.3 16.4 17.1 16.5
Yemen, Rep. 19.5 17.5 17.7 18.0 18.5
Russian Federation 24.4 17.9 15.7 13.0 11.4
Iceland 16.8 18.0 15.4 12.0 12.0
Poland 20.0 18.4 12.0 7.3 7.6
Indonesia 18.5 18.5 18.9 16.9 14.1
Nicaragua 18.1 18.6 18.3 15.5 13.5
Guatemala 20.9 19.0 16.9 15.0 13.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.9 19.4 18.4 16.0 12.4
Sri Lanka 16.2 19.4 13.2 10.3 9.5
Albania 22.1 19.7 15.3 14.3 11.8
Kenya 22.3 19.7 18.5 16.6 12.5
Azerbaijan 19.7 19.7 17.4 15.5 15.7
Bolivia 34.6 20.1 20.6 17.7 14.5
Tanzania 21.6 20.1 16.4 14.5 14.1
Jamaica 23.3 20.6 18.5 18.9 18.1
Equatorial Guinea 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Congo, Rep. 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Gabon 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Chad 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Central African Republic 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Cameroon 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 18.0
Colombia 18.8 20.7 16.3 15.2 15.1
Tajikistan 25.6 21.1 14.2 16.7 20.3
Mauritius 20.8 21.1 21.0 21.0 21.0
Liberia 20.5 22.1 20.2 17.1 18.1
Georgia 24.7 22.3 23.6 23.8 22.1
Venezuela, RB 25.2 22.5 36.6 25.2 18.5
Mauritania 25.6 22.5 21.0 21.0 21.0
Uganda 22.9 22.7 19.1 18.9 20.6
Mozambique 19.0 22.7 26.7 24.7 22.1
Nigeria 21.3 23.4 24.8 20.7 19.2
Honduras 26.8 23.8 22.7 20.8 19.9
Costa Rica 24.9 23.8 26.4 25.6 23.4
Gambia, The 24.0 24.0 24.0 29.3 36.5
Dominican Republic 26.8 24.3 26.1 31.4 32.6
Sierra Leone 26.3 24.3 22.2 20.0 22.1
Peru 30.0 25.0 20.8 21.0 24.7
Madagascar 26.5 25.3 25.3 24.3 25.5
Suriname 29.0 25.7 22.2 21.0 20.4
Lao PDR 32.0 26.2 29.3 30.5 29.3
Armenia 31.6 26.7 21.1 20.8 18.6
Argentina 11.1 27.7 51.7 19.1 6.8
Paraguay 26.8 28.3 38.7 50.0 33.5
Moldova 33.8 28.7 23.5 19.3 20.9
Ukraine 41.5 32.3 25.3 17.9 17.4
Haiti 31.4 34.0 34.2 44.2 48.0
Serbia 6.3 34.5 19.7 15.5 15.5
Sao Tome and Principe 39.7 37.0 37.4 29.6 29.8
Kyrgyz Republic 51.9 37.3 24.8 19.1 29.3
Mongolia 37.0 37.4 35.5 31.9 31.5
Zimbabwe 68.2 38.0 36.5 97.3 278.9
Romania 53.9 45.4 35.4 25.4 25.6
Zambia 38.8 46.2 45.2 40.6 30.7
Belarus 67.7 47.0 36.9 24.0 16.9
Uruguay 46.1 48.6 118.4 58.9 23.7
Malawi 53.1 56.2 50.5 48.9 36.8
Brazil 56.8 57.6 62.9 67.1 54.9
Angola 103.2 96.0 97.3 96.1 82.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Niger
Tuvalu
El Salvador 14.0
Cuba
Cote d'Ivoire
Tunisia
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.7
Pakistan 7.3
Iraq 13.3
Bermuda
Timor-Leste 16.7 15.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Austria
Curacao
Turkmenistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30.5 12.7 10.9 10.3
Middle East (developing only)
Samoa 11.4 11.3 11.2
New Caledonia
Uzbekistan
Eritrea
Palau
Saudi Arabia
St. Martin (French part)
Senegal
Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Benin
Luxembourg
French Polynesia
Montenegro
Guinea 19.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Togo
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
Turkey
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Guinea-Bissau
Ghana
Kazakhstan
South Sudan
Andorra
Cambodia
Mali
American Samoa
Burkina Faso
Kiribati
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Qatar 7.0
Isle of Man
Portugal

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