Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
Switzerland 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3
Netherlands 2.8 2.8 3.5 4.6 4.6
United Kingdom 4.4 4.6 4.6 5.5 4.6
Norway 4.0 4.0 4.7 6.6 7.3
Estonia 5.7 4.9 5.0 6.5 8.5
Lithuania 5.7 5.3 5.1 6.9 8.4
Singapore 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4
Poland 7.6 6.8 5.5
Brunei Darussalam 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Czech Republic 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.3
Italy 5.5 5.3 5.6 6.3 6.8
Malta 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.2 5.9
Canada 4.0 4.4 5.8 6.1 4.7
Korea, Rep. 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.6 7.2
China 5.6 5.6 6.1 7.5 5.3
Libya 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0
Malaysia 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.1
Cyprus 7.6 7.1 6.7 6.7
San Marino 7.1 7.2 6.7 7.6 7.9
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.0
Qatar 7.0 6.7 7.2 7.4 6.8
Latvia 7.4 6.1 7.3 10.9 11.9
Fiji 7.2 6.8 7.3 9.0 8.0
Thailand 5.5 5.8 7.4 7.1 7.0
Oman 7.6 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.1
Slovenia 8.7 7.8 7.4 5.9 6.7
Belgium 6.7 6.7 7.5 8.6 9.2
Mexico 7.4 9.7 7.5 7.6 8.7
Slovak Republic 9.1 6.7 7.7 8.0 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.0 7.8 7.8 6.8 5.0
United States 4.3 6.2 8.0 8.1 5.1
Bahrain 7.9 7.8 8.0 8.3 8.2
Chile 5.1 6.7 8.0 8.7 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.5 8.0 8.0 10.2 10.2
Algeria 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Nepal 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.3 9.6 8.0 7.2 7.0
Hungary 12.8 8.5 8.1 9.1 10.2
Israel 7.5 6.8 8.1 6.9 6.6
Jordan 8.3 7.6 8.2 8.7 9.0
New Zealand 7.1 7.8 8.2 8.6 8.9
Vanuatu 7.6 7.5 8.3 8.2 5.3
Panama 8.8 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.2
Kuwait 5.6 7.5 8.6 8.5 7.6
Argentina 6.8 6.2 8.6 11.1 19.5
Macao SAR, China 6.0 7.0 8.8 7.8 5.4
Belarus 16.9 11.4 8.8 8.6 8.6
Bulgaria 8.9 8.7 8.9 10.0 10.9
Uruguay 23.7 13.6 9.3 8.9 12.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.3 10.0 9.3 9.3 8.7
Australia 8.9 9.1 9.4 8.2 8.9
Dominica 8.9 9.9 9.5 9.2 9.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.5
Philippines 10.1 10.2 9.8 8.7 8.8
Ecuador 10.0 9.6 9.8
Grenada 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.5
Cabo Verde 12.7 12.3 9.9 10.6 10.0
Croatia 11.7 11.2 9.9 9.3 10.1
Seychelles 10.0 9.8 10.0 10.9 11.8
Lebanon 10.8 10.6 10.3 10.3 10.0
Barbados 8.3 9.2 10.3 10.8 10.0
Russian Federation 11.4 10.7 10.4 10.0 12.2
Comoros 11.0 11.0 10.5 10.5 10.5
Papua New Guinea 13.3 11.5 10.6 9.8 9.2
St. Lucia 11.1 10.6 10.8 10.1 10.1
Antigua and Barbuda 12.0 11.4 10.9 10.4 10.4
Trinidad and Tobago 9.3 9.1 10.9 11.8 12.4
Pakistan 7.3 9.1 11.0 11.8 12.9
Montenegro 11.2 9.2 9.2
South Africa 11.3 10.6 11.2 13.2 15.1
Swaziland 11.3 10.6 11.2 13.2 14.8
Vietnam 9.7 11.0 11.2 11.2 15.8
Namibia 11.4 10.6 11.2 12.9 13.7
India 10.9 10.8 11.2 13.0 13.3
Macedonia, FYR 12.4 12.1 11.3 10.2 9.7
Aruba 11.6 11.5 11.3 11.0 11.2
Nicaragua 13.5 12.1 11.6 13.0 13.2
Samoa 11.2 11.4 11.7 12.7 12.7
Bolivia 14.5 16.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Tonga 11.6 11.4 12.0 12.2 12.5
Lesotho 12.4 11.7 12.2 14.1 16.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.4 13.1 12.6 12.5 12.3
Guatemala 13.8 13.0 12.8 12.8 13.4
Sri Lanka 9.5 10.8 12.9 17.1 18.9
Colombia 15.1 14.6 12.9 15.4 17.2
Albania 11.8 13.1 12.9 14.1 13.0
Maldives 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
Kenya 12.5 12.9 13.6 13.3 14.0
Solomon Islands 14.3 14.1 13.9 14.1 14.4
Romania 25.6 19.6 14.0 13.3 15.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.7 16.0 14.0 12.0 12.0
Bhutan 15.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 13.8
Belize 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.3 14.1
Tajikistan 20.3 23.3 14.4 22.7 23.7
Iraq 12.9 13.7 14.5 19.5 19.5
Guyana 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.6 14.6
Kosovo 14.8 14.0 14.6 14.1 13.8
Ukraine 17.4 16.2 15.2 13.9 17.5
Gabon 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Central African Republic 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Equatorial Guinea 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Bangladesh 14.8 14.0 15.3 16.0 16.4
Congo, Rep. 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Chad 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Cameroon 18.0 17.7 15.3 15.0
Venezuela, RB 18.5 16.8 15.5 17.1 22.4
Liberia 18.1 17.0 15.5 15.0 14.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 15.4 16.4 15.6 14.0 14.4
Suriname 20.4 17.4 15.6 13.8 12.2
Tanzania 14.1 15.2 15.7 16.1 15.0
Indonesia 14.1 14.1 16.0 13.9 13.6
Rwanda 16.5 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.5
Myanmar 15.0 15.0 16.1 17.0 17.0
Botswana 15.8 15.7 16.5 16.2 16.5
Armenia 18.6 18.0 16.5 17.5 17.0
Timor-Leste 15.5 16.7 16.5 15.0 13.1
Serbia 15.5 16.8 16.6 11.1 16.1
Nigeria 19.2 17.9 16.9 16.9 15.5
Georgia 22.1 17.6 17.1 17.1 18.0
Burundi 18.3 18.4 17.1 16.8 16.5
Honduras 19.9 18.8 17.4 16.6 17.9
Jamaica 18.1 17.4 17.6 17.2 16.8
Azerbaijan 15.7 17.0 17.9 19.1 19.8
Iceland 12.0 14.8 17.9 19.3 20.1
Afghanistan 18.0 18.1 14.9
Yemen, Rep. 18.5 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Moldova 20.9 19.3 18.1 18.8 21.1
Mozambique 22.1 19.5 18.6 19.5 18.3
Uganda 20.6 19.6 18.7 19.1 20.5
Dominican Republic 32.6 24.1 19.5 15.8 19.9
Angola 82.3 67.7 19.5 17.7 12.5
Mauritius 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.9 11.5
Costa Rica 23.4 24.7 22.2 12.8 15.8
Zambia 30.7 28.2 23.2 18.9 19.1
Kyrgyz Republic 29.3 26.6 23.2 25.3 19.9
Peru 24.7 25.5 23.9 22.9 23.7
Sierra Leone 22.1 24.6 24.0 25.0 24.5
Mauritania 21.0 23.1 24.0 23.5 20.3
Haiti 48.0 41.0 26.4 23.1 17.8
Mongolia 31.5 30.6 26.9 21.8 20.6
Sao Tome and Principe 29.8 31.2 29.3 32.4 32.4
Madagascar 25.5 27.0 29.5 45.0 45.0
Gambia, The 36.5 34.9 29.8 27.9 27.0
Lao PDR 29.3 26.8 30.0 28.5 24.0
Paraguay 33.5 29.9 30.1 25.0 25.8
Malawi 36.8 33.1 32.3 27.7 25.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46.4 47.0 43.2
Brazil 54.9 55.4 50.8 43.7 47.3
Zimbabwe 278.9 235.7 496.5 579.0
Curacao
Tuvalu
Portugal
Guinea
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Burkina Faso
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Tunisia
Niger
Germany
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Sweden 4.0 3.3
Bermuda
El Salvador
Morocco 11.5 11.5
Guam
Saudi Arabia
Turkmenistan
Senegal
Ghana
Monaco
American Samoa
Benin
Finland 3.7
Marshall Islands
Palau
Mali
Denmark
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.6
Luxembourg
Ireland 2.6 2.6
Liechtenstein
Guinea-Bissau
Cote d'Ivoire
Togo
Somalia
Greenland
Cuba
Turkey
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Spain
Greece
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Kiribati
Andorra
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
St. Martin (French part)
France 6.6
Austria
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sudan
Eritrea
New Caledonia
Cambodia

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