Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Japan 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Ireland 3.3 4.8 4.8 3.8 2.8
Switzerland 3.9 4.3 4.3 3.9 3.3
Netherlands 3.5 4.8 5.0 4.0 3.0
United Kingdom 5.3 6.0 5.1 4.0 3.7
Canada 6.4 7.3 5.8 4.2 4.7
Spain 3.9 5.2 5.2 4.3
United States 8.0 9.2 6.9 4.7 4.1
Finland 4.7 5.6 5.8 4.8 4.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.5 9.5 5.1 5.0 5.0
China 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.3
Singapore 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.3
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Sweden 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.8
Bahamas, The 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malta 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.0 5.9
Macao SAR, China 9.5 9.9 8.0 6.1 6.0
Kuwait 8.6 8.9 7.9 6.5 5.4
Malaysia 8.6 7.7 7.1 6.5 6.3
Italy 6.3 7.0 7.3 6.5 5.8
France 6.4 6.7 7.0 6.6 6.6
Estonia 11.1 7.4 7.8 6.7 5.5
Czech Republic 8.7 7.2 7.2 6.7 5.9
Korea, Rep. 9.4 8.5 7.7 6.8 6.2
Nepal 11.3 9.5 7.7 6.8 7.4
Lithuania 13.1 12.1 9.6 6.8 5.8
Thailand 9.0 7.8 7.3 6.9 5.9
Libya 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Denmark 7.1 8.1 8.2 7.1
Cyprus 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.2 6.9
New Zealand 7.1 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.0
Vanuatu 10.3 9.9 8.8 7.4 5.9
Greece 15.0 12.3 8.6 7.4 6.8
Belgium 6.7 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9
Chile 12.6 14.8 11.9 7.8 6.2
San Marino 7.9 9.2 8.8 8.0 7.5
Latvia 14.2 11.9 11.2 8.0 5.4
Fiji 8.8 8.4 8.3 8.1 7.6
Australia 8.0 9.3 8.7 8.2 8.4
Mexico 23.7 16.9 12.8 8.2 7.0
Bahrain 11.7 11.6 10.7 8.4 8.3
Barbados 9.4 10.2 9.6 8.5 8.5
Oman 10.3 10.1 9.2 8.5 8.2
Algeria 10.8 10.0 9.5 8.6 8.1
Ethiopia 10.6 10.9 10.9 8.7 7.0
Norway 7.6 8.9 8.7 8.7 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.5
Vietnam 12.7 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5
Philippines 11.8 10.9 12.4 9.1 9.5
Bulgaria 13.5 11.3 11.1 9.2 8.5
Germany 8.8 9.6 10.0 9.7
Israel 16.4 12.8 10.0 9.9 10.6
Hungary 16.3 12.6 12.1 10.2 9.6
Jordan 12.3 11.8 10.9 10.2 9.3
Slovak Republic 21.1 14.9 11.2 10.3 8.5
Panama 10.1 10.5 11.0 10.6 9.9
Seychelles 11.2 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 12.2
Dominica 11.4 11.7 11.1 11.0 11.5
Djibouti 11.5 11.3 11.3
Grenada 11.6 11.6 10.2 11.3 12.0
Antigua and Barbuda 12.1 12.2 11.6 11.4 12.8
Tonga 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.3
Samoa 11.4 11.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.5 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.8
India 12.5 12.3 12.1 11.9 11.5
Comoros 13.7 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8
Poland 16.9 20.0 18.4 12.0 7.3
Trinidad and Tobago 17.0 16.5 15.7 12.5 11.2
St. Lucia 12.8 13.1 13.0 12.6 15.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.2 30.5 12.7 10.9
Croatia 14.9 12.1 9.5 12.8 11.6
Aruba 13.1 12.1 12.1 13.1 11.5
Morocco 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.1 12.6
Slovenia 12.4 15.8 15.1 13.2 10.8
Sri Lanka 14.7 16.2 19.4 13.2 10.3
Cabo Verde 12.0 11.9 12.8 13.2 12.7
Maldives 12.5 13.0 13.0 13.5 14.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.0 13.2 13.3 13.8 13.5
Namibia 18.5 15.3 14.5 13.8 14.7
Papua New Guinea 18.9 17.5 16.2 13.9 13.4
Solomon Islands 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7
Tajikistan 26.2 25.6 21.1 14.7 16.7
Belize 16.3 16.0 15.5 14.8 14.3
Myanmar 16.1 15.3 15.0 15.0 15.0
Bhutan 16.0 16.0 15.8 15.3 15.0
Swaziland 17.4 14.0 13.3 15.3 14.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.2 15.3 15.3 15.3 15.0
Albania 21.6 22.1 19.7 15.3 14.3
Iceland 13.3 16.8 18.0 15.4 12.0
Russian Federation 39.7 24.4 17.9 15.7 13.0
South Africa 18.0 14.5 13.8 15.8 15.0
Ecuador 17.4 17.1 16.2 15.8 13.6
Bangladesh 14.1 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.0
Botswana 14.8 15.5 15.8 16.2 16.4
Guyana 17.1 17.3 17.0 16.3 15.0
Colombia 25.8 18.8 20.7 16.3 15.2
Rwanda 16.8 17.0 17.3 16.4 17.1
Tanzania 21.9 21.6 20.1 16.4 14.5
Lebanon 19.5 18.2 17.2 16.6 13.4
Guatemala 19.5 20.9 19.0 16.9 15.0
Lesotho 19.1 17.1 16.6 17.1 16.0
Azerbaijan 19.5 19.7 19.7 17.4 15.5
Yemen, Rep. 24.1 19.5 17.5 17.7 18.0
Cameroon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Chad 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Gabon 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Congo, Rep. 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Central African Republic 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Equatorial Guinea 22.0 22.0 20.7 18.0 18.0
Nicaragua 17.6 18.1 18.6 18.3 15.5
Macedonia, FYR 20.4 18.9 19.4 18.4 16.0
Kenya 22.4 22.3 19.7 18.5 16.6
Jamaica 27.0 23.3 20.6 18.5 18.9
Indonesia 27.7 18.5 18.5 18.9 16.9
Uganda 21.5 22.9 22.7 19.1 18.9
Burundi 15.2 15.8 16.8 19.5 18.2
Serbia 46.1 6.3 34.5 19.7 15.5
Liberia 16.7 20.5 22.1 20.2 17.1
Bolivia 35.4 34.6 20.1 20.6 17.7
Peru 35.1 30.0 25.0 20.8 21.0
Mauritania 28.0 25.6 22.5 21.0 21.0
Mauritius 21.6 20.8 21.1 21.0 21.0
Armenia 38.8 31.6 26.7 21.1 20.8
Sierra Leone 26.8 26.3 24.3 22.2 20.0
Suriname 27.3 29.0 25.7 22.2 21.0
Honduras 30.2 26.8 23.8 22.7 20.8
Moldova 35.5 33.8 28.7 23.5 19.3
Georgia 29.7 24.7 22.3 23.6 23.8
Gambia, The 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 29.3
Nigeria 20.3 21.3 23.4 24.8 20.7
Kyrgyz Republic 60.9 51.9 37.3 24.8 19.1
Madagascar 28.0 26.5 25.3 25.3 24.3
Ukraine 55.0 41.5 32.3 25.3 17.9
Dominican Republic 25.0 26.8 24.3 26.1 31.4
Costa Rica 25.7 24.9 23.8 26.4 25.6
Mozambique 19.6 19.0 22.7 26.7 24.7
Lao PDR 32.0 32.0 26.2 29.3 30.5
Haiti 28.8 31.4 34.0 34.2 44.2
Romania 65.6 53.9 45.4 35.4 25.4
Mongolia 44.0 37.0 37.4 35.5 31.9
Zimbabwe 55.4 68.2 38.0 36.5 97.3
Venezuela, RB 32.1 25.2 22.5 36.6 25.2
Belarus 51.0 67.7 47.0 36.9 24.0
Sao Tome and Principe 40.3 39.7 37.0 37.4 29.6
Paraguay 30.2 26.8 28.3 38.7 50.0
Zambia 40.5 38.8 46.2 45.2 40.6
Malawi 53.6 53.1 56.2 50.5 48.9
Argentina 11.0 11.1 27.7 51.7 19.1
Brazil 80.4 56.8 57.6 62.9 67.1
Angola 80.3 103.2 96.0 97.3 96.1
Uruguay 50.0 46.1 48.6 118.4 58.9
Monaco
Benin
Pakistan
Turkmenistan
Bermuda
Portugal 5.2
Andorra
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Qatar
Kosovo
Austria 5.6
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Iraq
Eritrea
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Timor-Leste 16.7
Kiribati
Tunisia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tuvalu
Saudi Arabia
Mali
Senegal
Fragile and conflict affected situations
New Caledonia
Kazakhstan
Central Europe and the Baltics
Sudan
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
El Salvador 15.5 14.0
Guinea 19.9 19.4
Burkina Faso
Guam
Togo
Greenland
Cuba
Somalia
Turkey
Ghana
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Cote d'Ivoire
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates 9.8 9.7 8.1
Niger
Afghanistan
Luxembourg
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Cambodia
Marshall Islands
Guinea-Bissau

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